PRUSSIA, 1785. 643 citizens or subjects of the other, which shall be within the extent of their jurisdiction, by sea or by land; and shall use all their eiforts to recover, and cause to be restored to the right owners, their vessels and effects which shall be taken from them within the extent of their said jurisdiction. ARTICLE VIII. The vessels of the subjects or citizens of either party, coming on any Treat me nt of coast belonging to the other, but not willing to enter into port, or being '°°°°‘°· entered into port, and not willing to unload their cargoes or break bulk shall have liberty to depart and to pursue their voyage without molestai tion, and without being obliged to render account of their cargo, or to pay any duties, charges, or tees whatsoever, except those established tor vessels entered into port, and appropriated to the maintenance of the port itself, or of other establishments for the safety and convenience of navigators, which'duties, charges, and fees shall be the same, and shall be paid on the same footing as in the case of subjects or citizens of the country where they are established. Airrrcnn IX. When any vessel of either party shall be wrecked, foundered, or Wrecked or damotherwise damaged on the coasts, or within the dominion of the other, e88d V¤¤¤¤l¤· their respective subjects or citizens shall receive, as well for themselves as for their vessels and effects, the same assistance which would be due to the inhabitants of the country where the damage happens, and shall pay the same charges and dues only as the said inhabitants would be subject to pay in a like case; and if the operations of repair shall require that the whole or any part of their cargo be unladed, they shall pay no duties, charges, or fees on the part which they shall relade and carry away. The antient and barbarous right to wrecks of the sea shall be entirely abolished, with respect to the subjects or citizens of the two contracting parties. Aarions X. The citizens or subjects of each party shall have power to dispose of Di¤1¤>¤=¤l ¤¤di¤: their personal goods within the jurisdiction of the other, by testament, ;‘;’;$*“:: Q; P"' donation, or otherwise; and their representatives, being subjects or P P° y' citizens of the other party, shall succeed to their said personal goods, whether by testament or ab intestate, and may take possession thereof either by themselves or by others acting for them, and dispose of the same at their will, paying such dues only as the inhabitants of the country wherein the said goods are shall be subject to pay in like cases. And in case of the absence of the representative, such care shall be taken of the said goods, and for so long a time as would be taken of the goods of a native in like case, until the lawful owner may take measures for receiving them. And if question shall arise among several claimants to which of them the said goods belong, the same shall be decided finally by the laws and judges of the land wherein the said goods are. And where, on the death of any person holding real Heirs to real esestate within the territories of the one party, such real estate would by ***6- the laws of the land descend on a citizens or subject of the other, were he not disqualified by alienage, such subject shall be allowed a reasonable time to sell the same, and to withdraw the proce[e]ds without molestation, and exempt from all rights of detractiou on the part of the Government of the respective States. But this article shall not derogate in any manner from the force of the laws already published or hereafter to be published, by His Majesty tho King of Prussia, to prevent the emigration of his subjects.