684 PUBLlC TRELATIES. S A It D I N I A . SARDINIA, 1838. N°v_26 153;;, TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, AND SEPARATE ARTICLE, BE- ———;— TWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF SARDINIA, CONCLUDED AT GENOA NOVEMBER 26, 1838; RATIFICA- TION ADVISED BY SENATE MARCH 2, 1,839; RATIFIED BY PRESIDENT MARCH 8, 1839; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT WASHINGTON MARCH 18, 1839; PROCLAIMED MARCH 18, 1839. [This treaty was superseded by the treaty of 1871 with Italy.] Treaty with Sardinia. Contracting ,,,,1,, The United States of America and His Majesty the King of Sardinia, ties. desirous of consolidating the relations of good understanding which have hitherto so happily subsisted between their respective States and of facilitating and extending the commercial intercourse between the two countries, have agreed to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a treaty of commerce and navigation, for which purpose the President Negouawm, of the United States has conferred full powers on Nathaniel Niles, their Special Agent near His Sardinian Majesty, and His Majesty the King of Sardinia has conferred like powers on the Count Clement Solar de la Marguerite, Grand Cross of the Military and Religions Order of S. Maurice and S. Lazarus, of Isabella the Catholic of Spain, and Knight of the Order of Christ, his First Secretary of State for the Foreign Aifairs · And the said Plenipotentiaries having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and signed the following articles: Anrrom I. Freedom sficpm- There shall be between the territories of the high contracting parties z';;? md “°"'g“·' areciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation. The inhabitants of their respective States shall mutually have liberty to enter the ports and commercial places of the territories of each party, wherever foreign commerce is permitted. They shall be at liberty to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of said territories in order to attend to their aifairs, and they shall enjoy to that effect the same security and protection as the natives of the country wherein they reside, on condition of their submitting to the lawsand ordinance there prevailing. Anrrcm II. Vessels on sqrwl Sardinian vessels arriving either laden or in ballast in the ports of the f°°““8· United States of America, and reciprocally vessels of the United States tigl§°;°$‘T“ “"‘ arriving either laden or in ballast in the ports of the dominions of His ’‘ Sardinian Majesty, shall be treated on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, light-houses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the tees and perquisites of public officers and other duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever.