Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/695

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688 rustic Tnnxrims. Con sul or Agent shall continue to be regarded, notwithstanding lns quality of a foreign Consul, as a subject or citizen of the nation to which he belongs, and consequently shall be submitted to the laws and regulations to which natives are subjected in the place of his residence. Ibis ohh, gation, however, shall in no respect embarrass the exercise of his consular functions, or aifect the inviolability of the consular archives. ARTICLE XVII. Deserters from The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents are authorized V°°**°l¤· to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest, detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchantvessels of their country. For this purpose, they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall in writing demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the rolls of the crews, or by other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and this reclamation thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused. Such deserters when arrested shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and may be connned in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim them in order to be dctained until the time when they shall be restored to the vessels to which they belonged, or sent back to their own country by a vessel of the same nation or any other vessel whatsoever. But if not sent back within three months from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty and shall not again be arrested for the same cause. If, however, the deserter should be found to have committed any crime or offence, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which his case should he depending shall have pronounced its sentence and such sentence shall have been carried into execution. Ancrrorn XVIII. Disposal and in- The citizens and subjects of each of the contracting parties shall have h¤Pi*¤¤¤¤ of Def- power to dispose of their personal goods within the jurisdiction of the “°”"‘l P'°P°'°Y‘ other, by testament, donation, or otherwise, and their representatives, being citizens or subjects of the other party, shall succeed to their said personal goods, whether by testament or ab intestate, and may take possession thereof either by themselves or by others acting for them, and dispose of the same at will, paying such taxes and dues only as the inhabitants of .the country wherein the said goods are shall be subject to pay in like cases. And, in case of the absence of the representatives, such care shall be taken of the said goods as would be taken of the goods of a native of the same country in like case, until the lawfull owner may take measures for receiving them. And if a question should arise among several claimants as to which of them said goods belong, the same shall finally be decided by the laws and judges of the land wherein the said Heirs to real es- goods are. And where, on the death of any person holding real estate WM- within the territories of one of the contracting parties, such real estate would by the laws of the land descend on a citizen or subject of the other party who by reason of alienage may be incapable of holding it, he shall be allowed a reasonable time to sell such real estate, and to withdraw and export the proceeds without molestation and without paying to the profit of the respective Governments any other dues, taxes, or charges than those to which the inhabitants of the country wherein said real estate is situated shall be subject to pay in like cases. Anricmn XIX. D u ra t io u o { The present treaty shall continue in force for ten years, counting from treaty. the day of the exchange of the ratincations; and if, twelve mouths before the expiration of that period, neither of the high contracting par-