760 PUBLIC TREATIES. country, and the privileges, immunities, and jurisdictions to_be enjoyed by such Oonsuls, are declared to be on the same footing with those ot the most favored nations, respectively. Anrronn XII. Consul ofUnited The Consul of the United States of America shall not be answerable Sum ¤°** ¤¤¤W¤¤‘· for debts contracted by citizens of his own nation, unless he previously Q322a::' ‘l°b°° °f gives a written obligation so to do. Anrmnn XIII. sums to ships On a vessel of war belonging to the United States of America, anchor- °f WM- ing before the city of Tripoli, the Consul is to inform the Bashaw of her arrival, and she shall be saluted with twenty-one guns, which she is to return in the same quantity or number. Anrrcmc XIV. Religions an- _ As the Government of the United States of America has in itself no d¤¤¤· character of enmity against the laws, religion, or tranquility of Musselmen, and as the said States never have entered into any voluntary war or act of hostility against any Mahometan nation, except in the defence of their just rights to freely navigate the high seas, it is declared by the contracting parties, thatno pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two nations. And the Consuls and Agents of both nations respectively, shall have liberty to exercise his religion in his own house. All slaves of the same religion shall not be impeded in going to said Consnl’s house at hours of prayer. The Consuls shall have liberty and personal security given them to travel within the territories of each other both by land and sea, and shall not be prevented from going on board any vessel that they may think proper to visit. They shall have likewise the liberty to appoint their own drogaman and brokers. Amuorn XV. Violat ion s or In case of any dispute arising, from the violation of any of the articles treaty- of this treaty, no appeal shall be made to arms; nor hall war be doclared on any pretext whatever; but if the Consul residing at the place where the dispute shall happen shall not be able to settle the same, the Government of that country shall state their grievances in writing, and transmit it to the Government of the other; and the period of twelve calendar months shall be allowed for answers to be returned, during which time no act of hostility shall be permitted by either party ; and Right of resi- in case the grievances are not redressed, and a war should be the event, gfgs m °**°° °f the Consuls and citizens orsubjects of both parties reciprocally, shall · be permitted to embark with their effects unmolested on board of what vessel or vessels they shall think proper. Anrrcnn XVI. Exchange of pus- If, in the iluctuation of human events, a war should break out between ¤¤¤¤· the two nations, the prisoners captured by either party shall not be made slaves, but shall be exchanged rank for rank. A nd if there should be a deficiency on either side, it shall be made up by the payment of five hundred Spanish dollars for each captain, three hundred dollars for each mate and supercargo, and one hundred Spanish dollars for each seaman so wanting. And it is agreed that prisoners shall be exchanged in twelve months from the time of their capture; and that the exchange may be effected by any private mdividual legally authorized by either ot the parties.