Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/788

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rwo sicnrins, rats. 781 either of the high contracting parties to giant patents of invention or improvement, either to the inventors or to others, and that the principles of reciprocity established by this treaty shall not extend to premiums which either of the high contracting parties may grant to their own citizens or subjects for the encouragement of the building of ships to sail under their own dag. ARTICLE VII. As to any citizen or subject of either of the high contracting parties S uv co ¤¤i¤¤ tv dying within the jurisdiction of the other, his heirs being citizens or P’°P°"Y· subjects of the other, shall succeed to his personal property, and either to his real estate or to the proceeds thereof, whether by testament or ab intestato; and may take possession thereof, either by themselves or by others acting for them; and may dispose of the same at will, paying to the profit of the respective Governments such dues only as the inhabitants of the country wherein the said property is, shall be subject to pay in like cases. And in case of the absence of the heir or of his Property or abrepresentatives, the same care shall be taken of the said property as °°¤* hm"- would be taken, in like cases, of the effects of the natives of the country itself; the respective Consular Agents having notice from the competent judicial authorities of the day and hour in which they will proceed to the imposing or removing of seals and to the making out of an inventory, in all GBBBB where such proceedings are required by law; so that the said Consider Agent may assist thereat. The respective- bonsuls may demand the delivery of the hereditary elfects of their countrymen, which shall be immediately delivered to them, if no formal opposition to such delivery shall have been made by the creditors of the deceased, or otherwise, as soon as such opposition shall have- been legally overruled. And if a question shall arise as to the rightful ownership of said property, the same shall be finally decided by the laws and judges of the land wherein the said property is. And the citizens and AMF W ¤¤¤¤*¤ subjects of either of the contracting parties in the States of the other shall °f j"°'*‘°°· have free access to the tribunals of justice of said States, on the same terms which are granted by the laws and usages of the country to native citizens or subjects; and they may employ, in defence of their interests and rights, such advocates, attorneys, and other agents, being citizens or subjects of the other, as they may choose to select. Anrionn VIII. There shall be, between the territories of the high contracting parties, Liberty or oomreciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation; and to that effect the ;'i‘°'°° ““d ““·"'€“·‘ vessels of their respective States shall mutually have liberty to enter l°"' the ports, places, and rivers of the territories of each party wherever national vessels arriving from abroad are permitted to enter. And all vessels of either of the two contracting parties arriving in the ports of the other shall be treated, on their arrival, during their stay, and at their departure, on the same footing as national vessels, as regards port charges, and all charges of navigation, such as of tonnage, light-houses, pilotage, anchorage, quarantine, tees of public functionaries, as well as all taxes or impositions of whatever sort, and under whatever denomination, received in the name, and for the benefit of the Government, or of local authorities, or of any private institution whatsoever, whether the said vessels arrive or depart in ballast, or whether they import or export merchandise. Aarrcrn IX. The national character of the vessels of the respective countries shall NationalitY ¤f be recognized and admitted by each of the parties, according to its own '°'“°l"• laws and special rules, by means of papers granted by the competent authorities to the captains or masters. And no vessels of either of the contracting parties shall be entitled to profit by the immunities and ad-