INTERNATIONAL SANITARY CONVENTION. JUNE 21,1926. 2569 ARTICLE 45. In applying the measures set forth in the preceding subsections ti:eP~=.Of_trlC)o A., B., C., D. and E, the sanitary authority will take into account .Ant" pp. :IM2-~. the presence of a physician on board and the actual preventive measures taken in the course of the voyage, especially for the destruc- tion of rats. The sanitary authorities of the countries that find it convenient to come to an agreement on the matter may exempt from medical inspection and other measures uninfected ships carrying a physician specially commissioned by their country. ARTICLE 46. It is recommended that Governments take into account, as to the fr~t::,~~= treatment to be applied to arrivals from another country, measures preventlvemeasuies. taken in the latter country to combat infectious diseases and to pre- vent their transmission to other eountries. Ships arriving from ports which fulfill the conditions set out in Articles 14 and 51, do not derive from that alone any right to speciai advantages at the port of arrival, but the Governments agree to take into the fullest consideration the measures already taken in those ports, so that all the measures taken at the port of arrival with regard to ships coming from those ports shall be reduced to a minimum. To that end and in order to put shipping, commerce and BpecialUT8DII8lMDUt traffic to as little inconvenience as possible, it 18 recommended that special 8.lTangements in accordance with Article 57 of this Conven- POll, p . 2571. tion be made in all cases where it would seem advantageous to do so. ARTICLE 47. Ships arriving from an infected area which have been subInitted .:abi~h~m :::U~ to sufficient sanitary measures to the satisfaction of the sanitary ~o=:emu,~~ authority, shall not undergo those measures again on their arriv8J another port. at another port, whether or not the latter belongs to the same country provided nothing has happened since which would call for the appiication of the sanitary measures above referred to and the ships have not called at an infected port, except for coaling. A ship shall not be considered as having stopped at a port when without having been in communication with the shore it has landed passengers only and their luggage and the mail, or has taken on board only mails or passengers, with or without their luggage, who have not communicated with the port or with a contaIninated area. In the case of ;yellow fever the vessel must, in addition, have kept wherever possible not less than two hundred metres from inhabited land and at such a distance from the pontoons as to make access of Stegomyia improbable. ARTICLE 48. The port authority who impo~s sanitary measures shall, whenever 8ur:~I~~:~g~~ requested, deliver to the captam, or any other interested person, a itarymeasures. certificate specifying the nature of the measures and the methods employed, the parts of the ship treated, and the reasons why the measures have been applied. It may also in the same way, on demand, issue free of charge to passengers who have arrived by an infected ship a certificate stating the date of their arrival and the measures to which they and their luggage have been subjected.