Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 54 Part 1.djvu/922

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PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 720-SEPT. 16 , 1940 Service in active National Guard and Regular Army. Service In active National Guard. Service in Officers' Reserve Corps. Proviso. Call to active duty. Deferment of desig- nated public officers. Officers necessary to public health, safety, or interest. Deferment of minis- ters of religion, etc. Deferment of per- sons employed in es- sential industry, etc. Persons with de- pendents. Deficient or defec- tive persons. partially before and partially after the time fixed for registration under section 2. (2) Any man who as a member of the active National Guard shall have satisfactorily served for at least one year in active Federal service in the Army of the United States, and subsequent thereto for at least two consecutive years in the Regular Army or in the active National Guard, before or after or partially before and par- tially after the time fixed for registration under section 2. (3) Any man who is in the active National Guard at the time fixed for registration under section 2, and who shall have satisfac- torily served therein for at least six consecutive years, before or after or partially before and partially after the time fixed for such registration. (4) Any man who is in the Officers' Reserve Corps on the eligible list at the time fixed for registration under section 2, and who shall have satisfactorily served therein on the eligible list for at least six consecutive years, before or after or partially before and partially after the time fixed for such registration: Provided, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prevent the persons enumer- ated in this subsection, while in reserve components of the land or naval forces of the United States, from being ordered or called to active duty in such forces. (c) (1) The Vice President of the United States, the Governors of the several States and Territories, members of the legislative bodies of the United States and of the several States and Territories, judges of the courts of record of the United States and of the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia, shall, while holding such offices, be deferred from training and service under this Act in the land and naval forces of the United States. (2) The President is authorized, under such rules and regulations as may prescribe, to provide for the deferment from training and service under this Act in the land and naval forces of the United States, of any person holding an office (other than an office described in para- graph (1) of this subsection) under the United States or any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, whose continued service in such office is found in accordance with section 10 (a) (2) to be necessary to the maintenance of the public health, safety, or interest. (d) Regular or duly ordained ministers of religion, and students who are preparing for the ministry in theological or divinity schools recognized as such for more than one year prior to the date of enact- ment of this Act, shall be exempt from training and service (but not from registration) under this Act. (e) The President is authorized, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, to provide for the deferment from training and service under this Act in the land and naval forces of the United States of those men whose employment in industry, agriculture, or other occupations or employment, or whose activity in other endeavors, is found in accordance with section 10 (a) (2) to be necessary to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest. The Presi- dent is also authorized, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, to provide for the deferment from training and service under this Act in the land and naval forces of the United States (1) of those men in a status with respect to persons dependent upon them for support which renders their deferment advisable, and (2) of those men found to be physically, mentally, or morally deficient or defec- tive. No deferment from such training and service shall be made in the case of any individual except upon the basis of the status of such individual, and no such deferment shall be made of individuals by occupational groups or of groups of individuals in any plant or institution. [54 STAT. 888