54 STaT.] 76TH CONG. , 3D SESS.-CH. 722-SEPT. 18, 1940 carry into effect the transaction so approved or provided for in accordance with the terms and conditions, if any, imposed by the Commission, and to hold, maintain, and operate any properties and exercise any control or franchises acquired through such transaction. Nothing in this section shall be construed to create or provide for the creation, directly or indirectly, of a Federal corporation, but any power granted by this section to any carrier or other corporation shall be deemed to be in addition to and in modification of its powers under its corporate charter or under the laws of any State. "(12) If any provision of the foregoing paragraphs of this section, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the other provisions of such paragraphs, and the application of such provision to any other person or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby. "(13) As used in paragraphs (2) to (12), inclusive, the term 'carrier' means a carrier by railroad and an express company, subject to this part; a motor carrier subject to part II; and a water carrier subject to part III. "(14) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2), from and after the 1st day of July 1914, it shall be unlawful for any carrier, as defined in section 1 (3), or (after the date of the enactment of this amendatory section) any person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, such a carrier to own, lease, operate, control, or have any interest whatsoever (by stock ownership or otherwise, either directly, indirectly, through any holding company, or by stockholders or directors m common, or in any other manner) in any common carrier by water operated through the Panama Canal or elsewhere with which such carrier aforesaid does or may com- pete for traffic or any vessel carrying freight or passengers upon said water route or elsewhere with which said railroad or other carrier aforesaid does or may compete for traffic; and in case of the violation of this provision each day in which such violation continues shall be deemed a separate offense. "(15) Jurisdiction is hereby conferred on the Commission to determine questions of fact, arising under paragraph (14), as to the competition or possibility of competition, after full hearing, on the application of any railroad company or other carrier. Such appli- cation may be filed for the purpose of determining whether any existing service is in violation of such paragraph and may pray for an order permitting the continuance of any vessel or vessels already in operation, or may pray for an order under the provisions of paragraph (16). The Commission may on its own motion or the application of any shipper institute proceedings to inquire into the operation of any vessel in use by any railroad or other carrier which has not applied to the Commission and had the question of compe- tition or the possibility of competition determined as herein provided. In all such cases the order of said Commission shall be final. "(16) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (14), the Commission shall have authority, upon application of any carrier, as defined in section 1 (3), and after hearing, by order to authorize such carrier to own or acquire ownership of, to lease or operate, to have or acquire control of, or to have or acquire an interest in, a common carrier by water or vessel, not operated through the Panama Canal, with which the applicant does or may compete for traffic, if the Commission shall find that the continuance or acquisition of such ownership, lease, operation, control, or interest will not prevent such common carrier by water or vessel from being operated in the interest of the public and with advantage to the convenience and commerce of the people, and that it will not exclude, prevent, or reduce competition on the route by water under consideration: 909 Federal corporatn Saving clause. "Carrler" defined. Pod, pp. 919, 929. Interest in eom. peting water earrier. Ante, p. 899. Determination of question of competi- tion. Authority to author- Ize Interestin oom- peting water carrier. Avte, p. 899.