PUBLIC LAWS-CHS. 138, 139-APR . 16, 1946 Radio communica- tion originating out- side U.S . Payment of exac- tion for using record- ings, etc. Restriction of pro- duction, etc. Payment of exac- tion for program pre- viously broadcast. Enforcement of con- tract right. Penalty provision. " Licensee. " April 16, 1946 IS. 565] [Public Law 345] 52 Stat. 591. 48U. . C. §634b, 634c. receive no money or other thing of value for their services, other than their actual expenses, and such licensee neither pays nor gives any money or other thing of value for the privilege of broadcasting such program nor receives any money or other thing of value on account of the broadcasting of such program; or "(6) to refrain, or agree to refrain, from broadcasting or per- mitting the broadcasting of any radio communication originating outside the United States. "(b) It shall be unlawful, by the use or express or implied threat of the use of force, violence, intimidation or duress, or by the use or express or implied threat of the use of other means, to coerce, compel or constrain or attempt to coerce, compel or constrain a licensee or any other person- "(1) to pay or agree to pay any exaction for the privilege of, or on account of, producing, preparing, manufacturing, selling, buying, renting, operating, using, or maintaining recordings, transcriptions, or mechanical, chemical, or electrical reproduc- tions, or any other articles, equipment, machines, or materials, used or intended to be used in broadcasting or in the production, preparation, performance, or presentation of a program or pro- grams for broadcasting; or "(2) to accede to or impose any restriction upon such produc- tion, preparation, manufacture, sale, purchase, rental, operation, use. or maintenance, if such restriction is for the purpose of pre- venting or limiting the use of such articles, equipment, machines, or materials in broadcasting or in the production, preparation, performance, or presentation of a program or programs for broadcasting; or "(3) to pay or agree to pay any exaction on account of the broadcasting, by means of recordings or transcriptions, of a pro- gram previously broadcast, payment having been made, or agreed to be made, for the services actually rendered in the performance of such program. "(c) The provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall not be held to make unlawful the enforcement or attempted enforce- ment, by means lawfully employed, of any contract right heretofore or hereafter existing or of any legal obligation heretofore or here- after incurred or assumed. "(d) Whoever willfully violates any provision of subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year or by a fine of not more than $1,000, or both. "(e) As used in this section the term 'licensee' includes the owner or owners, and the person or persons having control or management of the radio station in respect of which a station license was granted." Approved April 16, 1946. [CHAPTER 139] AN ACT To extend the privilege of retirement to the judges of the District Court for the District of Alaska, the District Court of the United States for Puerto Rico, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, and the United States District Court for the District of the Canal Zone. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled "An Act relating to the retirement of the justices of the Supreme Court of the Territory of Hawaii and judges of the United States 90 [60 STAT.