63 STAT.] 81ST CONG., 1ST SESS.-CHS. 138 , 13D-MAY 24, 1949 any appropriation contained in this Act shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both: Providedfurther, That the above penalty clause shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, any other provisions of existing law. SEC. 302. The appropriations and authority with respect to appropriations in this Act in whole or in part for the fiscal year 1949 shall be available from and including March 1, 1949, for the purposes respectively provided in such appropriations and authority. All obli- gations incurred during the period between March 1, 1949, and the date of the enactment of this Act in anticipation of such appropriations and authority are hereby ratified and confirmed if in accordance with the terms thereof. SEC. 303 . This Act may be cited as the "First Deficiency Appro- priation Act, 1949". Approved May 24, 1949. [CHAPTER 139] AN ACT To amend title 18, entitled, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and title 28, entitled, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, of the United States Code, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the analysis of part I of title 18, United States Code, entitled "Crimes and Crimi- nal Procedure", immediately preceding chapter 1 of such title, is amended (1) by striking out of item 21 of such analysis the words "constituting crimes"; and (2) by inserting immediately after and below item "49. Fugitives from justice. - - - .. 1071", a new item as follows: "50. Gambling -- _ 1081". SEC. 2. Section 42 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "§ 42. Importation of injurious animals and birds; permits; specimens for museums "(a) The importation into the United States or any Territory or district thereof, of the mongoose, the so-called 'flying foxes' or fruit bats, the English sparrow, the starling, and such other birds and animals as the Secretary of the Interior may declare to be injurious to the interests of agriculture or horticulture, is prohibited; and all such birds and animals shall, upon arrival at any port of the United States, be destroyed or returned at the expense of the owner. Nothing in this subsection shall restrict the importation of natural-history specimens for museums or scientific collections, or of certain cage birds, such as domesticated canaries, parrots, or such other birds as the Secretary of the Interior may designate. The Secretary of the Treasury may make regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of this section. "(b) Whoever violates this section shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than six months, or both. "(c) The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe such require- ments and issue such permits as he may deem necessary for the trans- portation of wild animals and birds under humane and healthful conditions, and it shall be unlawful for any person, including any importer, knowingly to cause or permit any wild animal or bird to be transported to the United States, or any Territory or district thereof, under inhumane or unhealthful conditions or in violation of such 89 Short title. May 24, 1949 [H. R. 3762] [Public Law 72] Titles 18 and 28, U. S . Code, amend- ments. 62 Stat. 683 . 18 U. S. C., Supp. II, prec. § 1. 62 Stat. 687. 18 U. S. C., Supp. II, § 42. Natural-history specimens, cage birds, etc.