67 S T A T. ]
PUBLIC LAW 156-JULY 28, 1953
BUREAU o r P L A N T I N D U S T R Y, SOILS, A N D AGRICULTURAL E N G I N E E R I N G
Plant, soil, and agricultural engineering research: For expenses necessary for investigations, experiments, and demonstrations concerning plants, soils, and agricultural engineering, including those related to the production, improvement, handling, processing, transportation, and storage of farm and other crops; control of weeds, plant diseases, and nematodes; discovery and introduction of new and useful plants, both foreign and native; soil and water management to improve soil productivity and to conserve soil and water resources; the relation of soils to plant, animal, and human nutrition; fertilizers, liming materials, and soil amendments; farm machinery and processing equipment; farm buildings, and farm electrification; and for the operation and maintenance of airplanes; $12,074,000. National Arboretum: For the maintenance and development of the National Arboretum established under the provisions of the Act approved March 4, 1927 (20 U.S.C. 191-194), $174,000.
44 Stat. 1422.
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY A N D P L A N T Q U A R A N T I N E
For expenses necessary for investigations, experiments, demonstrations, and surveys for the promotion of economic entomology, for investigating and ascertaining the best means of destroying insects and related pests injurious to agriculture, for importing useful and beneficial insects and bacterial, fungal, and other diseases of insects and related pests, for investigating and ascertaining the best means of destroying insects affecting man and animals, and the best ways of utilizing beneficial insects, for carrying into effect the provisions of the Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912, as amended (7 U.S.C. 37 Stat. 315. 151-167), the Honey Bee Act (7 U.S.C. 281-283), the Insect Pest _ 42 Stat. 833; 33 Act (7 U.S.C. 141-144), the Mexican Border Act (7 U.S.C. 149), 4of * ' ' ^ ^ ' " ^*^*' the Act of May 9, 1938, relating to grasshoppers. Mormon crickets, and chinch buffis (7 U.S.C. 148-148e), and the Organic Act of 1944 52 Stat. 344. (7 U.S.C. 147a), as amended, authorizing the eradication, control, s8 Stat. 735. and prevention of spread of injurious insects and plant pests; including the operation and maintenance of airplanes and the purchase (for emergency replacement only) of not to exceed one, as follows: Insect investigations: For the investigation of insects affecting fruits, grapes, nuts, trees, shrubs, forests and forest products, truck and garden crops, cereal, forage and range crops, cotton, tobacco, sugar plants, ornamental and other plants and agricultural products, household possessions, and man and animals; for bee culture and apiary management; for classifying, identifying, and collecting information to determine the distribution and abundance of insects; for investigations in connection with introduction of natural enemies of injurious insects and related pests and for the exchange with other countries of useful and beneficial insects and other arthropods; for developing methods, equipment, and apparatus to aid in enforcing plant quarantines and in the eradication and control of insect pests and plant diseases; and for investigations of insecticides and fungicides, including methods of their manufacture and use and the effects of their application; $3,982,830: Provided, That of the amount allotted oriental fruitfiy. for oriental fruitfiy, not to exceed $250,000 may be used for contracts with public or private agencies for research in accordance with section 10 (a) of the Act of August 14, 1946 (7 U.S.C. 427i), and the amounts ^o Stat. io85. obligated for contract research shall remain available until expended. Insect and plant-disease control: For carrying out operations or measures to eradicate, suppress, control, or to prevent or retard the spread of Japanese beetle, sweetpotato weevil, Mexican fruitflies, phony peach and peach mosaic, cereal rusts, pink boUworm and Thur-