44 more than two months, or forfeiture of more than two-thirds of one month's pay. § 821, Art. 21. Jurisdiction of courts-martial not exclusive The provisions of this chapter conferring jurisdiction upon courtsmartial do not deprive military commissions, provost courts, or other military tribunals of concurrent jurisdiction with respect to offenders or offenses that by statute or by the law of war may be tried by military commissions, provost courts, or other military tribunals. SUBCHAPTER V.—COMPOSITION OF C O U R T S - M A R T I A L Sec.
822. 823. 824. 825. 826. 827. 828. 829.
22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.
Who may convene general courts-martial. Who may convene special courts-martial. Who may convene summary courts-martiaL Who may serve on courts-martial. Law officer of a general court-martial. Detail of trial counsel and defense counsel. Detail or employment of reporters and interpreters. Absent and additional members.
§ 822. Art. 22. Who may convene general courts-martial (a) General courts-martial may be convened by— (1) the President of the United States; (2) the Secretary concerned; (8) the commanding officer of a Territorial Department, an Army Group, an Army, an Army Corps, a division, a separate brigade, or a corresponding unit of the Army or Marine Corps; (4) the commander in chief of a fleet; the commanding officer of a naval station or larger shore activity of the Navy beyond the United States; ( 5; the commanding officer of an air command, an air force, an air division, or a separate wing of the Air Force or Marine Corps; (6) any other commanding officer designated by the Secretary concerned; or (7) any other commanding officer in any of the armed forces when empowered by the President. (b) If any such commanding officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority, and may in any case be convened by such authority if considered desirable by him. § 823. Art. 23. Who may convene special courts-martial (a) Special courts-martial may be convened by— (1) any person who may convene a general court-martial; (2) the commanding officer of a district, garrison, fort, camp, station. Air Force base, auxiliary air field, or other place where members of the Army or the Air Force are on duty; (3) the commanding officer of a brigade, regiment, detached battalion, or corresponding unit of the Army; (4) the commanding officer of a wing, group, or separate squadron of the Air Force; (6) the conmianding officer of any naval or Coast Guard vessel, shipyard, base, or station; the commanding officer of any Marine