Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 75.djvu/338

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[75 Stat. 298]
[75 Stat. 298]
PUBLIC LAW 87-000—MMMM. DD, 1961

298

PUBLIC LAW 87-128-AUG. 8, 1961

[75 S T A T.

(2) I n 1962, such diverted acreage shall be devoted to conservation uses including summer fallow, approved by the Secretary, and such measures shall be taken as the Secretary may deem appropriate to keep such diverted acreage free from insects, weeds, and rodents: Provided, That such diverted acreage may be devoted to castor beans, guar, safflower, sunflower, or sesame, if designated by the Secretary, subiect to the condition that no payment shall be made with respect to diverted acreage devoted to any such commodity. (3) The total acreage of cropland on the farm in 1962 devoted to soil-conserving uses, including summer fallow and idle land, but excluding the acreage diverted as provided above and acreage diverted under the special 1962 program for feed grains, shall not be less than the total average acreage of cropland devoted to soil-conserving uses including summer fallow and idle land on the farm in 1959 and 1960. Certification by the producer with respect to such acreage may be accepted as evidence of compliance with the foregoing provision. The total average acreage devoted to soil-conserving uses, including summer fallow and idle land, in 1959 and 1960 shall be subject to adjustment to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate for abnormal weather conditions or other factors, affecting production, established crop-rotation practices on the farm, changes m the constitution of the farm, participation in other Federal farm programs, or to give effect to the provisions of law relating to release and reapportionment or preservation of history. (4) If the diversion of acreage is made pursuant to the provisions of (1)(i) of this subsection (a), the actual acreage of wheat planted on the farm for harvest in 1962 shall not exceed 90 per centum of the highest actual acreage of wheat planted on the farm for harvest in any of the years 1959, 1960, or 1961; and if the diversion of acreage is made pursuant to the provisions of (1) (ii) of this subsection (a), the farm shall be in compliance with the 1962 farm wheat acreage allotment. (b)(1) Upon compliance with the conditions prescribed in subsection (a) producers on the farm shall be entitled to payments which shall be made by Commodity Credit Corporation in cash or wheat equal to 45 per centum of the value, at the basic county support rate per bushel for No. 1 wheat of the 1961 crop for the county in which the farm is considered as being located for the administration of farm marketing quotas for wheat in effect at the time the payment rates for the 1962 special wheat program are established, adjusted to reflect changes between the national support rates for the 1961 and 1962 crops, of the number of bushels equal to the adjusted yield per acre of wheat for the farm, multiplied by the number of diverted acres other than acres devoted to castor beans, guar, safflower, sunflower, or sesame. (2) The Secretary may make such adjustments in yields for the 1959 and 1960 crop years as he determines necessary to correct for abnormal factors affecting production, and to give due consideration to tillable acreage, crop rotation practices, type of soil, soil and water conservation measures, and topography. To the extent that a producer proves the actual yields for the farm for the 1959 and 1960 crop years, such yields shall be used in making determinations. (3) The Secretary shall provide by regulations for the sharing of payments among producers on the farm on a fair and equitable basis.