PUBLIC LAW 96-561—DEC. 22, 1980
94 STAT. 3299
vessels within the fishery conservation zone during the preceding year bears to the aggregate quantity of fish harvested by both foreign and domestic fishing vessels within such zone and the territorial waters of the United States during such preceding year. The amount collected by the Secretary under this paragraph shall be transferred to the fisheries loan fund established under section 4 of the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (16 U.S.C. 742c) for so long as such fund exists and used for the purpose of making loans therefrom, but only to the extent and in amounts provided for in advance in appropriation Acts.". SEC. 233. FISHERY DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES.
Section 2(b)(6) of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1801(b)(6)) is amended by inserting immediately before the period at the end thereof the following: ", and to that end, to ensure that optimum yield determinations promote such development". SEC. 234. FISHERY MANAGEMENT COUNCIL TRAVEL FUNDS.
The second sentence of section 302(d) of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1852(d)) is amended by striking out the period and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ", and other nonvoting members may be reimbursed for actual expenses". SEC. 235. NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY OF MANAGEMENT PLANS.
Section 305(a) of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1855(a)) is amended by inserting "a notice of availability o f immediately after "Federal Register (A)". SUBPART 2—FULL OBSERVER COVERAGE PROGRAM SEC. 236. ESTABLISHMENT OF FULL OBSERVER COVERAGE PROGRAM.
Section 201 of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1821) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(i) FULL OBSERVER COVERAGE PROGRAM.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall establish a program under which a United States observer will be stationed aboard each foreign fishing vessel while that vessel is engaged in fishing within the fishery conservation zone. "(2) The requirement in paragraph (1) that a United States Waiver, observer be placed aboard each foreign fishing vessel may be waived by the Secretary if he finds that— "(A) in a situation where a fleet of harvesting vessels transfers its catch taken within the fishery conservation zone to another vessel, aboard which is a United States observer, the stationing of United States observers on only a portion of the harvesting vessel fleet will provide a representative sampling of the by-catch of the fleet that is sufficient for purposes of determining whether the requirements of the applicable management plans for the bycatch species are being complied with; "(B) with respect to any foreign fishing vessel while it is engaged in fishing within the fishery conservation zone— "(i) the time during which the vessel engages in such fishing will be of such short duration that the placing of a United States observer aboard the vessel would be impractical, or