98 STAT. 2344
PUBLIC LAW 98-507—OCT. 19, 1984
"(E) have a system to allocate donated organs among transplant centers and patients according to established medical criteria, "(F) provide or arrange for the transportation of donated organs to transplant centers, "(G) have arrangements to coordinate its activities with transplant centers in its service area, "(H) participate in the Organ Procurement Transplantation Network established under section 372, "(I) have arrangements to cooperate with tissue banks for the retrieval, processing, preservation, storage, and distribution of tissues as may be appropriate to assure that all useable tissues are obtained from potential donors, and "(J) evaluate annually the effectiveness of the organization in acquiring potentially available organs. "(c) For grants Under subsection (a) there are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1985, $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1986, and $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1987. "ORGAN PROCUREMENT AND TRANSPLANTATION NETWORK
42 USC 274.
"SEC. 372. (a) The Secretary shall by contract provide for the establishment and operation of an Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network which meets the requirements of subsection (b). The amount provided under such contract in any fiscal year may not exceed $2,000,000. Funds for such contracts shall be made available from funds available to the Public Health Service from appropriations for fiscal years beginning after fiscal year 1984. "(b)(1) The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network shall carry out the functions described in paragraph (2) and shall— "(A) be a private nonprofit entity which is not engaged in any activity unrelated to organ procurement, and "(B) have a board of directors which includes representatives of organ procurement organizations (including organizations which have received grants under section 371), transplant centers, voluntary health associations, and the general public. "(2) The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network shall— "(A) establish in one location or through regional centers— "(i) a national list of individuals who need organs, and "(ii) a national system, through the use of computers and in accordance with established medical criteria, to match organs and individuals included in the list, especially individuals whose immune system makes it difficult for them to receive organs, "(B) maintain a twenty-four-hour telephone service to facilitate matching organs with individuals included in the list, "(C) assist organ procurement organizations in the distribution of organs which cannot be placed within the service areas of the organizations, "(D) adopt and use standards of quality for the acquisition and transportation of donated organs, "(E) prepare and distribute, on a regionalized basis, samples of blood sera from individuals who are included on the list and whose immune system makes it difficult for them to receive organs, in order to facilitate matching the compatability of such individuals with organ donors.