98 STAT. 2762
PUBLIC LAW 98-547—OCT. 25, 1984 "ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS
15 USC 2028.
18 USC app.
"SEC. 608. (a)(1) Whoever violates section 607(a) may be assessed a civil penalty of not to exceed $1,000 for each violation. The failure of more than one part of a single motor vehicle to conform to an applicable motor vehicle theft prevention standard shall constitute only a single violation. "(2) Any such penalty shall be assessed by the Secretary and collected in a civil action brought by the Attorney General of the United States. Any such civil penalty may be compromised by the Secretary. In determining the amount of such penalty, or the amount agreed upon in compromise, the appropriateness of such penalty to the size of the business of the person charged and the gravity of the violation shall be considered. "(3) The amount of such penalty, when finally determined, or the amount agreed upon in compromise, may be deducted from any sums owed by the United States to the person charged. "(4) The maximum civil penalty shall not exceed $250,000 for any related series of violations. "(b)(1) Upon petition by the Attorney General on behalf of the United States, the United States district courts shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown and subject to the provisions of rule 65 (a) and (b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, to restrain violations of this title, or to restrain the sale, offer for sale, or the introduction or delivery for introduction in interstate commerce, or the importation into the United States, of— "(A) any passenger motor vehicle containing a major part, or "(B) any major replacement part, which is subject to the standard under section 602 and is determined, before the sale of such vehicle or such major replacement part to a first purchaser, not to conform to such standard. Whenever practicable, the Secretary shall give notice to any person against whom an action for injunctive relief is contemplated and afford the person an opportunity to present his views, and except in the case of a knowing and willful violation, shall afford the person reasonable opportunity to achieve compliance. The failure to give such notice and afford such opportunity shall not preclude the granting of appropriate relief. "(2) In any proceeding for criminal contempt for violation of an injunction or restraining order issued under this subsection, which violation also constitutes a violation of this title, trial shall be by the court, or, upon demand of the accused, by a jury. Such trial shall be conducted in accordance with the practice and procedure applicable in the case of proceedings subject to the provisions of rule 42(b) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. "(3) Actions under paragraph (1) and under subsection (a) may be brought in the district wherein any act or transaction constituting the violation occurred, or in the district wherein the defendant is found or is an inhabitant or transacts business, and process in such cases may be served in any other district in which the defendant is an inhabitant or wherever the defendant may be found. "(4) In any actions brought under paragraph (1) and under subsection (a), subpenas for witnesses who are required to attend a United States district court may run into any other district.