Popular Science Monthly/Volume 32/April 1888/Literary Notices

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LITERARY NOTICES.

Animal Magnetism. By Alfred Binet and Charles Féré. "International Scientific Series," Vol. LIX. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 378. Price, $1.50.

Mesmerism, hypnotism, or animal magnetism, has had varied fortunes. Forced into the field of scientific discussion about a century ago by the elaborate pretensions of Mesmer, it has been alternately cultivated, condemned, and neglected by scientific men, and has been fostered chiefly by quacks as a ready means of exciting the admiration and opening the purses of the curious. At present the subject is one of growing interest. It is receiving respectful attention generally in the scientific world, and is being studied in a conservative manner by certain specialists. The exceptional advantages for the study of nervous phenomena afforded by the medical practice in the Salpêtrière, the great hospital for women in Paris, have been employed with important results. The observations and experiments recorded in the present volume have been made in that hospital, and in accordance with the method inaugurated by M. Charcot, the chief of the school of the Salpêtrière. The book aims only to give an account of these researches, and, notwithstanding their number and variety, the authors do not feel that enough material has yet been collected to base general conclusions on. In the first three chapters a history of the subject is given, after which the investigations of Charcot and his pupils are taken up. These observers recognize three chief states of hypnotism: catalepsy, lethargy, and artificial somnambulism, the modes of producing which, together with their symptoms, are described. Then follows a study of suggestion, or the power of an experimenter to make a hypnotized subject speak, act, think, and feel as it pleases the former to dictate. Hallucinations affecting each of the senses may be impressed upon the subject, and even unilateral hallucinations may be produced. Suggestions of acts to be performed at once or at some future time may be given, and, though the acts may be repugnant to the subject, be can not refrain from performing them. Insensibility to touch, and even to the pain of a surgical operation, may be produced by suggestion, and motor paralysis as well. All these phases of the subject are illustrated by a great variety of cases. Attention is called in the two closing chapters to certain applications of hypnotism. First, hypnotism may become a valuable curative agent for real diseases caused by the imagination, which appear in persons having a certain weakness of the nervous system. This fact throws light on the subject of miraculous cures and mental healing, which has recently attracted so much attention. Second, it may be employed for certain cases in education. Finally, the accomplishing of criminal acts upon or by means of a hypnotized person, and the obtaining of true or false testimony by means of hypnotism, constitute a branch of the subject which society may soon have to take serious account of. Although dealing with phenomena that border on the marvelous, this book is not at all sensational, and the reader may rest assured that it will give him a sound scientific view of the interesting field which it covers.

An Inquiry into Socialism. By Thomas Kirkup. London and New York: Longmans, Green & Co. Pp. 188. Price, $1.50.

An intelligent exposition of the principles and aims of socialism from one of its supporters is certainly welcome at the present time, when public attention is directed so universally toward important socialistic movements. This volume presents the author's views as to the evils of the existing industrial system, his interpretation of the essential ideas of socialism, and a review of the prospects of the latter. It is a very readable work, is well written, and gives in small compass a great deal of useful information and valuable discussion upon all the topics above mentioned. It is of similar character to Professor Graham's "Social Problems," though going beyond the latter in its belief in the efficacy of socialism as a system to remedy the ills afflicting society.

We think the account of the evils of the present industrial system is the best part of the book. We are quite unable to agree with the author in his evidently sincere conviction that socialism will furnish any permanent remedy for those ills, and do not think he demonstrates how it can. This, however, is a matter of difference in fundamental principles. But the main criticism we pass upon the work before us is that it stretches the term socialism so far as to embrace almost everything that makes for the improvement of human life and conditions. Socialism is justice, altruism, practical Christianity, progress, social evolution; and these in turn are socialism. We are unable to allow the propriety of thus connecting the latter term with all these beneficent things. As most people suppose, socialism is in principle the accomplishment by state action of co-operative production and the equalization of distribution, using the state for positive amelioration, instead of confining its offices to guaranteeing liberty and security. We should not let our enthusiasm for any ism run away with our powers of observation; and certainly these, if properly exercised, would show us that it is highly premature at any rate to cover by the common designations socialism and socialistic all the ideals of a better social order, and all the most promising methods for attaining it. But this is really what the author seems to do; he makes a cult, and worships blindly an idealized deity, without taking sufficient pains to find out the real character of his idol.

The Ventilation and Warming of School Buildings. By Gilbert B. Morrison. "International Education Series," Vol. IV. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 173. Price, 75 cents.

The author of this treatise presents both the theoretical and the practical sides of his subject, and the principles which he sets forth are applicable to all other buildings as well as to school-houses. He describes first the necessity for ventilation, and the methods of detecting impurities in air, and then discusses various modes of natural and artificial ventilation. His chapter on ventilation by windows will prove useful in many cases where no better means for the purpose exist. Another chapter gives careful estimates of the cost of ventilating. The subject of warming is treated in a similar manner, and the final chapter of the volume is devoted to the ideal plan for warming and ventilating combined, which has grown out of the author's study of these allied subjects. An appendix contains various thermal formulas and notes in regard to certain mechanical ventilating appliances. The volume is illustrated.

The Annual Report of the Chief Signal-Officer for 1886. Washington: War Department. Pp. 500.

This volume contains the usual statistics in regard to military signaling and the Government Weather Bureau. The proportion of weather indications verified during the year was 78·48 per cent.

Dress. A Monthly Magazine, conducted by Mrs. Annie Jenness Miller. New York: The Gallison & Hobron Company. Price, $1.50 a year.

This periodical, whose first number appeared in May, 1887, is devoted primarily to "the practical and the beautiful in women's and children's clothing," but gives attention also to physical culture and kindred subjects, while fiction and poetry are not excluded from its pages. "The Popular Science Monthly" has at various times called attention to the unhealthful features of the current mode of women's dress, and indicated the principles of a correct system; hence we heartily indorse the effort of "Dress" to secure the general adoption of a style of clothing for women which does not cause torture and disease of the body and distraction of the mind. In order to find acceptance, such an improved system must fully equal in beauty and neatness the fashionable costumes of the day. Mrs. Miller is giving due attention to this condition; her designs for suits and toilets seem attractive enough to insure for her system the success which its hygienic character deserves. The under-garments which she advocates are of the union pattern, and consist of a jersey-fitting garment next the skin, over which is worn a "chemilette," and over this "leglettes," either plain or full, which take the place of petticoats. Outside of these comes the gown-form, a waist and skirt combined, forming a foundation upon which dresses of various styles of drapery and trimming can be arranged. Corsets are discarded, though, for stout women, with flabby muscles, a "bosom support" is deemed allowable. The magazine is edited with taste and judgment, and its illustrations and mechanical work are attractive.

The Art of Projecting. By Professor A. E. Dolbear. Second edition. Illustrated. Boston: Lee & Shepard. Pp. 178. Price, $1.

Professor Dolbear has revised and made additions to this work in the edition just published. The chief parts of the new matter relate to the use of electric lamps and lights for projection purposes, and to the production and phenomena of vortex rings.

Richard Lepsius: A Biography. By Georg Ebers. New York: W. S. Gottsberger, Pp. 347. Price, $1.25.

This volume gives quite a full account of the university studies of Lepsius, and of the state of Egyptology when he devoted himself to it immediately after the death of Champollion. Then follow descriptions of his work in the collections of Egyptian antiquities in Paris, Italy, Holland, and England, and of the Prussian expedition to Egypt under his direction. Succeeding chapters present Lepsius as "the master-workman" and as a man, and the home of Lepsius. A list of his works is appended, and a portrait, with autograph, forma the frontispiece.

On teaching English, with Detailed Examples, and an Inquiry into the Definition of Poetry. By Alexander Bain. New York: D. Appleton & Company. Pp. 256. $1.25.

This volume includes a review of the prevailing opinions as to the proper mode of teaching English, with a critical estimate of their respective merits, the handling of which is of necessity controversial; a brief sketch of the rhetorical method, followed by a series of select lessons on the leading qualities of style, intellectual and emotional; and an inquiry into the definition of poetry, which is intended to fall in with the treatment of rhetorical principles, both in theory and in practice. In the first part, the author disputes the theory that Saxon words should be preferred to classical in writing, or that they are preferred in actual speech; discusses the order of words; and considers the art of weaving the various threads which enter into the composition of the narrative in such a way as best to preserve the harmony and balance of all the parts. An estimate is given of the value of the older writers, and their defects as standards in composition; the advantages and disadvantages of essay-writing, paraphrasing, and converting poetry into prose, as exercises, are measured; and the methods exemplified in Bacon's essays are analyzed as showing "how not to do it." A large proportion of the space is given to the "select lessons" illustrating the intellectual and emotional qualities of style, in which many complete compositions from the standards of English literature are dissected, analyzed, and criticised in detail, with especial reference to those characteristics. Poetry being regarded as a fine art, the source of its definition is sought in the sphere of the human emotions. In respect of matter, it is contrasted with science, oratory, morality, and religion; in respect to literary form, it is distinguished from history, narrative, description, and exposition, all of which, however, have their poetical aspects. And the pure romance, or novel, is considered "a species under the genus poetry, which must be so far widened as to include it."

Biographies of Words; and the Home of the Aryas. By F. Max Müller. London and New York: Longmans, Green & Co. Pp. 278.

Admitting that language and thought are inseparable, as the author has labored to show, it follows that all thoughts which have ever passed through the mind of men must have found their first embodiment and their permanent embalmment in words. If, then, we want to study the history of the human mind in its earliest phases, where. Professor Müller asks, can we hope to find more authentic, more accurate, more complete documents than in the annals of language? "Every word, therefore, has a story to tell us, if we can only break the spell and make it speak out once more. It is known that every word, if we can analyze it at all, is found to be derived from a root. It is equally well known that every root is predicative, that it predicates something of something, and that what it thus predicates is in reality an abstract or general concept. This applies to all languages, even to those of so-called savages, whenever they have been subjected to a really scholar-like analysis. . . . Every language, if properly summoned, will reveal to us the mind of the artist who framed it, from its earliest awakening to its latest dreams." In the light of these views, the history and fortunes of a certain number of words and expressions in common language are taken up and traced back through the various changes which the forms have undergone, as far back as possible toward their original Aryan roots. The chapters on "The Home of the Aryas" and "The Earliest Aryan Civilization" are devoted to the vindication of the theory that the original seat was in central Asia, as against the newly-proposed view that it was in northern Europe. These chapters are followed by a list of words in the seven principal languages of Aryan descent, which is intended to illustrate the argument. The appendices contain letters on the Aryan fauna and flora, the original home of jade, the original home of the soma, "philosophy versus ethnology," and a discussion whether copper or iron was the third metal. The author, with his warm enthusiasm, has a rare way of making the dry and abstruse theme on which he is engaged, despite the terrible-looking words and roots with which he illustrates his points, singularly attractive. We are pleased to see that he regards the labors of our Americans, Brinton and Hale, with others, as "every whit as important as the labors of Grimm, and Kuhn, and Pott."

The "How I was Educated" Papers. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 126. Price, 30 cents.

The pamphlet having the above title is a collection of autobiographical articles by Rev. E. E. Hale. T. W. Higginson, W. T. Harris, and Presidents or ex-Presidents of Columbia College, the Chautauqua University, Dartmouth, Vassar, Yale, Brown, Michigan, and Cornell, which first appeared in "The Forum." As Mr. Hale wittily describes the articles, "The editor of 'The Forum' has thought that a series of papers, in which different people shall describe the methods of their school-education, may be at least amusing, and perhaps profitable, if only by way of caution. He has, therefore, induced a good many men to pose on his platform as 'awful warnings,' and, as it happens in the story of the Indian march, he selects a little elephant to lead the risky way down into the river."

Trees of Reading, Massachusetts. Part I. By F. H. Gilson. Reading: The Author. Price, $1.50.

Mr. Gilson has embodied a very attractive idea in a most tasteful manner. The pamphlet consists of heliotype views of five fine old trees—elm, sassafras, oak, and birch—standing in the town, near Boston, where the author resides, with a page of description and history of each one, and an introduction. The sheets arc printed on one side only, with a liberal margin, and are not stitched. There is scarcely a village in the early-settled part of the country but has such trees, forming characteristic features of its landscape, and serving as memorials of interesting local events. Mr. Gilson photographed these trees, and collected the information about them in the first place for his own gratification; but, finding others interested, he has published a first installment of his material, and, if enough copies of this part are sold to pay expenses, other parts will follow.

Exact Phonography: A System with Connectible Stroke Vowel-Signs. By George R. Bishop. New York: the Author (at the New York Stock Exchange). Pp. 244. Price, $3.

The question of providing stroke vowel signs, which could be written in with the consonants without lifting the pen from the paper, has engaged the attention of many phonographers, but the results have so far not been encouraging, and a conviction has arisen that, however desirable this feature might be, it was impracticable in a working short-hand. Mr. Bishop has, nevertheless, undertaken the task, and has made a serious, persistent, and ingenious attempt to conquer the difficulty. The measure of his success can not be accurately given; time and practical use will be necessary to settle that; but he may fairly claim now to have shown that the obstacle was not unsurmountable. That Mr. Bishop's work should attain the ultimate solution of the problem is not to be expected; but it is certainly an approximation, and probably furnishes the basis on which the perfected scheme will rest. The greatest gain to be derived from the stroke vowel signs is in increased immediate legibility—a very important matter. This is given partly by increasing the list of alternate forms by means of which a somewhat arbitrary distinction may be effected between words that otherwise would require to be written alike and distinguished by the context, but chiefly by the ability to include a vowel which may be perfectly decisive of the word intended. The writer of the new system will frequently have the opportunity to choose whether he will sacrifice consonants or vowels; while heretofore no choice was left to him, provision having been made simply to throw out the vowels in all cases, to meet the requirement of speed. A mere consonant outline is frequently entirely devoid of suggestiveness, although perfectly unmistakable when the word to which it belongs is found. The lack of convenient vowel-signs also has probably helped to discourage the adoption of phonography as a medium of correspondence; the labor of inserting the vowels being irksome to the writer, and that imposed by their omission being still more irksome to the reader. Mr. Bishop's book is certainly worthy of attention from all who desire to become or to remain professional short-hand writers.

The Journal of Morphology. Vol. I, No. 1. September, 1887. Edited by C. O. Whitman, with the co-operation of Edward Phelps Allis, Jr. Boston: Ginn & Co. Pp. 226.

The establishment of a new scientific journal is a source of gratification to all who are sufficiently acquainted with the history of research in pure science to realize the assistance, both to further acquisitions and to practical applications of knowledge, which is afforded by making known the results of investigations. Accounts of the work of American zoölogists, the editor of the "Journal" remarks, are to be sought "in the various publications of the Smithsonian Institution, in voluminous reports of government commissions, in the memoirs and proceedings of societies and academies, in the bulletins and memoirs of a few universities, and in numerous periodicals devoted to the natural sciences." As no branch of science can make much progress until the care of specialists succeeds its fitful cultivation by investigators largely occupied with other subjects, so its literature is much less accessible and effective when scattered through a variety of scientific miscellanies than when concentrated in a special organ. The first number of "The Journal of Morphology" gives evidence that the previous lack of an American zoological journal, ably edited, and printed and illustrated in a liberal style, has now been well supplied. The number comprises the following seven papers: "Sphyranura Osleri, a Contribution to American Helminthology," by Professor R. Ramsay Wright and A. B. Macallum; "The Development of the Compound Eyes of Cranogon," by Dr. J. S. Kingsley; "Eyes of Mollusks and Arthropods," by Dr. William Patten; "On the Phylogenetic Arrangement of Sauropsida," by Dr. G. Baur; "A Contribution to the History of the Germ-layers in Clepsine," by C. O. Whitman; "The Germ-bands of Lumbricus," by Professor E. B. Wilson; and "Studies on the Eyes of Arthropods," by Dr. William Patten, all of which, except that on arrangement of Sauropsida, are accompanied by lithographic plates. The "Journal" is to be devoted chiefly to embryological, anatomical, and histological subjects, and will be practically limited to animal morphology. Each number will contain from 150 to 200 or more pages, and eight or ten lithographic plates. There will be no stated times of publication, but numbers will appear when the material on hand makes it desirable. This undertaking deserves that every American zoologist should do his share toward insuring for it a continuance of life and usefulness.

Astronomy for Amateurs. Edited by John A. Westwood Oliver. Illustrated. London and New York: Longmans, Green & Co. Pp. 316. Price, $2.25.

This manual has a different field from that of books which aim merely to point out the beauties of the firmament. "Its pages are intended to afford the amateur astronomer, possessed of limited instrumental means, but yet anxious to devote his labors to the furtherance of astronomical science, such hints and suggestions as will help him to direct his efforts into the channels which experience has indicated as best fitted to his qualifications and equipment." The editor has had the assistance of eminent specialists in various departments of astronomy.

Ormsby Macknight Mitchel. By his Son, F. A. Mitchel. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Price, $2.

This biography is a vivid panorama of the career of an enthusiastic astronomer and faithful general. The history and character of the subject have been presented, so far as possible, in the words of his diary and letters. The account of the founding of the Cincinnati Observatory, and of Professor Mitchel's visit to Europe to procure instruments, is almost entirely derived from his papers, but there was not sufficient material available for a complete life-record of this sort. The space devoted to his service in the civil war, limited by his death to fourteen months, about equals that occupied with his early life and his scientific work.

Natural Resources of the United States. By Jacob Harris Patton, M. A., Ph. D. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 523. Price, $3.

This comprehensive work presents in a single volume as full an account as the general reader will require of the many and varied natural products which are yielded by land and water in the United States. The first hundred pages are devoted to the coal-fields from Texas to Alaska, giving a brief section to each locality or variety, and including the leading facts of the geology of the carboniferous deposits. The coalfields of Canada and Europe are also briefly mentioned. Petroleum and natural gas come next in order, and then iron-ores arc treated of in the same manner as coal. The comparatively short chapters on gold and silver include accounts of the original discoveries in some of the most famous mining regions of the country. The other useful metals receive due attention. The chief deposits of precious stones, clays, building stones, marbles, and abrasive materials are named, while such minerals as graphite, salt, sulphur, borax, mica, and asbestus are not forgotten. Among mineral resources medicinal waters of course have a place, and the account of these naturally leads up to a chapter on health-resorts. The consideration of the vegetable resources of the country is introduced by a description of its climate and rainfall. The fisheries, the fur seal, and wild game are the chief resources belonging to the animal kingdom, while the people of the United States have two other great natural resources in water-power and unoccupied homestead lands. For the American or foreigner whose occupation or whose desire to be well informed gives him an interest in this class of facts relating to the United States, the volume is one that can be read with pleasure, and that will be frequently referred to. It should be in the library of every American consul, and the purchase of a sufficient number of copies to supply those officers would be a very proper transaction on the part of the State Department.

The New Astronomy. By Samuel Pierpont Langley, Ph. D., LL. D. Illustrated. Boston: Ticknor & Co. Pp. 260. Price, $5.

Readers of the "Century" magazine will give this handsome volume a cordial welcome without the formality of an introduction, for the chapters of which it is composed have appeared from time to time as illustrated articles in that periodical. Those who are not already acquainted with the fascinating style in which the author depicts the wonders of modern astronomy will derive even more pleasure from the book. In explanation of his title, "The New Astronomy," Professor Langley says that until very lately the prime object of astronomy has been "to say where any heavenly body is, and not what it is," but that, within a comparatively few years, a new branch of the science has arisen, "which studies sun, moon, and stars for what they are in themselves and in relation to ourselves." This branch of astronomy, sometimes called celestial physics, deals with the constitution, condition, and configuration of the sun, moon, and planets; of meteors, comets, and stars. The view of this field which Professor Langley gives is general rather than detailed, for his book is not addressed to the professional reader, but is intended to solicit for the "new" astronomy the interest and support of the educated public. It is admirably adapted to produce this effect. Its descriptions are picturesque without bending the lines of fact, and its language is vivid without being inaccurate. Ninety-three figures, many of them of full-page size, embellish the volume, and the paper, printing, and design of the cover are of the handsomest. Four of the eight chapters of the work are devoted to the sun. The author takes up first the spots on the sun, those immense blotches sometimes exceeding in extent the whole surface of our globe, and tells what is known as to their cause. He regards as not proved the idea that sun-spots have an influence on the weather, thereby affecting harvests on the earth, but a connection between the spots and terrestrial magnetic disturbances he deems sufficiently established. The sun's corona, as seen in eclipses, and the solar prominences are next described. In the two chapters on the sun's energy some idea of the quantity of heat radiated from the sun is given, and the question of how the solar fire is fed is discussed. The absolute dependence of all activity and life on earth upon the supply of heat received from the sun is pointed out, and the idea of a greater need for utilizing this heat in the future by means of solar engines is suggested. Of the planets, Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars are selected for special attention. The moon is described with gratifying fullness, and an excellent idea of its surface is given by the reproductions of lunar photographs, and of photographs of volcanic formations on the earth, and of other wrinkled and cracked surfaces, which are inserted for comparison. The phenomena of meteors and comets are presented in the same enthusiastic style which characterizes the rest of the book. The concluding chapter embodies some of the results of the application of the spectroscope to stellar research. The volume is an admirable one for the library of the cultured general reader, for it gives information without an array of figures which are as wearying to everybody but specialists as they are interesting to that class; it presents conceptions of the vast magnitudes, distances, and forces of the visible universe in the form in which they can be best grasped; and while it inspires a respect for the great results which have been accomplished by the genius and industry of modem astronomers, it also conveys a sense of the boundless regions of space beyond the range of their instruments, for the present unknown to earthly intelligence, and, perhaps, forever unknowable.

Half-Hours with the Stars. By Richard A. Proctor. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 39. Price, $2.

The above-named edition of Professor Proctor's "Half-Hours" appears with maps and text specially prepared for American students. It is an atlas of twelve maps, showing the position of the principal star groups throughout the year, with an explanation of each map, and an introduction.

The Earth in Space. By Edward P. Jackson. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Pp. 73. Price, 35 cents.

This convenient and copiously illustrated little manual comprises the facts in regard to the earth as a planet which are commonly included in text-books of geography, under the heading mathematical or astronomical geography, together with other matter in this most practical department of astronomy. It is designed for schools in which time can not be spared for a general course in astronomy.

Management of Accumulators, and Private Electric Light Installations. By Sir David Salomons. Third edition, revised and enlarged. New York: D. Van Nostrand. Pp. 150.

This little book is the result of the author's long experience with electric lighting, which was preceded by the use of a private gas-making plant on his own estate. lie has used secondary batteries since they first became practicable, sparing no expense to obtain satisfactory results, and feels confident that his directions will make the seeking of professional advice rarely necessary.

 

 
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.

Alden, John B., New York. Bits of Knowledge taken from Alden's Manifold Cyclopædia. 4 cents.

Ali Aziz Effendi. The Story of Jewad. Translated by E. J. W. Gibb from the Turkish. New York: W. S. Gottsberger. Pp. 241.

Ames, Julia A. Platform Voices (Temperance Recitations) Chicago: Woman's Temperance Publishing Association. Pp. 144. 25 cents.

Anderson, Professor W. E., Milwaukee. The Physical Side of Education. Pp. 18.

Art, the, of Investing. By a New York Broker. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 198.

Battershall, Jesse P. Food Adulteration and its Detection. New York: E. and F. N. Spon. Pp. 328, with Plates.

Blackbird, A. J. History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, and Grammar of their Language. Harbor Springs, Emmet County, Mich. Pp. 128. $1.

Bloxam, Charles L. Chemistry, Inorganic and Organic. with Experiments. Sixth edition. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co. Pp. 788. $4.50.

Claypole, E. W. The Lake Age in Ohio. Edinburgh. For sale by Robert Clarke & Co., Cincinnati. Pp. 42. 75 cents.

Commissioner of Education of the United States. Report for 1885-'86. Washington: Government Printing-office. Pp. 792.

"Congress. A Monthly Journal of the Arts of Civilization." Vol. I. No. 1. Washington: Congress Publishing Company. Pp. 20. 10 cents. $1 a year.

Cust, Lady. The Invalid's Own Book. A Collection of Receipts. New York: W. 8. Gottsberger. Pp. 144.

Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Register for 1887-'88. Pp. 216.

Davis, George, Minneapolis, Minn. A New Theory of the Origin of Life and Species and their Distribution. Pp. 52. 15 cents.

De Camp, W. M, Editor and Proprietor. "American Liberty," a Quarterly Magazine. January, 1888. Pp. 8. 10 cents a year.

Denison, T. S. The Man Behind. A Novel. Chicago. Pp. 311. $1.50.

Galdós, B. Perez Leon Roch. Translated by Clara Bell. New York: W. B. Gottsberger. Two vols. Pp. 287 and 315.

Griswold, W. M., Bangor, Me. Annual Index to Periodicals for 1887.

Guthrie, O. Memoirs of Dr. Samuel Guthrie, and the History of the Discovery of Chloroform, Chicago. Pp. 85.

Heilprin, Angelo. Geological Evidences of Evolution. Philadelphia: Published by the Author. Pp. 99.

Hodges, N. C. "The Puzzler." Vol. I No. 1. February, 1888. Monthly. Seven Plates. 10 cents, $1.25 a year. Pp. 23.

Holcombe, William H. Condensed Thoughts on Christian Science. Chicago. Purdy Publishing Company. Pp. 58.

Hudson, Mrs. Mary W. Esther the Gentile. Topeka, Kan.: George W. Crane &. Co. Pp. 167. $1.

Imperial University of Japan. Calendar for 1887-'88. Tokio. Pp. 194.

Jacques, William W. An Empirical Rule for constructing Telephone Circuits. Pp. 12.

James, W. P. and J. F., Oxford. O. On the Monticuliporoid Corals of the Cincinnati Group, etc. Pp. 28.

Lake Forest University. Catalogue, 1887-'88. Pp. 128. Addresses delivered at the Inauguration of Rev. William C. Roberts, President. Pp. 50.

Lithographic Publishing Company, New York. Photographers' Director)-, etc. Pp. 267. $3.

Loug, J. H. Slips of Tongue and Pen. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 101.

McLaughlin, J. W., Austin, Tex. The Nature of Contagion. Pp. 8.

Maynard, G. W., and Kunhardt, W. B. On the Dressing of Non-Bessemer Ores. Pp. 17.

Morehead, Mrs. L. M. A Few Incidents in the Life of Professor James P. Espy. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. Pp. 22.

Newman, Robert M. D., New York. The Galvano-Cautery Sound, and its Application. Pp 53.

New York Academy of Sciences. Transactions, 1886-'87. Heman Leroy Fairchild, Secretary. Pp 187.

New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva. Report for 1887. Pp. 482.

Osservatorio Nacional Argentino (Argentine National Observatory), Resultados (Results). Vol. 11. Juan M. Thome, Director. Buenos Ayres. Pp. 261.

Peabody, Andrew P. Harvard Reminiscences. Boston: Ticknor & Co. Pp. 216. $1.25.

Peck, John. Miracles and Miracle-Workers. Pp. 34 Christian Absurdities. Pp. 8. New York: Truth-Seeker Company.

Proudhon, P. J. System of Economic Contradictions; or, the Philosophy of Misery. Vol. 1. Translated and published by Benjamin R. Tucker, Boston. Pp. 469. $3.50.

Richter, Professor Victor von. Text-Book of Inorganic Chemistry. Authorized Translation, by Edgar F. Smith. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co. Pp. 428. $2.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Register for 1887. Pp. 87.

Seidel, Robert. Industrial Instruction: a Pedagogic and Social Necessity. Translated by Margaret K. Smith. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Pp. 170. 80 cents.

Stewart, Balfour, and Gee, W. W. Haldane. Practical Physics. Vol. 1. Electricity and Magnetism. London and New York: Macmillan & Co. Pp. 221. 60 cents.

Swedenborg. Emanuel. The Soul: or Rational Psychology. Translated and edited by Frank Sewall. New York: New Church Board of Publication. Pp. 388. $3.

Theosophical Publication Society. Theosophy and the Critics. London: George Redney. Pp. 13.

Todd, David P. Preliminary Report (unofficial) of the Total Solar Eclipse of 1887. Amherst (Mass.) Observatory. Pp. 16.

"The Truth-Seeker Annual and Freethinker's Almanac, 1888." New York: Truth-Seeker Office. Pp. 118. 25 cents.

Tuckerman, Frederick. M.D. Amherst, Mass. Note on the Papilla Foliata and other Taste Areas of the Pig. Pp. 5. The Tongue and Gustatory Organs of Fiber Zibethecus. Pp. 7, with Plates.

Tylor, E. B. Anthropology. (International Scientific Series.) New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 448.

Van Dyke, Henry, D.D. The National Sin of Literary Piracy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Pp. 23. 5 cents.

Varona, Enrique José. Conferencias Filosoficas (Philosophical Lectures). Second Series. Psicologia (Psychology). Havana. Pp. 474.

Von Rosenberg, Leo. The Vosburg Tunnel. A Description of its Construction. 35 Broadway, New York. Pp. 56, with Plates.

Woodward, C. M. The Manual Training School: its Aims. Methods, and Results, etc. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Pp. 374. $3.