- “Crimean War” in The Nuttall Encyclopædia by James Wood, London: Frederick Warne and Co., Ltd., 1907.
- “Crimean War,” The New International Encyclopædia. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1905.
- “Crimean War,” in Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed.), 1911
Documents from the War
- The War in the Crimea, 1854-56, 1855-56 by Russell
- The Invasion of the Crimea, 1868 by Alexander William Kinglake
- The War in the Crimea, 1891 by Hamley
- The Eastern Question, 1853-56, 1897 by Marx (translated by E. M. and E. Aveling)
- Sevastopol Stories, by Leo Tolstoy