Robert's Rules of Order/Misc 3

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In addition to the terms defined above (taking precedence of, yielding to and applying to), there are other terms that are liable to be misunderstood, to which attention should he called.

Meeting and Session.—In this Manual the term "meeting" is used to denote an assembling together of the members of a deliberative assembly for any length of time, during which there is no separation of the members by adjournment. An adjournment to meet again at some other time, even the same day, terminates the meeting, but not the session, which latter includes all the adjourned meetings. The next meeting, in this case, would be an "adjourned meeting" of the same session.

A "meeting" of an assembly is terminated by a temporary adjournment; a "session" of an assembly ends with an adjournment without day, and may consist of many meetings [§42]

Previous Question—This term is frequently understood to refer to the question previously under consideration. As used in this country it is equivalent to a motion to "Stop debate, and proceed to voting on all the questions before the assembly," with certain exceptions, where it affects only one motion (as to postpone, to reconsider and an appeal [§20]).

Shall the Question be Considered (or discussed)? This question, which is put as soon as a subject is brought before an assembly, if any member "objects to its consideration" (or "discussion," or "introduction"), is not intended to merely cut off debate, but to prevent the question from coming before the assembly for its action. If decided by a two-thirds vote in the negative, the question is removed from before the assembly immediately [§15].

Whenever the word "assembly," which is used throughout these rules, occurs in forms of motions (as in Appeals [§14]), it is better to replace it by the special term used to designate the particular assembly; as for instance, "Society," or "Convention," or "Board." The term "Congress," when used in this Manual, refers to the House of Representatives of the U.S.