Saṃyuktāgama 301: Kātyāyana

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Saṃyuktāgama 301: Kātyāyana
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Lapis Lazuli Texts

Taishō Tripiṭaka volume 2, number 99, sūtra 301. Translated originally by Trepiṭaka Guṇabhadra, ca. 435-443 CE.

A well known dis­course given to Kātyāyana on right view and the Mid­dle Path.

Thus have I heard. At one time, the Buddha was dwelling in the village of Nādika, at a residency deep in the forest. At that time, Kātyāyana Gotra approached the place of the Buddha. Bowing his head at the feet of the Buddha, he then withdrew to one side, and addressed the Buddha, saying: “Bhagavān, as the Bhagavān speaks of right view, what is right view? What does the Bhagavān establish as the right view?”

The Buddha told Kātyāyana Gotra, “The worldly have two kinds of support to which they grasp and adhere: existence and non-existence. This grasping and adhering is either supported by existence or supported by non-existence. Suppose one is without this grasping, not grasping at a mental realm which causes suffering, not dwelling, and not discerning a self. When suffering arises, it arises, and when suffering ends, it ends. He regards these without doubt and without confusion, and then without these, he has self-realization. This is called the right view, and what the Tathāgata establishes as the right view. Why is this so? One who sees the arising of the world, is not one who holds to its non-existence. One who sees elimination of the world, is not one who holds to its existence. This is called freedom from the Two Extremes, which is spoken of as the Middle Path. That is to say, this existence is the cause of that existence, and this arising is the cause of that arising. These are caused by ignorance, including even the entire arising of the pure mass of suffering. When ignorance ends, then from this comes the end of such actions, including even the end of the pure mass of suffering.

After the Buddha had spoken this sūtra, Venerable Kātyāyana Gotra heard what the Buddha had truly said. Not giving rise to outflows, his mind obtained liberation, and he attained arhatship.

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This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.


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