The American Cyclopædia (1879)/Meissner, Alfred

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MEISSNER, Alfred, a German poet, born at Teplitz, Oct. 15, 1822. He is a grandson of the voluminous miscellaneous author August Gottlieb Meissner (1753-1807). He studied medicine, taking his degree at Prague in 1846. To elude the Austrian censorship, he published in the same year at Leipsic his famous epic poem Ziska (10th ed., 1867). He long resided chiefly in Paris, and returned to Prague in 1850, where he and Moritz Hartmann were the principal representatives of the liberal school of German poetry in Bohemia, a 10th edition of his Gedichte appearing in 1867. Some of his effusions, especially Der Sohn des Atta Troll (1850), abound with the peculiar sarcasm and pathos in which Heine excelled, and he published Erinnerungen an Heine (1854). Among his novels are Zwischen Fürst und Volk (3 vols., 2d ed., 1861), illustrating the revolution of 1848; Zur Ehre Gottes (2 vols., 1861); and Schwarzgelb (8 vols., Berlin, 1864; popular edition, 1 vol., 1866). His other writings include Charaktermasken (3 vols., Leipsic, 1861-'3); Novellen (2 vols., Leipsic, 1864); Die Kinder Rom's (4 vols., Berlin, 1870); and Rococo-Bilder (Gumbinnen, 1871).