The Book of Our Country/Chapter 158

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Karl X Gustav left a son, Karl XI, who was only 4 years old when he became king. During his childhood the kingdom was badly ruled by tall gentlemen. The nobles were then the only rich and the only ones who could afford to gain higher knowledge. They owned the majority of the land estate and wanted to make the farmers to the overland lands. In all other countries, the peasants in this way have been living under the nobility and could be sold with the goods. Sweden, Norway and Finland are the only countries that have never conceived such a shame, and the best inheritance we have received from Sweden is that every Finnish man and woman are free from the protection of the law from ancient times.

Karl XI grew up and became a somewhat self-sufficient, but powerful and powerful king. He did not like the masters' board and knew so wisely that the states gave him greater power than any Swedish king had before him. Then he recovered from the nobles many great land possessions and incomes, which former kings dismissed for the damage to the kingdom. Thereby ensuring the freedom of the people; property and enlightenment were distributed more evenly between all states. A Finnish nobleman, Klas Hermansson Fleming, was the king's most faithful assistant. The nobility knoted and hated Fleming, but the people praised the king's wisdom.

At the beginning of his government there were difficult war. The young king fought with his father's bravery and managed to win a honorable peace. After a hundred years of consecutive war, a happy peace of peace, which lasted for the remainder of the government of Karl XI, now followed.

Finland had given half of its crops and half of its combatable men to the long war in foreign countries. Now it got rest and breathe out. The tired people are feeling a sense of well-being and new power. Many fate of the home was repeated again, the population grew, prosperity increased, taxes were reduced. The bishops Gezelius, father and son, set up new schools and were accustomed to the fact that the entire people could now read in the book. Many spiritual books were printed in Finnish language; Elias Brenner wrote down Finland's old memorials.

The king called upon capable men of all kinds, made ready to show laws, which had passed until today, and improved much that occurred during the war during the war. As himself was strict in cedar and godliness, so was all his kingdom. The one who brought a burdensome and wicked deliverance was landed. The one who came to church after the sins or went away before the blessing must pay duty. No other than priests and doctors appeared on the street during the worship service; Yes, it happened that the streets were locked in chains. In our time, we can not understand such a strictness, but during its discipline a powerful people grew up. Subsequent relatives have since praised the old good times in Karl XI's days.

However, a dark shadow fell on these lucky days. The superstition was still universal. Even taught men at the Turku academy believed in witches and witchcraft. Then, in Finland, as in Sweden, the superstition, the trolls settled on easter night on tassels to Blakulla and taught little children to earn the evil. Many old gummies were accused of such imaginary crimes, sentenced to death and burned on fire. It was a blind and sad nite, but time was hard, and the path of enlightenment goes through delusions.