The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Ramberg, Arthur, Baron

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RAMBERG, räm'bĕrg, Arthur, Baron, German painter: b. Vienna, 4 Sept. 1819; d. Munich, 5 Feb. 1875. He studied art at Hanover and early made a tour in Italy, Hungary and Styria. In 1840 he attended the university at Prague, while at the same time uniting the pursuit of art with his other studies. In 1842 he became a pupil at the Art Academy of Dresden under J. Hübner, and among other early pictures produced his ‘Wedding of Dwarfs’ after Goethe; and ‘The Emperor Henry I on His Hungarian Campaign.’ In 1850 he went to Munich and executed a series of genres illustrating the works of Schiller. In 1860 he was appointed professor to the Art School in Weimar, and six years later took a similar position in the Academy of Munich. His subsequent productions include ‘The Court of Frederick II in Palermo’; and, among his genres, most notable are his ‘Hermann and Dorothea’ after Goethe; and ‘Luise,’ after the poem of J. H. Voss, which latter was much admired for its brilliancy in design and execution. He also frescoed the walls of Luther's chamber at Wartburg; and for the Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar illustrated the tale of the ‘King of the Frogs.’