The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Raymond, Rossiter Worthington
RAYMOND, Rossiter Worthington, American mining engineer: b. Cincinnati, Ohio, 27 April 1840; d. Brooklyn, N. Y., 31 Dec. 1918. He was graduated from the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute in 1858 and spent three years in study at Freiburg, Munich and Heidelberg. Returning from Europe he entered the Union army and served from 1861 to 1864 as additional aide-de-camp with the rank of captain. From 1864 to 1868 he was consulting engineer in New York, at the end of which time he was appointed United States commissioner of mining statistics and held this post until 1876. From 1870 to 1882 he was lecturer on economic geology at Lafayette College. In 1885-88 he was New York State commissioner of electric subways for the city of Brooklyn. One of the original members of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, he became its vice-president in 1871, was its president 1872-74, secretary 1884-1911, and secretary emeritus from 1911. He was a member of scientific and technical societies in Europe and America, including the Society of civil Engineers of France. In 1903 he became lecturer on mining law in Columbia University. He published ‘Reports on the Mineral Resources West of the Rocky Mountains’ (1869-76); ‘The United States Mining Industry’; ‘Mines, Mills and Furnaces’; ‘Silver and Gold’; ‘Brave Hearts,’ a novel (1873); ‘The Man in the Moon and Other People’ (1874); ‘The Book of Job’ (1878); ‘Camp and Cabin’ (1880); ‘A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms’ (1881); ‘Memorial of Alexander L. Holly’ (1883); ‘Life of Peter Cooper’ (1901); also technical works and papers, especially on mining law.