The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Rutland (Massachusetts)

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RUTLAND, Mass., village and township in Worcester County, 75 miles west of Boston, on the Boston and Maine Railroad. It was settled in 1716, and became a town in 1722. After the surrender at Saratoga, part of Burgoyne's troops were quartered here in 1777-78; and the town was the home of Rufus Putnam in 1781-87. The State hospital for tubercular patients is located here, as are the prison camp and hospital. There are several private sanatoria. Pop. 1,743.