The Habitat of the Eurypterida/Bibliography

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Abbreviations Used

Abhandlung d. k. k. geol. Reichsanstalt.—Abhandlung der kaiserlich-koeniglichen geologischen Reichsanstalt.
Am. Geol.—American Geologist.
Am. Jour. Sci.—American Journal of Science.
Am. Nat.—American Naturalist.
Ann. Soc. Geol. Belgique.—Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique.
Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist.—Annals and Magazine of Natural History.
Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.- Ehst.- und Kurlands.—Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst-, und Kurlands.
Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients.—Beiträge zur Palaeontologie und Geologie Oesterreich-Ungarns und des Orients.
Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci.—British Association for the Advancement of Science.
Bull. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourg.—Bulletin de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg.
Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.—Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History.
Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci.—Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences.
Bull. G. S. A.—Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.
Bull. Min. and Met. Soc. Am.—Bulletin of the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America.
Bull. Soc. Geol. France.—Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France.
Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou.—Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalists de Moscou.
Can. Nat. & Geol.—Canadian Naturalist and Geologist.
Denk. d. k. Akad. d. Wiss.—Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Geol. Mag.—Geological Magazine.
Jour. Geol.—Journal of Geology.
Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg.—Memoires de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Petersbourg.
Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom.—Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom.
Mem. Soc. Geol. France.—Memoires de la Société Géologique de France.
Monatsber. d. d. geol. Ges.—Monatsberichte der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft.
Neues Jahr. Min. Geol. Pal.—Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie and Paläontologie.
Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci.—Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Proc. A. A. A. S.—Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Proc. Am. Phil. Soc.—Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society.
Q. J. G. S.—Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London.
Smiths. Misc. Coll.—Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections.
Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc.—Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society.
Trans. Geol. Soc. Penn.—Transactions of the Geological Society of Pennsylvania.
Trans. G. S. Lon.—Transactions of the Geological Society of London.
Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci.—Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Trans. Roy. Soc. Can.—Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada.
Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin.—Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Verh. d. Russ.-kais. min. Gesell. St. Petersburg.—Verhandlungen der russisch-kaiserlichen mineralogischen Gesellschaft zu St. Petersburg.
Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell.—Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft.

Agassiz, Louis.
1. 1844. Monographic des Poissons Fossiles du Vieux Grès Rouge, ou Systeme Dévonien. Neufchatel, folio. (Especially in troisième livraison, pp. xix, xx, footnote and plate A.)
2. 1860. Morphology of the genus Eurypterus. Proc. Am. Acad. Sci., Vol. IV, p. 353.
Alth, Alois von.
3. 1874. Ueber die Palaeozoischen Gebilde Podoliens und deren Versteinerungen. Abhandlungd. k. k. geol. Reichsanstalt, Bd. VII, pp. 1–77, taf. IV, figs. 9–13, V, figs. 4–6.
Ami, Henry M.
4. 1901. Knoydart Formation of Nova Scotia. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XII, pp. 301–312, pl. 26.
Andrée, Karl.
5. 1913. Weiteres ueber das carbonische Arthrostraken-Genus Arthropleura Jordan. Palaeontolographica, Bd. LX, pp. 295–310, pl. XXIII.
Godwin-Austen, R.
6. 1856. On the Possible Extension of the Coal Measures beneath the South-eastern Part of England. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XII, pp. 38–73, especially pp. 51–55, pl. 1.
Baily, William Hellier.
7. 1863. Remarks on some Coal-Measure Crustacea belonging to the Genus Belinurus, König; with Description of two new species from Queen's County, Ireland. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3, Vol. XII, pp. 107–114, pl. V.
Banks, R. W.
8. 1856. On the Tilestones, or Downton Sandstones, near Kington, Hereford. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XII, pp. 93–100, pl. II, figs. 4–6.
Barbour, Erwin H.
9. 1912. Newly Discovered Eurypterids in Nebraska. Science, n. s., Vol. XXXVI, Nov. 8, pp. 642–643.
10. 1914. Carboniferous Eurypterids of Nebraska. A. J. S. 4th Series, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 228, pp. 507–510, figs. 1, 2.
Barrande, Joachim.
11. 1856. Parallèle entre les Depôts Siluriens de Bohême et de Scandinavie. Prague.
12. 1872. Crustacés Divers et Poissons des Depôts Siluriens de la Bohême.
13. 1872. Systéme Silurien du Centre de la Bohême. Premiere Partie—Supplément au Vol. I, Trilobites, Crustacés divers et Poissons.
Barrell, Joseph.
14. 1906. Relative Geological Importance of Continental, Littoral, and Marine Sedimentation. Jour. Geol., Vol. XIV, pp. 316–356.
15. 1908. Relations between Climate and Terrestrial deposits. Jour. Geol. Vol. XVI, pp. 159–190, 255–296, 363–384.
16. 1916. The Influence of Silurian and Devonian Climates on the Rise of the Air-breathing Vertebrates. Ms. for Bull. G. S. A. Vol. XXVI. (Ms. in press).
17. 1916. Dominantly Fluviatile Origin of the Old Red Sandstone. Ms. for Bull. G. S. A. Vol. XXVI (Ms. in press.)
Beecher, Charles E.
18. 1900. Restoration of Stylonurus lacoanus, a Giant Arthropod from the Upper Devonian of the United States. Am. Jour. Sci., Vol. X, ser. 4, pp. 145–150, 1 pl.
19. 1901. Discovery of Eurypterid Remains in the Cambrian of Missouri. Ibid., Vol. XII, pp. 364–366.
20. 1901. Note on the Cambrian Fossils of St. François County, Missouri, Ibid., pp. 362–363.
Berckhemer, Fritz.
21. 1916. The Significance of Submarine Slumping with Special Reference to the North American Palaeozoic. Ms.
Bernard, Felix.
22. 1895. The Principles of Palaeontology. Extracted from Éléments de

Paléontologie. N. Y. State Mus. 48th Ann. Report of the Regents, 1894, Vol. II, pp. 129–215, especially pp. 197–202.

Brodie, Rev. P. B.
23. 1845. History of Fossil Insects in the Secondary Rocks of England. Introduction, p. xvii; pp. 105, 115, pl. 1, Fig. 11.
24. 1869. On the Occurrence of Remains of Eurypterus and Pterygotus in the Upper Silurian Rocks in Herefordshire. Q. J. G. S. Vol. XXV, pp. 235–237.
25. 1871. On the 'Passage Beds' in the Neighborhood of Woolhope, Herefordshire, and on the Discovery of a New Species of Eurypterus, and Some new Land-plants in them. Geol. Mag. Vol. VIII, pp. 230, 231.
Bronn, Heinrich Georg.
26. 1837. Lethea Geognostica. 2te Auflage, Bd. I, pp. 107–110, t. IX, figs. 1, 2.
27. 1866–1879. Die Klassen und Ordnung des Thier-Reichs, Die Klasnen und Ordnung der Arthropoden, 5 te Bd. Abtheilung Crustacea, by A. Gerstaecken, pp. 1136–1142, t. XXXV, figs. 12–16, t. XLIII, figs. 1–4.
Bronn, Heinrich G. and Roemer, Ferdinand.
28. 1850–1856. Lethea Geognostica, pl. IX, figs. 1, 2; pl. IX3 3te Auflage, Vol. II, p. 666, pl. IX, fig. I.
Brown, D. J. and Henderson, John.
29. 1870. On the Silurian Rocks of the Pentland Hills. Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc. Vol. I, pp. 23–33, 266–272, pl. VIII, sections 1, 2.
Buckland, Rev. William.
30. 1837. Geology and Mineralogy, etc. (one of the Bridgewater Treatises). Vol. I, p. 396; Vol. II, p. 77, pl. 46, fig. 3.
Burmeister, Hermann.
31. 1843. Die Organization der Trilobiten, pp. 61, 62.
Chamberlin, Thomas C.
32. 1900. On the Habitat of the Early Vertebrates. Jour. Geol. Vol. VIII, pp. 400–412.
Chamberlin, Thomas C. and Salisbury, Rollin D.
33. 1907. Textbook of Geology, Vol. II.
Clarke, John M.
34. 1901. New York State Palaeontologist Report.
35. 1907. Monograph on the Eurypterida (abstract). New York State Museum Report 121, pp. 43, 44.
36. 1907. The Eurypterus Shales of the Shawangunk Mountains in Eastern New York. New York State Museum Bulletin 107, pp. 295–310.
37. 1911. Relation of the Palaeozoic Arthropods to the Strand Line. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, No. 2, July, pp. 280, 281.
Clarke, John M. and Ruedemann, Rudolf.
38. 1911. Introduction to the Monograph on Eurypterida. 1910 Report of the Director, Bull. N. Y. St. Mus. 149, p. 31.
39. 1912. The Eurypterida of New York. Memoir New York State Museum 14, 2 vols.
Claypole, E. W.
40. 1884. Note on a large Crustacean from the Catskill Group of Pennsylvania. Am. Phil. Soc. Proc., Vol. XXI, pp. 236–239, pl.
41. 1885. On Some Fish Remains Recently Discovered in the Silurian Rocks of Pennsylvania. A. A. A. S. Proc., Vol. XXXIII, pt. I, pp. 424–428.
42. 1890. Correspondence from Akron, Ohio, Sept. 1, Am. Geol., Vol. VI, pp. 258–260, 400.
43. 1894. A New Species of Carcinosoma. Am. Geol., Vol. XIII, pp. 77–79.
Conrad, T. A.
44. 1841. Fifth Annual Report on the Palaeontology of the State of New York, p. 38.
Daly, Reginald A.
45. 1912. Geology of the North American Cordillera at the 49th Parallel. Canada Department of Mines, Mem. No. 38. (Especially pp. 185–191.)
Dames, W.
46. 1881. Geologische Reisenotizen aus Schweden. Zeit. d. d. g. Gesell. Bd. XXXIII, pp. 405–441.
47. 1890. Die Schichtenfolge der Silurbildungen. Gotlands und ihre Beziehungen zu den obersilurischen Geschieben Norddeutschlands. Sitzungsber. d. Berlin Akad. Bd. XLII, pp. 1111–1129.
Darwin, Charles.
48. 1841. Voyage of the Beagle. Everyman's Edition.
Davis, William M.
49. 1899. Physical Geography. Ginn & Company, Boston.
50. 1900. The Fresh-water Tertiary Formations of the Rocky Mountain Region. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci., Vol. XXXV, pp. 345–373.
Dawson, Sir J. William.
51. 1862. On the Footprints of Limulus as Compared with the Protichnites of the Potsdam Sandstone. Can. Nat. and Geol., Vol. VII, p. 271.
52. 1891. The Geology of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, or Acadian Geology, 4th edit.
Dekay, J. E.
53. 1825. Observations on a Fossil Crustaceous Animal of the Order Branchiopoda. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York, pp. 375–377, pl. XXIX.
54. 1828. Report on Several Fossil Multilocular Shells from the State of Delaware; with Observations on a Second Specimen of the New Fossil genus Eurypterus, Ibid., II, pp. 273–279.
Demarest, A. G.
55. 1827. Observations sur un Crustacé fossile de l'ordre des Branchiopodes, par M. J. E. Dekay, Bulletin des Sciences Naturelles et de Géologie. (Published under direction of de Férussac). T. II, pp. 311–313, Paris.
Eichwald, Eduard von.
56. 1830. Geognostiche Bemerkungen während einer Reise durch Lithauen, Wolhynien und Podolien. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. Edited by Dr. C. J. B. Karsten. Bd. II, pp. 113–126.
57. 1854. Die Grauwackenschichten von Liev- und Esthland. Bull. Soc. Im. Nat. Moscou, tome XXVII, especially pp. 48–51, 100–107, Taf. I, figs. 1–8, II, figs. 2, 3, 4, 5.
58. 1857. Beitrag zur geographischen Verbreitung der fossilen Thiere Russlands. Klasse der Krustaceen. Loc. cit. tome XXX, No. IV, part 2, pp. 305–354, especially pp. 336–337.
59. 1860. Lethaea Rossica ou Paléontologie de la Russie. Vol. I, Seconde Section de l'ancienne Periode, pp. 1354–1359. Stuttgart.
60. 1860. Ibid. p. 1444, t. LII, fig. 35 a. b.
Elles, Gertrude and Slater, I. L.
61. 1906. The Highest Silurian Rocks of the Ludlow District. Q. J. G. S., Vol. LXII, pp. 195–222. (Geological map and numerous columnar sections.)
Etheridge, Robert.
62. 1877. On the Remains of a Large Crustacean, Probably Indicative of a New Species of Eurypterus, or allied Genus (Eurypterus ? Stevensoni) from the Lower Carboniferous Series (Cement-stone Group) of Berwickshire, Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXIII, pp. 223–228.
63. 1888. Fossils of the British Islands stratigraphically and zoologically arranged. Vol. I, Palaeozoic.
Fischer, Gotthelf de Waldheim.
64. 1839. Notice sur un Crustacé Fossile du Genre Eurypterus de Podolie. Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou. t. I. No. 2, pp. 125–128, t. VII, fig. 1.
Fischer, Paul.
65. 1887. Manuel de Conchiliologie.
Flett, John S.
66. 1899. The Old Red Sandstone of the Orkneys. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., Vol. XXXIX, part II, pp. 383–424.
Foerste, August F.
67. 1909. Silurian Fossils from the Kokomo, West Union, and Alger Horizons of Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky. Jour. Cincinnati Society Natural History, Vol. XXI, No. 1, pp. 1–41, pls. I, II.
Fraipont, Julien.
68. 1889. Euryptérides Nouveaux du Dévonien Superieur de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Geol. Belgique, tome XVII, pp. 53–62, pl. II. (See also earlier announcement ibid, t. XVI, p. LXXVIII.)
Frech, Fritz.
69. 1880–1897. Lethea Geognostica. I. Theil. Lethea Palaeozoica von Ferdinand Roemer, pp. 16, 22, 26, t. XLVII, fig. 6; t. XVIII, fig. 1 a, b, c, fig. 3, fig. 4 a, b.
70. 1897–1902. Lethea Geognostica. I Theil. 2te Bd., Maps II, III.
Geikie, Archibald.
71. 1878. On the Old Red Sandstone of Western Europe. Trans. Geol. Soc. Edin. Vol. XXVIII, pp. 345–452, pl. XXII.
72. 1892. Geological Map of England and Wales.
73. 1892. Geological Map of Scotland.
74. 1903. Textbook of Geology, Vol. II.
75. 1914. Textbook of Geology, Vol. II (fifth edition).
Geinitz, Hanns Bruno.
76. 1846. Grundriss der Versteinerungskunde, p. 220.
77. 1850. Charakteristik der Schichten und Petrefacten des sächsisch-böhmischen Kreidegebirges. Leipzig, Pt. IV, p. 6, t. IV, fig. 5.
78. 1853. Die Versteinerungen der Grauwackenformation in Sachsen und den Angrenzenden Ländern. Abtheilungen., Heft II, p. 23, 24, t. XIX, fig. 20.
Goodchild, J. G.
79. 1899. Desert Conditions in Britain. Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., Vol. VII, pp. 203–222.
80. 1904. The Older Deutozoic Rocks of North Britain. Geol. Mag. N. S. Decade V, Vol. I, pp. 591–602.
Grabau, Amadeus William.
81. 1899. The Relation of Marine Bionomy to Stratigraphy. Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. VI, No. 4, pp. 319–367.
82. 1901. Geology and Palæontology of Niagara Falls and Vicinity. Bulletin 45, N. Y. State Museum.
83. 1906. Guide to the Geology and Palæontology of the Schohharie Valley in Eastern New York. N. Y. State Mus. Bull. 92.
84. 1909. Physical and Faunal Evolution of North America during Ordovicic Siluric, and Early Devonic Time. Jour. Geol., Vol. XVII, No. 3 pp. 209–252.
85. 1912. The Origin of Salt Deposits with Special Reference to the Siluric Salt Deposits of North America. Bull. Min. and Met. Soc. Am., No. 57.
86. 1913. Early Palaeozoic Delta Deposits of North America. Bull. G. S., A., Vol. XXIV, pp. 399–528, pl. 12.
87. 1913. Principles of Stratigraphy. A. G. Seiler & Co.
88. 1915. Devonic Formations of Michigan. (In Press, Michigan Geological Survey.)
89a. 1916. Comparison of the Ordovicic Formations of Europe and America. Ms. for Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXVI.
89b. 1916. Comparison of the Siluric Formations of Europe and America. Ms.
Grabau, Amadeus W. and Sherzer, W. H.
90. 1907. New Upper Siluric Fauna from Southern Michigan. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XIX, pp. 540–553.
91. 1910. The Monroe Formation of Southern Michigan and Adjoining Regions. Michigan Geological and Biological Survey, publication 2, Geological series I, No. 32, pl. XXX.
Grabau, Amadeus W. and Shimer, Hervey W.
92. 1910. North American Index Fossils, Vol. II.
Grewingk, C.
93. 1861. Geologie von Liv- und Kurland mit Inbegriff einiger angrenzenden Gebiete. Archiv für d. Naturk, Liv-,Ehst-, und Kurlands., pp. 479–774. (Maps and cross-sections.)
Grote, August R. and Pitt, W. H.
94. 1875. Description of a New Crustacean from the Waterlime Group at Buffalo. Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. III, pp. 1, 2.
95. 1875. On New Species of Eusarcus and Pterygotus from the Waterlime Group at Buffalo. Ibid., pp. 17–20.
96. 1878. New Specimen from the Waterlime Group at Buffalo, N. Y. Proc. A. A. A. S., Vol. XXVI, pp. 300–302, one fig.
Günther, Albert C. L. G.
97. 1880. Introduction to the Study of Fishes. Edinburgh.
Hall, Charles E.
98. 1877. Contributions to Palæontology from the Museum of the Second Geological Survey. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc., Vol. VII, p. 621.
Hall, James.
99. 1859. Natural History of New York. Part VI, Palaeontology, Vol. III, pls. 80, 80a, 81a, b, c., 82, lxxxii, 83, 83a, b, 84a, pp. 382–419.
100. 1860. Relations of the Genus Eurypteruss Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. Proc. Vol. IV, p. 353, Boston.
101. 1860. On the Genus Eurypterus. Albany Inst. Trans. IV, Proc. p. 280.
102. 1862. Can. Nat. 31 October.
103. 1883. Description of a New Species of Stylonurus from the Catskill Group. 36 Annual Report, N. Y. St. Mus. Natural History, p. 77, pl. V, fig. 1.
104. 1884. Eurypteridæ from the Lower Productive Coal Measures in Beaver County, and the Lower Carboniferous, Pithole Shale, in Venango County. Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, Report of Progress, PPP. pp. 23–35, pls. III–VIII.
105. 1884. Note on Eurypteridæ of the Devonian and Carboniferous Formations of Pennsylvania, with a supplementary note on Stylonurus excelsior. Am. A. A. Sci. Proc. Vol. XXXIII, pp. 420–422.
Hall, James and Clarke, John M.
106. 1888. Paleontology of New York, Vol. VII, pp. 156–162., pls. 26, 26a, 27.
Harlan, Richard.
107. 1834. Critical Notices of Various Organic Remains Hitherto Discovered in North America, with the Description of a New Species of Eurypterus. Transactions Geological Society Pennsylvania, Vol. I, p. 98, pl. V.
108. 1835. Medical and Physical Researches, pp. 297–299, one plate.
Harley. J.
109. 1861. On the Ludlow Bone-bed and its Crustacean Remains. Q. J. G. S., XVII, pp. 542–552, pl. XVII.
Haseman, John D.
110. 1912. Some Factors of Geographical Distribution in South America. Annals N. Y. Acad. Sci., Vol. XXII, pp. 9–112, pis. II–XVI.
Hatch, F. H. and Corstorphine, G. S.
111. 1905. The Geology of South Africa. Macmillan & Co.
Haug, Emile.
112. 1907. Traité de Géologie. Les Periodes Géologiques. Periode Silurienne, p. 626.
Hedström, Herman.
113. 1910. The Stratigraphy of the Silurian Strata of the Visby District. Geol. Foren. i Stockholm Forhandl. Bd. 32, H. 4, Maj. Reprint for the International Geological Excursions from Stockholm: B 6. C2, (C3) Guidebook 20.
Henderson, John.
114. 1870. Notice of Slimonia acuminata, from the Silurian of the Pentland Hills. Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., Vol. I, pp. 18, 19.
115. 1880. On Some Recently Discovered Fossiliferous Beds in the Silurian Rocks of the Pentland Hills. Ibid, Vol. III, pp. 353–356.
Hibbert, Samuel.
116. 1836. On the Fresh-Water Limestone of Burdiehouse in the Neighborhood of Edinburgh, belonging to the Carboniferous Group of Rocks. With supplementary notes on other fresh-water limestones. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XIII, pp. 169–282, pls. 5–12.
Hickling, George.
117. 1908. The Old Red Sandstone of Forfarshire, Upper and Lower. Geol. Mag. Dec. 5, Vol. V, pp. 396–408.
Hoeven, J. van der.
118. 1838. Recherches sur l'Histoire Naturelle et l'Anatomie des Limules, pp. 48; 7 pis. Leyden.
Holm, Gerard.
119. 1896. Ueber eine neue Bearbeitung des Eurypterus Fischeri Eichw. Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ve Series, tome IV, pp. 369–372.
120. 1897. Om förekomsten af en Pterygotus i Dalarnes Öfversilur. Geologiska Föreningensi i Stockholm Förhandlingar. Bandet XIX, pp. 475–479.
121. 1898. Ueber die Organisationen des Eurypterus Fischeri Eichw. VIIIe series, tome VIII, No. 2, 80 pp. 10 pls.
122. 1899. Palaeontologische notiser. Om den yttre anatomien hos Eurypterus fischeri. Geologiska Föreningensi i Stockholm Förhandlingar. Bandet XXI, Häft 1, pp. 83–128, Taf. 1–4.
Horne, J.
123. 1901. Recent Advances in Scottish Geology. Address before Geological section of British Ass. Adv. Sci. Glasgow, 1901. Geol. Mag. Dec. IV, Vol. VIII, pp. 452–470. (Especially pp. 462–466.)
Hudleston, W. H.
124. 1904. On the Origin of the Marine (Halolimnic) Fauna of Lake Tanganjika. Geol. Mag. Dec. 5, Vol. I, pp. 337–382, 2 pls.
Hughes, T. M'Kenny.
125. 1884. On Some Tracks of Terrestrial and Freshwater Animals. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XL, pp. 178–186, pls. VIII–XI.
Hull, Edward.
126. 1877. On the Upper Limit of the Essentially Marine Beds of the Carboniferous Group of the British Isles and adjoining Continental Districts; with Suggestions for a Fresh Classification of the Carboniferous Series. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXIII, pp. 613–651. (Correlations, table III).
Huxley, Thomas H.
127. 1856. Observations on the Structure and Affinities of Himantopterus. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XII, pp. 34–37.
128. 1857. Lectures on General Natural History. Medical Times and Gazette, Vol. XXXVI, lecture xiii, pp. 467471.
129. 1889. The Crayfish. An Introduction to the Study of Zoology. International Scientific Series, Vol. XXVIII.
Huxley, Thomas H. and Salter, J. W.
130. 1859. On the Anatomy and Affinities of the Genus Pterygotus (Huxley) and Description of the Species of Pterygotus (Salter). Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom, Monograph I.
Jones, T. Rupert.
131. 1862. On Fossil Estheriæ and their Distribution. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 140–157.
Jones, T. Rupert and Woodward, Henry.
132. 1885. Notes on the British Species of Ceratiocaris. Geol. Mag. n. s. Dec. III, Vol. II, No. IX, pp. 385–397, pl. X.
133. 1899. Contributions to Fossil Crustacea. Geol. Mag. n. s. Dec. 4., Vol. VI, pp. 388–395, pl. XV.
Jordan, David Starr.
134. 1905. The Origin of Species through Isolation. Science, n. s. Nov. 3, p. 547.
Jordan, H. and Meyer, Hermann von.
135. 1856. Ueber die Crustaceen der Steinkohlenformation von Saarbrücken. Palæontographica. Bd. IV, pp. 8–15, t. II., figs. 1, 2, 4, 5.
Katzer, Friedrich.
136. 1902. Geologie von Böhmen, 919, 936, 957, 1033, 1044.
Kayser, Emanuel.
137. 1911. Lehrbuch der Geologischen Formationskunde. 4te. Auflage, 2te Teil.
Keyserling, Alexander Graf.
138. 1853. Seance du 19 Decembre, 1853. Bull. Soc. Géol. France, 2e ser. tome XI, p. 153.
Kindle, Edward M.
139. 1903. The Stratigraphy and Palæontology of the Niagara of Northern Indiana, 28th Ann. Rept. of Indiana State Geologist.
King, W. Wickham.
140. 1912. The Uppermost Silurian and Old Red Sandstone of South Staffordshire. Geol. Mag. Dec. 5, Vol. IX, pp. 437–443.
Krümmel, Otto.
141. 1907–1911. Handbuch der Ozeanographie. 2 vols.
Kutorga, Stephan.
142. 1838. Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Organischen Ueberreste des Kupfersandsteins am westlichen Abhange des Urals. St. Petersburg., pp. 1–38, pls. I–VII. (See especially p. 22, t. IV, figs. 1–3.)
Lapworth, Charles.
143. 1878. The Moffat Series. Q. J. G. S. Vol. XXXIV, pp. 240–346. Map of Moffat District.
Laurie, Malcolm.
144. 1893. Recent Additions to our Knowledge of Eurypterida. Nat. Sci. Vol. III, pp. 124–127.
145. 1895. On Some Eurypterid Remains from the Upper Silurian Rocks of the Pentland Hills. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XXXVII, pt. I, pp. 151–162, 3 plates.
146. 1895. The Anatomy and Relations of the Eurypteridæ. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XXXVII, pt. II, pp. 509–528, 2 pls.
147. 1900. On a Silurian Scorpion and Some Additional Eurypterid Remains from the Pentland Hills. Ibid., Vol. XXXIX, pt. 3, pp. 575–590, pls. I–IV.
Lilienbach, Lill de
148. 1833. Description du Bassin de la Gallicie et de la Podolie. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France. T. I., Pt. I, No. 4, pp. 45–105. Geological map of Galicia on large scale. (Especially pp. 98–100)
Lima, Wenceslau de.
149. 1890. Noticia sobre as Camadas da Serie Permo-Carbonica do Bussaco. Communicaçoes da Commissão dos Trabalhos Geologicos de Portugal. Tome II, pp. 129–152.
150. 1890. Note sur un nouvel Eurypterus du Rothliegendes de Busaco (Portugal). Ibid., Tome II, pp. 153–157, one pl.
Lindström, G.
151. 1888. Ueber die Schichtenfolge des Silur des Insel Gotland. Neues Jahr. Min. Geol. Pal., Bd. I, pp. 147–164.
Logan, Sir William.
152. 1863. Report of the Geological Survey of Canada, p. 354, fig. 464; pp. 392, 959.
Lohest, Max.
153. 1890–1891. Sur la Significance des Conglomerats a Noyaux Schisteux des Psammites du Condroz. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belgique, tome XVIII, pp. 195–199.
Lyell, Sir Charles.
154. 1854. Principles of Geology. Ninth edition.
155. 1857. A Manual of Elementary Geology, pp. 415, 416, figs. 542, 543.
156. 1865. Sixth edition of Elements of Geology, p. 524, fig. 591.
Macconochie, A.
157. 1898. Discoveries of Organic Remains in the Old Red Sandstone of Lorne. Summary of Progress for 1897. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, pp. 82–83.
Macnair, Peter.
158. 1896. The Altered Clastic Rocks of the Southern Highlands, their Structure and Succession. Geol. Mag. Dec. 4, Vol. III, pp. 167–174, 211–217.
Macnair, Peter, and Reid, James.
159. 1896. On the Physical Conditions under which the Old Red Sandstone of Scotland was Deposited. Geol. Mag. Dec. 4, Vol. III, pp. 106–116.
160. 1896. Palæontological Considerations in the Old Red Sandstones of Scotland. Ibid., pp. 217–221.
Mansfield, J. F.
161. 1881. Note on Discovery of Eurypterus in the Darlington shales, Penn. Am. Phil. Soc. Proc., Vol. XIX, pp. 351–352.
Mantell, Gideon Algernon.
162. 1852. On the Supposed Fossil Eggs from the Devonian Rocks of Forfarshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 106–109, 3 figs.
Martin, Daniel S.
163. 1882. A New Eurypterid from the Catskill Group. Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci., Vol. II, p. 8.
Matthew, George F.
164. 1888. On Some Remarkable Organisms of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks in Southern New Brunswick. Loc. cit. Vol. VI, Sec. IV, p. 60.
165. 1894. Organic Remains of the Little River Group. Nos. II and III. Trans. Roy. Soc. Can. Sec. IV, p. 99.
M'Coy, Frederick.
166. 1849. On the Classification of Some British Fossil Crustacea, with Notices of New Forms in the University Collection at Cambridge. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d series, Vol. IV, pp. 392–414, especially pp. 393–395.
167. 1854. Contributions to British Palæontology, pp. 139–141.
168. 1899. Note on a New Australian Pterygotus. Geol. Mag. n. s. Dec. IV, Vol. VI, pp. 193–194, one fig.
Meek, F. B. and Worthen, A. H.
169. 1868. Preliminary Notice of a Scorpion, a Eurypterus? and other Fossils, from the Coal-Measures of Illinois. A. J. Sci. and Arts, Vol. XLVI, pp. 19–28.
170. 1868. Geological Survey of Illinois. Geology and Palaeontology, Vol. III, p. 544.
Meyer, H. A.
171. 1875. Zur Physik des Meeres. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel für die Jahre, 1872, 1873, pp. 1–41, especially 22–41, and map.
Meyer, H. A., Mobius, K., Karsten, G., Hensen, V., Kupffer, C.
172. 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel. Contains papers on the investigations in the Baltic and North Sea by these and other authors.
Miller, Hugh.
173. 1847. The Old Red Sandstone.
Miller, S. A.
174. 1874. Genus Megalograptus. Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, Vol. I, pp. 343–346, figs. 35, 36, 37.
175. 1880. North American Geology and Palæontology.
Miller, S. A. and Gurley, William F. E.
176. 1896. New Species of Echinodermata and a New Crustacean from the Palaeozoic rocks. Ill. State Mus. Bull. of Natural History X, pp. 90, 91, pl. V, fig. 1.
Milne-Edwards, H.
177. 1838. Sur le Developpment des Limules; Société Philomatique.
178. 1843–1846. Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés, t. III, p. 422, 1840.
Mitchell, Hugh.
179. 1861. On the Position of the Beds of the Old Red Sandstone, developed in the counties of Forfar and Kincardine, Scotland. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVII, pp. 145–151.
Mitchell, Samuel L.
180. 1818. An Account of the Impression of a Fish in the Rock of Oneida County, N. Y. The American Monthly Magazine and Critica Review, Vol. III, p. 291.
Moberg, Joh. Chr.
181. 1910. Historical-Stratigraphical Review of the Silurian of Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersöknung, Ser. C, No. 229, 202 pp. and map, especially pp. 24–28.
Mobius, Karl.
182. 1872. Die faunistischen Untersuchungen in der Ostsee im Jahre 1871, auf der Expedition S. M. S. Pommerania. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Thiere, Vol. XIII, pp. 276–280.
183. 1873. Die wirbellosen Thiere der Ostsee. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel für das Jahr 1871, pp. 97–144.
Morris, John.
189. 1843. A Catalogue of British Fossils, p. 74.
185. 1854. Ibid., 2d ed. pp. 108, 110, 114.
Münster, Georg Graf zu.
186. 1840. Beiträge zur Petrefacten-Kunde. Bayreuth, Heft III, p. 26, t. I, fig. 9.
Munthe, Henry.
187. 1910. On the Sequence of Strata within Southern Gotland. Geol. Fören. Förhandl., Bd. XXXII, H. 5, Maj.
Murchison, Roderick Impey.
188. 1839. Silurian System. Notes by Agassiz, Chapter XLV, p. 605, figs. 4–6.
189. 1847. On the Silurian and Associated Rocks in Dalecarlia, and on the Succession from Lower to Upper Silurian in Smoland, Oland, and Gothland, and in Scania. Q. J. G. S., Vol. III, pp. 1–466, 1 pl.
190. 1856. The Discovery of Fossils in the Uppermost Silurian Rocks near Lesmahago in Scotland, with Observations on the Relations of the Palaeozoic Strata in that Part of Lanarkshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XII, pp. 15–25.
191. 1859. On the Succession of the Older rocks in the Northernmost Counties of Scotland, with Some Observations on the Orkney and Shetland Islands. Description of Estheria murchisonia by T. Rupert Jones. pp. 404–406, figs. 14c, d.
192. 1859. On the Sandstones of Morayshire (Elgin, etc.) containing Reptilian Remains, and on their Relations to the Old Red Sandstone of that Country. Ibid., pp. 419–439.
193. 1867. Siluria, 4th ed. pp. 160, 237–240.
Murray, John and Renard, A. F.
194. 1891. Deep Sea Deposits. In "Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during years 1873–1876," London.
Nason, Frank S.
195. 1901. The Geological Relations and the Age of the St. Joseph and Potosi Limestones of St. François County, Missouri, A. J. S., 4th ser. Vol. XII, pp. 358–361.
Nicholson, Alleyne and Lydekker, Richard.
196. 1889. Manual of Palæontology, 3d edition, p. 551.
Nieszkowski, Johannes.
197. 1858. Der Eurypterus remipes aus den obersilurischen Schichten der Insel Oesel. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv-, Ehst-, und Kurlands, Bd. II, pp. 299–344, t. I, II.
198. 1858. Zusätze zur Monographie der Trilobiten der Ostseeprovinzen, nebst der Beschreibung einiger neuen obersilurischen Crustaceen. Loc. cit. I ser., Bd. II, pp. 345–384, pl. II, figs. 12, 13, 14.
O'Connell, Marjorie.
199. 1913. Summary of the Distribution and Occurrence of Eurypterids. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., Vol. 24, pp. 499–515.
200. 1914. Description of Some New Siluric Gastropods. Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. XI, No. 1, pp. 93–101, plate, figs. 1–6.
Ortmann, Arnold E.
201. 1902. The Geographical Distribution of Freshwater Decapods and its Bearing upon Ancient Geography. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc., Vol. XLI, No. 171, pp. 267–400.
Page, David.
202. 1856. On the Pterygotus and Pterygotus Beds of Great Britain. Reprint Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci. Glasgow, 1855, in Transactions of the Sections, pp. 89–91.
203a. 1856. Advanced Textbook of Geology, 1st edit., pp. 128, 135, 136, figs.
203b. 1859. Ibid., 2d edit., pp. 163, 171, 181, 189.
204. 1859. Handbook of Geological Terms, 1st edit., pp. 161, 305–6, 340.
Parkinson, James C.
205. 1811. Organic Remains of a Former World. Vol. III, p. 267, pl. XVII, fig. 18.
Patten, William.
206. 1912. The Evolution of the Vertebrates and their Kin. Philadelphia.
Peach, Benjamin.
207. 1880. On Some New Crustaceans from the Lower Carboniferous Rocks of Eskdale and Liddesdale. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XXX, pp. 73–91.
208. 1880. On Some New Species of Fossil Scorpions from the Carboniferous Rocks of Scotland and England Borders, with a review of the Genera Eoscorpius and Mazonia of Messrs. Meek and Worthen. Ibid., pp. 397–412, pls. XXII, XXIII.
209. 1881. Further Researches among the Crustacea and Arachnida of the Carboniferous Rocks of the Scottish Border. Loc. cit., pp. 511–529, pls. XXVIII, XXIX.
210. 1885. Ancient Air Breathers. Nature, Vol. XXXI, pp. 295–298, figs. 1, 2.
211. 1899. New Discoveries in the Silurian of Lanarkshire and Ayrshire. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1898, pp. 64–66.
Peach, B. N., Clough, M. A., Hinxman, L. W., etc.
212. 1910. The Geology of the Neighborhood of Edinburgh. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Scotland.
Peach, Benjamin and Horne, John.
213. 1880. The Old Red Sandstone of Orkney. Read before Royal Physical Soc. 21 April, 1880, 15 pp.
214. 1898. New Discoveries in the Silurian and Old Red Sandstone of Scotland. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1897, pp. 74–83.
215. 1899. The Silurian Rocks of Britain. Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom, Vol. 1, Scotland.
Phillips, John.
216. 1885. Manual of Geology. Edited by Robert Etheridge.
Pictet, F. J.
217. 1854. Traiteéde Paléontologie, Paris. 2nd edit, tome II, pp. 529, 536–539.
Pohlman, Julius.
218. 1881. On Certain Fossils of the Waterlime Group near Buffalo. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. IV, No. 1, Art. 3, pp. 17–22, figs. 1–7.
219. 1882. Additional Notes on the Fauna of the Waterlime Group near Buffalo. Ibid., Vol. IV, No. 2, Art. 2, pp. 41–45, pls. II, III.
220. 1886. Fossils from the Waterlime Group near Buffalo, N. Y. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. Bull., Vol. V, No. 1, pp. 23–32.
Powrie, James.
221. 1861. On the Old Red Sandstone Rocks of Forfarshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVII, pp. 534–542, (Figure, giving cross-section in Forfarshire).
Portlock, Joseph Ellison.
222. 1843. Report on the Geology of Londonderry and of Parts of Tyrone and Fermanagh, Dublin, p. 316, pl. XXIV, fig. 2.
Pouchet, G. and de Guerne, J.
223. 1885. Sur la faune pélagique de la mer Baltique et du golfe de Finlande. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, t. 100, pp. 919–921.
Prestwick, Joseph.
224. 1840. On the Geology of Coalbrook Dale. Trans. Geol. Soc. Lon. 2nd series, Vol. V, pp. 413, 493, t. XLI, figs. 1–8.
225. 1887. Geology, Chemical, Physical and Stratigraphical, Vol. II.
Reichenbach, E. Stromer von.
226. 1907. Sprach ueber Molukkankrebse. Monatsber. d. d. geol. Ges. No. 8/9, Vol. LIX, pp. 187–189.
Reid, James and Macnair, Peter.
227. 1899. On the Genera Psilophyton, Lycopodites, Zosterophyllum, and Parka decipiens of the Old Red Sandstone of Scotland. Their Affinities and Distribution. Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., Vol. VII, pp. 368–380.
Reuss, August Emanuel.
228. 1855. Ueber eine neue Krusterspecies aus der Böhmischen Steinkohlenformation. Paläontologische miscellen III Denk. d. k. akad. d. Wiss., Wien, Bd. X, pp. 81–83, t. III, IV.
Roberts, George L.
229. 1863. On some Crustacean Tracks from the Old Red Sandstone near Ludlow. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 233–235.
Roberts, George E. and Randall, John.
230. 1863. On the Upper Silurian Passage-Beds at Linley, Salop. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 229–232.
Roemer, Ferdinand.
231. 1851. Ueber ein bisher nicht beschreibenes Exemplar von Eurypterus aus devonischen Schichten des Staats New York in Nord-Amerika. Dunker and Meyer's Palæontographica, 1te, Bd. pp. 190–193, t. XXVII.
232. 1873. Notiz ueber das Vorkommen von Eurypterus Scouleri im Niederschlesischen Steinkohlengebirge. Zeit. d. d. geol. Ges. Bb. XXV, pp. 562–565, 3 figs.
Salter, J. W.
233. 1852. Description of the Pterygotus problematicus Agass. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 386–388, pl. XXI, figs. 1a, b, 2a, b.
234. 1856. On Some New Crustacea from the Uppermost Silurian Rocks with a Note on the Structure and Affinities of Hymantopterus. Ibid., Vol. XII, pp. 26–34, figs. 1–7.
235. 1859. On some New Species of Eurypterus; with notes on the Distribution of the Species. Ibid., Vol. XV, pp. 229–236, figs. 1–20.
236. 1862. On a Crustacean Track in the Llandeilo Flags of Chirbury, Shropshire. Ibid., Vol. XVIII, p. 347.
237. 1863. On some Fossil Crustacea from the Coal-Measures and Devonian Rocks of British North America. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 75–80, figs. 1–12. (Abstract: Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVIII, p. 346).
238. 1863. On Some Species of Eurypterus and Allied Forms. Ibid., Vol. XIX.
239. 1863. On the Upper Old Red Sandstone and Upper Devonian Rocks. Ibid., pp. 474–496.
Sarle, Clifton J.
240. 1903. A New Eurypterid Fauna from the Base of the Salina of Western New York. N. Y. State Museum Bulletin 69, pp. 1080–1108.
Schmidt, Friedrich.
241. 1858. Untersuchungen ueber die Silurische Formation von Ehstland, nord-Livland und Oesel. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst.-und Kurlands, ser. I, Bd. II, pp. 1–249. (Especially pp. 159–180, 191). Map of Estland, Nord-Livland and Oesel.
242. 1859. Beitrag zur Geologie der Insel Gotland, nebst einigen Bermerkungen ueber die untersilurische Formation des Festlands von Schweden und die Heimath der norddeutschen silurischen Geschiebe. Ibid., pp. 403–464. Map of Gotland.
243. 1859. Nachträge und Berichtungen zu den Untersuchungen ueber die Silurische Formation von Ehstland, nord-Livland und Oesel. Ibid., pp. 465–474.
244. 1866. Ueber Thyestes verrucosus Eichw. und Cephalaspis schrenckii Pand. nebst einer Einleitung ueber das Vorkommen silurischer Fischreste auf der Insel Oesel. Verh. d. russ.-kais. min. Gesell. St. Petersburg, 2nd S. Vol. II, No. 13, pp. 217–250, pls. IV, V, VI.
245. 1876. Einige Bemerkungen ueber die podolisch-galizische Silurformation und deren Petrefacten. Verhandlungen der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, ser. 2, Bd. X, pp. 1–21, taf. 1.
246. 1880. Revision der Ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten nebst geognostischer Übersicht des ostbaltischen Silurgebiets. Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourg. VIIe sérié, T. XXX, No. 1. Section on Schichtengruppe K. Obere Oeselsche Schicht, pp. 49–54.
247. 1882. On the Silurian (and Cambrian) Strata of the Baltic Provinces of Russia, as Compared with those of Scandinavia and the British Isles. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXVIII, No. 48, pp. 514–536, with map.
248. 1883. Die Crustaceenfauna der Eurypterenschichten von Rootziküll auf Oesel. Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, VIIe serie, tome XXXI, No. 5, Miscellanea Silurica III, pp. 28–88, 7 plates.
249. 1890. Bemerkungen über die Schichtenfolge des Silur auf Gotland. Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell, Band II, pp. 249–266.
250. 1891. Einige Bemerkungen über das Baltische Obersilur in Veranlassung der Arbeit des Prof. W. Dames über die Schichtenfolge der Silurbildungen Gotlands. Mélanges Géologiques et Paléontologiques tirés du Bull. l'Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Peters. Tome I, pp. 119–138. Map of Baltic area.
251. 1892. The Eurypterus-beds of Oesel as Compared with those of North America. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. III, pp. 59–60.
252. 1902. Communication before the Section of Geology and Mineralogy of Oct. 19, 1902, announcing the discovery of Eurypterus simonsoni. Comptes rendus des Séances, in Travaux de la Société Impériale des Naturalists de St. Pétersbourg. T. XXXIII, livr. 1, No. 6, pp. 202–3 (in Russian).
253. 1904. Ueber die neue Merostomenform Stylonorus (?) simonsoni aus dem Obersilur von Rootziküll auf Oesel. Bull. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourgh, tome XX, No. 3, ser. Ve, pp. 99–105, one plate.
Schrenk, Alexander Gustav.
254. 1854. Uebersicht des obern Silurischen Schichtensystems Liv- und Ehstlands vornämlich ihrer Inselgruppe. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst-. und Kurlands, ser. I, Bd. I, 112 pp. Especially pp. 35, 47, 86.
Schuchert, Charles.
255. 1904. Review of Kindle's paper on the Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Niagara of Northern Indiana. A. Jour. Sci. 4th ser. XVIII, pp. 467–469.
256. 1908. Palaeogeography of North America. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, pp. 427–606, pls. XLVI–CI.
Scudder, Samuel H.
257. 1868. Descriptions of Fossil Insects. Geological Survey of Illinois. Geology and Palæontology. Vol. III, pp. 566–572.
Sedgwick, Rev. Adam and M'Coy, Frederick.
258. 1854. British Palaeozoic Rocks and Fossils, p. 174, pl. I E, figs. 7, 21.
Seeman, Friedrich.
259. 1906. Beiträge zur Gigantostrakenfauna Böhmens. Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients. Bd. XIX, pp. 49–57, Taf. IV, text figs. 1, 2.
260. 1907. Das Mittelböhmische Obersilur- und Devongebiet südwestlich der Beraun. Ibid., Bd. XX, heft II, pp. 69–114.
Semper, Max.
261. 1898. Die Gigantostraken des ältern Böhmischen Palaeozoicum. Beitr. zur Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients, Bd. XI, pp. 71–88. Taf. XII, text figs. 5–14.
Seward, A. C.
262. 1909. Notes on Fossil Plants from the Witteberg Series of Cape Colony. Geol. Mag. dec. 5, Vol. VI, pp. 482–485, pl. XXVIII, figs. 5, 6.
Siemiradzki, Joseph von.
263. 1906. Die Paläozoischen Gebilde Podoliens. Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients. Bd. XIX, Heft II, III, pp. 173–212; Heft IV, pp. 213–286, Pl. XIX, taf. V, fig. 24.
Sollas, W. J.
264. 1883. The Estuaries of the Severn and its Tributaries; an Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of their Tidal Sediment and Alluvial Flats. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXIX, pp. 611–626.
Sorby, Henry Clifton.
265. 1856. On the Physical Geography of the Old Red Sandstone Sea of the Central District of Scotland. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, n. s., 13 pp.
Steinmann, Gustav.
266. 1907. Einführung in die Palæontologie.
Stose, George W. and Schwartz, Charles K.
267. 1912. Pawpaw-Hancock Folio, Maryland-West Virginia-Pennsylvania. United States Geological Survey, Folio No. 179, p. 5.
Strickland, Hugh F.
268. 1852. On a Protruded Mass of Upper Ludlow Rock at Hagley Park in Herefordshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 381–5.
Stromer, Ernst F.
269. 1909. Lehrbuch der Palaeozoologie. I Teile; Wirbelose Tiere.
Sumner, Francis B., Osburn, Raymond C., Cole, L. J., and Davis, B. M.
270. 1913. A Biological Survey of the Waters of Woods Hole and Vicinity. Bull. of the Bureau of Fisheries, Vol. XXXI, 1911, two parts.
Thorell, J.
271. 1886. On Proscorpius osbornei Whitfield. Am. Nat. Vol. XX, pp. 269–274.
Traquair, Ramsay H.
272. 1898. New forms of Fossil Fishes in the Silurian and Old Red Sandstone. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1897, pp. 72–74, 82–83.
273. 1900. On a New Species of Cephalaspis, discovered by the Geological Survey of Scotland, in the Old Red Sandstone of Oban. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., Vol. XXXIX, part III, No. XX, pp. 591–593, one plate.
274. 1900. On Thelodus Pagei, Powrie, sp. from the Old Red Sandstone of Forfarshire. Ibid., No. XXI, pp. 595–602, one plate.
275. 1900. Report on Fossil Fishes collected by the Geological survey of Scotland in the Silurian Rocks of the South of Scotland. Ibid., No. XXXII, pp. 827–864, 4 pls.
Thorell, Tamerlan and Lindström, G.
276. 1885. On a Silurian Scorpion from Gotland. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskap-Akademiens Handlingar. Bandet XXX, Häftet II, No. 9, pp. 1–33, 1 pl.
Twenhofel, W. H.
277. 1909. The Silurian Section at Arisaig, Nova Scotia. A. J. S. Vol. XXVIII, p. 151.
Ulrich, E.
278. 1911. Revision of the Paleozoic System. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, No. 3 pp. 281–680, pls. 25–29.
Vanuxen, Lardner.
279. 1843. Geological Report of the Third District of New York.
Verrill, A. E. and Smith, S. I.
280. 1874. Report upon the Invertebrate Animals of Vineyard Sound and Adjacent Waters.
Walcott, Charles D.
281. 1882. Notice of the Discovery of a Poecilopod in the Utica Slate Formation. Am. Jour. Sci., Vol. XXIII, pp. 151, 152.
282. 1882. Description of a New Genus of the Order Eurypterida from the Utica Slate Formation. Am. Jour. Sci., Vol. XXIII, pp. 213–226.
283. 1899. Pre-Cambrian Fossiliferous Formations. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. X, pp. 199–244, pls. XXII, XXIII.
284. 1906. Algonkian Formations of Northwestern Montana. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XVII, pp. 1–28, pls. I–II.
285. 1906. Algonkian Formations of Northwestern Montana. Ibid., Vol. XVII, pp. 1–28, pls. I, II.
286. 1910. Evolution of Early Paleozoic Faunas in Relation to their Environment. Outlines of Geological History with Especial reference to North America. Chapter III. (Edited by Willis and Salisbury).
287. 1910. Abrupt appearance of the Cambrian Fauna on the North American Continent. Cambrian Geology and Palæontology, Vol. II, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LVII, No. 1, pp. 1–16.
288. 1911. Middle Cambrian Merostomata. Cambrian Geology and Palæontology, Vol. II, No. 2, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LVII, No. 2, pp. 17–40, 6 plates.
289. 1912. Middle Cambrian Branchiopoda, Malacostraca, Trilobita, and Merostomata. Ibid. No. VI, pls. 24–34.
290. 1914. Pre-Cambrian Algonkian Algal Flora. Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LXIV, No. 2, pp. 77–156, pls. 4–23.
Walther, Johannes.
291. 1893. Einleitung in die Geologie als historische Wissenschaft. I Teil, Bionomie des Meeres.
292. 1900. Das Gesetz der Wüstenbildung.
293. 1904. Die Fauna der Solnhofener Plattenkalke. Abdruck aus der Festschrift zum siebziegsten Geburtstag von Ernst Haeckel, pp. 135–214.
294. 1908. Geschichte der Erde und des Lebens.
295. 1910. Die Sedimente des Taubenbank im Golfe von Neapel, 49 pp.
Weller, Stuart.
296. 1911. Are the Fossils of the Dolomites Indicative of Shallow Highly Saline and Warm Water Seas? Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, No. 2, pp. 227–231.
White, David.
297. 1908. Commissao de Estudos das Minas de Carvao de Pedra do Brazil. Final Report by I. C. White, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 589–605, pl. X, figs. 1–4, pl. XI, figs. 1–10.
Whiteaves, J.
298. 1884. Palæozoic Fossils. Geological Survey Canada, Vol. III, pt. I, p. 42, pl. VII, fig. 3.
Whitefield, R.
299. 1885. An American Silurian Scorpion. Science, Vol. VI, p. 87.
300. 1885. On a Fossil Scorpion from the Silurian Rocks of America. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull., Vol. I, art 9, pp. 181–190.
301. 1893. Report of the Geological Survey of Ohio, Vol. VII.
Wenjukow, P.
302. 1899. Die Fauna der silurischen Ablagerungen des Gouvernements Podolien. Materialen zur Geologie Russlands. Kaiserlichen Mineralogiechen Gesellschaft. Band XIX, pp. 1–256 in Russian; German summary, pp. 257–266, pl. IX, fig. 9.
Williams, N. Y.
303. 1915. An Eurypterid Horizon in the Niagara Formation of Ontario. Canada Department of Mines. Mus. Bull. No. 20, Geol. Series No. 29, pp. 21, pls. 5.
Willis, Bailey.
304. 1902. Stratigraphy and Structure, Lewis and Livingston Ranges, Montana. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XIII, 305–352.
Woods, Henry.
305. 1909. Eurypterida. In the Cambridge Natural History. Vol. IV, Ch. XI, pp. 283–294.
Woodward, Henry.
306. 1863. On the "Seraphim" and its Allies. The Intellectual Observer, Vol. IV, pp. 229–237, one plate.
307. 1864. On a Nearly Perfect Specimen of Eurypterus lanceolatus (Salter) from the Upper Ludlow Rock at Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Geol. Mag., Vol. I, pp. 107–111, pl. V, figs. 7–9.
308. 1864. Descriptions of some New Palæozoic Crustacea. Ibid, pp. 196–200, pl. X.
309. 1864. On the Eurypteridæ, with descriptions of some new Genera and Species. Ibid., pp. 239–240.
310. 1865. On the Family of the Eurypteridæ, with Descriptions of Some New Genera and Species. Reports Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci. for 1864. Transactions of Sections, p. 73.
311. 1865. On Some New Species of Crustacea Belonging to the Order Eurypterida. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXI, pp. 482–489, pls. XIII, XIV.
312. 1866–1878. Monograph of the British Fossil Crustacea Belonging to the Order Merostomata. Palæontographical Society.
313. 1867. On some Points in the Structure of the Xiphosura, having Reference to their Relationship with the Eurypteridæ. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXIII, pp. 28–37, pls. I, II.
314. 1868. On Some New Species of Crustacea from the Upper Silurian rocks of Lanarkshire, etc. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXIV, pp. 289–296, pls. IX, X.
315. 1871. Extract from the American Naturalist. December, p. 14.
316. 1871. On Euphoberia Brownii, H. Woodw. a new species of Myriopod from the Coal Measures of the West of Scotland. Geol. Mag., Vol. VIII, pp. 102–104, pl. III, figs. 6a, b, c.
317. 1871. On some New Phyllopodous Crustaceans from the Palæozoic Rocks. Ibid., pp. 104–107, pl. III, fig. 3.
318. 1872. On a New Arachnide from the Coal-Measures of Lanarkshire. Geol. Mag., No. XCIX, pp. 385–387, pl. LX.
319. 1872. Notes on Some British Palæozoic Crustacea Belonging to the Order Merostomata. Loc. cit., No. C, pp. 433–441.
320. 1887. On some Spined Mryiopods from the Carboniferous Series of England. Geol. Mag., n. s., dec. III, Vol. IV, pp. 1–10, pl. 1.
321. 1887. On a New Species of Eurypterus from the Lower Carboniferous Shales of Glencartholm, Eskdale, Scotland. Ibid., pp. 481–484, pl. XIII.
322. 1888. Note on Eurypterus from the Carboniferous. Loc. cit., dec. III, Vol. V, pp. 419–421.
323. 1895. Some Points in the Life-History of the Crustacea in Early Palæozoic Times. Q. J. G. S., Vol. LI, Presidential Address, pp. lxx–lxxiv.
324. 1907. Two New Species of Eurypterus from the Coal-Measures of Ilkeston, Derbyshire. Geol. Mag., Dec. 5, Vol. IV, pp. 277–282, pl. XIII.
225. 1909. Note on the Genus Hastimima from Brazil and the Cape. Loc. cit., Vol. VI, pp. 485–88.
326. 1913. The Position of the Merostomata. Geol. Mag., Dec. 5, Vol. X, pp. 293–300.
Zittel, Karl A. von.
327. 1900. Grundzüge der Palaeontologie.
328. 1900. Textbook of Palaeontology, Eastman translation of German. Merostomata by Clarke, John M.
329. 1913. Ibid. Second edition. Vol. I. Merostomata by Clarke, John M.

  1. Through the efficient cooperation of Miss M. F. Wilson, Librarian of the Geological Department of Columbia University, and of her assistant Miss Hepburn, I have been able to consult every one of the references in the following bibliography.