The Habitat of the Eurypterida/Bibliography

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BIBLIOGRAPHY[1]

Abbreviations Used

Abhandlung d. k. k. geol. Reichsanstalt.—Abhandlung der kaiserlich-koeniglichen geologischen Reichsanstalt.
Am. Geol.—American Geologist.
Am. Jour. Sci.—American Journal of Science.
Am. Nat.—American Naturalist.
Ann. Soc. Geol. Belgique.—Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique.
Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist.—Annals and Magazine of Natural History.
Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.- Ehst.- und Kurlands.—Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst-, und Kurlands.
Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients.—Beiträge zur Palaeontologie und Geologie Oesterreich-Ungarns und des Orients.
Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci.—British Association for the Advancement of Science.
Bull. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourg.—Bulletin de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg.
Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.—Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History.
Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci.—Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences.
Bull. G. S. A.—Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.
Bull. Min. and Met. Soc. Am.—Bulletin of the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America.
Bull. Soc. Geol. France.—Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France.
Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou.—Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalists de Moscou.
Can. Nat. & Geol.—Canadian Naturalist and Geologist.
Denk. d. k. Akad. d. Wiss.—Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Geol. Mag.—Geological Magazine.
Jour. Geol.—Journal of Geology.
Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg.—Memoires de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Petersbourg.
Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom.—Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom.
Mem. Soc. Geol. France.—Memoires de la Société Géologique de France.
Monatsber. d. d. geol. Ges.—Monatsberichte der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft.
Neues Jahr. Min. Geol. Pal.—Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie and Paläontologie.
Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci.—Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Proc. A. A. A. S.—Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Proc. Am. Phil. Soc.—Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society.
Q. J. G. S.—Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London.
Smiths. Misc. Coll.—Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections.
Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc.—Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society.
Trans. Geol. Soc. Penn.—Transactions of the Geological Society of Pennsylvania.
Trans. G. S. Lon.—Transactions of the Geological Society of London.
Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci.—Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Trans. Roy. Soc. Can.—Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada.
Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin.—Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Verh. d. Russ.-kais. min. Gesell. St. Petersburg.—Verhandlungen der russisch-kaiserlichen mineralogischen Gesellschaft zu St. Petersburg.
Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell.—Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft.


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146. 1895. The Anatomy and Relations of the Eurypteridæ. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XXXVII, pt. II, pp. 509–528, 2 pls.
147. 1900. On a Silurian Scorpion and Some Additional Eurypterid Remains from the Pentland Hills. Ibid., Vol. XXXIX, pt. 3, pp. 575–590, pls. I–IV.
Lilienbach, Lill de
148. 1833. Description du Bassin de la Gallicie et de la Podolie. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France. T. I., Pt. I, No. 4, pp. 45–105. Geological map of Galicia on large scale. (Especially pp. 98–100)
Lima, Wenceslau de.
149. 1890. Noticia sobre as Camadas da Serie Permo-Carbonica do Bussaco. Communicaçoes da Commissão dos Trabalhos Geologicos de Portugal. Tome II, pp. 129–152.
150. 1890. Note sur un nouvel Eurypterus du Rothliegendes de Busaco (Portugal). Ibid., Tome II, pp. 153–157, one pl.
Lindström, G.
151. 1888. Ueber die Schichtenfolge des Silur des Insel Gotland. Neues Jahr. Min. Geol. Pal., Bd. I, pp. 147–164.
Logan, Sir William.
152. 1863. Report of the Geological Survey of Canada, p. 354, fig. 464; pp. 392, 959.
Lohest, Max.
153. 1890–1891. Sur la Significance des Conglomerats a Noyaux Schisteux des Psammites du Condroz. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belgique, tome XVIII, pp. 195–199.
Lyell, Sir Charles.
154. 1854. Principles of Geology. Ninth edition.
155. 1857. A Manual of Elementary Geology, pp. 415, 416, figs. 542, 543.
156. 1865. Sixth edition of Elements of Geology, p. 524, fig. 591.
Macconochie, A.
157. 1898. Discoveries of Organic Remains in the Old Red Sandstone of Lorne. Summary of Progress for 1897. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, pp. 82–83.
Macnair, Peter.
158. 1896. The Altered Clastic Rocks of the Southern Highlands, their Structure and Succession. Geol. Mag. Dec. 4, Vol. III, pp. 167–174, 211–217.
Macnair, Peter, and Reid, James.
159. 1896. On the Physical Conditions under which the Old Red Sandstone of Scotland was Deposited. Geol. Mag. Dec. 4, Vol. III, pp. 106–116.
160. 1896. Palæontological Considerations in the Old Red Sandstones of Scotland. Ibid., pp. 217–221.
Mansfield, J. F.
161. 1881. Note on Discovery of Eurypterus in the Darlington shales, Penn. Am. Phil. Soc. Proc., Vol. XIX, pp. 351–352.
Mantell, Gideon Algernon.
162. 1852. On the Supposed Fossil Eggs from the Devonian Rocks of Forfarshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 106–109, 3 figs.
Martin, Daniel S.
163. 1882. A New Eurypterid from the Catskill Group. Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci., Vol. II, p. 8.
Matthew, George F.
164. 1888. On Some Remarkable Organisms of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks in Southern New Brunswick. Loc. cit. Vol. VI, Sec. IV, p. 60.
165. 1894. Organic Remains of the Little River Group. Nos. II and III. Trans. Roy. Soc. Can. Sec. IV, p. 99.
M'Coy, Frederick.
166. 1849. On the Classification of Some British Fossil Crustacea, with Notices of New Forms in the University Collection at Cambridge. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d series, Vol. IV, pp. 392–414, especially pp. 393–395.
167. 1854. Contributions to British Palæontology, pp. 139–141.
168. 1899. Note on a New Australian Pterygotus. Geol. Mag. n. s. Dec. IV, Vol. VI, pp. 193–194, one fig.
Meek, F. B. and Worthen, A. H.
169. 1868. Preliminary Notice of a Scorpion, a Eurypterus? and other Fossils, from the Coal-Measures of Illinois. A. J. Sci. and Arts, Vol. XLVI, pp. 19–28.
170. 1868. Geological Survey of Illinois. Geology and Palaeontology, Vol. III, p. 544.
Meyer, H. A.
171. 1875. Zur Physik des Meeres. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel für die Jahre, 1872, 1873, pp. 1–41, especially 22–41, and map.
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172. 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel. Contains papers on the investigations in the Baltic and North Sea by these and other authors.
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173. 1847. The Old Red Sandstone.
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174. 1874. Genus Megalograptus. Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, Vol. I, pp. 343–346, figs. 35, 36, 37.
175. 1880. North American Geology and Palæontology.
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176. 1896. New Species of Echinodermata and a New Crustacean from the Palaeozoic rocks. Ill. State Mus. Bull. of Natural History X, pp. 90, 91, pl. V, fig. 1.
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177. 1838. Sur le Developpment des Limules; Société Philomatique.
178. 1843–1846. Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés, t. III, p. 422, 1840.
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179. 1861. On the Position of the Beds of the Old Red Sandstone, developed in the counties of Forfar and Kincardine, Scotland. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVII, pp. 145–151.
Mitchell, Samuel L.
180. 1818. An Account of the Impression of a Fish in the Rock of Oneida County, N. Y. The American Monthly Magazine and Critica Review, Vol. III, p. 291.
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181. 1910. Historical-Stratigraphical Review of the Silurian of Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersöknung, Ser. C, No. 229, 202 pp. and map, especially pp. 24–28.
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182. 1872. Die faunistischen Untersuchungen in der Ostsee im Jahre 1871, auf der Expedition S. M. S. Pommerania. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Thiere, Vol. XIII, pp. 276–280.
183. 1873. Die wirbellosen Thiere der Ostsee. Jahresbericht der Commission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel für das Jahr 1871, pp. 97–144.
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189. 1843. A Catalogue of British Fossils, p. 74.
185. 1854. Ibid., 2d ed. pp. 108, 110, 114.
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186. 1840. Beiträge zur Petrefacten-Kunde. Bayreuth, Heft III, p. 26, t. I, fig. 9.
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187. 1910. On the Sequence of Strata within Southern Gotland. Geol. Fören. Förhandl., Bd. XXXII, H. 5, Maj.
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188. 1839. Silurian System. Notes by Agassiz, Chapter XLV, p. 605, figs. 4–6.
189. 1847. On the Silurian and Associated Rocks in Dalecarlia, and on the Succession from Lower to Upper Silurian in Smoland, Oland, and Gothland, and in Scania. Q. J. G. S., Vol. III, pp. 1–466, 1 pl.
190. 1856. The Discovery of Fossils in the Uppermost Silurian Rocks near Lesmahago in Scotland, with Observations on the Relations of the Palaeozoic Strata in that Part of Lanarkshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XII, pp. 15–25.
191. 1859. On the Succession of the Older rocks in the Northernmost Counties of Scotland, with Some Observations on the Orkney and Shetland Islands. Description of Estheria murchisonia by T. Rupert Jones. pp. 404–406, figs. 14c, d.
192. 1859. On the Sandstones of Morayshire (Elgin, etc.) containing Reptilian Remains, and on their Relations to the Old Red Sandstone of that Country. Ibid., pp. 419–439.
193. 1867. Siluria, 4th ed. pp. 160, 237–240.
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194. 1891. Deep Sea Deposits. In "Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during years 1873–1876," London.
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195. 1901. The Geological Relations and the Age of the St. Joseph and Potosi Limestones of St. François County, Missouri, A. J. S., 4th ser. Vol. XII, pp. 358–361.
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196. 1889. Manual of Palæontology, 3d edition, p. 551.
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197. 1858. Der Eurypterus remipes aus den obersilurischen Schichten der Insel Oesel. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv-, Ehst-, und Kurlands, Bd. II, pp. 299–344, t. I, II.
198. 1858. Zusätze zur Monographie der Trilobiten der Ostseeprovinzen, nebst der Beschreibung einiger neuen obersilurischen Crustaceen. Loc. cit. I ser., Bd. II, pp. 345–384, pl. II, figs. 12, 13, 14.
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199. 1913. Summary of the Distribution and Occurrence of Eurypterids. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., Vol. 24, pp. 499–515.
200. 1914. Description of Some New Siluric Gastropods. Bull. Buf. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. XI, No. 1, pp. 93–101, plate, figs. 1–6.
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201. 1902. The Geographical Distribution of Freshwater Decapods and its Bearing upon Ancient Geography. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc., Vol. XLI, No. 171, pp. 267–400.
Page, David.
202. 1856. On the Pterygotus and Pterygotus Beds of Great Britain. Reprint Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci. Glasgow, 1855, in Transactions of the Sections, pp. 89–91.
203a. 1856. Advanced Textbook of Geology, 1st edit., pp. 128, 135, 136, figs.
203b. 1859. Ibid., 2d edit., pp. 163, 171, 181, 189.
204. 1859. Handbook of Geological Terms, 1st edit., pp. 161, 305–6, 340.
Parkinson, James C.
205. 1811. Organic Remains of a Former World. Vol. III, p. 267, pl. XVII, fig. 18.
Patten, William.
206. 1912. The Evolution of the Vertebrates and their Kin. Philadelphia.
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207. 1880. On Some New Crustaceans from the Lower Carboniferous Rocks of Eskdale and Liddesdale. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. XXX, pp. 73–91.
208. 1880. On Some New Species of Fossil Scorpions from the Carboniferous Rocks of Scotland and England Borders, with a review of the Genera Eoscorpius and Mazonia of Messrs. Meek and Worthen. Ibid., pp. 397–412, pls. XXII, XXIII.
209. 1881. Further Researches among the Crustacea and Arachnida of the Carboniferous Rocks of the Scottish Border. Loc. cit., pp. 511–529, pls. XXVIII, XXIX.
210. 1885. Ancient Air Breathers. Nature, Vol. XXXI, pp. 295–298, figs. 1, 2.
211. 1899. New Discoveries in the Silurian of Lanarkshire and Ayrshire. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1898, pp. 64–66.
Peach, B. N., Clough, M. A., Hinxman, L. W., etc.
212. 1910. The Geology of the Neighborhood of Edinburgh. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Scotland.
Peach, Benjamin and Horne, John.
213. 1880. The Old Red Sandstone of Orkney. Read before Royal Physical Soc. 21 April, 1880, 15 pp.
214. 1898. New Discoveries in the Silurian and Old Red Sandstone of Scotland. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1897, pp. 74–83.
215. 1899. The Silurian Rocks of Britain. Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom, Vol. 1, Scotland.
Phillips, John.
216. 1885. Manual of Geology. Edited by Robert Etheridge.
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217. 1854. Traiteéde Paléontologie, Paris. 2nd edit, tome II, pp. 529, 536–539.
Pohlman, Julius.
218. 1881. On Certain Fossils of the Waterlime Group near Buffalo. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. IV, No. 1, Art. 3, pp. 17–22, figs. 1–7.
219. 1882. Additional Notes on the Fauna of the Waterlime Group near Buffalo. Ibid., Vol. IV, No. 2, Art. 2, pp. 41–45, pls. II, III.
220. 1886. Fossils from the Waterlime Group near Buffalo, N. Y. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. Bull., Vol. V, No. 1, pp. 23–32.
Powrie, James.
221. 1861. On the Old Red Sandstone Rocks of Forfarshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVII, pp. 534–542, (Figure, giving cross-section in Forfarshire).
Portlock, Joseph Ellison.
222. 1843. Report on the Geology of Londonderry and of Parts of Tyrone and Fermanagh, Dublin, p. 316, pl. XXIV, fig. 2.
Pouchet, G. and de Guerne, J.
223. 1885. Sur la faune pélagique de la mer Baltique et du golfe de Finlande. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, t. 100, pp. 919–921.
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224. 1840. On the Geology of Coalbrook Dale. Trans. Geol. Soc. Lon. 2nd series, Vol. V, pp. 413, 493, t. XLI, figs. 1–8.
225. 1887. Geology, Chemical, Physical and Stratigraphical, Vol. II.
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226. 1907. Sprach ueber Molukkankrebse. Monatsber. d. d. geol. Ges. No. 8/9, Vol. LIX, pp. 187–189.
Reid, James and Macnair, Peter.
227. 1899. On the Genera Psilophyton, Lycopodites, Zosterophyllum, and Parka decipiens of the Old Red Sandstone of Scotland. Their Affinities and Distribution. Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., Vol. VII, pp. 368–380.
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228. 1855. Ueber eine neue Krusterspecies aus der Böhmischen Steinkohlenformation. Paläontologische miscellen III Denk. d. k. akad. d. Wiss., Wien, Bd. X, pp. 81–83, t. III, IV.
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229. 1863. On some Crustacean Tracks from the Old Red Sandstone near Ludlow. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 233–235.
Roberts, George E. and Randall, John.
230. 1863. On the Upper Silurian Passage-Beds at Linley, Salop. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 229–232.
Roemer, Ferdinand.
231. 1851. Ueber ein bisher nicht beschreibenes Exemplar von Eurypterus aus devonischen Schichten des Staats New York in Nord-Amerika. Dunker and Meyer's Palæontographica, 1te, Bd. pp. 190–193, t. XXVII.
232. 1873. Notiz ueber das Vorkommen von Eurypterus Scouleri im Niederschlesischen Steinkohlengebirge. Zeit. d. d. geol. Ges. Bb. XXV, pp. 562–565, 3 figs.
Salter, J. W.
233. 1852. Description of the Pterygotus problematicus Agass. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 386–388, pl. XXI, figs. 1a, b, 2a, b.
234. 1856. On Some New Crustacea from the Uppermost Silurian Rocks with a Note on the Structure and Affinities of Hymantopterus. Ibid., Vol. XII, pp. 26–34, figs. 1–7.
235. 1859. On some New Species of Eurypterus; with notes on the Distribution of the Species. Ibid., Vol. XV, pp. 229–236, figs. 1–20.
236. 1862. On a Crustacean Track in the Llandeilo Flags of Chirbury, Shropshire. Ibid., Vol. XVIII, p. 347.
237. 1863. On some Fossil Crustacea from the Coal-Measures and Devonian Rocks of British North America. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XIX, pp. 75–80, figs. 1–12. (Abstract: Q. J. G. S., Vol. XVIII, p. 346).
238. 1863. On Some Species of Eurypterus and Allied Forms. Ibid., Vol. XIX.
239. 1863. On the Upper Old Red Sandstone and Upper Devonian Rocks. Ibid., pp. 474–496.
Sarle, Clifton J.
240. 1903. A New Eurypterid Fauna from the Base of the Salina of Western New York. N. Y. State Museum Bulletin 69, pp. 1080–1108.
Schmidt, Friedrich.
241. 1858. Untersuchungen ueber die Silurische Formation von Ehstland, nord-Livland und Oesel. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst.-und Kurlands, ser. I, Bd. II, pp. 1–249. (Especially pp. 159–180, 191). Map of Estland, Nord-Livland and Oesel.
242. 1859. Beitrag zur Geologie der Insel Gotland, nebst einigen Bermerkungen ueber die untersilurische Formation des Festlands von Schweden und die Heimath der norddeutschen silurischen Geschiebe. Ibid., pp. 403–464. Map of Gotland.
243. 1859. Nachträge und Berichtungen zu den Untersuchungen ueber die Silurische Formation von Ehstland, nord-Livland und Oesel. Ibid., pp. 465–474.
244. 1866. Ueber Thyestes verrucosus Eichw. und Cephalaspis schrenckii Pand. nebst einer Einleitung ueber das Vorkommen silurischer Fischreste auf der Insel Oesel. Verh. d. russ.-kais. min. Gesell. St. Petersburg, 2nd S. Vol. II, No. 13, pp. 217–250, pls. IV, V, VI.
245. 1876. Einige Bemerkungen ueber die podolisch-galizische Silurformation und deren Petrefacten. Verhandlungen der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, ser. 2, Bd. X, pp. 1–21, taf. 1.
246. 1880. Revision der Ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten nebst geognostischer Übersicht des ostbaltischen Silurgebiets. Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourg. VIIe sérié, T. XXX, No. 1. Section on Schichtengruppe K. Obere Oeselsche Schicht, pp. 49–54.
247. 1882. On the Silurian (and Cambrian) Strata of the Baltic Provinces of Russia, as Compared with those of Scandinavia and the British Isles. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXVIII, No. 48, pp. 514–536, with map.
248. 1883. Die Crustaceenfauna der Eurypterenschichten von Rootziküll auf Oesel. Mem. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, VIIe serie, tome XXXI, No. 5, Miscellanea Silurica III, pp. 28–88, 7 plates.
249. 1890. Bemerkungen über die Schichtenfolge des Silur auf Gotland. Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell, Band II, pp. 249–266.
250. 1891. Einige Bemerkungen über das Baltische Obersilur in Veranlassung der Arbeit des Prof. W. Dames über die Schichtenfolge der Silurbildungen Gotlands. Mélanges Géologiques et Paléontologiques tirés du Bull. l'Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Peters. Tome I, pp. 119–138. Map of Baltic area.
251. 1892. The Eurypterus-beds of Oesel as Compared with those of North America. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. III, pp. 59–60.
252. 1902. Communication before the Section of Geology and Mineralogy of Oct. 19, 1902, announcing the discovery of Eurypterus simonsoni. Comptes rendus des Séances, in Travaux de la Société Impériale des Naturalists de St. Pétersbourg. T. XXXIII, livr. 1, No. 6, pp. 202–3 (in Russian).
253. 1904. Ueber die neue Merostomenform Stylonorus (?) simonsoni aus dem Obersilur von Rootziküll auf Oesel. Bull. Acad. Imp. d. Sci. St. Petersbourgh, tome XX, No. 3, ser. Ve, pp. 99–105, one plate.
Schrenk, Alexander Gustav.
254. 1854. Uebersicht des obern Silurischen Schichtensystems Liv- und Ehstlands vornämlich ihrer Inselgruppe. Archiv für d. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst-. und Kurlands, ser. I, Bd. I, 112 pp. Especially pp. 35, 47, 86.
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255. 1904. Review of Kindle's paper on the Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Niagara of Northern Indiana. A. Jour. Sci. 4th ser. XVIII, pp. 467–469.
256. 1908. Palaeogeography of North America. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, pp. 427–606, pls. XLVI–CI.
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257. 1868. Descriptions of Fossil Insects. Geological Survey of Illinois. Geology and Palæontology. Vol. III, pp. 566–572.
Sedgwick, Rev. Adam and M'Coy, Frederick.
258. 1854. British Palaeozoic Rocks and Fossils, p. 174, pl. I E, figs. 7, 21.
Seeman, Friedrich.
259. 1906. Beiträge zur Gigantostrakenfauna Böhmens. Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients. Bd. XIX, pp. 49–57, Taf. IV, text figs. 1, 2.
260. 1907. Das Mittelböhmische Obersilur- und Devongebiet südwestlich der Beraun. Ibid., Bd. XX, heft II, pp. 69–114.
Semper, Max.
261. 1898. Die Gigantostraken des ältern Böhmischen Palaeozoicum. Beitr. zur Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients, Bd. XI, pp. 71–88. Taf. XII, text figs. 5–14.
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262. 1909. Notes on Fossil Plants from the Witteberg Series of Cape Colony. Geol. Mag. dec. 5, Vol. VI, pp. 482–485, pl. XXVIII, figs. 5, 6.
Siemiradzki, Joseph von.
263. 1906. Die Paläozoischen Gebilde Podoliens. Beitr. zur. Pal. u. Geol. Oest.-Ung. u. d. Orients. Bd. XIX, Heft II, III, pp. 173–212; Heft IV, pp. 213–286, Pl. XIX, taf. V, fig. 24.
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264. 1883. The Estuaries of the Severn and its Tributaries; an Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of their Tidal Sediment and Alluvial Flats. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXXIX, pp. 611–626.
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265. 1856. On the Physical Geography of the Old Red Sandstone Sea of the Central District of Scotland. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, n. s., 13 pp.
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266. 1907. Einführung in die Palæontologie.
Stose, George W. and Schwartz, Charles K.
267. 1912. Pawpaw-Hancock Folio, Maryland-West Virginia-Pennsylvania. United States Geological Survey, Folio No. 179, p. 5.
Strickland, Hugh F.
268. 1852. On a Protruded Mass of Upper Ludlow Rock at Hagley Park in Herefordshire. Q. J. G. S., Vol. VIII, pp. 381–5.
Stromer, Ernst F.
269. 1909. Lehrbuch der Palaeozoologie. I Teile; Wirbelose Tiere.
Sumner, Francis B., Osburn, Raymond C., Cole, L. J., and Davis, B. M.
270. 1913. A Biological Survey of the Waters of Woods Hole and Vicinity. Bull. of the Bureau of Fisheries, Vol. XXXI, 1911, two parts.
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271. 1886. On Proscorpius osbornei Whitfield. Am. Nat. Vol. XX, pp. 269–274.
Traquair, Ramsay H.
272. 1898. New forms of Fossil Fishes in the Silurian and Old Red Sandstone. Summary of Progress of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom for 1897, pp. 72–74, 82–83.
273. 1900. On a New Species of Cephalaspis, discovered by the Geological Survey of Scotland, in the Old Red Sandstone of Oban. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., Vol. XXXIX, part III, No. XX, pp. 591–593, one plate.
274. 1900. On Thelodus Pagei, Powrie, sp. from the Old Red Sandstone of Forfarshire. Ibid., No. XXI, pp. 595–602, one plate.
275. 1900. Report on Fossil Fishes collected by the Geological survey of Scotland in the Silurian Rocks of the South of Scotland. Ibid., No. XXXII, pp. 827–864, 4 pls.
Thorell, Tamerlan and Lindström, G.
276. 1885. On a Silurian Scorpion from Gotland. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskap-Akademiens Handlingar. Bandet XXX, Häftet II, No. 9, pp. 1–33, 1 pl.
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277. 1909. The Silurian Section at Arisaig, Nova Scotia. A. J. S. Vol. XXVIII, p. 151.
Ulrich, E.
278. 1911. Revision of the Paleozoic System. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, No. 3 pp. 281–680, pls. 25–29.
Vanuxen, Lardner.
279. 1843. Geological Report of the Third District of New York.
Verrill, A. E. and Smith, S. I.
280. 1874. Report upon the Invertebrate Animals of Vineyard Sound and Adjacent Waters.
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281. 1882. Notice of the Discovery of a Poecilopod in the Utica Slate Formation. Am. Jour. Sci., Vol. XXIII, pp. 151, 152.
282. 1882. Description of a New Genus of the Order Eurypterida from the Utica Slate Formation. Am. Jour. Sci., Vol. XXIII, pp. 213–226.
283. 1899. Pre-Cambrian Fossiliferous Formations. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. X, pp. 199–244, pls. XXII, XXIII.
284. 1906. Algonkian Formations of Northwestern Montana. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XVII, pp. 1–28, pls. I–II.
285. 1906. Algonkian Formations of Northwestern Montana. Ibid., Vol. XVII, pp. 1–28, pls. I, II.
286. 1910. Evolution of Early Paleozoic Faunas in Relation to their Environment. Outlines of Geological History with Especial reference to North America. Chapter III. (Edited by Willis and Salisbury).
287. 1910. Abrupt appearance of the Cambrian Fauna on the North American Continent. Cambrian Geology and Palæontology, Vol. II, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LVII, No. 1, pp. 1–16.
288. 1911. Middle Cambrian Merostomata. Cambrian Geology and Palæontology, Vol. II, No. 2, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LVII, No. 2, pp. 17–40, 6 plates.
289. 1912. Middle Cambrian Branchiopoda, Malacostraca, Trilobita, and Merostomata. Ibid. No. VI, pls. 24–34.
290. 1914. Pre-Cambrian Algonkian Algal Flora. Smiths. Misc. Coll., Vol. LXIV, No. 2, pp. 77–156, pls. 4–23.
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291. 1893. Einleitung in die Geologie als historische Wissenschaft. I Teil, Bionomie des Meeres.
292. 1900. Das Gesetz der Wüstenbildung.
293. 1904. Die Fauna der Solnhofener Plattenkalke. Abdruck aus der Festschrift zum siebziegsten Geburtstag von Ernst Haeckel, pp. 135–214.
294. 1908. Geschichte der Erde und des Lebens.
295. 1910. Die Sedimente des Taubenbank im Golfe von Neapel, 49 pp.
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296. 1911. Are the Fossils of the Dolomites Indicative of Shallow Highly Saline and Warm Water Seas? Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XXII, No. 2, pp. 227–231.
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297. 1908. Commissao de Estudos das Minas de Carvao de Pedra do Brazil. Final Report by I. C. White, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 589–605, pl. X, figs. 1–4, pl. XI, figs. 1–10.
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298. 1884. Palæozoic Fossils. Geological Survey Canada, Vol. III, pt. I, p. 42, pl. VII, fig. 3.
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299. 1885. An American Silurian Scorpion. Science, Vol. VI, p. 87.
300. 1885. On a Fossil Scorpion from the Silurian Rocks of America. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull., Vol. I, art 9, pp. 181–190.
301. 1893. Report of the Geological Survey of Ohio, Vol. VII.
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302. 1899. Die Fauna der silurischen Ablagerungen des Gouvernements Podolien. Materialen zur Geologie Russlands. Kaiserlichen Mineralogiechen Gesellschaft. Band XIX, pp. 1–256 in Russian; German summary, pp. 257–266, pl. IX, fig. 9.
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303. 1915. An Eurypterid Horizon in the Niagara Formation of Ontario. Canada Department of Mines. Mus. Bull. No. 20, Geol. Series No. 29, pp. 21, pls. 5.
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304. 1902. Stratigraphy and Structure, Lewis and Livingston Ranges, Montana. Bull. G. S. A., Vol. XIII, 305–352.
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305. 1909. Eurypterida. In the Cambridge Natural History. Vol. IV, Ch. XI, pp. 283–294.
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306. 1863. On the "Seraphim" and its Allies. The Intellectual Observer, Vol. IV, pp. 229–237, one plate.
307. 1864. On a Nearly Perfect Specimen of Eurypterus lanceolatus (Salter) from the Upper Ludlow Rock at Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Geol. Mag., Vol. I, pp. 107–111, pl. V, figs. 7–9.
308. 1864. Descriptions of some New Palæozoic Crustacea. Ibid, pp. 196–200, pl. X.
309. 1864. On the Eurypteridæ, with descriptions of some new Genera and Species. Ibid., pp. 239–240.
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313. 1867. On some Points in the Structure of the Xiphosura, having Reference to their Relationship with the Eurypteridæ. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXIII, pp. 28–37, pls. I, II.
314. 1868. On Some New Species of Crustacea from the Upper Silurian rocks of Lanarkshire, etc. Q. J. G. S., Vol. XXIV, pp. 289–296, pls. IX, X.
315. 1871. Extract from the American Naturalist. December, p. 14.
316. 1871. On Euphoberia Brownii, H. Woodw. a new species of Myriopod from the Coal Measures of the West of Scotland. Geol. Mag., Vol. VIII, pp. 102–104, pl. III, figs. 6a, b, c.
317. 1871. On some New Phyllopodous Crustaceans from the Palæozoic Rocks. Ibid., pp. 104–107, pl. III, fig. 3.
318. 1872. On a New Arachnide from the Coal-Measures of Lanarkshire. Geol. Mag., No. XCIX, pp. 385–387, pl. LX.
319. 1872. Notes on Some British Palæozoic Crustacea Belonging to the Order Merostomata. Loc. cit., No. C, pp. 433–441.
320. 1887. On some Spined Mryiopods from the Carboniferous Series of England. Geol. Mag., n. s., dec. III, Vol. IV, pp. 1–10, pl. 1.
321. 1887. On a New Species of Eurypterus from the Lower Carboniferous Shales of Glencartholm, Eskdale, Scotland. Ibid., pp. 481–484, pl. XIII.
322. 1888. Note on Eurypterus from the Carboniferous. Loc. cit., dec. III, Vol. V, pp. 419–421.
323. 1895. Some Points in the Life-History of the Crustacea in Early Palæozoic Times. Q. J. G. S., Vol. LI, Presidential Address, pp. lxx–lxxiv.
324. 1907. Two New Species of Eurypterus from the Coal-Measures of Ilkeston, Derbyshire. Geol. Mag., Dec. 5, Vol. IV, pp. 277–282, pl. XIII.
225. 1909. Note on the Genus Hastimima from Brazil and the Cape. Loc. cit., Vol. VI, pp. 485–88.
326. 1913. The Position of the Merostomata. Geol. Mag., Dec. 5, Vol. X, pp. 293–300.
Zittel, Karl A. von.
327. 1900. Grundzüge der Palaeontologie.
328. 1900. Textbook of Palaeontology, Eastman translation of German. Merostomata by Clarke, John M.
329. 1913. Ibid. Second edition. Vol. I. Merostomata by Clarke, John M.


  1. Through the efficient cooperation of Miss M. F. Wilson, Librarian of the Geological Department of Columbia University, and of her assistant Miss Hepburn, I have been able to consult every one of the references in the following bibliography.