The New International Encyclopædia/Brandt, Heinrich von

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BRANDT, Heinrich von (1789-1868). A Prussian general. He was born at Lakin, in West Prussia, and after pursuing legal studies in Berlin, entered the army as ensign in 1807. The Peace of Tilsit made him a subject of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, and as such he fought in Spain and in the Napoleonic campaign in Russia. He was wounded in the battle of Leipzig and taken prisoner by the Russians, who forced him into the Polish Army. He entered the Prussian Army in 1816, and became a member of the General Staff. He was connected with the Polish insurrections of 1831 and 1848, the latter of which he helped to suppress. He retired from the army in 1857, with the rank of general of infantry. In 1849 he had been elected to the Prussian Upper Chamber, and in the following year he was a member of the Erfurt Parliament. He was the author of a number of works on military subjects, including Geschichte des Kriegswesens (Berlin, 1830-35); Grundzüge der Taktik der drei Waffen (Berlin, 1833); Der kleine Krieg (Berlin, 1850).