The New International Encyclopædia/Fischer von Waldheim, Gotthelf
FISCHER VON WALDHEIM, vält'hīm, Gotthelf (1771-1853). A Russian physician and naturalist, born at Waldheim, Saxony. After holding a professorship at Mainz, he accepted a call to Moscow (1803), where he became professor of natural history and director of the university museum devoted to that branch of science. In 1808 he founded the Society of Naturalists at Moscow. He published numerous works on comparative anatomy, on the nutrition of plants, and on galvanism. One of the most important of these is the Bibliographia Palæontologica Animalium Systematica (2d ed. 1834).