The New International Encyclopædia/Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst

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MUHLENBERG, Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst (1753-1815). An American clergyman and botanist, son of H. M. Muhlenberg, born at Trappe, Pa. He was educated at Halle and traveled in Germany and in England. He was ordained a Lutheran minister and became assistant pastor of a Lutheran church in Philadelphia. In 1779 he retired to the country, where he devoted himself to the study of botany; and it is as a botanist that he is best known. His chief works are: Catalogus Plantarum Americæ Septentrianalis (1813); and Descriptio Uberior Graminum et Plantarum Calamariarum Americæ Septentrianalis Indiginarum et Circarum (1817).