The New International Encyclopædia/New Model, The

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NEW MODEL, The. The name of the Parliamentary Army in the great English Civil War, after its reorganization under the ordinance of February 15, 1645. The pattern was provided by Cromwell's Ironsides. There was no longer to be a division of responsibility, but all authority was concentrated in the hands of the new commander-in-chief, Lord Thomas Fairfax (q.v.). Cromwell became the lieutenant-general. Parliament had freed the army from Essex and Manchester by the Self-Denying Ordinance (q.v.). Consult Gardiner, History of the Great Civil War, vol. i. (London, 1886). See Cromwell, Oliver.