The New International Encyclopædia/Schulze-Delitzsch, Hermann

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SCHULZE-DELITZSCH, dā'lich, Hermann (1808-83). A German economist and sociologist, the founder of the German coöperative movement. He was born at Delitzsch, studied jurisprudence at the universities of Leipzig and Halle, and subsequently held judicial positions at Hamburg and Berlin, playing a prominent part in the liberal movement of 1848-49 in Prussia. Schulze-Delitzsch advocated coöperation and devoted himself to the establishment of coöperative associations which should secure to the laborers the benefits of the wholesale market. Coöperative banks were also established, which lent money on moderate terms. He endeavored to accustom the people to rely upon their own initiative to improve their condition. He declared that the function of the State should be limited to assuring industrial and personal liberty. Schulze-Delitzsch's writings are chiefly in the form of pamphlets. His most important doctrines are embodied in: Information on Professional and Labor Associations (1850); Manual of Association for Artisans and German Workmen (1853); Suppression of Social Reform by Lasalle (1860); Social Rights und Duties (1867); Development of Coöperative Associations in Germany (1870). Consult Bernstein, Schulze-Delitzsch. Sein Leben und Wirken (Berlin, 1879).