The New Student's Reference Work/Lawrence (Kansas)
Law′rence, the county-seat of Douglas County, Kan., lies on Kansas River, 34 miles southwest of Leavenworth by rail and 38 west of Kansas City. It is the seat of the state university, founded in 1864, and of Haskell Institute, a government institution for the education of Indian youth. It is the center of trade for a fertile and populous section, and has manufactures of flour, castings, furniture, paper, barbed wire and shirts, besides sash and door factories and machine shops. Porkpacking is extensively carried on. Lawrence was founded in 1854 by free-soil settlers, shared in the violent struggle against slavery, and was partly burned by Quantrell's guerrillas in 1863. The city is served by the Union Pacific; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fé; and Southern Kansas railroads, and is the terminus also of two branch railways. Population 12,374.