The Travels of Marco Polo

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Henri Cordier revised and contributed further notes to the 1920 edition.

Volume I[edit]


Great Princes, Emperors, and Kings, Dukes and Marquises, Counts, Knights, and Burgesses! and People of all degrees who desire to get knowledge of the various races of mankind and of the diversities of the sundry regions of the World, take this Book and cause it to be read to you. For ye shall find therein all kinds of wonderful things, and the divers histories of the Great Hermenia, and of Persia, and of the Land of the Tartars, and of India, and of many another country of which our Book doth speak, particularly and in regular succession, according to the description of Messer Marco Polo, a wise and noble citizen of Venice, as he saw them with his own eyes. Some things indeed there be therein which he beheld not; but these he heard from men of credit and veracity. And we shall set down things seen as seen, and things heard as heard only, so that no jot of falsehood may mar the truth of our Book, and that all who shall read it or hear it read may put full faith in the truth of all its contents.

For let me tell you that since our Lord God did mould with his hands our first Father Adam, even until this day, never hath there been Christian, or Pagan, or 2Tartar, or Indian, or any man of any nation, who in his own person hath had so much knowledge and experience of the divers parts of the World and its Wonders as hath had this Messer Marco! And for that reason he bethought himself that it would be a very great pity did he not cause to be put in writing all the great marvels that he had seen, or on sure information heard of, so that other people who had not these advantages might, by his Book, get such knowledge. And I may tell you that in acquiring this knowledge he spent in those various parts of the World good six-and-twenty years. Now, being thereafter an inmate of the Prison at Genoa, he caused Messer Rusticiano of Pisa, who was in the said Prison likewise, to reduce the whole to writing; and this befell in the year 1298 from the birth of Jesus.

 1. How the Two Brothers Polo Set Forth from Constantinople to Traverse the World
 2. How the Two Brothers Went On Beyond Soldaia
 3. How the Two Brothers, After Crossing A Desert, Came To The City Of Bocara, and Fell In With Certain Envoys There
 4. How the Two Brothers Took the Envoy's Counsel, and Went to the Court of the Great Kaan
 5. How the Two Brothers Arrived at the Court of the Great Kaan
 6. How the Great Kaan Asked All About the Manners of the Christians, and Particularly About the Pope of Rome
 7. How the Great Kaan Sent the Two Brothers as His Envoys to the Pope
 8. How the Great Kaan Gave Them a Tablet of Gold, Bearing His Orders in Their Behalf
 9. How the Two Brothers Came to the City of Acre; and Thence to Venice
10. How the Two Brothers Again Departed from Venice, on Their Way Back to the Great Kaan, and Took With Them Mark, the Son of Messer Nicolo
11. How the Two Brothers Set Out from Acre, and Mark Along With Them
12. How the Two Brothers Presented Themselves Before the New Pope
13. How Messer Nicolo and Messer Maffeo Polo, Accompanied by Mark, Travelled to the Court of the Great Kaan
14. How Messer Nicolo and Messer Maffeo Polo and Marco Presented Themselves Before the Great Kaan
15. How the Lord Sent mark on an Embassy of His
16. How Mark Returned From the Mission Whereon He Had Been Sent
17. How Messer Nicolo, Messer Maffeo, and Messer Marco, Asked Leave of the Great Kaan to Go Their Way
18. How the Two Brothers and Messer Marco Took Leave of the Great Kaan, and Returned to Their Own Country

Book First[edit]

 1. Here the Book Begins; and First it Speaks of the Lesser Hermenia
 2. Concerning the Province of Turcomania
 3. Description of the Greater Hermenia
 4. Of Georgiana and the Kings Thereof
 5. Of the Kingdom of Mausul
 6. Of the Great City of Baudas, and How it Was Taken
 7. How the Calif of Baudas Took Counsel to Slay All the Christians in His Land
 8. How the Christians Were In Great Dismay Because of What the Calif Had Said
 9. How the One-Eyed Cobler Was Desired to Pray for the Christians
10. How the Prayer of the One-Eyed Cobler Caused the Mountain to Move
11. Of the Noble City of Tauris
12. Of the Monastery of Saint Barsamo on the Borders of Tauris
13. Of the Great Country of Persia; With Some Account of the Three Kings
14. How the Three Kings Returned to their Own Country
15. Of the Eight Kingdoms of Persia, and How they are Named
16. Concerning the Great City of Yasdi
17. Concerning the Kingdom of Kerman
18. Of the City of Camadi and its Ruins; Also Touching the Carauna Robbers
19. Of the Descent to the City of Hormos
20. Of the Wearisome and Desert Road That Has Now to Be Travelled
21. Concerning the City of Cobinan and the Things That Are Made There
22. Of a Certain Desert That Continues for Eight Days' Journey
23. Concerning the Old Man of the Mountain
24. How the Old Man Used to Train His Assasins
25. How the Old Man Came By His End
26. Concerning the City of Sapurgan
27. Of the City of Balc
28. Of Taican, and the Mountains of Salt. Also of the Province of Casem
29. Of the Province of Badashan
30. Of the Province of Pashai
31. Of the Province of Keshimur
32. Of the Great River of Badashan; and Plain of Pamier
33. Of the Kingdom of Cascar
34. Of the Great City of Samarcan
35. Of the Province of Yarcan
36. Of a Province Called Cotan
37. Of the Province of Pein
38. Of the Province of Charchan
39. Of the City of Lop, and the Great Desert
40. Concerning the Great Province of Tangut
41. Of the Province of Camul
42. Of the Province of Chingintalas
43. Of the Province of Sukchur
44. Of the City of Campichu
45. Of the City of Etzina
46. Of the City of Caracoron
47. Of Chinghis, and How He Became the First Kaan of the Tartars
48. How Chinghis Mustered His People to March Against Prester John
49. How Prester John Marched to Meet Chinghis
50. The Battle Between Chinghis Kaan and Prester John. Death of Chinghis
51. Of Those Who Did Reign After Chinghis Kaan, and of the Customs of the Tartars
52. Concerning the Customs of the Tartars
53. Concerning the God of the Tartars
54. Concerning the Tartar Customs of War
55. Concerning the Administering of Justice Among the Tartars
56. Sundry Particulars on the Plain Beyond Caracoron
57. Of the Kingdom of Erguiul, and Province of Sinju
58. Of the Kingdom of Egrigaia
59. Concerning the Province of Tenduc, and the Descendants of Prester John
60. Concerning the Kaan's Palace of Chagannor
61. Of the City of Chandu, and the Kaan's Palace There.

Book Second[edit]

Part I

 1. Of Cublay Kaan, the Great Kaan Now Reigning, and of His Great Puissance
 2. Concerning the Revolt of Nayan, Who Was Uncle to the Great Kaan Cublay
 3. How the Great Kaan Marched Against Nayan
 4. Of the Battle that the Great Kaan Fought with Nayan
 5. How the Great Kaan Caused Nayan to be Put to Death
 6. How the Great Kaan Went Back to the City of Cambaluc
 7. How the Kaan Rewarded the Valour of his Captains
 8. Concerning the Person of the Great Kaan
 9. Concerning the Great Kaan's Sons
10. Concerning the Palace of the Great Kaan
11. Concerning the City of Cambaluc
12. How the Great Kaan Maintains a Guard of Twelve Thousand Horse, Which Are Called Keshican
13. The Fashion of the Great Kaan's Table at his High Feasts
14. Concerning the Great Feast Held by the Grand Kaan Every Year on his Birthday
15. Of the Great Festival Which the Kaan Holds on New Year's Day
16. Concerning the Twelve Thousand Barons who Receive Robes of Cloth of Gold from the Emperor on the Great Festivals, Thirteen Changes A-piece
17. How the Great Kaan Enjoineth his People to Supply him With Game
18. Of the Lions and Leopards and Wolves that the Kaan Keeps for the Chase
19. Concerning the Two Brothers Who Have Charge of the Kaan's Hounds
20. How the Emperor Goes on a Hunting Expedition
21. How the Great Kaan, on Returning From his Hunting Expedition, Holds a Great Court and Entertainment
22. Concerning the City of Cambaluc, and its Great Traffic and Population
23. [Concerning the Oppressions of Achmath the Bailo, and the Plot that was Formed Against him
24. How the Great Kaan Causeth the Bark of Trees, Made Into Something Like Paper, to Pass for Money All Over his Country
25. Concerning the Twelve Barons Who Are Set Over All the Affairs of the Great Kaan
26. How the Kaan's Posts and Runners are Sped Through Many Lands and Provinces
27. How the Emperor Bestows Help on his People, When They Are Afflicted with Dearth or Murrain
28. How the Great Kaan Causes Trees to be Planted by the Highways
29. Concerning the Rice-Wine Drunk by the People of Cathay
30. Concerning the Black Stones that are Dug in Cathay, and Are Burnt for Fuel
31. How the Great Kaan Causes Stores of Corn to be Made, to Help his People Withal in Time of Dearth
32. Of the Charity of the Emperor to the Poor
33. [Concerning the Astrologers in the City of Cambaluc]
34. [Concerning the Religion of the Cathayans; Their Views as to the Soul; and Their Customs]

Part II

35. Here Begins the Description of the Interior of Cathay; and First of the River Pulisanghin
36. Account of the City of Juju
37. The Kingdom of Taianfu
38. Concerning the Castle of Caichu. The Golden King and Prester John
39. How Prester John Treated the Golden King his Prisoner
40. Concerning the Great River Caramoran and the City of Cachanfu
41. Concerning the City of Kenjanfu
42. Concerning the Province of Cuncun, Which is Right Wearisome to Travel Through
43. Concerning the Province of Acbalec Manzi
44. Concerning the Province of Sindafu
45. Concerning the Province of Tebet
46. Further Discourse Concerning Tebet
47. Concerning the Province of Caindu
48. Concerning the Province of Carajan
49. Concerning a Further Part of the Province of Carajan
50. Concerning the Province of Zardandan
51. Wherein is Related How the King of Mien and Bangala Vowed Vengeance Against the Great Kaan
52. Of the Battle That Was Fought By the Great Kaan's Host and His Seneschal Against the King of Mien
53. Of the Great Descent That Leads Towards the Kingdom of Mien
54. Concerning the City of Mien, and the Two Towers That Are Therein, One of Gold, and the Other of Silver
55. Concerning the Province of Bangala
56. Discourses of the Province of Caugigu
57. Concerning the Province of Anin
58. Concerning the Province of Coloman
59. Concerning the Province of Cuiju

Part III

60. Concerning the Cities of Cacanfu and Changlu
61. Concerning the City of Chinangli, and That of Tadinfu, and the Rebellion of Litan
62. Concerning the Noble City of Sinjumatu
63. Concerning the Cities of Linju and Piju
64. Concerning the City of Siju, and the Great River Caramoran
65. How the Great Kaan Conquered the Province of Manzi
66. Concerning the City of Coiganju
67. Of the Cities of Paukin and Cayu
68. Of the Cities of Tiju, Tinju, and Yanju
69. Concerning the City of Nanghin
70. Concerning the Very Noble City of Saianfu, and How Its Capture Was Effected
71. Concerning the City of Sinju and the Great River Kian
72. Concerning the City of Caiju
73. Concerning the City of Chinghianfu
74. Concerning the City of Chinginju and the Slaughter of Certain Alans There
75. Of the Noble City of Suju
76. Description of the Great City of Kinsay, Which is the Capital of the Whole Country of Manzi
77. [Further Particulars Concerning the Great City of Kinsay.]
78. Treating of the Yearly Revenue That the Great Kaan Hath From Kinsay
79. Of the City of Tanpiju and Others
80. Concerning the Kingdom of Fuju
81. Concerning the Greatness of the City of Fuju
82. Of the City and Great Haven of Zayton

Book Third[edit]

 1. Of the Merchant Ships of Manzi that Sail Upon the Indian Seas
 2. Description of the Island of Chipangu, and the Great Kaan's Despatch of a Host Against It
 3. What Further Came of the Great Kaan's Expedition Against Chipangu
 4. Concerning the Fashion of the Idols
 5. Of the Great Country called Chamba
 6. Concerning the Great Island of Java
 7. Wherein the Isles of Sondur and Condur are Spoken of; and the Kingdom of Locac
 8. Of the Island called Pentam, and the City Malaiur
 9. Concerning the Island of Java the Less. The Kingdoms of Ferlec and Basma
10. The Kingdoms of Samara and Dagroian
11. Of the Kingdoms of Labri and Fansur
12. Concerning the Island of Necuveran
13. Concerning the Island of Angamanain
14. Concerning the Island of Seilan
15. The Same Continued. The History of Sagamoni Borcan and the Beginning of Idolatry
16. Concerning the Great Province of Maabar, Which is Called India the Greater, and is on the Mainland
17. Continues to Speak of the Province of Maabar
18. Discoursing of the Place Where Lieth the Body of St. Thomas the Apostle; and of the Miracles Thereof
19. Concerning the Kingdom of Mutfili
20. Concerning the Province of Lar Whence the Brahmans Come
21. Concerning the City of Cail
22. Of the Kingdom of Coilum
23. Of the Country Called Comari
24. Concerning the Kingdom Eli
25. Concerning the Kingdom of Melibar
26. Concerning the Kingdom of Gozurat
27. Concerning the Kingdom of Tana
28. Concerning the Kingdom of Cambaet
29. Concerning the Kingdom of Semenat
30. Concerning the Kingdom of Kesmacoran
31. Discourseth of the Two Islands Called Male and Female, and Why They Are So Called
32. Concerning the Island of Scotra
33. Concerning the Island of Madeigascar
34. Concerning the Island of Zanghibar. A Word on India in General
35. Treating of the Great Province of Abash, Which is Middle India, and is on the Mainland
36. Concerning the Province of Aden
37. Concerning the City of Esher
38. Concerning the City of Dufar
39. Concerning the Gulf of Calatu, and the City So Called
40. Returns to the City of Hormos Whereof We Spoke Formerly

Book Fourth[edit]

 1. Concerning Great Turkey
 2. Of Certain Battles That Were Fought by King Caidu Against the Armies of His Uncle the Great Kaan
 3. What the Great Kaan Said to the Mischief Done by Caidu His Nephew
 4. Of the Exploits of King Caidu's Valiant Daughter
 5. How Abaga Sent His Son Argon in Command Against King Caidu
 6. How Argon After the Battle Heard that His Father was Dead and Went to Assume the Sovereignty As Was His Right
 7. How Acomat Soldan Set Out With His Host Against His Nephew Who Was Coming to Claimthe Throne That Belonged To Him
 8. How Argon Took Counsel With His Followers About Attacking His Uncle Acomat Soldan
 9. How The Barons Of Argon Answered His Address
10. The Message Sent By Argon To Acomat
11. How Acomat Replied To Argon's Message
12. Of The Battle Between Argon And Acomat, And The Captivity Of Argon
13. How Argon Was Delivered From Prison
14. How Argon Got The Sovereignty At Last
15. How Acomat Was Taken Prisoner
16. How Acomat Was Slain By Order Of His Nephew
17. How Argon Was Recognised As Sovereign
18. How Kiacatu Seized The Sovereignty After Argon's Death
19. How Baidu Seized The Sovereignty After The Death Of Kiacatu
20. Concerning King Conchi Who Rules The Far North
21. Concerning The Land Of Darkness
22. Description Of Rosia And Its People. Province Of Lac
23. He Begins To Speak Of The Straits Of Constantinople, But Decides To Leave That Matter
24. Concerning The Tartars Of The Ponent And Their Lords
25. Of The War That Arose Between Alau And Barca, And The Battles That They Fought (Extracts And Substance.)
26. How Barca And His Army Advanced To Meet Alau
27. How Alau Addressed His Followers
28. Of The Great Battle Between Alau And Barca
29. How Totamangu Was Lord Of The Tartars Of The Ponent; And After Him Toctai
30. Of The Second Message That Toctai Sent To Nogai
31. How Toctai Marched Against Nogai
32. How Toctai And Nogai Address Their People, And The Next Day Join Battle
33. The Valiant Feats And Victory Of King Nogai
34. And Last. Conclusion


  1. Genealogy Of The House Of Chinghiz To The End Of The Thirteenth Century
  2. The Polo Families
    1. Genealogy Of The Family Of Marco Polo The Traveller
    2. The Polos Of San Geremia
  3. Calendar Of Documents Relating To Marco Polo And His Family
  4. Comparative Specimens Of The Different Recensions Of Polo's Text
  5. Preface To Pipino's Latin Version
  6. Note Of Mss. Of Marco Polo's Book, So Far As Known:
    1. General Distribution Of Mss.
    2. List Of Miniatures In Two Of The Finer Mss.
    3. List Of Mss. Of Marco Polo's Book, So Far As They Are Known
  7. Diagram Showing Filiation Of Chief Mss. And Editions Of Marco Polo
  8. Bibliography
    1. Principal Editions Of Marco Polo's Book
    2. Bibliography Of Printed Editions
    3. Titles Of Sundry Books And Papers Treating Of Marco Polo And His Book
  9. Titles Of Works Quoted By Abbreviated References In This Book
  10. Values Of Certain Moneys, Weights, And Measures Occurring In This Book.
  11. Supplementary Notes To The Book Of Marco Polo
    1. The Polos At Acre.
    2. Sorcery In Kashmir.
    3. Paonano Pao.
    4. Pamir.
    5. Number Of Pamirs.
    6. Site Of Pein.
    7. Fire-arms.
    8. La Couvade.
    9. Alacan
    10. Champa.
    11. Ruck Quills.
    12. A Spanish Marco Polo.
    13. Sir John Mandeville.
  12. Index