The Tribes of Burma/Bibliographical notes/Kaws or Akhas

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THE KAWS OR AKHAS.[edit]

Serial
No.
Head. Brief description. Authority. Page.
1 2 3 4 5
1 Present habitat, Kengtung and to the east of the Mekong. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part 1. 588
2 Origin ... Said to have come last from Talang T'ing in Yunnan. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 590
3 Political and social divisions. Seven tribal divisions referred to. Names of clans. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 590, 594
4 Allied Tribes Akhos ... ...
Pannas and Lotes ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
594
595
5 Language and dialects. Placed provisionally in the Lihsaw sub-group of the Burma group.
Vocabulary ...
Linguistic Survey of India, Vol. III, Part III.
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
383
79, 94
692
6 Religion ... A form of ancestor worship. West door of house reserved for ancestors ; offerings to ancestors. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Parti. 593
7 Magic and witchcraft. Fear of talking about spirits lest they should resent it and visit their resentment on the speaker. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 594
8 Marriage customs and ceremonies. Mutual consent. Marriage with Chinamen common.
Akhos restricted to one wife.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
"Burma" Sir G. Scott, London, 1906.
592
103
9 Death and burial ceremonies. Trunk of tree hollowed for a coffin ; personal effects of deceased placed in coffin. Slaughter of buffaloes. Body buried. No mark placed over grave. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 593
10 Clothing ... Men—dressed like Shans or Chinamen, Women—short coat, short kilt, leggings, bamboo headdress decorated with seeds or coins. Mission Pavie, Paris, 1902, Vol. V.
Report on a Journey in the Mekong Valley. W. J. Archer, London, 1892.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
A. R. Colquhoun Amongst the Shans, London, 1885.
Yünnan: The Link between India and the Yangtze. H. R. Davies, Cambridge, 1909.
268
9
 
589
61
 
395
11 Personal ornaments. White seed necklaces, etc. ; ornaments on head-dresses ; hair let down over the brows. Mission Pavie, Paris, 1902, Vol. V.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
268
590
12 Games and amusements. Dances, only men perform. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 592
13 War ... Their share in the defeat of the Siamese in 1854-55 Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 591
14 Agriculture... Cotton and opium cultivated.
Granaries built by the road side.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
590
591
15 Habitations... Houses of bamboo, small and dirty.
Village gates
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
"Burma." Sir G. Scott, London, 1906.
Mission Pavie, Paris, 1902, Vol. V.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
592
102
269
593-594
16 Character ... Stolid, timid, not resourceful. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 589, 591
17 Slavery ... Practice, when crops fail, of selling themselves and families into slavery. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 591
18 Music and poetry. Musical instruments, ken or mouth-organ. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 591
19 Implements... String bags, baskets, etc. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 591
20 Food ... Practice of eating dogs Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 589