Thom's Irish Who's Who/Ypres, Earl of

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Field-Marshal Sir John Denton Pinkstone French

YPRES, Earl of (Unit. Kgd., 1922), Viscount French of Ypres and High Lake (Unit. Kgd., 1916), Field-Marshal Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl, K.P. (1917), P.C. (1918), G.C.B. (1909), O.M. (1914), G.C.V.O. (1905), K.C.B. Mil. (1901), K.C.M.G. (1902).; entered the Army, 1874; Field Marshal, 1914; served in Soudan Campaign, 1884-85 (battles of Abu Klea and Metemmeh); A.A.G. of Cavalry on the Staff, 1893-4; A.A.G. at Headquarters, 1895-7; Commanded 1st Cavalry Brigade at Aldershot, 1899; Commanded Cavalry Division in Natal, 1899; Commanded Cavalry Force at battles of Reitfontein, and Lombard Kop; in chief command at battle of Elandslaagte; relief of Kimberley, capture of Bloemfontein and Pretoria, Boer War, 1899-1900 and in chief command of all the Forces in Cape Colony, 1901: commanded the 1st Army Corps, 1901-07: Inspector-General of the Forces, 1907-12; Chief of the Imperial General Staff, 1912-14; Inspector-General of the Forces. 1914: Commander of the Expeditionary Force to France, 1914-16; Commanding the Forces in the United Kingdom, 1916 to 1918; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1918 to 1921; A.D.C. General, 1911, b. 1852; eldest son of Captain French, R.N.; m. 1880, Eleanor, dau. of R. Selby Lowndes, and has issue two sons and one dau. Res.: Lancaster Gate, London, W.; Drumdoe, Co. Roscommon. Clubs: Marlborough, Athenæum Cavalry, United Service.