Translation:Shulchan Aruch/Choshen Mishpat/184

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Paragraph 1- If three individuals gave money to one person to purchase an item for them and the money was combined and the agent purchased with some of the money, the item would belong to all of the senders and they would split it proportionate to the amount of money they contributed, even if the agent’s intent was to purchase for one of them. If the agent explicitly said he is purchasing for one of them, however, he has retracted his agency from the others and such party would acquire the item. If each of their money was piled and sealed, only the party whose money was used would acquire the item, even if the agent’s intent was to acquire it for all of them.

Paragraph 2- If Reuven acquired a field from Shimon and told him that he acquired it for Levi and wrote a sale document in Levi’s name, and Reuven subsequently told Shimon that he acquired it for himself and that he should write another sale document in his name, we would not force the seller to write another document in Reuven’s name. If he made a condition with Shimon originally that he is acquiring it for himself and he is only writing the document in Levi’s name so that people don’t know he is the purchaser, we would force Shimon to write another document in Reuven’s name. Moreover, even if he did not tell the seller this but first told witnesses in front of the seller to write another document in his name, we would force Shimon to write another document in Reuven’s name. If he first purchased real property in Levi’s name with Levi’s money, he would not be able to retract, even if Levi did not appoint him as agent.