Translation:Shulchan Aruch/Choshen Mishpat/191

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Paragraph 1- How does one acquire real property with a document? If the owner writes on paper, pottery or a leaf, “my field is given to you” or “my field is sold to you,” once the document reaches the hands of the recipient he will have acquired the field, even if there are no witnesses at all.

Paragraph 2- When is this true? Where one is selling his field because of its inferiority. With respect to other real property, however, even once the buyer has received the sale document, he will not acquire the field until he gives the money.

Paragraph 3- Our documents are kinyan-documents and real property would be acquired with them. If the seller wrote explicitly that that he is not selling with the document and it is just for evidentiary purposes, the property would not be acquired with the document.

Paragraph 4- If one acquired real property with a known amount of money and the seller says he did not receive the money while the buyer says he gave the money, and it is a place where they first give the money and then write the document, and the document says that the seller admits to receiving the money, the buyer would be believed. If the seller sold the buyer real property with a document or money and told him he will acquire it in 30 days and the document was torn or the money was misplaced during that time and the seller had said acquire it now and in 30 days, he will acquire the property. If the seller did not say acquire it from now, the buyer would not acquire the property. The same applies to a kinyan made with taking possession.