Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Wetenhall, Edward

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WETENHALL, EDWARD (1636–1713), bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh, was born at Lichfield on 7 Oct. 1636. Educated at Westminster school under Richard Busby [q. v.], he was admitted king's scholar in 1651, and went to Trinity College, Cambridge, as a foundation scholar. After graduating B.A. 1659–60, he migrated (1660) to Lincoln College, Oxford, of which he became chaplain, was incorporated B.A. 18 June, and graduated M.A. 10 July 1661. He held the perpetual curacy of Combe Long, Oxfordshire, and the vicarage of St. Stephen's, near St. Albans, Hertfordshire; on 11 June 1667 he was collated to a prebend at Exeter, holding with it the mastership of the blue-coat school. He graduated B.D. at Oxford 26 May 1669, and was incorporated B.D. at Cambridge 1670. Michael Boyle the younger [q. v.], then archbishop of Dublin, brought him over to Dublin in 1672, as master of the blue-coat school. He was made D.D. at Trinity College, became curate of St. Werburgh's, and afterwards chantor of Christ Church. On the death (22 Dec. 1678) of Edward Synge [see under Synge, Edward], bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, the sees were separated, and Wetenhall was made (14 Feb. 1679) bishop of Cork and Ross, being consecrated 23 March 1679 in Christ Church, Dublin. His episcopate was exemplary. At his own cost he restored the episcopal residence at Cork. As one of the seven bishops who remained in Ireland during the troubles which began in 1688, he was exposed to much ill-usage at the hands of the partisans of James II. He was probably the author of an anonymous tract ‘The Case of the Irish Protestants in relation to … Allegiance to … King William and Queen Mary,’ 1691, 4to (27 Oct. 1690). He signed the episcopal letter of thanks (Nov. 1692) to Thomas Firmin [q. v.] for his exertions in relief of the distressed protestants of Ireland. Only one Irish prelate, William Sheridan (d. 1716) of Kilmore and Ardagh, was deprived (1691) as a nonjuror. Wetenhall, who was translated to Kilmore and Ardagh on 18 April 1699, would not accept the preferment without endeavouring to procure the restoration of Sheridan, to whose support he contributed. He restored the episcopal residence at Kilmore and rebuilt the cathedral at Ardagh (since demolished). He recovered lands belonging to the see, alienated by William Smith (d. 1698), his predecessor. To raise money he sold a wood belonging to his see, valued by William King, D.D. [q. v.], archbishop of Dublin, at 20,000l., ‘if standing now’ (17 June 1721).

In regard to concessions to dissenters, which he advocated as early as 1682, he was prepared to go further than the English Toleration Act. He intervened as a peacemaker in the controversy on the doctrine of the Trinity raised by the publications of William Sherlock, D.D. [q. v.], and John Wallis (1616–1703) [q. v.]. In ‘An Earnest and Compassionate Suit for Forbearance … by a Melancholy Stander-by,’ 1691, 4to, he commends Hooker's ‘explication of this mystery,’ and argues that further discussion is futile and damaging. He followed it up with ‘The Antapology of the Melancholy Stander-by,’ 1693, 4to. Against William Penn [q. v.], the quaker, he wrote a couple of pamphlets (1698–9). He was present (but not on the bench) at the trial (14 June 1703) in Dublin of Thomas Emlyn [q. v.] the unitarian, and subsequently paid friendly visits to him in prison. In 1710 he drew up a very important memorial to Ormonde, the lord lieutenant, urging the need of providing ‘books of religion’ in the Irish language, in accordance with the ideas of John Richardson, D.D. (1664–1747) [q. v.], a clergyman in his diocese.

His later years were spent in London, where he died on 12 Nov. 1713; he was buried on 18 Nov. in the south transept of Westminster Abbey, where is an inscribed gravestone to his memory. In his will he affirms the church of England and Ireland to be ‘the purest church in the world,’ though ‘there are divers points which might be altered for the better’ in ‘articles, liturgy, and discipline, but especially in the conditions of clerical communion.’ His portrait by Vandervaart has been engraved. His name is also spelled Wettenhall, Whetenhall, Whitnall, Withnoll, and Wythnall. He married twice; his second wife was Philippa (buried 18 April 1717), sixth daughter of Sir William D'Oyly, bart., of Shottisham, Kent. His eldest son by his first wife was Edward Wetenhall, M.D. (d. 29 Aug. 1733, aged 70).

Besides the above and single sermons, a charge (1691) and tracts, including the funeral sermon for James Bonnell [q. v.], he published: 1. ‘A Method … for Private Devotion,’ 1666, 12mo. 2. ‘The Wish: being the Tenth Satyr of Juvenal … in Pindarick Verse,’ Dublin, 1675, 4to. 3. ‘The Catechism of the Church of England, with Marginal Notes,’ 1678, 8vo. 4. ‘Of Gifts and Offices in … Worship,’ Dublin, 1676–9, 8vo. 5. ‘The Protestant Peacemaker,’ 1682, 4to (answered by Richard Baxter [q. v.] in ‘History of Councils,’ 1682, 4to). 6. ‘A Judgment of the Comet … at Dublin, Dec. 13, 1680,’ 1682, 8vo. 7. ‘Hexapla Jacobæa: a Specimen of Loyalty to … James II, in Six Pieces,’ Dublin, 1686, 8vo (sermons). 8. ‘A Plain Discourse proving the … Authority of the … Scriptures,’ 1688, 8vo (with new title, 1689). 9. ‘A Letter … occasioned by the Surrender of Mons,’ 1691, 4to (anon.). 10. ‘A Method … to be … prepared for Death,’ 1694, 12mo. 11. ‘The Testimony of the Bishop of Cork as to a Paper intituled Gospel Truths … by the People called Quakers,’ Cork, 1698, 8vo. 12. ‘A brief … Reply to Mr. Penn's … Defence,’ Cork, 1699, 8vo. 13. ‘Due Frequency of the Lord's Supper,’ 1703, 12mo. 14. ‘A View of our Lord's Passion, with Meditations,’ 1710, 8vo. His revision of the Eton Latin Grammar was reprinted 1856, 12mo. His ‘Græcæ Grammatices Institutio,’ 4th edit. 1713, 8vo, was translated and revised by G. N. Wright (2nd ed. 1820, 12mo), and edited as ‘Græcæ Grammatices Rudimenta,’ by G. B. Wheeler, 1853, 12mo. In 1692 he edited sermons by Ezekiel Hopkins, D.D. [q. v.]

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. ed. Bliss, iv. 562; Wood's Fasti, ed. Bliss, ii. 249, 250, 308; Ware's Works, ed. Harris, 1739 i. 243, 570, 1764 ii. 358; Life of Firmin, 1698, p. 68; Emlyn's Works, 1746, i. 29; Granger's Biographical Hist. of England, 1779, iii. 255; Mant's Hist. of the Church of Ireland, 1840, i. 699, ii. 25, 55, 220, 555; Smith's Bibliotheca Antiquakeriana, 1873, p. 449; Chester's Registers of Westminster Abbey, 1876, pp. 278, 289, 339; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714.]

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