Wikisource:WikiProject Open Access/Programmatic import from PubMed Central/Test/An updated checklist of aquatic plants of Myanmar and Thailand

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Contents

Abstract[edit]

AbstractThe flora of Tropical Asia is among the richest in the world, yet the actual diversity is estimated to be much higher than previously reported. Myanmar and Thailand are adjacent countries that together occupy more than the half the area of continental Tropical Asia. This geographic area is diverse ecologically, ranging from cool-temperate to tropical climates, and includes from coast, rainforests and high mountain elevations. An updated checklist of aquatic plants, which includes 78 species in 44 genera from 24 families, are presented based on floristic works. This number includes seven species, that have never been listed in the previous floras and checklists. The species (excluding non-indigenous taxa) were categorized by five geographic groups with the exception of to reflect the rich diversity of the countries' floras.

Introduction[edit]

Myanmar and Thailand, adjacent countries, comprise more than half of the tropical region for continental Asia. Situated within the Indo-Myanmar (Burma) hot-spot, this area is among the richest in biodiversity in the World ([1]), with the estimated biodiversity being much higher than has been previously reported. The area is geographically diverse, going from cool-temperate to tropical and from the coast to rainforests to high mountains ([2]).

The aquatic floras of Myanmar and Thailand have been separately investigated. The Flora of Thailand project was launched in the 70’s, led by European and Thai herbaria and institutions. The aquatic species were treated in separated volumes (Table 1). The aquatic flora of Myanmar has not been published yet, although many of the species investigated are listed in the aquatic flora of India ([3]).

Materials and methods[edit]

The aquatic plant specimens treated in this study come from field works carried out in 2006 (Myanmar), 2008 (Myanmar), and 2012 (Thailand). Plants were hand-collected from aquatic environments e.g. ponds and lakes. Occasionally collections were made by boat (Fig. 1). In addition to field collections, exhaustive herbarium surveys were conducted in major herbaria, including AAU (Denmark), BFK (Thailand), GH (USA), MBK (Japan), TI (Japan), and TNS (Japan). The herbarium specimens were morphologically identified by using [3] or the Flora of Thailand series (Table 1). For Potamogetonaceae, in addition to the above mentioned literature, Flora of China treatment was also referred ([4]); for Menyanthaceae, for which no volumes for the family has been published in the Flora of Thailand, [3], [5], and [6] were used for identification. The identified species were classified and ordered following [7]. Some specimens of species cited in previous floras were examined. Species distribution was obtained from regional floras. Where distribution data were absent or where the floras have not yet been published, question marks have been inserted, e.g., ?Myanmar.

Checklists[edit]

A checklist of aquatic plants of Myanmar and Thailand (and adjoining area)[edit]

Classification: Angiospermae

Nymphaeales[edit]

Cabombaceae[edit]

Cabomba[edit]

Aubl., 1775

Cabombacaroliniana[edit]

A. Gray., 1837

Distribution[edit]

Native to the Americas.

Nymphaeaceae[edit]

Barclaya[edit]

Wall., 1827

Barclayalongifolia[edit]

Wall., 1827

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao San Yot Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 9' 15" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 58' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1706; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga Province; Kuraburi District, Bangwan stream; verbatimLatitude: 9° 13' 34"N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 26' 22"E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 25, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: T. Muadsud 137; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nong Khai Province; Bungkhla District, Phu Wua Wilflife Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 18° 14' 41" N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 57' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 27, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma et al. 2781; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Province; Sangkla Buri, Nong Lu, Tham kaeo Sawan Bandan Temple; verbatimLatitude: 15° 16' 20" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 28' 3" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 25, 2010; Record Level: collectionID: V. Chamchumroon et al. 4807; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nong khai Province; Bungklaa, Phutoknoi; verbatimLatitude: 17° 56' 32" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 44' 57" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 21, 1997; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 5090; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ubon Ratchathani Province; Soi Sawan waterfall; verbatimLatitude: 15° 27' 35" N; verbatimLongitude: 105° 34' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: W. La-ongsri 24269; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ubon Ratchatani Province; Khong Chian District, Udob ratehatani Gene conservation station; verbatimLatitude: 15° 27' 1" N; verbatimLongitude: 105° 29' 2" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 15, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 01-436; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nong Khai Province; Phn Wun Wildlife Sanctuary, Thamtonn fall; verbatimLatitude: 17° 53' 7" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 45' 2" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 14, 2004; Record Level: collectionID: Th. Wongprasert et al. 046-85; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province; Salum Lake; verbatimLatitude: 14° 32' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 2' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 14, 1973; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 73-503; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chantaburi Province; S of Mekam rubber plantation; verbatimLatitude: 12° 35' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 22, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 1746; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phangnga Province; Takuapah District, 15 km N of Takuapah; verbatimLatitude: 8° 53' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 21' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 13, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 30887; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

India (Southern [Andaman Isl.]), ?Myanmar, Thailand.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 2.

Nymphaea[edit]

L., 1753

Nymphaeanouchali[edit]

Burm. f., 1768

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; border to Rakhain State; verbatimLatitude: 18° 40' 27 N; verbatimLongitude: 94° 53' 41 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 11, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036514; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rakhain State; between God village and mangrove forest; verbatimLatitude: 18° 29' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 94° 16' 13" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 12, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036535; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sattalip, Taong Breng; verbatimLatitude: 12° 43' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 56' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 1, 1969; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell s.n.; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; S of Naratiwat; verbatimLatitude: 6° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 45' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 8, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 33086; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ayuthaya Province; Ayuthaya District; verbatimLatitude: 14° 22' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 35' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. T-26093; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phetchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 30' 06" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 47' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1711; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Southern), India (nationwide), ?Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New guinea, ?Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, ?Vietnam.

Nymphaeapubescens[edit]

Willd., 1799

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Inle lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 54' 34" E; Event: eventDate: May. 1, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 7867; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; W of Pyay; verbatimLatitude: 18° 42' 22" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 5' 59" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 9, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036431; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Rachaburi Province; Huai Yang waterfall; verbatimLatitude: 12° 29' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 41' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 14, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 1588; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Sariang Province; Ban Huai Sai 12 km A of Mas Sariang; verbatimLatitude: 18° 6' N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 12, 1968; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 2370; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phattalung Province; Khuankhanum District; Talenoi Lake, Talenoi Wildlife Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 7° 46' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 7' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 20, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. 27730; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao San Yot Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 14' 42" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 55' 60" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1704; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, India (nationwide), Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Sri Lanka.

Acorales[edit]

Acoraceae[edit]

Acorus[edit]

L., 1753

Acoruscalamus[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Record Level: collectionID: MBK025720; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19.18"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28.59"; Record Level: collectionID: MBK032409; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19.18"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28.59"; Record Level: collectionID: TI032666; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Juuigalion - canal, S of Chiang Mai; verbatimLatitude: 20° 11' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 46' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 2, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: T. Sorensen et al. 1812; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Worldwide.

Acorusgramineus[edit]

Sol. ex Aiton, 1789

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: NE Burma, Kambaiti (73 km E of Myitkyina); verbatimLatitude: 25° 24' 22" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 8' 39" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 17, 1905; Record Level: collectionID: R. Malaise 85; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: North triangle (Hbinlum) 3000'; verbatimLatitude: 20° 21' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 4' E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 30, 1953; Record Level: collectionID: F. Kingdon-Ward 20756; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin division, Sumprabum Sub-Division, eastern approaches from Sumprabum to Kumon range.; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 1, 1962; Record Level: collectionID: J. Keenan, U. Tun Aung, U. Tha Hla 3815; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Muung District, Doi Sutap-Pui National Park, E side; verbatimLatitude: 18° 48' 16" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 54' 56" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 18, 1990; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 90-429; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Doi Sutap-Pui National Park, CXU observation area; verbatimLatitude: 18° 48' 16" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 54' 56" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 7, 1993; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 93-008; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Lampoon Province; Mae Tah District, Doi Kuhn Dehn National Park, stream above Pah Dtoop Fall; verbatimLatitude: 18° 30' 25" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 16' 11" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 30, 1994; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 94-547; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Lampang Province; Muang Bahn District, Jae Sawn National Park, Bah Wiang village area; verbatimLatitude: 19° 9' 39" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 23' 45" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 15, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 96-227; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Wiong Bah bao District, Kuhn Jae (Chae) national park; verbatimLatitude: 19° 10' 4" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 23' 40" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 2, 1998; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 98-362; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

?Cambodia, India (north), Japan, Korea, ?Laos, Myanmar, ?Philippines, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Araceae[edit]

Aroideae[edit]

Cryptocoryne[edit]

Fisch. ex Wydl., 1830

Cryptocorynealbida[edit]

Prain, 1900

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga province; Sri Phang Nga Natl. Park; verbatimLatitude: 8° 0' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 28' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 11, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: A.S. Barfod et al. 557; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ranawng; verbatimLatitude: 10° 7' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 52' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 30, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: N/A 855; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phetchaburi, Amphoe kaeng Krachan, National Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 51' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 18' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 12, 2002; Record Level: collectionID: D. J. Middleton et al. 1589; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surat Thani, phanom, Khao Sok National Park.; verbatimLatitude: 8° 55' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 31' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 1, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: D. J. Middleton et al. 3992; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

?Myanmar, Thailand.

Cryptocorynecordata[edit]

Griff., 1850

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Paa Ye, Su Ngi Paadee; verbatimLatitude: 6° 8' 11" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 54' 38" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 14, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham & W. Ueachirakan 1820; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Freshwater swamp-forest S of Narathiwat; verbatimLatitude: 6° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 45' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 8, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 33077; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Malaysia (Peninsular), Thailand.

Cryptocorynecrispatula[edit]

Engl., 1920

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Province; Southwest District, Pompee village ner Khwae Noi river, E of Sanghkla; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 14" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 19' 55" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 25, 1968; Record Level: collectionID: C.F. van Beusekom, C. Phengkhlai 89; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Song, Muang District, Zuza Waterfalls, Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 19° 28' 29" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 7' 36" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 15, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: HN8405; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Song, Muang District, Pha Waterfalls, Tham Pla-Namtok Pha Sua Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 19° 28' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 7' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 15, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: HN8436; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Khalone Village and Shinbwiyang; verbatimLatitude: 26° 56' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 52' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 5, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al. 041626; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Khalone Village and Shinbwiyang; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' 29" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 16' 33" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 5, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al. 040869; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangradesh, Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Cryptocorynecruddasiana[edit]

Prain, 1900

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: S. ? G. Gumfrabum 1000' - 1500'; Event: eventDate: Dec. 19, 1953; Record Level: collectionID: F. Kingdon Ward 21712; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Khalone Village and Shinbwiyang; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' 50" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 15' 20" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 5, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al. 041201; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Myanmar, ?Thailand.

Pistia[edit]

L., 1753

Pistiastratiotes[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; verbatimLocality: Bangkok; Event: eventDate: Jul. 16, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen 446; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Worldwide (mainly tropics).

Lemnoidea[edit]

Landoltia[edit]

Les & D.J. Crawford, 1999

Landoltiapunctata[edit]

(G. Mey.) Les & D.J. Crawford, 1999

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: institutionCode: TI; collectionCode: Tanaka et al. 080648
Distribution[edit]

Worldwide.

Lemna[edit]

L., 1753

Lemnaaequinoctialis[edit]

Welw., 1859

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnam; locality: Kontum Province; Ngoc Linh mountain, Ngoc Linh village.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 20' N; verbatimLongitude: 107° 59' E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 4, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: L. Averyanov et al. VH1199; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand; Africa; Oceania; N. America; S. America.

Lemnatrisulca[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay lake, Nyanug She Township; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080649; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Northern, Western, Southern [Taiwan, Yunnan]), India (Eastern, Northern), Indonesia (New Guinea), Japan, Malaysia (Sumatra), Myanmar, Papua New guinea, Pakistan, Philippines; Europe; Oceania; N. America; S. America.

Spirodela[edit]

Schleid., 1839

Spirodelapolyrrhiza[edit]

(L.) Schleid., 1839

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay lake, Nyanug She Township; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080648; institutionCode: MBK
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi), Japan, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand.

Wolffia[edit]

Horkel ex Schleid., 1844

Wolffiaglobosa[edit]

(Roxb.) Hartog & Plas, 1970

Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, India (nationwide), ?Indonesia, Japan, ?Laos, ?Malaysia, ?Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, ?Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam; introduced in Americas.

Alismatales[edit]

Alismataceae[edit]

Alisma[edit]

L., 1753

Alismaplantago-aquatica[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; Pyin U Lwin (Maymyo); Event: eventDate: May 1, 1932; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 5798; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Kalow; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080047; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Kalow; Event: eventDate: May 1, 1932; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 5743; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Kalow; Event: eventDate: May 8, 1931; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; above Bong Lom Tang (Karen) village, mae Win Subdistrict; Event: eventDate: Mar. 21, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 03-55; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; between Ban Bo Luang and Mae Sariang; Event: eventDate: Jun. 13, 1968; Record Level: collectionID: C.F. van Beusekom, C. Phengkhlai 1200; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Hod District, Mai Muang Nao Arboretum, Ban Mae Sanam Mai, Baw Salee Subdistrict, 53 km Hod - Mae Sariang road (hw. 108); Event: eventDate: Apr. 11, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: W. Sankamethawee 151; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Son Province; Mae Sariung, Ban Papae; verbatimLatitude: 18° 54' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 8' E; Event: eventDate: Feb 2, 1969; Record Level: collectionID: T. Leiitinand e Sa-nga 10671; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

China (North-Eastern, North-Western, South [Yunnan]), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand; Europe; Oceania; N. America.

Caldesia[edit]

Parl., 1860

Caldesiaparnassifolia[edit]

(Bassi ex L.) Parl., 1858

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Laos; locality: Savannaket Province; Nakai Plateau, Theun Douan lake, near Phong Sa Vahn resettlement village.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 34' 10" N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 44' 54" E; Event: eventDate: May 3, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 07-305; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Taunggyi; verbatimLatitude: 20° 47' 7" N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 2' 6" E; Event: eventDate: May 1, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 9370; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 56' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 54" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080624 #1; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 56' 21"; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 54" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080624 #2; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (North-Eastern, South [Yunnan]), Japan, India (North, South, West), Indonesia (Sulawesi, New Guinea), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New guinea, Thailand, ?Vietnam; Africa; Europe; Oceania.

Notes[edit]

Myanmar ([8]).

Limnocharis[edit]

Bonpl., 1808

Limnocharisflava[edit]

(L.) Buchenau, 1868

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 10, 1957; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 6666; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rakhine State; Bago Division; verbatimLatitude: 18° 49' 44 N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 18' 6 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 7, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080766; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; verbatimLatitude: 19° 23' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 10' E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 14, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Kau Cloi 731; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sattalip, Taong Grang; verbatimLatitude: 12° 43' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 56' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 24, 1969; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trang Province: Muang District; Kaochong Park; verbatimLatitude: 7° 33' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 36' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 3, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: P. Sirirugsa 990; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trang Province; Muang District, Kao Chong Park.; verbatimLatitude: 7° 33' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 36' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 31, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: P. Sirirugsa 939; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; 30 km SW of Chiengmai.; verbatimLatitude: 19° 11' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 4' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 4, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: No. 6043; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 48' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: YI1710; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Native to Americas; naturalized to tropical Asia.

Sagittaria[edit]

L., 1753

Sagittariaguayanensis[edit]

Humb., 1815

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pathum Thani Province, Rangsit; verbatimLatitude: 13° 59' 17" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 37' 59" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 25, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: S. Sripen s.n.; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Son Province; verbatimLatitude: 19° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 9, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 34312; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Son Province; verbatimLatitude: 19° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 10, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 34375; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; Doi Lodge; verbatimLatitude: 19° 18' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 10' E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 15, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: No. 2742; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, China (Central, South), India (nationwide), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi), Malaysia (Peninsular), Nepal, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Sagittariatrifolia[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Taungyi; verbatimLatitude: 20° 47' N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 2' E; Event: eventDate: May. 3, 1933; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 5846; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; 15 km N of Chiang Mai; verbatimElevation: 18° 55' N; verbatimLatitude: 98° 57' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 11, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Kai Larsen 6057; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Phek Khaeng Kai; verbatimLatitude: 18° 47' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 57' 39" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 20, 1991; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma 91033; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; Mae Sanam Mai village, Baw Sahlee subdistrict; verbatimLatitude: 18° 58' 44" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 56' 3" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 2, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 00-307; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; Mae Ria District, Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, N side; verbatimLatitude: 18° 49' 28" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 53' 24" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 20, 1990; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 90-216; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Taungyi, Namkok; Event: eventDate: May. 1, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 9405; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inle lake; Event: eventDate: May. 1, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 7865; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Kalow; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080046; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080623; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; Mai Muang Nao Arboretum, Bam Mae Sanam Mai, Baw Salee Subdistrict; verbatimLatitude: 18° 9' 41" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 16' 54" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 11, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: W. Sankamethawee 150; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Hot District; Maesanaam Pine Inprovement Center; verbatimLatitude: 18° 11' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 36' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 8, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma et al. 1032; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Om-koi; Event: eventDate: Jul. 20, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 6277; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Indonesia (Borneo, Java, Sulawesi), Japan, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand; Oceania.

Hydrocharitaceae[edit]

Blyxa[edit]

Noronha ex Thouars, 1806

Blyxaaubertii[edit]

Rich., 1812

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Record Level: collectionID: MBK041203; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trat Province; 20 km W of Trat; verbatimLatitude: 12° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 30, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 32232; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trat Province; 18 km W of Trat; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 16' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 23, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-540; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chantaburi province; Plain of Makam; verbatimLatitude: 12° 41' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 22, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 1667; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Rayong Province; Ban phe; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 25' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 16, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesik & P. Hiepko 7872; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chantaburi Province; S of Mekam rubber plantation; verbatimLatitude: 12° 35' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 22, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 1744; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Tak bai; verbatimLatitude: 6° 15' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 0' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 11, 1986; Record Level: collectionID: C. Cniyomdham 1117; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phangnga Province; Takuapah District; 15 km N of Takuapah; verbatimLatitude: 8° 53 'N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 21' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 14, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 30970; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnam; locality: Lao Cai Province; Than Uyen District, Municipality Ho Mit; verbatimLatitude: 22° 6' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 52' E; Event: eventDate: May. 21, 1999; Record Level: collectionID: NTH2708; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Southern), India (Western, Central, Southern), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), Japan, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, ?Nepal, Papua New guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Blyxaechinosperma[edit]

(C.B. Clarke) Hook. f., 1888

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' 50 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 15' 20 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 10, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: J. Murata et al. 040940; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phangnga Province, Khuraburi, Ko Phrathong; verbatimLatitude: 9° 11' 45" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 24' 30" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 24, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 15062; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; near Angka Noi village, N side of the main road, Doi Inthanon.; verbatimLatitude: 18° 35' 32" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 29' 12" E; Event: eventDate: May. 8, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: N. Fukuoka T-62538; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Central, Southern), India (Western, Central, Southern), Indonesia (Java), Japan, Malaysia (Borneo, Peninsular), Myanmar, ?Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka; Oceania.

Blyxajaponica[edit]

(Miq.) Maxim. ex Asch. & Gürke, 1889

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Cambodia; locality: Kampot Province; Kampot District, S summit of Phnom Bokor, Bokor village; verbatimLatitude: 10° 37' 4" N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 1' 41" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 18, 1997; Record Level: collectionID: McDonald et al. 5793; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Naratiwat Province; Sungeipadi District; verbatimLatitude: 6° 29' 4" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 49' 25" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 28, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 87-265; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: E Si Saket Province; between Uthum Phon Phisai and Si Saket; verbatimLatitude: 15° 7' N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 7, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata, C. Phengklai, S. Mitsuta, H. Nagamasu, N. Nantasan T-49920; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Province; Thong Pha Phum District, Rintin Forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 50' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 44' 21" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 6, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. T-21941; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trat Province; 20 km W of Trat; verbatimLatitude: 12° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 30, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 32234; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Ratchasima Province; Khao yai Natl Park, Khao Laem; verbatimLatitude: 14° 45' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 19, 1969; Record Level: collectionID: C.F. van Beusekom, C. Phengkhlai 1769; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Tak bai; verbatimLatitude: 6° 14' 57" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 0' 6" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 11, 1986; Record Level: collectionID: C. Cniyomdham 1116; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chantaburi Province; verbatimLatitude: 12° 57' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 17, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 71-576; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province; Salum Lake; verbatimLatitude: 14° 32' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 2' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 14, 1973; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 73-504; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pha Team National Park, Ubon Ratchathani; verbatimLatitude: 15° 24' 10 N; verbatimLongitude: 105° 29' 23 E; Record Level: collectionID: Nr. Tanaka; institutionCode: TNS
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (nationwide), Cambodia, India (Western [Meghalaya]), Indonesia (Boreo, New Guinea, Sulawesi), Japan, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Thailand.

Blyxaquadricostata[edit]

den Hartog, 1973

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Naratiwat Province; Sungei Padi District, Sungei Padi; verbatimLatitude: 6° 7' 27" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 54' 47" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 28, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 87-267; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung; verbatimLatitude: 17° 16' 54" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 9' 31" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 29, 1965; Record Level: collectionID: M. Tagawa et al. T-781; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 47' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 2, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata et al. T-42713; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung District, Phu Kradung Natl park; verbatimLatitude: 17° 16' 54" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 9' 31" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. T-22824; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung District, Phu Kradung Natl park; verbatimLatitude: 17° 16' 54" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 9' 31" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 9, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: P.J. O'Connor & C. Niyondham 15711; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung; verbatimLatitude: 17° 17' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 10' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 18, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Th. Sorensen 2211; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung, S. of Loi; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 53' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 7, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: Ch. Charoenphol et al. 4783; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Holotype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung, Mie ron Pond; verbatimLatitude: 16° 52' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 52' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 25, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: C.F. van Beusekom et al. 4602; institutionCode: MO
Distribution[edit]

Thailand.

Egeria[edit]

Planch., 1849

Egeriadensa[edit]

(Planch.) Casp., 1857

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Bung Bonapet Nonhunting Area; verbatimLatitude: 15° 41' 40" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 16' 03" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 16, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1733; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Native to South America.

Elodea[edit]

Michx., 1803

Elodeanuttallii[edit]

(Planch.) H. St. John, 1920

Distribution[edit]

Native to North America.

Hydrilla[edit]

Rich., 1814

Hydrillaverticillata[edit]

(L. f.) Royle, 1839

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; stateProvince: Kachin; verbatimLocality: Tanaing Township; verbatimLatitude: 26° 22' 22 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 43' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 15, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: MBK040056; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; stateProvince: Shan State; locality: Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59" E; Record Level: collectionID: MBK080634; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; verbatimLatitude: 22° 00' 29 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 28' 06 E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 11, 2002; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 021712; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; verbatimLatitude: 20° 48' N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 4, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 028704; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; verbatimLatitude: 18° 42' 22 N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 5' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 9, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036433; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; verbatimLatitude: 26° 6' 34 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 42' 58 E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 19, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 040483; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080050; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080057; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 27' 28 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 50' 37 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 4, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080663; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Taunngyi; verbatimLatitude: 20° 47' 14" N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 2' 7" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 5, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 9334; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Chiang Dao District; verbatimLatitude: 19° 28' 46" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 54' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 11, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: V.A. Sunthorn, P. Palee 101; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' 10" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 29' 45" E; Record Level: collectionID: T- 50413 [TI]; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pha Team National Park, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand; verbatimLatitude: 15° 24' 07 N; verbatimLongitude: 105° 29' 20 E; Record Level: collectionID: Tr. Tanaka; institutionCode: TNS# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Hotel river Kwai, Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1724; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), Indonesia (nationwide), Japan, Malaysia (nationwide), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Sri Lanka.

Hydrocharis[edit]

L., 1753

Hydrocharisdubia[edit]

(Blume) Backer, 1925

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ang Thong Province; Howa Pie; verbatimLatitude: 13° 54' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 37' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 17, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-398; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province; Muang District, Sahm Lahn forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 31' 51" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 34" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 20, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 74-947; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' 10" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 29' 45" E; Record Level: collectionID: 16322; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Maha Sarakham; Bua Khaaw Morning Market; verbatimLatitude: 16° 11' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 18' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 11, 1990; Record Level: collectionID: Mooly Widmer 0699; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

China (nationwide), Indonesia (Java, New Guinea, Sulawesi), Japan, ?Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, ?Vietnam; Oceania.

Najas[edit]

L., 1753

Najasgraminea[edit]

Delile, 1813

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Inle Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080656; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mae Hong Son Province; verbatimLatitude: 19° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 10, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen KL34376; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pangnga Province; Kan bow koranee cascade; verbatimLatitude: 8° 25' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 30' E; Event: eventDate: May. 9, 1973; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesink & T. Santisuk 5299; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 30' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 47' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1714; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Central, Southern), India (Central, Southern), Indonesia (Java, New Guinea, Sumatra, Sulawesi), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, ?Vietnam; Africa; Oceania.

Najasindica[edit]

(Willd.) Cham., 1829

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19.18"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28.59"; Record Level: collectionID: MBK020915; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19.18"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28.59"; Record Level: collectionID: MBK036320; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ubon Ratchathani Province; Kang Tana Natl park; verbatimLatitude: 15° 16' 26" N; verbatimLongitude: 105° 27' 31" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 22, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma et al. 2346; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chaiyaphum Province; Tunhamang; verbatimLatitude: 16° 20' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 45' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 19, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: van Beusekom et al. 4245; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 30' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 47' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1713; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, India (Western, Central, Southern), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi), Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Najasmarina[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phatthalung Province; Thale noi Bord reservior; verbatimLatitude: 7° 44' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 9' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 7, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: H.-J. Esser et al. 05-91; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phatthalung Province; Sea Thale Noi; verbatimLatitude: 7° 47' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 10' 4" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 7, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Tillich et al. 5094; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao San Yot Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 14' 39" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 55' 57" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1701; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Worldwide.

Najastenuis[edit]

Magnus, 1870

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Naungkhio, Hsipaw Distr.; verbatimLatitude: 22° 37' 12" N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 17' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 1, 1939; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 9565; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Inle Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080642; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

India, Myanmar.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 3.

Nechamandra[edit]

Planch., 1849

Nechamandraalternifolia[edit]

(Roxb.) Thwaites, 1864

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Pindaya, Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080635; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kalow, Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080053; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kalow, Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080058; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kalow, Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080059; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pathum Thani Province; along way to the young delta; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 31' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 30, 1973; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata & N. Fukuoka T-17324; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Southern), India (Eastern, Northern, Southern), Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Yemen, and Sudan.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 4.

Myanmar ([8]); Thailand ([9]).

Ottelia[edit]

Pers., 1805

Otteliaalismoides[edit]

(L.) Pers., 1805

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Laos; locality: Vientine; verbatimLatitude: 17° 58' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 36' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 18, 1957; Record Level: collectionID: T. Tsuyama L. 57001; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandaley; verbatimLatitude: 21° 58' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 5' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 14, 1964; Record Level: collectionID: H. Kanai; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; verbatimLatitude: 26° 6' 34 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 42' 58 E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 19, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: TI040482; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; at the evening market of Tanaing, Hukaung Valley, Tanaing Township; verbatimLatitude: 26° 31' 20" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 35' 9" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 20, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: TI040488; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; between Smithine town and Pinchar village, ca. 25 miles S of Mandalay; verbatimLatitude: 21° 29' 47" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 4' 21" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 19, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: TI2026; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chokchai, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand; verbatimLatitude: 14° 44' 30 N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 9' 41 E; Record Level: collectionID: Nr. Tanaka; institutionCode: TNS# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 48' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1707; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khuen Shinaga Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 38' 8" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 59' 52" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1726; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 39' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 42' 27" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1731; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nongkhai Province; Bungkhla District, Ban Dong Mak Yang; verbatimLatitude: 18° 19' 59 N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 43' 39 E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 27, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma, W.J.J.O. de Wilde, B.E.E. Duyfjes, V. Chamchumroon, K. Phattarahirankanok 2864; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Province; Thong Pha Phum District, Rintin Forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 48' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 44' 41" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 6, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Simizu, H. Toyokuni, H. Koyama, T. Yahara, C. Niyomdham T-21923; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Uthaithani Province; Larn Suk District, Huay Kha Kaeng Wildlife Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 15° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 4' 35" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 11, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Simizu, H. Toyokuni, H. Koyama, T. Yahara, C. Niyomdham T-22221; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chainart Province; verbatimLatitude: 15° 14' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 28, 1959; Record Level: collectionID: L.B. & E.C. Abbe, T. Smitinand, B. Rollet 9233; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Haad Yai District, ban Koke Saht, W of Toong Loong; verbatimLatitude: 7° 0' 13" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 27' 25" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 2, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-929; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Hue san - Chieing Rae; verbatimLatitude: 19° 54' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 49' 39" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 21, 1921; Record Level: collectionID: B. Hayata; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa, Australia.

Otteliacordata[edit]

(Wall.) Dandy, 1934

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; ca. 3 miles from Kyauk Sei, Pyin U Lwin (May Myo); verbatimLatitude: 21° 36' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 4' 6" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 16, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: N. Kuroiwa et al. 020926; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

?Cambodia, China (Southern [Hainan]), Myanmar, ?Thailand.

Vallisneria[edit]

L., 1753

Vallisneriaspiralis[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inle Lake; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080653; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Khalone and Shinbweyan; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' 50 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 15' 20 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 5, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al.041208; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Shinbweyan and Tanain; verbatimLatitude: 26° 56' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 52' E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 16, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al. 041622; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China, India (nationwide), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.

Aponogetonaceae[edit]

Aponogeton[edit]

L. f., 1781

Aponogetonlakhonensis[edit]

A. Camus, 1910

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; between Takhet Village and Khalone Village, ca 10 mi E of Shinbwiyang; verbatimLatitude: 26° 38' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 20' 55" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 10, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 040939; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; along the Ledo Rd between Shinbwiyang and Tanaing; verbatimLatitude: 26° 34' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 16, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 041619; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Lampang Province; verbatimLatitude: 18° 19' 24" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 29' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 1, 1926; Record Level: collectionID: V.N. Pak Kuap 1797; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Cambodia, China (Southern), India (Eastern [Assam, Darjeeling]), Indonesia (Sulawesi), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 5.

Potamogetonaceae[edit]

Potamogeton[edit]

L., 1753

Potamogetoncrispus[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sagaing Division; Kalewa-Kalemyo; verbatimLatitude: 23° 12' 17" N; verbatimLongitude: 94° 11' 33" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 25, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 7196; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Sagaing Division; Kalewa-Kalemyo, shallow water, Alt. 600 ft.; verbatimLatitude: 23° 12' 17" N; verbatimLongitude: 94° 11' 33" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 26, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 7204; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Japan, Korea, Laos, Malesia (Sumatra), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Vietnam; Worldwide.

Potamogetondistinctus[edit]

A. Benn., 1904

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khuen Shinaga Natl Park; Nearn Saran View point.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 44' 25" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 49' 6" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1729; institutionCode: BKF

Potamogetonmaackianus[edit]

A Benn., 1904

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Kalow Village, Yae Aye Kan Dam,; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080052; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

China (North-eastern, Central, Southern [Yunnan]), Japan, Indonesia (Sumatra), Myanmar, Philippines.

Potamogetonlucens[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; naung Shwe, Inlay Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 36' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 54' 44" E; Event: eventDate: May. 2, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: K. Khaing 05153; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State, Pindaya, Inlay Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080630; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Inle Lake, Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080640; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

China (North-eastern, Central, Southern [Yunnan]), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines; Europe.

Potamogetonnodosus[edit]

Poir., 1816

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Sagaing Division; Shweuyaung; verbatimLatitude: 24° 31' 2" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 23' 36" E; Event: eventDate: May. 1, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F. G. Dickason 9374; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; verbatimLatitude: 20° 48' N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 29, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: J. Murata et al. 020914; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Chiang Dao District, Ban Bing kong, Bing Kong subdistrict, in the Bing (Ping) river; verbatimLatitude: 19° 36' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 55' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 6, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 92-803; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; old Mae Ping (Bing) dam, along the Ping (Bing) river; verbatimLatitude: 19° 36' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 55' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 6, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: P. Thavoeburum 1; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai; Ban Bing kong, Bing Kong subdistrict, in the Bing (Ping) river; verbatimLatitude: 19° 36' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 55' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 6, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 92-605; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Mae Dtang District, in the Bing (Ping) river; verbatimLatitude: 19° 36' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 55' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 11, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 92-832; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Rai Province; Santonthong, Muang, Lampun; verbatimLatitude: 19° 37' 41" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 4' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 20, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: P. Karnchanomai s.n.; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (North-Eastern, Central [in part], Southern [Yunnan]), India (nationwide), Indonesia (New Guinea, Sumatra, Sulawesi), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Europe, America.

Potamogetonoctandrus[edit]

Poir., 1816

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Haung Dong, route to Khan Waang; verbatimLatitude: 18° 42' 58" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 55' 35" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 5, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: T. Smitinand s.n.; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kachin State; between Khalone Village and Shinbweyan; verbatimLatitude: 26° 40' 29 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 16' 33 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 5, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: J. Murata et al. 040649; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), Japan, India (Northern, Eastern, Southern [in part]), Indonesia (Java), Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa; Oceania.

Notes[edit]

Myanmar ([8]); Thailand ([9]).

Potamogetonwrightii[edit]

Morong, 1886

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; Kyet Mank Taung Dam, Kyaukpadaung Township, Popa; verbatimLatitude: 20° 48' N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 4, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: Kuroiwa et al. 028702; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Satingpra District, Bantom island, Lake Songkla, ca. 100 m offshore.; verbatimLatitude: 7° 28' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 24' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 22, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 84-233; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangradesh, China (nationwide), India (Northern), Indonesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lonbok, Sumatra), Japan, Malaysia (Borneo, Peninsular), Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam.

Stuckenia[edit]

Börner, 1912

Stuckeniapectinata[edit]

(L.) Börner, 1912

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 36' N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 54' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: K. Khaing 05210; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Indonesia (Sumatra, Sulawesi), Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Worldwide.

Ruppiaceae[edit]

Ruppia[edit]

L., 1753

Ruppiamaritima[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao San Yot Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 9' 15" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 58' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1706; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (North-Eastern, Central, Southern), India (Southern), ?Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Worldwide.

Asparagales[edit]

Amaryllidaceae[edit]

Crinum[edit]

L., 1753

Crinumthaianum[edit]

J. Schul., 1971

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga Province; Klong Tam Nung; verbatimLatitude: 8° 27' 22" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 31' 8" E; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 1256; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga Province; Ban Nang Yon, 30 miles N of Takua Pa, on the way to Ranong; verbatimLatitude: 9° 12' 20" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 25' 28" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 18, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: J. Schulze 357; institutionCode: MO# Type status:Holotype. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga Province; Ban Nang Yon, 30 miles N of Takua Pa, on the way to Ranong; Event: eventDate: Apr. 18, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: J. Schulze 1011; institutionCode: US
Distribution[edit]

Thailand.

Notes[edit]

Lectotype was designated by Lekhak and Yadav (2012).

Fig. 6.

Commelinales[edit]

Pontederiaceae[edit]

Eichhornia[edit]

Kunth, 1843

Eichhorniacrassipes[edit]

(Mart.) Solms, 1883

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 2, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 6966; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Wakema; verbatimLatitude: 16° 36' 18" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 10' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 7, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 7820; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inle lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080645; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province, Talae Noi Waterfall Reserve, N end of Lake Songkla; verbatimLatitude: 7° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 26' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon 162; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Talae Noi waterfowl reserve, N end of lake Songkla, near Phattalung; verbatimLatitude: 7° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 26' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon & C. Hamilton 162; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Native to South America.

Monochoria[edit]

C. Presl, 1827

Monochoriaelata[edit]

Ridl., 1918

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Si Thamarat Province; Phru Kuan Kleng; verbatimLatitude: 8° 26' 7" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 57' 45" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 26, 1999; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 5662; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phatthalung Province; Khuan Khanun; verbatimLatitude: 7° 44' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 0' 36" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 24, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma et al. 6609; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Patalung Province; Thale Luang; verbatimLatitude: 7° 36' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 10' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 21, 1960; Record Level: collectionID: L.B. & E.C. Abbe et al. 9698; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province.; verbatimLatitude: 9° 16' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 32' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 11, 1964; Record Level: collectionID: T. Smitinand 29879; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chachoengsao Province; near Phanom Sarakhan, 50km E of Chachoengsao; verbatimLatitude: 13° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 1, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata et al. T-37035; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Malaysia (Peninsular), Thailand.

Monochoriahastata[edit]

(L.) Solms, 1883

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 1, 1937; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 6665; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37"; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 2, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 7135; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inle Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 54' 35" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 5, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 7873; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sakon Nakhon Province; Nong Han Pond; verbatimLatitude: 17° 15' 16 N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 9' 43 E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 25, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma, W.J.J.O. de Wilde, B.E.E. Duyfjes, V. Chamchumroon, K. Phattarahirankanok 2579; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Ching Hao District, Doi Ching Dao; verbatimLatitude: 19° 22' 7" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 56' 47" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 30, 1989; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 89-1153; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Lampang Province; Chae Hom District, N part of the forest at Jaehomwittaya school; verbatimLatitude: 18° 41' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 38' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 6, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: M. Panatkool 316; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Rayong Province; verbatimLatitude: 12° 41' 38" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 13' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 21, 1977; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 3782; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Phek Khaeng Kai; verbatimLatitude: 18° 47' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 57' 38" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 20, 1991; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma 91033; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Paa Wai, Su Ngai Paadee; verbatimLatitude: 6° 7' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 54' 47" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 24, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham & W. Ueachirakan 1910; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kalasin Province; Muang Kalasin District.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 20' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 32' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 13, 1990; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai 0077; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phatthalung Province;nok Nam Thale Noi Bird Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 7° 47' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 7' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 1, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: P. Wilkin 845; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sakon Nakhon Province; Nong han pond.; verbatimLatitude: 17° 15' 16" N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 9' 43" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 25, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma et al. 2579; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Rayong Province.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 41' 38" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 13' 49" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 21, 1977; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 71314; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Krungtep Phra Nakhon Province; Soi Somprasong.; verbatimLatitude: 13° 46' 36" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 31, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: N. Fukuoka 7075; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bhutan, Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, China (South), India (nationwide), Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 7.

Monochoriavaginalis[edit]

(Burm.f.) C. Presl ex Kunth, 1843

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay Lake, Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080637; institutionCode: MBK# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 10, 1937; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 6538; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; Tanaing, Hukaung valley; verbatimLatitude: 26° 6' 34 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 42' 58 E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 19, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 040481; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Yae Aye Kan; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 41 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 31' 46 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 26, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080056; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Paa Waai, Su Ngi Paadee; verbatimLatitude: 6° 7' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 54' 52" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 4, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham & D. Sriboonma 1543; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Kok Kun Bet, Tak Bai; verbatimLatitude: 6° 15' 31" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 0' 6" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 17, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 1698; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trat Province; Saphan Hin; verbatimLatitude: 12° 0' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 40' E; Event: eventDate: May. 3, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesink et al. 6510; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthabury Province; verbatimLatitude: 13° 3' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 56' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 17, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 71-553; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chonbury Province, Sattahip District; taang Brang; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 4, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-600; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chonburi Province; Siricha District, Kow Kieo; verbatimLatitude: 13° 14' 15" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 2' 32" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 4, 1975; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 75-979; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Haad Yai District, Klong Hoy Kong, W of Toong Loong; verbatimLatitude: 7° 0' 13" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 27' 25" e; Event: eventDate: May. 30, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-553; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkhla Province; verbatimLatitude: 6° 37' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 56' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 8, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 10290; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Uttaradit Province; Road 1047 from Nam Pat ro Boh Bia; verbatimLatitude: 17° 43' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 36' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 21, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: P.C. Boyce 1121; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nong Khai Province; Se Ka District, Tha Sa-sd; verbatimLatitude: 18° 19' 59 N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 43' 39 E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 28, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma, W.J.J.O. de Wilde, B.E.E. Duyfjes, V. Chamchumroon, K. Phattarahirankanok 2874; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang Nga Province; Koh Kaw Khao island; verbatimLatitude: 9° 0' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 50' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 15, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 30991; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chaiyaphum Province; Dat Don; verbatimLatitude: 15° 57' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 2' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 13, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 31774; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ranong Province; NW of Phato; verbatimLatitude: 9° 50' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 40' E; Event: eventDate: May. 2, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 33543; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Maehongson Province; Khun Yuam; verbatimLatitude: 18° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 0' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 7, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen & S.S. Larsen 34249; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phitsanulok Province; Tung Salaeng Luang; verbatimLatitude: 16° 59' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 53' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 24, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 833; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phuket Province; W of Ban Bo Han; verbatimLatitude: 8° 7' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 18' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 8, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: C. Charoenphol et al. 3422; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mahasarakarm Province; Koksung District, Amphur Chiengyeun; verbatimLatitude: 16° 11' 18" N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 17' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 18, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: N. Fukuoka T-36166; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Doi Inthanon, N side of the route RS-13; verbatimLatitude: 18° 32' 23" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 31' 15" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 22, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: S. Tsugaru T-61719; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chachoengsao Province; Chachoengsao Wildlife Reserve; verbatimLatitude: 13° 26' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 11, 1999; Record Level: collectionID: D.J. middleton, W. Sangkamethawee 227; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Krabi Province; Klongtom District, Ban Klong Rat; verbatimLatitude: 7° 55' 48" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 13' 42" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 29, 1986; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 86-991; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 30' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 47' 37" E; Event: eventDate: 11-14-12; Record Level: institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnum; locality: Kontum Province; verbatimLatitude: 14° 42' 40" N; verbatimLongitude: 107° 49' 48" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 14, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: L. Averyanov et al.VH1360; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnum; locality: Kon Tum Province; Dak Gley District; verbatimLatitude: 15° 6' 57" N; verbatimLongitude: 107° 42' 55" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 22, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: L. Averyanov et al. VH1906; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnum; locality: Lam Dong Province; Lac Dung District; verbatimLatitude: 12° 8' N; verbatimLongitude: 108° 39' E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 9, 1997; Record Level: collectionID: L. Averyanov et al. VH3814; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Vietnum; locality: Lam Dong Province; Lac Duong District; verbatimLatitude: 12° 8' N; verbatimLongitude: 108° 39' E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 21, 1997; Record Level: collectionID: L. Averyanov et al. VH3896; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), ?Indonesia, Japan, Korea, ?Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Africa; Oceania.

Typhaceae[edit]

Typha[edit]

L., 1753

Typhaangustifolia[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chantabury Province; Klang (between bangkok and Paknam); verbatimLatitude: 12° 16' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 11, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Kai Larsen 2053; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chonburi Province; Siracha District, Siracha island; verbatimLatitude: 13° 8' 56" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 48' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 29, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 92-776; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Petchabury; verbatimLatitude: 13° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 48' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1708; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 29' E; Record Level: collectionID: M. Tagawa & I. Yamada T 112; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Japan, ?Myanmar, Pakistan; Worldwide.

Poales[edit]

Eriocaulaceae[edit]

Eriocaulon[edit]

L., 1753

Eriocaulonsetaceum[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sakon Nakhon; Thamphura Fall; verbatimLatitude: 17° 9' 15 N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 8' 10 E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 22, 2003; Record Level: collectionID: Th. Wongprasert et al. 037-15; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phangnga, Khuraburi, Ko Phrathong; verbatimLatitude: 9° 6' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 17' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 24, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 15067; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phu Kradung Natl Park. Tambon Srithan, Phu Kradung District; decimalLatitude: 16.90 N; decimalLongitude: 101.80 E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 1, 2002; Record Level: collectionID: A. prajaksood and S. Suddee 243; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Tambon Putthawee, Makham district.; Event: eventDate: Oct. 5, 2002; Record Level: collectionID: A. prajaksood and S. Suddee 171; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao Yai Natl Park, Muang District.; decimalLatitude: 14° 26' 29" N; decimalLongitude: 101° 22' 11" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 28, 2002; Record Level: collectionID: A. prajaksood and S. Suddee 163; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Sakon Nakhon; Phu Phan Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 51' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 4, 1999; Record Level: collectionID: A. prajaksood 155; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, China (Southern), India (Western, Southern), Japan, ?Laos, ?Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Ceratophyllales[edit]

Ceratophyllaceae[edit]

Ceratophyllum[edit]

L., 1753

Ceratophyllumdemersum[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Record Level: collectionID: TI040058; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19.18"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28.59"; Record Level: collectionID: TI05152; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; Record Level: collectionID: MBK080650; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kantchanabury; Hotel river Kwai; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1723; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Bangkok; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 23, 1926; Record Level: collectionID: A. F. G. Kerr 11027; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Bangkok; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 23, 1926; Record Level: collectionID: A. Marcan 2135; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Worldwide.

Proteales[edit]

Nelumbonaceae[edit]

Nelumbo[edit]

Adans., 1763

Nelumbonucifera[edit]

Gaertn., 1788

Distribution[edit]

Native to tropics in Asia and Oceania.

Saxifragales[edit]

Haloragaceae[edit]

Myriophyllum[edit]

L., 1753

Myriophyllumbrasiliense[edit]

Cambess, 1829

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pahayao Province; 6 km from Phayaoa; verbatimLatitude: 19° 9' N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 56' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 24, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: J.A.N. Parnell & D.A. Simpson 1744; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Native in South America, naturalized in Asia, Oceania, and North America.

Myriophyllumspicatum[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Record Level: institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

China (nationwide), Japan, Myanmar; Europe.

Myriophyllumtetrandrum[edit]

Roxb., 1820

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Rayong Province; Ban phe; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 25' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 16, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesink, P. Hiepko 7874; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chumphon, Ma Chana; verbatimLatitude: 10° 0' 24" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 3' 18" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 4, 1976; Record Level: collectionID: T. Gunlund 12127; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: ChaChoengsao Province; Khao Ang Rua Nai Wildlife Sanctuary; verbatimLatitude: 13° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 50' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 5, 1993; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 44234; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province; Muang District, Sahm Lahn forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 31' 51" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 34" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 23, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 74-995; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; ca 4km SE of Chana, along hwy 43; verbatimLatitude: 6° 52' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 57' 11" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 11, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-702; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Yala Province; verbatimLatitude: 6° 34' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 18' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 22, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: C. Charoenphol et al. 4144; institutionCode: AAU
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Southern), India (nationwide), Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, ?Vietnam.

Myriophyllumtuberculatum[edit]

Roxb., 1820

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080626; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Pattalung Province; Bah Baun District, Ban Naung Tong; verbatimLatitude: 7° 13' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 8' 39" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 12, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 87-29; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Southern), India (Eastern, Southern), Indonesia, Malaysia (Penninsular, Borneo), Myanmar, ?Pakistan, Thailand; Australia.

Fabales[edit]

Fabaceae[edit]

Neptunia[edit]

Lour., 1790

Neptuniaoleracea[edit]

Lour., 1790

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Hotel river Kwai, Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1720; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

India, ?Myanmar, Thailand.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 8.

Myrtales[edit]

Onagraceae[edit]

Ludwigia[edit]

L., 1753

Ludwigiaadscendens[edit]

(L.) H. Hara, 1953

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Hotel river Kwai, Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1720; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Laos; locality: Savannaket Province; Nakai Plateau, Theun Douan lake, near Phong Sa Vahn resettlement village.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 34' 10" N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 44' 54" E; Event: eventDate: May. 4, 2007; Record Level: collectionID: J. F. Maxwell 07-313; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 8, 2006; Record Level: institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19"; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 28" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province, Talae Noi Waterfowl Reserve, N end of Lake Songkla, near Phattalung.; verbatimLatitude: 7° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 26' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon & C. Hamilton #155; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phetchabury.; verbatimLatitude: 13° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 48' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1709; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Caryophyllales[edit]

Polygonaceae[edit]

Persicaria[edit]

Mill., 1754

Persicariaattenuata[edit]

(R. Br.) Soják, 1974

Persicariaattenuatapulchra[edit]

(Blume) K.L. Wilson, 1990

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Bung Bonapet Nonhunting Area; verbatimLatitude: 15° 41' 40" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 16' 3" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 16, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1732; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

China (Southern [Taiwan]), India, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), ?Japan, Malaysia (Borneo), ?Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand; ?Australia.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 9.

Solanales[edit]

Convolvulaceae[edit]

Ipomoea[edit]

L., 1753

Ipomoeaaquatica[edit]

Forssk., 1775

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Record Level: collectionID: ???; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandalay Division; in fields, rice paddies etc., a serious weed "Kazun"; verbatimLatitude: 21° 14' 17" n; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 33" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 10, 1939; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 9575; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; Bhamo district. Habitat Kaugyi; verbatimLatitude: 24° 15' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 97° 14' 4" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 12, 1908; Record Level: collectionID: -; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Prov., Ampoe Satingpra, Ban Satingpra; verbatimLatitude: 7° 10' 40" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 36' 51" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 24, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon & C. Hamilton 127; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Tarutao end of beach at Malacca Creek; verbatimLatitude: 6° 33' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 40' 8" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 29, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon 207; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Uttradit, Fishai, Bao Bak Klong; verbatimLatitude: 17° 37' 33" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 6' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 20, 1992; Record Level: collectionID: J. F. Maxwell 92-655; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon ratchasima Prov., Pak Chong Dist., Khao Yai Park; verbatimLatitude: 14° 39' 31" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 26' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 17, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 162; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Trang Prov., Yanta Khao Dist.; verbatimLatitude: 7° 26' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 44' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 24, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 180; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phuket Prov., near Nai Yang National Park; verbatimLatitude: 8° 5' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 17' 52" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 25, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 200; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Prov.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 32' 56" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 13" E; Event: eventDate: Apr. 11, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 219; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Prov.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 2' 46" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 7" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 274; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kampangpet; verbatimLatitude: 7° 11' 31" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 35' 35" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 28, 1977; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 3944; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khon Kaen Prov., Chumphae Distr.; verbatimLatitude: 16° 33' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 5' 50" E; Event: eventDate: May. 12, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: G. Staples, T. Wongprassert 399; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla, Ranot; verbatimLatitude: 7° 47' 31" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 18' 13" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 22, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Pooma, R., Pattharahirantricin, N., Sirimongkol, S. 6548; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Plantaginaceae[edit]

Callitriche[edit]

L., 1753

Callitrichepalustris[edit]

L., 1753

Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (Northern [Jammu and Kashmir], Southern [Tamil Nadu]), Japan, ?Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Cosmopolitan.

Limnophila[edit]

R. Br., 1810

Limnophilaheterophylla[edit]

(L.) Druce, 1914

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Rai Province; Mae Chan District, Akcha village; verbatimLatitude: 20° 12' 4" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 56' 45" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 7, 1993; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 93-1364; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Rai Province; Maesai District, Wat Thamsaohin Phyanak; verbatimLatitude: 20° 24' 30" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 53' E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 14, 1983; Record Level: collectionID: H. Koyama, H. Terao, T. Wongprasert T-33500; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Doi Inthanon, near guest house; verbatimLatitude: 18° 32' 55" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 31' 28" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 23, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: S. Tsugaru T-61736; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi; verbatimLatitude: 14° 34' 51" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 52" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 28, 1982; Record Level: collectionID: A. Ubolcholaket s.n.; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chonburi Province; Sattalip District, Taong Breng; verbatimLatitude: 12° 43' N; verbatimLongitude: 100°56' E; Event: eventDate: May. 7, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-221; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Toh Deang peat swamp; verbatimLatitude: 6° 25' 35" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 49' 26" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 28, 2001; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 6533; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Cambodia, China (Eastern), India, Malaysia, ?Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Limnophilaindica[edit]

(Roxb.) Benth., 1835

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080633; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Phu Kradung, S. of Loi; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 53' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 7, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: Ch. Charoenphol et al. 4797; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kanchanaburi Province; Thong Pha Phum District, Rintin Forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 47' 41" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 44' 42" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 6, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. T-21918; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Mukdahan Province; Muang District, Dongman Village, along route 212; verbatimLatitude: 16° 32' 16" N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 42' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 12, 1982; Record Level: collectionID: H. Koyama et al. T-30856; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khon Kaen Province; Phu Khieo Game reserve, 80 km E of Phetchabun; verbatimLatitude: 16° 28' 32" N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 50' 4" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 7, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata T-41716; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, China (South), India (nationwide), ?Indonesia, Japan, ?Laos, ?Malaysia, Myanmar, ?Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam; Africa; Oceania.

Limnophilasessiliflora[edit]

(Vahl) Blume, 1826

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; Tawang Hka (river) near Makaw Village, 6 miles N of Tanaing.; verbatimLatitude: 26° 26' 51 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 41' 16 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 2, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Murata et al. 040837; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, Bhutan, ?Cambodia, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), ?Indonesia (Java), Japan, ?Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Phrymaceae[edit]

Mimulus[edit]

L., 1753

Mimulusorbicularis[edit]

Wall. ex Benth., 1835

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ayutthaya Provinve; Pathun Thani, Bangsit.; verbatimLatitude: 14° 18' 39" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 17' 38" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 1965; Record Level: collectionID: M. Tagawa & K. Iwatsuki T-289; institutionCode: BKF, TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, India (Western [Orissa, West Bengal]), Myanmar, Thailand; Australia.

Notes[edit]

[10] reported a new locality of this species from northern Australia.

Lamiales[edit]

Lentibulariaceae[edit]

Utricularia[edit]

L., 1753

Utriculariaaurea[edit]

Lour., 1790

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Inle Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 35' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 54' 35" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 5, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 7857; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; Pyat Township.; verbatimLatitude: 18° 42' 22 N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 5' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 9, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036434; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; Tanaing Township; verbatimLatitude: 26° 6' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 42' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 19, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 040485; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthaburi Province; Makham; verbatimLatitude: 13° 0' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 50' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 5, 1973; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesink & C. Phengkhlai 6333; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ayuthia Province; Sara Buri - Klang Dong; verbatimLatitude: 14° 32' 9" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 34" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 8, 1979; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu, H. Toyokuni, H. Koyama, T. Yahara, C. Niyomdham 9479; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Swamp forest station, N of Sungai Kolok; verbatimLatitude: 6° 4' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 57' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 17, 1995; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 45697; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi; verbatimLatitude: 14° 35' 10" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 32" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 28, 1982; Record Level: collectionID: A. Ubolcholaket s.n.; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Naai Province; Tah Wang Pah District, Naha Han Village; verbatimLatitude: 19° 6' 44" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 45' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 15, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 00-131; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Thonburi; verbatimLatitude: 13° 45' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 70-85; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ang Thong Province; Muang District; verbatimLatitude: 14° 35' 41" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 27' 25" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 11, 1971; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 71-787; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Saraburi Province; Muang District, Sahm Lahn forest; verbatimLatitude: 14° 31' 51" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 54' 34" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 30, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 74-648; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Haad Yai District, Klong Hoy Kong, W of Toong Loong; verbatimLatitude: 7° 0' 13" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 27' 25" e; Event: eventDate: May. 30, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-548; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Muang - Chana Districts Border; verbatimLatitude: 6° 59' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 39' 26" e; Event: eventDate: Jan. 17, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-75; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surattani Province; Ban Takun Distr., Klong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary.; verbatimLatitude: 9° 9' 43" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 53' 21" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 16, 1994; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 94-230; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: N of pie Mai; Event: eventDate: Mar. 19, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Th. Sorensen 2145; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chaiyaphum Province; Thung Kra Mang; verbatimLatitude: 16° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 30' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 9, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 31632; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthaburi Province; Bor Rai50 km E of Makham; verbatimLatitude: 12° 52' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 7' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 1, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 32313; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; S of Naratiwat; verbatimLatitude: 6° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 45' E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 9, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 33129; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Ratchasima Province; Pak Thong Chai District, E part of Khao Yai Natl Park; verbatimLatitude: 14° 22' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 12' E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 11, 1968; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 3339; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Ratchasima Province; Phimai; verbatimLatitude: 15° 5' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 39' E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 12, 1967; Record Level: collectionID: T. Smitinand 33646; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; San Sai District; verbatimLatitude: 18° 56' 29" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 1' 48" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 16, 1958; Record Level: collectionID: Th. Sorensen 5017; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Kok Dam peat Swamp forest; verbatimLatitude: 6° 26' 17" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 49' 26" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 29, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham 807; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chainat Province; ca. 10 miles W of ta Klee toward; verbatimLatitude: 15° 14' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 28, 1959; Record Level: collectionID: L. B. & E. C. Abbe, T. Smitinand 9232; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Buri Ram Province; near Ban Kruat; verbatimLatitude: 14° 30' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 7' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 4, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata, C. Phengklai, S. Mitsuta, H. Nagamasu, N. Nantasan T-37406; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Khao San Yot Natl Park.; verbatimLatitude: 12° 14' 40" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 55' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 13, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1702; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phetchabury.; verbatimLatitude: 13° 30' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 47' 37" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 14, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1712; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 39' 21" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 42' 27" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1730; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (Central, South), India (nationwide), Japan, Malesia (throughout), Nepal, Pakistan; Oceania.

Utriculariaaustralis[edit]

R. Br., 1810

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division, Donese; verbatimLatitude: 17° 37' 6 N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 47' 22 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 8, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: Sugawara et al. 036321; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Pindaya Township, Inya lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080627; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Pindaya Township, Inlay lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080644; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Nyaung Shwe Towhship, Inlay Lake; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2 N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080659; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandaley Region; Maymyo (Pyinoolwin) Plateau; verbatimLatitude: 22° 2' 12" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 28' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 9, 1912; Record Level: collectionID: J.H. Lace 5948; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Mandaley Region; Maymyo (Pyinoolwin); verbatimLatitude: 22° 2' 12" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 28' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 4, 1933; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 5994; institutionCode: GH
Distribution[edit]

Bhutan, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), Japan, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka; Africa, Europe, Oceania.

Utriculariagibba[edit]

L., 1753

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay lake, Nyanug She Township; verbatimLatitude: 16° 53' 19" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 52' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080639; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Tenasserim Division, Tawer District, Yebyu Township, Kan Bank Village area, coastal region; verbatimLatitude: 12° 5' 11" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 0' 51" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 2, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 96-335; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Talae Noi waterfowl reserve; verbatimLatitude: 7° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 26' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon, C. Hamilton 159; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Lopburi Province; Supcham Pa Hill; verbatimLatitude: 14° 50' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 19, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata, C. Phengklai, S. Mitsuta, T. Yahara, H. Nagamasu, N. Nantasan T-50927; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Doi Inthanon, near guest house; verbatimLatitude: 18° 32' 55" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 31' 29" E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 23, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: S. Tsugaru T-61738; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Thathungna Dam, Kantchanabury; verbatimLatitude: 14° 13' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 13' 44" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1725; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, China (nationwide), India (nationwide), Indonesia (nationwide), Japan, Malaysia (nationwide), Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam; Africa; Oceania; N. America; S. America.

Utriculariapunctata[edit]

Wall. ex A. DC., 1844

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Tenasserim Division, Tawer District, Yebyu Township, Kan Bank Village area, coastal region; verbatimLatitude: 12° 5' 11" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 0' 51" E; Event: eventDate: Mar. 2, 1996; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 96-336; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phang-nga Province; Kuraburi District, Bangwan Stream; verbatimLatitude: 9° 13' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 26' 22" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: T. Muadsud 210; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Bang Nara River; verbatimLatitude: 6° 23' 20" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 49' 26" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 20, 2000; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham et al. 5990; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

China (South), Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (Borneo, Malaya), Myanmar, Thailand, ?Vietnam.

Utriculariastellaris[edit]

L. f., 1781

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rangoon; verbatimLatitude: 16° 49' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 8' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 2, 1938; Record Level: collectionID: F.G. Dickason 6965; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; Pyat Township.; verbatimLatitude: 18° 49' 44 N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 18' 6 E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 7, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Tanaka et al. 080765; institutionCode: TI
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, India (nationwide), Myanmar, Nepal, Sri lanka; Africa.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 10.

Asterales[edit]

Menyanthaceae[edit]

Nymphoides[edit]

Ség., 1754

Nymphoidesaurantiaca[edit]

(Dalzell) Kuntze, 1891

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Krabi province; Ban Sai Khao, Konglom; verbatimLatitude: 7° 44' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 15' 48" E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 1, 1960; Record Level: collectionID: ???; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surat Thani Province; Tochang District, Ban Phace, Elong Sai Subdistrict; verbatimLatitude: 9° 18' 15" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 3' 19" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 5, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: E.P. 1246; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthabury Province; 18 km W of Trak; verbatimLatitude: 12° 57' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 0' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 23, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: No. 2027; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surin; verbatimLatitude: 14° 55' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 29' 17" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 20, 1976; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-531; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ranong Province; Ban phe; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 25' E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 16, 1974; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 3303; institutionCode: BKF, GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ranong Province; near the town; verbatimLatitude: 9° 57' 14" N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 36' 22" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 23, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: R. Geesink, P. Hiepko 7871; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surattani Province; Tachang Ban Tahsae District, Klong Sai sub-district; verbatimLatitude: 9° 17' 58" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 3' 27" E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 5, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: T. Smitinand et al. 11591; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

India (Southern), Papua New Guinea, Thailand; Oceania.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 11.

Nymphoidescambodiana[edit]

(Hance) Tippery, 2009

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Roi-et Province; verbatimLatitude: 16° 2' N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 38' E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 22, 1969; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 87-165; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Ratchasima Province; verbatimLatitude: 14° 36' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 33' E; Event: eventDate: Feb. 11, 1975; Record Level: collectionID: No. 46634; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.

Nymphoideshydrophylla[edit]

(Lour.) Kuntze, 1891

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlay lake, Nyanug She Township; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: A. Ubolcholaket s.n.; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Kachin State; S of Tanaing, Hukaung Valley; verbatimLatitude: 26° 06' 34" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 42' 58" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 19, 2005; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080654; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkhla Province; Songkhla - Pattani road, ca 50km from Songkhla; verbatimLatitude: 6° 53' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 55' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 31, 1990; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 040480; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthabury Province; between Chanthaburi and Trat; verbatimLatitude: 12° 40' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 20' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 3, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 41006; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Loei Province; Khunnaamphong, Phukradueng Natl Park; verbatimLatitude: 16° 54' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 45' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 8, 1988; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 32398; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat; verbatimLatitude: 6° 26' N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 49' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 18, 1965; Record Level: collectionID: R. Pooma 85; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Ranong Province; Bang Ben, Laem Son Forest Park; verbatimLatitude: 9° 28' N; verbatimLongitude: 98° 23' E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 10, 1982; Record Level: collectionID: Chamlong 1104; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Cambodia, China (Southern [Taiwan]), Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Notes[edit]

Fig. 12.

Nymphoidesindica[edit]

(L.) Kuntze, 1891

Materials[edit]
  1. Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Bago Division; W of Pyay; verbatimLatitude: 18° 42' 22" N; verbatimLongitude: 95° 5' 59" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 9, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: T. Shimizu et al. T-29263; institutionCode: BKF# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Rakhain State; Linthar, Ngapali Dam; verbatimLatitude: 19° 24' 27" N; verbatimLongitude: 94° 20' 3" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 12, 2006; Record Level: collectionID: T. Sugawara et al. 036430; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inya lake, N of Pindaya; verbatimLatitude: 20° 59' 57" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 39' 59" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 1, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: T. Sugawara et al. 036591; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Myanmar; locality: Shan State; Inlaylake, Nyaung Shwe Township; verbatimLatitude: 20° 32' 2" N; verbatimLongitude: 96° 53' 53" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 3, 2008; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080629; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chiang Mai Province; Northern District, along road to San Kamphaeng, E of Chiang Mai; verbatimLatitude: 18° 47' 16" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 0' 39" E; Event: eventDate: Jun. 17, 1968; Record Level: collectionID: Nb. Tanaka et al. 080643; institutionCode: TI# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Chanthabury Province; 18 km W of Trak; verbatimLatitude: 12° 57' N; verbatimLongitude: 102° 0' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 2, 1972; Record Level: collectionID: C.F. van Beusekom, C. Phengkhlai 1302; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songkla Province; Muang - Chana Districts Border; verbatimLatitude: 6° 59' 6" N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 39' 26" E; Event: eventDate: Jan. 17, 1985; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 72-532; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Songla Province; Talae Noi Waterfowl Reserve, N end of Lake Songkla, near Phattalung; verbatimLatitude: 7° 15' N; verbatimLongitude: 100° 26' 16" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 28, 1978; Record Level: collectionID: J.F. Maxwell 85-74; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Narathiwat Province; Paa Waai, Su Ngi Paadee; verbatimLatitude: 6° 7' 37" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 54' 52" E; Event: eventDate: Sep. 4, 1987; Record Level: collectionID: G. Congdon, C. Hamilton 153; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surin; verbatimLatitude: 14° 55' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 29' 17" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 20, 1976; Record Level: collectionID: C. Niyomdham & D. Sriboonma 1544; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Nakhon Nayok Province; verbatimLatitude: 14° 12' 17" N; verbatimLongitude: 101° 13' 36" E; Event: eventDate: Aug. 6, 1970; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 3304; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Phitsanulok Province; Tung Salaeng Luang; verbatimLatitude: 16° 59' N; verbatimLongitude: 100°53' E; Event: eventDate: Jul. 19, 1966; Record Level: collectionID: C. Phengklai et al. 3750; institutionCode: GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: East, Si Saket Prov.; verbatimLatitude: 15° 7' N; verbatimLongitude: 104° 15' E; Event: eventDate: Oct. 7, 1984; Record Level: collectionID: K. Larsen et al. 512; institutionCode: AAU# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Kantchanabury Province; Hotel river Kwai; verbatimLatitude: 14° 1' 59" N; verbatimLongitude: 99° 31' 10" E; Event: eventDate: Nov. 15, 2012; Record Level: collectionID: G. Murata, C. Phengklai, S. Mitsuta, H. Nagamasu, N. Nantasan T-49919; institutionCode: AAU, GH# Type status:Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: Y. Ito; Location: country: Thailand; locality: Surin; verbatimLatitude: 14° 55' 53" N; verbatimLongitude: 103° 29' 17" E; Event: eventDate: Dec. 8, 1976; Record Level: collectionID: Y. Ito 1718; institutionCode: BKF
Distribution[edit]

Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, China, India (nationwide), ?Indonesia, Japan, ?Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, ?Vietnam; Oceania; N. America; S. America.

Analysis[edit]

The 78 species were classified into six geographic categories: Widespread; Eurasian cool-temperate; Asia – Australia; Tropical Asia; Pan-Tropics; invasive (Table 2). The data concerning the general distribution was taken [11], [12], [13], [3], [4], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [5], [9], [8], [20], [21], [22], [6], [23], [10].

Discussion[edit]

Altogether, we identified 380 specimens, excluding 31 duplicates, belonging to 75 species of 41 genera from 23 plant families; the remaining 3 species belonging to 3 genera of 3 families were listed with no voucher specimens. Geographically the species distribution pattern can be classified into six categories: Widespread; Eurasian cool-temperate; Asia – Australia; Tropical Asia; Pan-Tropics; and Invasive.

Widespread[edit]

This category is mostly congruent with 'Widespread Species' of [24].

Eurasian cool-temperate[edit]

The species clustered in this category are distributed mainly in cool-temperate region of Eurasia, thus limiting the distribution to a small portion of Southeast Asia (Myanmar: Shan state; Thailand: Northern states).

Asia – Australia[edit]

The species included in this category have a distribution in either Australia or East Asia or both, e.g., Australia: Mimulusorbicularis and Nymphoidesaurantiaca; East Asia: Acorusgramineus, Blyxajaponica, Limnophilasessiliflora, Potamogetondistinctus, Potamogetonmaackianus, Potamogetonwrightii, and Sagittariatrifolia; Australia and East Asia: Blyxaaubertii, Blyxaechinosperma, Hydrocharisdubia, Limnophilaindica, Monochoriavaginalis, Najasgraminea, Otteliaalismoides, Persicariaattenuatasubsp.pulchra, Potamogetonoctandrus, Utriculariaaurea, and Utriculariaaustralis.

Asian tropics[edit]

This category comprises the largest number of species for the aquatic floras of Myanmar and Thailand. Some of the species included are endemic or narrowly distributed e.g., Cryptocoryne is endemic to tropical Asia. The monotypic genus Nechamandra occurs predominantly in India but also scattered in other parts of tropical Asia (also reported from one locality of Africa). Another monotypic genus Barclaya is among the tropical Asian endemics. The genera Aponogeton (Aponogetonaceae), Blyxa, Najas, (Hydrocharitaceae), Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae), Nymphoides (Menyanthaceae), Monochoria (Pontederiaceae), Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) have their center of diversity in tropical Asia.

On a species level, the distribution is further classified into three groups: 1) Indo-China, 2) Southeast Asian, and 3) endemic to Myanmar and Thailand. The first group includes Cryptocorynecrispatula, Eriocaulonsetaceum, Limnophilaheterophylla, Monochoriahastata, Myriophyllumtetrandrum, Myriophyllumtuberculatum, Najasindica, Najasgraminea, Nechamandraalternifolia, Nymphaeanouchali, Nymphaeapubescens, Nymphoideshydrophylla, and Utriculariastellaris (also known from Africa). The second group includes Barclayalongifolia, Cryptocorynealbida, Cryptocorynecordata, Monochoriaelata, and Otteliacordata. The last group includes Blyxaquadricostata, Crinumthaianum, Cryptocorynecruddasiana, and Utriculariapunctata.

Pan-tropics[edit]

This category with eight species is mostly congruent with 'Pan-tropical Species' of [24].

Invasive[edit]

The aquatic floras of Myanmar and Thailand have well known invasive aquatic species including Elodeadensa (Hydrocharitaceae) and Eichhorniacrassipes (Pontederiaceae).

Acknowledgements[edit]

The authors would like to thank R. Pooma, S. Saengrit, N. Suphuntee (BKF), T. Koyama, Nb. Tanaka (MBK), J. Murata, T. Ohi-Toma, A. Shimizu (TI), Nr. Tanaka (TNS), A. Naiki (RYU), T. Sugawara (MAK), U. Htun Paw Oo, and U. Soe Win Hlaing (Myanmar).

References[edit]

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  2. Kress et al. 2003 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350582" defined multiple times with different content
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Cook 1996 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350591" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350591" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350591" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350591" defined multiple times with different content
  4. 4.0 4.1 Guo et al. 2010 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B397202" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B397202" defined multiple times with different content
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ho and Ornduff (1995) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B397216" defined multiple times with different content
  6. 6.0 6.1 Tippery et al. (2009) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B397230" defined multiple times with different content
  7. Haston et al. (2009) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B398873" defined multiple times with different content
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Ito et al. 2009 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B351030" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B351030" defined multiple times with different content
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Ito 2013b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B391853" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B391853" defined multiple times with different content
  10. 10.0 10.1 Barkera and Jobson (2013) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B408605" defined multiple times with different content
  11. Boyce (2012) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350995" defined multiple times with different content
  12. Boyce et al. (2012) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B351009" defined multiple times with different content
  13. Chayamarit (2005) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350965" defined multiple times with different content
  14. Haynes (2001f) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350937" defined multiple times with different content
  15. Haynes (2001d) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350853" defined multiple times with different content
  16. Haynes (2001a) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350867" defined multiple times with different content
  17. Haynes (2001e) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350881" defined multiple times with different content
  18. Haynes (2001b) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350895" defined multiple times with different content
  19. Haynes (2001c) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350923" defined multiple times with different content
  20. Landolt (2001) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350909" defined multiple times with different content
  21. Simpson (2008) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350979" defined multiple times with different content
  22. Larsen (2000) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350625" defined multiple times with different content
  23. Yamazaki (1990) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B350600" defined multiple times with different content
  24. 24.0 24.1 Sculthorpe (1967) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B405260" defined multiple times with different content

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