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Kan-Gi-Shun-Ca by Stanley Matthews
Ex parte Crow Dog, 109 U.S. 556 (1883), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that a federal court did not have jurisdiction to try Crow Dog, a Native American (Indian) who killed another Indian on the reservation when the offense had been tried by the tribal council. In a conflict between two members of the same tribe, one killed the other while on reservation land. The tribe handled it according to Sioux tradition, and Crow Dog paid restitution. The United States government then tried Crow Dog for murder, and he was sentenced to hang. On his appeal to the Supreme Court, the court held that unless Congress authorized it, the courts had no jurisdiction to try the case. This case resulted in Congress enacting the Major Crimes Act in 1885, placing 15 major crimes under federal jurisdiction if committed by an Indian against another Indian on a reservation or tribal land. — Excerpted from Ex parte Crow Dog on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Court Documents
Opinion of the Court

United States Supreme Court

109 U.S. 556


109 U.S. 556

3 S.Ct. 396

27 L.Ed. 1030 Ex parte KAN-GI-SHUN-CA, (otherwise known as Crow Dog,) petitioner.1

December 17, 1883.

Walter H. Smith and A. J. Plowman, for petitioner.

Sol. Gen. Phillips, for respondent.



This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).