1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Irvington
|←Irving, Washington||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 14
|See also Irvington, New Jersey on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
IRVINGTON, a town of Essex county, New Jersey, U.S.A., bordering on the S.W. side of Newark. Pop. (1900) 5255, of whom 993 were foreign-born; (1905, state census) 7180. Irvington is served by the Lehigh Valley railroad and by electric railway to Newark. It is principally a residential suburb of Newark, but it has a small smelter (for gold and silver), and various manufactures, including textile working machinery, measuring rules and artisans' tools. There are large strawberry farms here. Irvington was settled near the close of the 17th century, and was called Camptown until 1852, when the present name was adopted in honour of Washington Irving. It was incorporated as a village in 1874, and as a town in 1898.