1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Kaffir Bread
|←Kaffa||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 15
|See also Encephalartos on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
KAFFIR BREAD, in botany, the popular name for a species of Encephalartos (E. caffra), one of the cycads, a native of South Africa, so called from the farinaceous food-stuff which is found at the apex of the stem (Gr. ε̉v, in, κεφαλή, head, and ά̉ρτος, bread). It is a tree reaching nearly 20 ft. in height, with very stiff, spreading pinnate leaves 3 to 4 ft. long and recurving at the tip. The species of Encephalartos, which are natives of tropical and South Africa, form handsome greenhouse and conservatory plants; some species are effectively used in subtropical gardening in the summer months.