1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Liroconite

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LIROCONITE, a rare mineral consisting of hydrous basic copper and aluminum arsenate, with the probable formula Cu9Al4(OH)15(AsO4)5.20H2O. It crystallizes in the monoclinic system, forming flattened octohedra almost lenticular in shape (hence the German name Linsenkupfer). Characteristic is the bright sky-blue colour, though sometimes, possibly owing to differences in chemical composition, it is verdigris-green. The colour of the streak or powder is rather paler; hence the name liroconite, from the Gr. λειρός, pale, and κονία, powder. The hardness is 212, and the specific gravity is 2.95. The mineral was found at the beginning of the 19th century in the copper mines near Gwennap in Cornwall, where it was associated with other copper arsenates in the upper, oxidized portions of the lodes. (L. J. S.)