1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Turnebus, Adrianus
TURNEBUS, ADRIANUS [Adrien Turnèbe] (1512-1565), French classical scholar, was born at Les Andelys in Normandy. At the age of twelve he was sent to Paris to study, and attracted great notice by his remarkable abilities. After having held the post of professor of belles-lettres in the university of Toulouse, in 1547 he returned to Paris as professor (or royal reader) of Greek at the Collège Royal. In 1552 he was entrusted with the printing of the Greek books at the royal press, in which he was assisted by his friend, Guillaume Morel (q.v.). He died of consumption on the 12th of June 1565. His works chiefly consist of philological dissertations, commentaries (on Aeschylus, Sophocles, Theophrastus, Philo and portions of Cicero), and translations of Greek authors into Latin and French. His son, Étienne, published his complete works, in three volumes (Strassburg, 1600), and his son Adrien his Adversaria, containing explanations and emendations of numerous passages in classical authors.
See Oratio funebris by Léger du Chesne (Leodegarius a Quercu) prefixed to the Strassburg edition; L. Clément, De Adriani Turnebi praefationibus et poematis (1899); J. E. Sandys, History of Classical Schorlaship (1908) iii.