1992 Petition for Reforms to Amir of Bahrain
|1992 Petition for Reforms to Amir of Bahrain (1992)|
|Voice of Bahrain.Translation of the Petition Submitted to the Amir of Bahrain on 15 November 1992, provided by|
His Highness Sheikh Essa Bin Salman Al-Khalifa, the Amir of the State of Bahrain.
Peace be upon you,
In a historic moment, your highness had approved the Constitution of the State of Bahrain on 12.11.1393 A.H. (6 December 1973) after it had been discussed and approved by the Constituent Assembly which you had called for it to be established according to Law No. 12/1972 of 9.5.1392 A.H.
At the time you were recalling Bahrain's history in the context of Arabism and Islam, and were anticipating with faith and determination, a future based on consultation and justice, rich in participation in carrying out the responsibilities of government and administration, ensuring freedom and equality, and confirming fraternity and social solidarity, as stated in preamble of the constitution. This constitution laid down the basis of popular participation in public rights and duties on a strong footing based on the principles of consultation as outlined by our Islamic religion, and on the principles of justice, freedom and equality which have always been deep-rooted in the Islamic and human civilizations.
That process was a pioneering change targeted by your highness in order to establish a modern system to govern the state of Bahrain and a cultural achievement which will be remembered by history for your highness.
And although the dissolution of the National Assembly on 26 August 1975 by the Amiri decree No. 14/1975 according to the authority which article 65 offers to your highness, the article itself emphasizes the need to call for the election of the new assembly within a period not exceeding two months from the date of the dissolution. Otherwise the dissolved assembly would retain its complete constitutional authority, that article 108 of the constitution prevents the suspension of any of its articles except in the case of martial laws within the limits outlined by the Law. The dissolution of the Assembly did not take place in these circumstances.
According to this and taking into account the local, regional and international changes during the recent years, and in view of the new direction of the international will to create a new world order, therefore the situation requires - if article 65 is not implemented - the call for electing a new national assembly by direct and free election process as determined by the constitution. This is so that the state may exercise its democratic system according to Article 1.d which states that: "the system in Bahrain is democratic, in which sovereignty is for the people who are the source of all powers, and that the exercise of power must be as outlined by this constitution".
And in order to institutionalize confidence, and mutual respect between the state and the citizens and due to our keenness on bringing together the efforts of the people of this country, the rulers and the ruled in order to achieve the progress and prosperity of this country, and in order to liberate the energies of every citizen to participate in the process of social and economic development according to article 1.e of the constitution which states that: "the citizens have the right of participation in public affairs and enjoyment of political rights, stating with the right of election, according to this constitution and conditions and circumstances outlined by the Law". We the undersigned present to your highness this letter motivated by the feeling of our Islamic and national responsibility, and our legitimate rights according to article 29 of the constitution which states that: "every person has the right to communicate with the authorities in writing and with his own signature", and because your highness is the head of the state according to article 33.a of the constitution, requesting your highness to issue orders for election of the national assembly as outlined by section 2 of chapter 4 of the constitution.
The national assembly as a legislative and constitutional one does not contradict what has recently been mentioned regarding the intention of the government to form a consultative council to widen the sphere of its consultations regarding what the government wants to do. The consultative council does not replace the national assembly as a constitutional and legislative authority.
We hope your highness will realize this popular demand in which there is good for every one. Please accept our thanks and respect...............(Signed by 300 dignitaries).
Who Signed the Petition :
The petition submitted to the Amir on 15 November 1992 was sponsored by six personalities, three Shia and three Sunni:
1- Sheikh Abdul Ameer Al-Jamri, Religious Scholar and Ex-MP
2- Mr. Hamid Sangoor , Lawyer
3- Mr. Abdul Wahab Hussain Ali, Educationalist
4- Dr. Abdul Latif Al-Mahmood, University Professor
5- Mr. Mohammed Jaber Al-Sabah,Ex-MP
6- Sheikh Isa Al-Jowder , Religious Scholar
The Petition was signed by 300 people of high social, professional and political status.