Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997/Title I

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==TITLE I — DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE==

Contents

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

For expenses necessary for the administration of the Department of Justice, $75,773,000; of which not to exceed $3,317,000 is for the Facilities Program 2000, to remain available until expended:
Provided, That not to exceed 43 permanent positions and 44 full-time equivalent workyears and $7,477,000 shall be expended for the Department Leadership Program exclusive of augmentation that occurred in these offices in fiscal year 1996:
Provided further, That not to exceed 41 permanent positions and 48 full-time equivalent workyears and $4,660,000 shall be expended for the Offices of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.
For an additional amount, for enhancements for the Office of Intelligence Policy and Review and security measures, $3,600,000; of which $2,170,000 is for security enhancements:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Counterterrorism Fund[edit]

For necessary expenses, as determined by the Attorney General, $9,450,000, to remain available until expended, to reimburse any Department of Justice organization for (1) the costs incurred in reestablishing the operational capability of an office or facility which has been damaged or destroyed as a result of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City or any domestic or international terrorist incident, (2) the costs of providing support to counter, investigate or prosecute domestic or international terrorism, including payment of rewards in connection with these activities, and (3) the costs of conducting a terrorism threat assessment of Federal agencies and their facilities:
Provided, That funds provided under this heading shall be available only after the Attorney General notifies the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate in accordance with section 605 of this Act.
For an additional amount for necessary expenses, as determined by the Attorney General, $20,000,000, to remain available until expended, to reimburse any Department of Justice organization for (1) the costs incurred in reestablishing the operational capability of an office or facility which has been damaged or destroyed as a result of any domestic or international terrorist incident, or (2) the costs of providing support to counter, investigate or prosecute domestic or international terrorism, including payment of rewards in connection with these activities:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Administrative Review and Appeals[edit]

For expenses necessary for the administration of pardon and clemency petitions and immigration related activities, $62,000,000.
For an additional amount for security measures for the Executive Office of Immigration Review, $1,000,000:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs, Administrative Review and Appeals[edit]

For activities authorized by section 130005 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, $48,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Office of Inspector General[edit]

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General in carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, $31,960,000; including not to exceed $10,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; and for the acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of motor vehicles, without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year.

UNITED STATES PAROLE COMMISSION[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

For necessary expenses of the United States Parole Commission as authorized by law, $4,845,000.

LEGAL ACTIVITIES[edit]

Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities[edit]

For expenses, necessary for the legal activities of the Department of Justice, not otherwise provided for, including not to exceed $20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; and rent of private or Government-owned space in the District of Columbia; $420,793,000; of which not to exceed $10,000,000 for litigation support contracts shall remain available until expended:
Provided, That of the funds available in this appropriation, not to exceed $17,525,000 shall remain available until expended for office automation systems for the legal divisions covered by this appropriation, and for the United States Attorneys, the Antitrust Division, and offices funded through `Salaries and Expenses', General Administration:
Provided further, That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $1,000 shall be available to the United States National Central Bureau, INTERPOL, for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided further, That notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1342, the Attorney General may accept on behalf of the United States, and credit to this appropriation, gifts of money, personal property and services, for the purposes of hosting the International Criminal Police Organization's (INTERPOL) American Regional Conference in the United States during fiscal year 1997:
Provided further, That not to exceed 8 permanent positions and 10 full-time equivalent workyears and $987,000 shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.
In addition, for reimbursement of expenses of the Department of Justice associated with processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 as amended, not to exceed $4,028,000, to be appropriated from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund.
For an additional amount for expenses of the Criminal Division relating to terrorism, $1,719,000:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs, General Legal Activities[edit]

For the expeditious deportation of denied asylum applicants, as authorized by section 130005 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, $7,750,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division[edit]

For expenses necessary for the enforcement of antitrust and kindred laws, $76,447,000:
Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed $58,905,000 of offsetting collections derived from fees collected for premerger notification filings under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (15 U.S.C. 18(a)) shall be retained and used for necessary expenses in this appropriation, and shall remain available until expended:
Provided further, That the sum herein appropriated from the General Fund shall be reduced as such offsetting collections are received during fiscal year 1997, so as to result in a final fiscal year 1997 appropriation from the General Fund estimated at not more than $17,542,000:
Provided further, That any fees received in excess of $58,905,000 in fiscal year 1997, shall remain available until expended, but shall not be available for obligation until October 1, 1997.

Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys[edit]

For necessary expenses of the Office of the United States Attorneys, including intergovernmental agreements, $923,340,000; of which not to exceed $2,500,000 shall be available until September 30, 1998, for the purposes of (1) providing training of personnel of the Department of Justice in debt collection, (2) providing services to the Department of Justice related to locating debtors and their property, such as title searches, debtor skiptracing, asset searches, credit reports and other investigations, (3) paying the costs of the Department of Justice for the sale of property not covered by the sale proceeds, such as auctioneers' fees and expenses, maintenance and protection of property and businesses, advertising and title search and surveying costs, and (4) paying the costs of processing and tracking debts owed to the United States Government:
Provided, That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $8,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided further, That not to exceed $10,000,000 of those funds available for automated litigation support contracts shall remain available until expended:
Provided further, That $1,900,000 for supervision of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters national election, shall remain available until expended:
Provided further, That in addition to reimbursable full-time equivalent workyears available to the Office of the United States Attorneys, not to exceed 8,652 positions and 8,936 full-time equivalent workyears shall be supported from the funds appropriated in this Act for the United States Attorneys.
For an additional amount for expenses relating to terrorism and security needs, $10,900,000:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs, United States Attorneys[edit]

For activities authorized by sections 40114, 130005, 190001(b), 190001(d) and 250005 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, and section 815 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132), $43,876,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, of which $28,602,000 shall be available to help meet the increased demands for litigation and related activities, $4,641,000 for Southwest Border Control, $1,000,000 for Federal victim counselors, and $9,633,000 for expeditious deportation of denied asylum applicants.

United States Trustee system Fund[edit]

For necessary expenses of the United States Trustee Program, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 589a(a), $107,950,000, to remain available until expended and to be derived from the United States Trustee System Fund:
Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, deposits to the Fund shall be available in such amounts as may be necessary to pay refunds due depositors:
Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, $107,950,000 of offsetting collections derived from fees collected pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 589a(b) shall be retained and used for necessary expenses in this appropriation and remain available until expended:
Provided further, That the sum herein appropriated from the Fund shall be reduced as such offsetting collections are received during fiscal year 1997, so as to result in a final fiscal year 1997 appropriation from the Fund estimated at $0:
Provided further, That any such fees collected in excess of $107,950,000 in fiscal year 1997 shall remain available until expended but shall not be available for obligation until October 1, 1997.

Salaries and Expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission[edit]

For expenses necessary to carry out the activities of the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, including services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109, $953,000.

Salaries and Expenses, United States Marshals Service[edit]

For necessary expenses of the United States Marshals Service; including the acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of vehicles and aircraft, and the purchase of passenger motor vehicles for police-type use, without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year, $457,495,000, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 561(i); of which not to exceed $6,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses; and of which not to exceed $4,000,000 for development, implementation, maintenance and support, and training for an automated prisoner information system, and $2,200,000 to support the Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System, shall remain available until expended:
Provided, That, with respect to the amounts appropriated above, the service of maintaining and transporting State, local, or territorial prisoners shall be considered a specialized or technical service for purposes of 31 U.S.C. 6505, and any prisoners so transported shall be considered persons (transported for other than commercial purposes) whose presence is associated with the performance of a governmental function for purposes of 49 U.S.C. 40102:
Provided further, That not to exceed 12 permanent positions and 12 full-time equivalent workyears and $700,000 shall be expended for the Offices of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs, United States Marshals Service[edit]

For activities authorized by section 190001(b) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, $25,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Federal Prisoner Detention[edit]

For expenses, related to United States prisoners in the custody of the United States Marshals Service as authorized in 18 U.S.C. 4013, but not including expenses otherwise provided for in appropriations available to the Attorney General, $405,262,000, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 561(i), to remain available until expended:
Provided, That this appropriation hereafter shall not be available for expenses authorized under 18 U.S.C. 4013(a)(4).

Fees and Expenses of Witnesses[edit]

For expenses, mileage, compensation, and per diems of witnesses, for expenses of contracts for the procurement and supervision of expert witnesses, for private counsel expenses, and for per diems in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law, including advances, $100,702,000, to remain available until expended; of which not to exceed $4,750,000 may be made available for planning, construction, renovations, maintenance, remodeling, and repair of buildings, and the purchase of equipment incident thereto, for protected witness safesites; of which not to exceed $1,000,000 may be made available for the purchase and maintenance of armored vehicles for transportation of protected witnesses; and of which not to exceed $4,000,000 may be made available for the purchase, installation and maintenance of a secure, automated information network to store and retrieve the identities and locations of protected witnesses.

Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service[edit]

For necessary expenses of the Community Relations Service, established by title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, $5,319,000:
Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent circumstances require additional funding for conflict prevention and resolution activities of the Community Relations Service, the Attorney General may transfer such amounts to the Community Relations Service, from available appropriations for the current fiscal year for the Department of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such circumstances:
Provided further, That any transfer pursuant to this paragraph shall be treated as a reprogramming under section 605 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.

Assets Forfeiture Fund[edit]

For expenses authorized by 28 U.S.C. 524(c)(1)(A)(ii), (B), (C), (F), and (G), as amended, $23,000,000, to be derived from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund.

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION[edit]

Administrative Expenses[edit]

For necessary administrative expenses in accordance with the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, $2,000,000.

Payment to Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund[edit]

For payments to the Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund, $13,736,000, not to be available for obligation until September 30, 1997.

INTERAGENCY LAW ENFORCEMENT[edit]

Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement[edit]

For necessary expenses for the detection, investigation, and prosecution of individuals involved in organized crime drug trafficking not otherwise provided for, to include intergovernmental agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies engaged in the investigation and prosecution of individuals involved in organized crime drug trafficking, $359,430,000, of which $50,000,000 shall remain available until expended:
Provided, That any amounts obligated from appropriations under this heading may be used under authorities available to the organizations reimbursed from this appropriation:
Provided further, That any unobligated balances remaining available at the end of the fiscal year shall revert to the Attorney General for reallocation among participating organizations in succeeding fiscal years, subject to the reprogramming procedures described in section 605 of this Act.

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

For necessary expenses of the Federal Bureau of Investigation for detection, investigation, and prosecution of crimes against the United States; including purchase for police-type use of not to exceed 2,706 passenger motor vehicles, of which 1,945 will be for replacement only, without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year, and hire of passenger motor vehicles; acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of aircraft; and not to exceed $70,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; $2,451,361,000, of which not to exceed $50,000,000 for automated data processing and telecommunications and technical investigative equipment and $1,000,000 for undercover operations shall remain available until September 30, 1998; of which not less than $147,081,000 shall be for counterterrorism investigations, foreign counterintelligence, and other activities related to our national security; of which not to exceed $98,400,000 shall remain available until expended; and of which not to exceed $10,000,000 is authorized to be made available for making payments or advances for expenses arising out of contractual or reimbursable agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies while engaged in cooperative activities related to violent crime, terrorism, organized crime, and drug investigations; and of which $1,500,000 shall be available to maintain an independent program office dedicated solely to the relocation of the Criminal Justice Information Services Division and the automation of fingerprint identification services:
Provided, That not to exceed $45,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided further, That not to exceed 81 permanent positions and 85 full-time equivalent workyears and $5,959,000 shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.
For an additional amount for necessary expenses of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to prevent and investigate terrorism activities and incidents; provide for additional agents and support staff; protect key physical assets; establish a capability for chemical, biological and nuclear research; improve domestic intelligence; and improve security at Federal Bureau of Investigation offices, $115,610,000, as authorized by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-132):
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs[edit]

For activities authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322) as amended (`the 1994 Act'), and the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (`the Antiterrorism Act'), $169,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund; of which $76,356,000 shall be for activities authorized by section 190001(c) of the 1994 Act and section 811 of the Antiterrorism Act; $53,404,000 shall be for activities authorized by section 190001(b) of the 1994 Act, of which $20,240,000 shall be for activities authorized by section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Public Law 103-159), as amended; $4,000,000 shall be for training and investigative assistance authorized by section 210501 of the 1994 Act; $9,500,000 shall be for grants to States, as authorized by section 811(b) of the Antiterrorism Act; and $5,500,000 shall be for establishing DNA quality-assurance and proficiency-testing standards, establishing an index to facilitate law enforcement exchange of DNA identification information, and related activities authorized by section 210501 of the 1994 Act.

Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund[edit]

For necessary expenses, as determined by the Attorney General, $60,000,000, to remain available until expended, to be deposited in the Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund for making payments to telecommunications carriers, equipment manufacturers, and providers of telecommunications support services pursuant to section 110 of this Act:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended:
Provided further, That the entire amount not previously designated by the President as an emergency requirement shall be available only to the extent an official budget request, for a specific dollar amount that includes designation of the entire amount of the request as an emergency requirement, as defined in the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended, is transmitted to Congress.

Construction[edit]

For necessary expenses to construct or acquire buildings and sites by purchase, or as otherwise authorized by law (including equipment for such buildings); conversion and extension of federally-owned buildings; and preliminary planning and design of projects; $41,639,000, to remain available until expended.

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

For necessary expenses of the Drug Enforcement Administration, including not to exceed $70,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; expenses for conducting drug education and training programs, including travel and related expenses for participants in such programs and the distribution of items of token value that promote the goals of such programs; purchase of not to exceed 1,158 passenger motor vehicles, of which 1,032 will be for replacement only, for police-type use without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year; and acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of aircraft; $745,388,000, of which not to exceed $1,800,000 for research and $15,000,000 for transfer to the Drug Diversion Control Fee Account for operating expenses shall remain available until expended, and of which not to exceed $4,000,000 for purchase of evidence and payments for information, not to exceed $4,000,000 for contracting for automated data processing and telecommunications equipment, and not to exceed $2,000,000 for laboratory equipment, $4,000,000 for technical equipment, and $2,000,000 for aircraft replacement retrofit and parts, shall remain available until September 30, 1998; and of which not to exceed $50,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided, That not to exceed 25 permanent positions and 25 full-time equivalent workyears and $1,828,000 shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.
For an additional amount for security measures for domestic and foreign Drug Enforcement Administration offices, $5,000,000:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs[edit]

For activities authorized by sections 180104 and 190001(b) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, and section 814 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132), and for the purchase of passenger motor vehicles for police-type use, as otherwise authorized in this title, $220,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Construction[edit]

For necessary expenses to construct or acquire buildings and sites by purchase, or as otherwise authorized by law (including equipment for such buildings); conversion and extension of federally-owned buildings; and preliminary planning and design of projects; $30,806,000, to remain available until expended.

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

(Including Transfer of Funds)
For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and alien registration, including not to exceed $50,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; purchase for police type use (not to exceed 2,691, of which 1,711 are for replacement only), without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year, and hire of passenger motor vehicles; acquisition, lease, maintenance and operation of aircraft; and research related to immigration enforcement; $1,590,159,000 of which not to exceed $400,000 for research shall remain available until expended; and of which not to exceed $10,000,000 shall be available for costs associated with the training program for basic officer training, and $5,000,000 is for payments or advances arising out of contractual or reimbursable agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies while engaged in cooperative activities related to immigration:
Provided, That none of the funds available to the Immigration and Naturalization Service shall be available to pay any employee overtime pay in an amount in excess of $30,000 during the calendar year beginning January 1, 1997:
Provided further, That uniforms may be purchased without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year:
Provided further, That not to exceed $5,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided further, That none of the funds provided in this or any other Act shall be used for the continued operation of the San Clemente and Temecula checkpoints unless the checkpoints are open and traffic is being checked on a continuous 24-hour basis:
Provided further, That the Land Border Fee Pilot Project scheduled to end September 30, 1996, is extended to September 30, 1999, for projects on both the northern and southern borders of the United States, except that no pilot program may implement a universal land border crossing toll:
Provided further, That obligated and unobligated balances available to `Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service' under section 501(c) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 are transferred to this account and shall remain available until expended:
Provided further, That not to exceed 48 permanent positions and 48 full-time equivalent workyears and $4,628,000 shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs:
Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.
For an additional amount to support the detention and removal of aliens with ties to terrorist organizations and expand the detention and removal of illegal aliens and enhance the intelligence of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, $15,000,000, of which $10,000,000 shall be for detention and removal of aliens:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs[edit]

For activities authorized by sections 130002, 130005, 130006, 130007, and 190001(b) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, and section 813 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132), $500,000,000, to remain available until expended, which will be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, of which $66,217,000 shall be for expeditious deportation of denied asylum applicants, $317,256,000 shall be for improving border controls, and $116,527,000 shall be for detention and deportation proceedings:
Provided, That amounts not required for asylum processing provided under the expeditious deportation of denied asylum applicants shall also be available for other deportation program activities.

Construction[edit]

For planning, construction, renovation, equipping, and maintenance of buildings and facilities necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and alien registration, not otherwise provided for, $9,841,000, to remain available until expended.

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM[edit]

Salaries and Expenses[edit]

For expenses necessary for the administration, operation, and maintenance of Federal penal and correctional institutions, including purchase (not to exceed 836, of which 572 are for replacement only) and hire of law enforcement and passenger motor vehicles, and for the provision of technical assistance and advice on corrections related issues to foreign governments; $2,768,316,000:
Provided, That the Attorney General may transfer to the Health Resources and Services Administration such amounts as may be necessary for direct expenditures by that Administration for medical relief for inmates of Federal penal and correctional institutions:
Provided further, That the Director of the Federal Prison System (FPS), where necessary, may enter into contracts with a fiscal agent/fiscal intermediary claims processor to determine the amounts payable to persons who, on behalf of the FPS, furnish health services to individuals committed to the custody of the FPS:
Provided further, That uniforms may be purchased without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year:
Provided further, That not to exceed $6,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses:
Provided further, That not to exceed $90,000,000 for the activation of new facilities shall remain available until September 30, 1998:
Provided further, That of the amounts provided for Contract Confinement, not to exceed $20,000,000 shall remain available until expended to make payments in advance for grants, contracts and reimbursable agreements, and other expenses authorized by section 501(c) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980, as amended, for the care and security in the United States of Cuban and Haitian entrants:
Provided further, That notwithstanding section 4(d) of the Service Contract Act of 1965 (41 U.S.C. 353(d)), FPS may enter into contracts and other agreements with private entities for periods of not to exceed 3 years and 7 additional option years for the confinement of Federal prisoners:
Provided further, That the National Institute of Corrections hereafter shall be included in the FPS Salaries and Expenses budget, in the Contract Confinement program and shall continue to perform its current functions under 18 U.S.C. 4351, et seq., with the exception of its grant program and shall collect reimbursement for services whenever possible:
Provided further, That any unexpended balances available to the `National Institute of Corrections' account shall be credited to and merged with this appropriation, to remain available until expended.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs[edit]

For substance abuse treatment in Federal prisons as authorized by section 32001(e) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended, $25,224,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Buildings and Facilities[edit]

For planning, acquisition of sites and construction of new facilities; leasing the Oklahoma City Airport Trust Facility; purchase and acquisition of facilities and remodeling, and equipping of such facilities for penal and correctional use, including all necessary expenses incident thereto, by contract or force account; and constructing, remodeling, and equipping necessary buildings and facilities at existing penal and correctional institutions, including all necessary expenses incident thereto, by contract or force account; $395,700,000, to remain available until expended, of which not to exceed $14,074,000 shall be available to construct areas for inmate work programs:
Provided, That labor of United States prisoners may be used for work performed under this appropriation:
Provided further, That not to exceed 10 percent of the funds appropriated to `Buildings and Facilities' in this Act or any other Act may be transferred to `Salaries and Expenses', Federal Prison System, upon notification by the Attorney General to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate in compliance with provisions set forth in section 605 of this Act:
Provided further, That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $36,570,000 shall be available for the renovation and construction of United States Marshals Service prisoner-holding facilities.

Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated[edit]

The Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, is hereby authorized to make such expenditures, within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available, and in accord with the law, and to make such contracts and commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations as provided by section 9104 of title 31, United States Code, as may be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the budget for the current fiscal year for such corporation, including purchase of (not to exceed five for replacement only) and hire of passenger motor vehicles.

Limitation on Administrative Expenses, Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated[edit]

Not to exceed $3,042,000 of the funds of the corporation shall be available for its administrative expenses, and for services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109, to be computed on an accrual basis to be determined in accordance with the corporation's current prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be exclusive of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures which the said accounting system requires to be capitalized or charged to cost of commodities acquired or produced, including selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with acquisition, construction, operation, maintenance, improvement, protection, or disposition of facilities and other property belonging to the corporation or in which it has an interest.

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS[edit]

Justice Assistance[edit]

For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance authorized by title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, and the Missing Children's Assistance Act, as amended, including salaries and expenses in connection therewith, and with the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, as amended, $101,429,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 1001 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act, as amended by Public Law 102-534 (106 Stat. 3524).
For an additional amount, $17,000,000, to remain available until expended; of which $5,000,000 shall be for Local Firefighter and Emergency Services Training Grants as authorized by section 819 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (`the Antiterrorism Act'); of which $10,000,000 shall be for development of counterterrorism technologies to help State and local law enforcement combat terrorism, as authorized by section 821 of the Antiterrorism Act; of which $2,000,000 shall be for specialized multi-agency response training:
Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended:
Provided further, That the entire amount not previously designated by the President as an emergency requirement shall be available only to the extent an official budget request, for a specific dollar amount that includes designation of the entire amount of the request as an emergency requirement, as defined in the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended, is transmitted to Congress.

State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance[edit]

For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance authorized by part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, for State and Local Narcotics Control and Justice Assistance Improvements, notwithstanding the provisions of section 511 of said Act, $361,000,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 1001 of title I of said Act, as amended by Public Law 102-534 (106 Stat. 3524), of which $60,000,000 shall be available to carry out the provisions of chapter A of subpart 2 of part E of title I of said Act, for discretionary grants under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs.

Violent Crime Reduction Programs, State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance[edit]

For assistance (including amounts for administrative costs for management and administration, which amounts shall be transferred to and merged with the `Justice Assistance' account) authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), as amended (`the 1994 Act'); the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (`the 1968 Act'); and the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, as amended (`the 1990 Act'); $2,036,150,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund; of which $523,000,000 shall be for Local Law Enforcement Block Grants, pursuant to H.R. 728 as passed by the House of Representatives on February 14, 1995, except that for purposes of this Act, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be considered a `unit of local government' as well as a `State', for the purposes set forth in paragraphs (A), (B), (D), (F), and (I) of section 101(a)(2) of H.R. 728 and for establishing crime prevention programs involving cooperation between community residents and law enforcement personnel in order to control, detect, or investigate crime or the prosecution of criminals:
Provided, That no funds provided under this heading may be used as matching funds for any other Federal grant program:
Provided further, That $20,000,000 of this amount shall be for Boys and Girls Clubs in public housing facilities and other areas in cooperation with State and local law enforcement:
Provided further, That funds may also be used to defray the costs of indemnification insurance for law enforcement officers; of which $50,000,000 shall be for grants to upgrade criminal records, as authorized by section 106(b) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993, as amended, and section 4(b) of the National Child Protection Act of 1993; of which $199,000,000 shall be available as authorized by section 1001 of title I of the 1968 Act, to carry out the provisions of subpart 1, part E of title I of the 1968 Act, notwithstanding section 511 of said Act, for the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs; of which $330,000,000 shall be for the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program, as authorized by section 242(j) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended; of which $670,000,000 shall be for Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants pursuant to subtitle A of title II of the 1994 Act, of which $170,000,000 shall be available for payments to States for incarceration of criminal aliens, and of which $12,500,000 shall be available for the Cooperative Agreement Program:
Provided further, That funds made available for Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants to the State of California may, at the discretion of the recipient, be used for payments for the incarceration of criminal aliens:
Provided further, That beginning in fiscal year 1999, and thereafter, no funds shall be available to make grants to a State pursuant to section 20103 or section 20104 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 unless no later than September 1, 1998, such State has implemented a program of controlled substance testing and intervention for appropriate categories of convicted offenders during periods of incarceration and criminal justice supervision, with sanctions including denial or revocation of release for positive controlled substance tests, consistent with guidelines issued by the Attorney General; of which $6,000,000 shall be for the Court Appointed Special Advocate Program, as authorized by section 218 of the 1990 Act; of which $1,000,000 shall be for Child Abuse Training Programs for Judicial Personnel and Practitioners, as authorized by section 224 of the 1990 Act; of which $145,000,000 shall be for Grants to Combat Violence Against Women, to States, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments, as authorized by section 1001(a)(18) of the 1968 Act; of which $33,000,000 shall be for Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies to States, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments, as authorized by section 1001(a)(19) of the 1968 Act; of which $8,000,000 shall be for Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement Assistance Grants, as authorized by section 40295 of the 1994 Act; of which $1,000,000 shall be for training programs to assist probation and parole officers who work with released sex offenders, as authorized by section 40152(c) of the 1994 Act; of which $550,000 shall be for grants for televised testimony, as authorized by section 1001(a)(7) of the 1968 Act; of which $1,750,000 shall be for national stalker and domestic violence reduction, as authorized by section 40603 of the 1994 Act; of which $30,000,000 shall be for grants for residential substance abuse treatment for State prisoners as authorized by section 1001(a)(17) of the 1968 Act; of which $3,000,000 shall be for grants to States and units of local government for projects to improve DNA analysis, as authorized by section 1001(a)(22) of the 1968 Act; of which $900,000 shall be for the Missing Alzheimer's Disease Patient Alert Program, as authorized by section 240001(c) of the 1994 Act; of which $750,000 shall be for Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Programs, as authorized by section 220002(h) of the 1994 Act; of which $200,000 shall be for a National Baseline Study on Campus Sexual Assault, as authorized by section 40506(e) of the 1994 Act; of which $30,000,000 shall be for Drug Courts, as authorized by title V of the 1994 Act; of which $1,000,000 shall be for Law Enforcement Family Support Programs, as authorized by section 1001(a)(21) of the 1968 Act; and of which $2,000,000 shall be for public awareness programs addressing marketing scams aimed at senior citizens, as authorized by section 250005(3) of the 1994 Act:
Provided further, That funds made available in fiscal year 1997 under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, may be obligated for programs to assist States in the litigation processing of death penalty Federal habeas corpus petitions and for drug testing initiatives:
Provided further, That any 1996 balances for these programs shall be transferred to and merged with this appropriation:
Provided further, That if a unit of local government uses any of the funds made available under this title to increase the number of law enforcement officers, the unit of local government will achieve a net gain in the number of law enforcement officers who perform nonadministrative public safety service.

Weed and Seed Program Fund[edit]

For necessary expenses, including salaries and related expenses of the Executive Office for Weed and Seed, to implement `Weed and Seed' program activities, $28,500,000, which shall be derived from discretionary grants provided under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs, to remain available until expended for intergovernmental agreements, including grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts, with State and local law enforcement agencies engaged in the investigation and prosecution of violent crimes and drug offenses in `Weed and Seed' designated communities, and for either reimbursements or transfers to appropriation accounts of the Department of Justice and other Federal agencies which shall be specified by the Attorney General to execute the `Weed and Seed' program strategy:
Provided, That funds designated by Congress through language for other Department of Justice appropriation accounts for `Weed and Seed' program activities shall be managed and executed by the Attorney General through the Executive Office for Weed and Seed:
Provided further, That the Attorney General may direct the use of other Department of Justice funds and personnel in support of `Weed and Seed' program activities only after the Attorney General notifies the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate in accordance with section 605 of this Act.


COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES[edit]

Violent Crime Reduction Programs[edit]

For activities authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322 (`the 1994 Act') (including administrative costs), $1,400,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, for Public Safety and Community Policing Grants pursuant to title I of the 1994 Act:
Provided, That not to exceed 186 permanent positions and 174 full-time equivalent workyears and $19,800,000 shall be expended for program management and administration.
In addition, for programs of Police Corps education, training and service as set forth in sections 200101-200113 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322), $20,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Juvenile Justice Programs[edit]

For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance authorized by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended, including salaries and expenses in connection therewith to be transferred to and merged with the appropriations for Justice Assistance, $170,000,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 299 of part I of title II and section 506 of title V of the Act, as amended by Public Law 102-586, of which (1) notwithstanding any other provision of law, $5,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part A of title II of the Act, $86,500,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part B of title II of the Act, and $29,500,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part C of title II of the Act:
Provided, That $16,500,000 of the amounts provided for part B of title II of the Act, as amended, is for the purpose of providing additional formula grants under part B, for innovative local law enforcement and community policing programs, to States that provide assurances to the Administrator that the State has in effect (or will have in effect no later than 1 year after date of application) policies and programs, that ensure that juveniles are subject to accountability-based sanctions for every act for which they are adjudicated delinquent; (2) $12,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by sections 281 and 282 of part D of title II of the Act for prevention and treatment programs relating to juvenile gangs; (3) $10,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by section 285 of part E of title II of the Act; (4) $7,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part G of title II of the Act for juvenile mentoring programs; and (5) $20,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by title V of the Act for incentive grants for local delinquency prevention programs:
Provided, That upon the enactment of reauthorization legislation for Juvenile Justice Programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended, funding provided in this Act shall from that date be subject to the provisions of that legislation and any provisions in this Act that are inconsistent with that legislation shall no longer have effect.
In addition, for grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance authorized by the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, as amended, $4,500,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by sections 214B of the Act.

Public Safety Officers Benefits[edit]

For payments authorized by part L of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796), as amended, such sums as are necessary, to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 6093 of Public Law 100-690 (102 Stat. 4339-4340), and, in addition, $2,200,000, to remain available until expended, for payments as authorized by section 1201(b) of said Act.

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE[edit]

SEC. 101.[edit]

In addition to amounts otherwise made available in this title for official reception and representation expenses, a total of not to exceed $45,000 from funds appropriated to the Department of Justice in this title shall be available to the Attorney General for official reception and representation expenses in accordance with distributions, procedures, and regulations established by the Attorney General.

SEC. 102.[edit]

Authorities contained in the Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1980 (Pub. L. 96-132, 93 Stat. 1040 (1979)), as amended, shall remain in effect until the termination date of this Act or until the effective date of a Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, whichever is earlier.

SEC. 103.[edit]

None of the funds appropriated by this title shall be available to pay for an abortion, except where the life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term, or in the case of rape:
Provided, That should this prohibition be declared unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, this section shall be null and void.

SEC. 104.[edit]

None of the funds appropriated under this title shall be used to require any person to perform, or facilitate in any way the performance of, any abortion.

SEC. 105.[edit]

Nothing in the preceding section shall remove the obligation of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services necessary for a female inmate to receive such service outside the Federal facility:
Provided, That nothing in this section in any way diminishes the effect of section 104 intended to address the philosophical beliefs of individual employees of the Bureau of Prisons.

SEC. 106.[edit]

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed $10,000,000 of the funds made available in this Act may be used to establish and publicize a program under which publicly-advertised, extraordinary rewards may be paid, which shall not be subject to spending limitations contained in sections 3059 and 3072 of title 18, United States Code:
Provided, That any reward of $100,000 or more, up to a maximum of $2,000,000, may not be made without the personal approval of the President or the Attorney General and such approval may not be delegated.

SEC. 107.[edit]

Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made available for the current fiscal year for the Department of Justice in this Act, including those derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, may be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriation, except as otherwise specifically provided, shall be increased by more than 10 percent by any such transfers:
Provided, That any transfer pursuant to this section shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.

SEC. 108.[edit]

Section 524(c)(8)(E) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking the year in the date therein contained and replacing the same with ``1996´´.

SEC. 109.[edit]

(a) Section 1930(a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended in paragraph (3), by inserting ``$´´ before ``800´´, and in paragraph (6), by striking everything after ``total less than $15,000;´´ and inserting in lieu thereof: ``$500 for each quarter in which disbursements total $15,000 or more but less than $75,000; $750 for each quarter in which disbursements total $75,000 or more but less than $150,000; $1,250 for each quarter in which disbursements total $150,000 or more but less than $225,000; $1,500 for each quarter in which disbursements total $225,000 or more but less than $300,000; $3,750 for each quarter in which disbursements total $300,000 or more but less than $1,000,000; $5,000 for each quarter in which disbursements total $1,000,000 or more but less than $2,000,000; $7,500 for each quarter in which disbursements total $2,000,000 or more but less than $3,000,000; $8,000 for each quarter in which disbursements total $3,000,000 or more but less than $5,000,000; $10,000 for each quarter in which disbursements total $5,000,000 or more. The fee shall be payable on the last day of the calendar month following the calendar quarter for which the fee is owed.´´.
(b) Section 589a of title 28, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 589a. United States Trustee System Fund
``(a) There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United States a special fund to be known as the ``United States Trustee System Fund´´ (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ``Fund´´). Monies in the Fund shall be available to the Attorney General without fiscal year limitation in such amounts as may be specified in appropriations Acts for the following purposes in connection with the operations of United States trustees—
``(1) salaries and related employee benefits;
``(2) travel and transportation;
``(3) rental of space;
``(4) communication, utilities, and miscellaneous computer charges;
``(5) security investigations and audits;
``(6) supplies, books, and other materials for legal research;
``(7) furniture and equipment;
``(8) miscellaneous services, including those obtained by contract; and
``(9) printing.
``(b) For the purpose of recovering the cost of services of the United States Trustee System, there shall be deposited as offsetting collections to the appropriation ``United States Trustee System Fund´´, to remain available until expended, the following—
``(1) 23.08 percent of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(1) of this title;
``(2) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(3) of this title;
``(3) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(4) of this title;
``(4) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(5) of this title;
``(5) 100 percent of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(6) of this title;
``(6) three-fourths of the fees collected under the last sentence of section 1930(a) of this title;
``(7) the compensation of trustees received under section 330(d) of title 11 by the clerks of the bankruptcy courts; and
``(8) excess fees collected under section 586(e)(2) of this title.
``(c) Amounts in the Fund which are not currently needed for the purposes specified in subsection (a) shall be kept on deposit or invested in obligations of, or guaranteed by, the United States.
``(d) The Attorney General shall transmit to the Congress, not later than 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, a detailed report on the amounts deposited in the Fund and a description of expenditures made under this section.
``(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund for any fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to supplement amounts deposited under subsection (b) for the purposes specified in subsection (a).´´.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Act, the amendments to 28 U.S.C. 589a made by subsection (b) of this section shall take effect upon enactment of this Act.
(d) Section 101(a) of Public Law 104-91, as amended by section 211 of Public Law 104-99, is further amended by inserting ``: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the fees under 28 U.S.C. 1930(a)(6) shall accrue and be payable from and after January 27, 1996, in all cases (including, without limitation, any cases pending as of that date), regardless of confirmation status of their plans´´ after ``enacted into law´´.

SEC. 110.[edit]

Public Law 103-414 (108 Stat. 4279) is amended by inserting at its conclusion a new title IV, as follows:
``TITLE IV--TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER COMPLIANCE PAYMENTS
``SEC. 401. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER COMPLIANCE FUND.
``(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF FUND— There is hereby established in the United States Treasury a fund to be known as the Department of Justice Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund (hereafter referred to as ``the Fund´´), which shall be available without fiscal year limitation to the Attorney General for making payments to telecommunications carriers, equipment manufacturers, and providers of telecommunications support services pursuant to section 109 of this Act.
``(b) DEPOSITS TO THE FUND— Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any agency of the United States with law enforcement or intelligence responsibilities may deposit as offsetting collections to the Fund any unobligated balances that are available until expended, upon compliance with any Congressional notification requirements for reprogramming of funds applicable to the appropriation from which the deposit is to be made.
``(c) TERMINATION—
``(1) The Attorney General may terminate the Fund at such time as the Attorney General determines that the Fund is no longer necessary.
``(2) Any balance in the Fund at the time of its termination shall be deposited in the General Fund of the Treasury.
``(3) A decision of the Attorney General to terminate the Fund shall not be subject to judicial review.
``(d) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EXPENDITURE— Funds shall not be available for obligation unless an implementation plan as set forth in subsection (e) is submitted to each member of the Committees on the Judiciary and Appropriations of both the House of Representatives and the Senate and the Congress does not by law block or prevent the obligation of such funds. Such funds shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of the Department of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997, and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section and this section.
``(e) IMPLEMENTATION PLAN— The implementation plan shall include:
``(1) the law enforcement assistance capability requirements and an explanation of law enforcement's recommended interface;
``(2) the proposed actual and maximum capacity requirements for the number of simultaneous law enforcement communications intercepts, pen registers, and trap and trace devices that authorized law enforcement agencies may seek to conduct, set forth on a county-by-county basis for wireline services and on a market service area basis for wireless services, and the historical baseline of electronic surveillance activity upon which such capacity requirements are based;
``(3) a prioritized list of carrier equipment, facilities, and services deployed on or before January 1, 1995, to be modified by carriers at the request of law enforcement based on its investigative needs;
``(4) a projected reimbursement plan that estimates the cost for the coming fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter, based on the prioritization of law enforcement needs as outlined in (3), of modification by carriers of equipment, facilities and services, installed on or before January 1, 1995.
``(f) ANNUAL REPORT TO THE CONGRESS— The Attorney General shall submit to the Congress each year a report specifically detailing all deposits and expenditures made pursuant to this Act in each fiscal year. This report shall be submitted to each member of the Committees on the Judiciary and Appropriations of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, and to the Speaker and minority leader of the House of Representatives and to the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, no later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year.´´.

SEC. 111.[edit]

It is the sense of the Congress that the Drug Enforcement Administration, together with other appropriate Federal agencies, should take such actions as may be necessary to end the illegal importation into the United States of Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam), a drug frequently distributed with the intent to facilitate sexual assault and rape.

SEC. 112.[edit]

Section 1402 of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, as amended (42 U.S.C. 10601), is amended at subsection (e) by deleting ``2´´ and inserting ``3´´, and at subsection (d) by adding a new paragraph (5) as follows:
``(5) The Director may set aside up to $500,000 of the reserve fund described in paragraph (4) to make supplemental grants to United States Attorneys Offices to provide necessary assistance to victims of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, to facilitate observation of and/or participation by such victims in trial proceedings arising therefrom, including, without limitation, provision of lodging and travel assistance, and to pay such other, related expenses determined to be necessary by the Director.´´.

SEC. 113.[edit]

Section 732 of Public Law 104-132 (110 Stat. 1303; 18 U.S.C. 841 note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(3) NEW PREVENTION TECHNOLOGIES- In addition to the study of taggants as provided herein, the Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall concurrently report to the Congress on the possible use, and exploitation of technologies such as vapor detection devices, computed tomography, nuclear quadropole resonance, thermal neutron analysis, pulsed fast-neutron analysis, and other technologies upon which recommendations to the Congress may be made for further study, funding, and use of the same in preventing and solving acts of terrorism involving explosive devices.´´; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(f) SPECIAL STUDY-
``(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of Sciences (referred to in this section as the ``Academy´´) to conduct a study of the tagging of smokeless and black powder by any viable technology for purposes of detection and identification. The study shall be conducted by an independent panel of 5 experts appointed by the Academy.
``(2) STUDY ELEMENTS- The study conducted under this subsection shall--
``(A) indicate whether the tracer elements, when added to smokeless and black powder--
``(i) will pose a risk to human life or safety;
``(ii) will substantially assist law enforcement officers in their investigative efforts;
``(iii) will impair the quality and performance of the powders (which shall include a broad and comprehensive sampling of all available powders) for their intended lawful use, including, but not limited to the sporting, defense, and handloading uses of the powders, as well as their use in display and lawful consumer pyrotechnics;
``(iv) will have a substantially adverse effect on the environment;
``(v) will incur costs which outweigh the benefits of their inclusion, including an evaluation of the probable production and regulatory cost of compliance to the industry, and the costs and effects on consumers, including the effect on the demand for ammunition; and
``(vi) can be evaded, and with what degree of difficulty, by terrorists or terrorist organizations, including evading tracer elements by the use of precursor chemicals to make black or other powders; and
``(B) provide for consultation on the study with Federal, State, and local officials, non-governmental organizations, including all national police organizations, national sporting organizations, and national industry associations with expertise in this area and such other individuals as shall be deemed necessary.
``(3) REPORT AND COSTS- The study conducted under this subsection shall be presented to Congress 12 months after the enactment of this subsection and be made available to the public, including any data tapes or data used to form such recommendations. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the study.´´.

SEC. 114.[edit]

(a) Section 524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code, is amended in the first sentence following the second subparagraph (I) by deleting ``(C),´´.
(b) Section 524 (c)(8)(A) is amended by deleting ``(C),´´.

SEC. 115.[edit]

Effective with the enactment of this Act and in any fiscal year hereafter, under policies established by the Attorney General, the Department of Justice may reimburse employees who are paid by an appropriation account within the Department of Justice and are traveling on behalf of the United States in temporary duty status to investigate, prosecute, or litigate (including the provision of support therefor) a criminal or civil matter, or for other similar special circumstances, for Federal, State, and local taxes heretofore and hereafter resulting from any reimbursement of travel expenses from an appropriation account within the Department of Justice:
Provided, That such reimbursement may include an amount equal to all income taxes for which the employee would be liable due to such reimbursement.

SEC. 116.[edit]

Section 524 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding a new subsection (d) as follows:
``(d)(1) The Attorney General may accept, hold, administer, and use gifts, devises, and bequests of any property for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the work of the Department of Justice.
``(2) Gifts, devises, and bequests of money, the proceeds of sale or liquidation of any other property accepted hereunder, and any income accruing from any property accepted hereunder—
``(A) shall be deposited in the Treasury in a separate fund and held in trust by the Secretary of the Treasury for the benefit of the Department of Justice; and
``(B) are hereby appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, and shall be disbursed on order of the Attorney General.
``(3) Upon request of the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury may invest and reinvest the fund described herein in public debt securities with maturities suitable for the needs of the fund and bearing interest at rates determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States or comparable maturities.
``(4) Evidences of any intangible personal property (other than money) accepted hereunder shall be deposited with the Secretary of the Treasury, who may hold or liquidate them, except that they shall be liquidated upon the request of the Attorney General.
``(5) For purposes of federal income, estate, and gift taxes, property accepted hereunder shall be considered a gift, devise, or bequest to, or for the use of, the United States.´´.

SEC. 117.[edit]

Section 524(c)(9), of title 28, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(9)(A) Following the completion of procedures for the forfeiture of property pursuant to any law enforced or administered by the Department, the Attorney General is authorized, in her discretion, to warrant clear title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee of such property.
``(B) For fiscal year 1997, the Attorney General is authorized to transfer, under such terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall specify, real or personal property of limited or marginal value, to a State or local government agency, or its designated contractor or transferee, for use to support drug abuse treatment, drug and crime prevention and education, housing, job skills, and other community-based public health and safety programs. Such transfer shall not create or confer any private right of action in any person against the United States.´´.

SEC. 118.[edit]

Section 594(b)(3)(A) of title 28, United States Code, is amended in the second sentence by—
(a) striking ``by 6 months´´ and inserting ``for successive 6-month periods´´; and
(b) striking the phrase ``employee assigned duties under subsection (l)(1)(A)(iii) certifies´´ and inserting ``independent counsel and the division of the court certify´´; and
(c) striking ``such employee´´ and inserting ``the independent counsel´´ and ``the division of the court´´.

SEC. 119.[edit]

This section may be cited as the ``Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996´´.
Subsection 1. Age Discrimination Amendment[edit]
(a) REPEAL OF REPEALER—
Section 3(b) of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1986 (29 U.S.C. 623 note) is repealed.
(b) EXEMPTION—
Section 4(j) of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C. 623(j)), as in effect immediately before December 31, 1993—
(1) is reenacted as such section; and
(2) as so reenacted, is amended in paragraph (1) by striking ``and the individual has attained the age´´ and all that follows through ``1983, and´´ and inserting the following: ``, the employer has complied with section 3(d)(2) of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996 if the individual was discharged after the date described in such section, and the individual has attained—
``(A) the age of hiring or retirement, respectively, in effect under applicable State or local law on March 3, 1983; or
``(B)(i) if the individual was not hired, the age of hiring in effect on the date of such failure or refusal to hire under applicable State or local law enacted after the date of enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996; or
``(ii) if applicable State or local law was enacted after the date of enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996 and the individual was discharged, the higher of—
``(I) the age of retirement in effect on the date of such discharge under such law; and
``(II) age 55; and´´.
(c) CONSTRUCTION—
Nothing in the repeal, reenactment, and amendment made by subsections (a) and (b) shall be construed to make lawful the failure or refusal to hire, or the discharge of, an individual pursuant to a law that—
(1) was enacted after March 3, 1983 and before the date of enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996; and
(2) lowered the age of hiring or retirement, respectively, for firefighters or law enforcement officers that was in effect under applicable State or local law on March 3, 1983.
Subsection 2. Study and Guidelines for Performance Tests[edit]
(a) STUDY—
Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (referred to in this section as the ``Secretary´´), shall conduct, directly or by contract, a study, and shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report based on the results of the study that shall include—
(1) a list and description of all tests available for the assessment of abilities important for the completion of public safety tasks performed by law enforcement officers and firefighters.
(2) a list of the public safety tasks for which adequate tests described in paragraph (1) do not exist;
(3) a description of the technical characteristics that the tests shall meet to be in compliance with applicable Federal civil rights law and policies;
(4) a description of the alternative methods that are available for determining minimally acceptable performance standards on the tests;
(5) a description of the administrative standards that should be met in the administration, scoring, and score interpretation of the tests; and
(6) an examination of the extent to which the tests are cost-effective, are safe, and comply with the Federal civil rights law and policies.
(b) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT; OPPORTUNITY FOR PUBLIC COMMENT—
(1) CONSULTATION—
The Secretary shall, during the conduct of the study required by subsection (a), consult with—
(A) the Deputy Administrator of the United States Fire Administration:
(B) the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency;
(C) organizations that represent law enforcement officers, firefighters, and employers of the officers and firefighters; and
(D) organizations that represent older individuals.
(2) PUBLIC COMMENT—
Prior to issuing the advisory guidelines required in subsection (c), the Secretary shall provide an opportunity for public comment on the proposal advisory guidelines.
(c) ADVISORY GUIDELINES—
Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and issue, based on the results of the study required by subsection (a), advisory guidelines for the administration and use of physical and mental fitness tests to measure the ability and competency of law enforcement officers and firefighters to perform the requirements of the jobs of the officers and firefighters.
(d) JOB PERFORMANCE TESTS—
(1) IDENTIFICATION OF TESTS—
After issuance of the advisory guidelines described in subsection (c), the Secretary shall issue regulations identifying valid, nondiscriminatory job performance tests that shall be used by employers seeking the exemption described in section 4(j) of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 with respect to firefighters or law enforcement officers who have attained an age of retirement described in such section 4(j).
(2) USE OF TESTS—
Effective on the date of issuance of the regulations described in paragraph (1), any employer seeking such exemption with respect to a firefighter or law enforcement officer who has attained such age shall provide to each firefighter or law enforcement officer who has attained such age an annual opportunity to demonstrate physical and mental fitness by passing a test described in paragraph (1), in order to continue employment.
(e) DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR WELLNESS PROGRAMS—
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall propose advisory standards for wellness programs for law enforcement officers and firefighters.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS—
There is authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out this section.
Subsection 3. Effective Dates[edit]
(a) GENERAL EFFECTIVE DATE—
Except as provided in subsection (b), this title and the amendments made by this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
(b) SPECIAL EFFECTIVE DATE—
The repeal made by section 2(a) and the reenactment made by section 2(b)(1) shall take effect on December 31, 1993.

SEC. 120.[edit]

Section 320935(e) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 is amended by inserting ``, including all trials commenced on or after the effective date of such amendments´´ after ``such amendments´´.

SEC. 121.[edit]

This section may be cited as the ``Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996´´.
Subsection 1. Findings[edit]
Congress finds that—
(1) the use of children in the production of sexually explicit material, including photographs, films, videos, computer images, and other visual depictions, is a form of sexual abuse which can result in physical or psychological harm, or both, to the children involved;
(2) where children are used in its production, child pornography permanently records the victim's abuse, and its continued existence causes the child victims of sexual abuse continuing harm by haunting those children in future years;
(3) child pornography is often used as part of a method of seducing other children into sexual activity; a child who is reluctant to engage in sexual activity with an adult, or to pose for sexually explicit photographs, can sometimes be convinced by viewing depictions of other children ``having fun´´ participating in such activity;
(4) child pornography is often used by pedophiles and child sexual abusers to stimulate and whet their own sexual appetites, and as a model for sexual acting out with children; such use of child pornography can desensitize the viewer to the pathology of sexual abuse or exploitation of children, so that it can become acceptable to and even preferred by the viewer;
(5) new photographic and computer imagining technologies make it possible to produce by electronic, mechanical, or other means, visual depictions of what appear to be children engaging in sexually explicit conduct that are virtually indistinguishable to the unsuspecting viewer from unretouched photographic images of actual children engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
(6) computers and computer imaging technology can be used to--
(A) alter sexually explicit photographs, films, and videos in such a way as to make it virtually impossible for unsuspecting viewers to identify individuals, or to determine if the offending material was produced using children;
(B) produce visual depictions of child sexual activity designed to satisfy the preferences of individual child molesters, pedophiles, and pornography collectors; and
(C) alter innocent pictures of children to create visual depictions of those children engaging in sexual conduct;
(7) the creation or distribution of child pornography which includes an image of a recognizable minor invades the child's privacy and reputational interests, since images that are created showing a child's face or other identifiable feature on a body engaging in sexually explicit conduct can haunt the minor for years to come;
(8) the effect of visual depictions of child sexual activity on a child molester or pedophile using that material to stimulate or whet his own sexual appetites, or on a child where the material is being used as a means of seducing or breaking down the child's inhibitions to sexual abuse or exploitation, is the same whether the child pornography consists of photographic depictions of actual children or visual depictions produced wholly or in part by electronic, mechanical, or other means, including by computer, which are virtually indistinguishable to the unsuspecting viewer from photographic images of actual children;
(9) the danger to children who are seduced and molested with the aid of child sex pictures is just as great when the child pornographer or child molester uses visual depictions of child sexual activity produced wholly or in part by electronic, mechanical, or other means, including by computer, as when the material consists of unretouched photographic images of actual children engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
(10)(A) the existence of and traffic in child pornographic images creates the potential for many types of harm in the community and presents a clear and present danger to all children; and
(B) it inflames the desires of child molesters, pedophiles, and child pornographers who prey on children, thereby increasing the creation and distribution of child pornography and the sexual abuse and exploitation of actual children who are victimized as a result of the existence and use of these materials;
(11)(A) the sexualization and eroticization of minors through any form of child pornographic images has a deleterious effect on all children by encouraging a societal perception of children as sexual objects and leading to further sexual abuse and exploitation of them; and
(B) this sexualization of minors creates an unwholesome environment which affects the psychological, mental and emotional development of children and undermines the efforts of parents and families to encourage the sound mental, moral and emotional development of children;
(12) prohibiting the possession and viewing of child pornography will encourage the possessors of such material to rid themselves of or destroy the material, thereby helping to protect the victims of child pornography and to eliminate the market for the sexual exploitative use of children; and
(13) the elimination of child pornography and the protection of children from sexual exploitation provide a compelling governmental interest for prohibiting the production, distribution, possession, sale, or viewing of visual depictions of children engaging in sexually explicit conduct, including both photographic images of actual children engaging in such conduct and depictions produced by computer or other means which are virtually indistinguishable to the unsuspecting viewer from photographic images of actual children engaging in such conduct.
Subsection 2. Definitions[edit]
Section 2256 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (5), by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``, and data stored on computer disk or by electronic means which is capable of conversion into a visual image´´;
(2) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and´´;
(3) in paragraph (7), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and
(4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:


``(8) ``child pornography´´ means any visual depiction, including any photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or computer-generated image or picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or other means, of sexually explicit conduct, where—
``(A) the production of such visual depiction involves the use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
``(B) such visual depiction is, or appears to be, of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
``(C) such visual depiction has been created, adapted, or modified to appear that an identifiable minor is engaging in sexually explicit conduct; or
``(D) such visual depiction is advertised, promoted, presented, described, or distributed in such a manner that conveys the impression that the material is or contains a visual depiction of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct; and
``(9) ``identifiable minor´´—
``(A) means a person—
``(i)(I) who was a minor at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted, or modified; or
``(II) whose image as a minor was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the visual depiction; and
``(ii) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other distinguishing characteristic, such as a unique birthmark or other recognizable feature; and
``(B) shall not be construed to require proof of the actual identity of the identifiable minor.´´.


Subsection 3. Prohibited Activities Relating to Material Constituting or Containing Child Pornography[edit]
(a) IN GENERAL—
Chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after section 2252 the following:


``2252A. Certain Activities Relating to Material Constituting or Containing Child Pornography.
``(a) Any person who—
``(1) knowingly mails, or transports or ships in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer, any child pornography;
``(2) knowingly receives or distributes--
``(A) any child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer; or
``(B) any material that contains child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer;
``(3) knowingly reproduces any child pornography for distribution through the mails, or in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer;
``(4) either—
``(A) in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or on any land or building owned by, leased to, or otherwise used by or under the control of the United States Government, or in the Indian country (as defined in section 1151), knowingly sells or possesses with the intent to sell any child pornography; or
``(B) knowingly sells or possesses with the intent to sell any child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer, or that was produced using materials that have been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer; or
``(5) either—
``(A) in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or on any land or building owned by, leased to, or otherwise used by or under the control of the United States Government, or in the Indian country (as defined in section 1151), knowingly possesses any book, magazine, periodical, film, videotape, computer disk, or any other material that contains 3 or more images of child pornography; or
``(B) knowingly possesses any book, magazine, periodical, film, videotape, computer disk, or any other material that contains 3 or more images of child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer, or that was produced using materials that have been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer,
``shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).
``(b)(1) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both, but, if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to aggravated sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or abusive sexual conduct involving a minor or ward, or the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 5 years nor more than 30 years.
``(2) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, subsection (a)(5) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, but, if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to the possession of child pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 2 years nor more than 10 years.
``(c) It shall be an affirmative defense to a charge of violating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) that—
``(1) the alleged child pornography was produced using an actual person or persons engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
``(2) each such person was an adult at the time the material was produced; and
``(3) the defendant did not advertise, promote, present, describe, or distribute the material in such a manner as to convey the impression that it is or contains a visual depiction of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct.´´.


(b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT—
The table of sections for chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to section 2252 the following:


``2252A. Certain Activities Relating to Material Constituting or Containing Child Pornography.´´.


Subsection 4. Penalties for Sexual Exploitation of Children.[edit]
Section 2251(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:


``(d) Any individual who violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not less than 10 years nor more than 20 years, or both, but if such person has one prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to the sexual exploitation of children, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 15 years nor more than 30 years, but if such person has 2 or more prior convictions under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to the sexual exploitation of children, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned not less than 30 years nor more than life. Any organization that violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, this section shall be fined under this title. Whoever, in the course of an offense under this section, engages in conduct that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.´´.


Subsection 5. Material Involving Sexual Exploitation of Minors[edit]
Section 2252 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:


``(b)(1) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both, but if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to aggravated sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or abusive sexual conduct involving a minor or ward, or the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 5 years nor more than 30 years.
``(2) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, paragraph (4) of subsection (a) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, but if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to the possession of child pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 2 years nor more than 10 years.´´.


Subsection 6. Privacy Protection Act Amendments[edit]
Section 101 of the Privacy Protection Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 2000aa) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting before the parenthesis at the end the following:


``, or if the offense involves the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child pornography, the sexual exploitation of children, or the sale or purchase of children under section 2251, 2251A, 2252, or 2252A of title 18, United States Code´´; and


(2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting before the parenthesis at the end the following:


``, or if the offense involves the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child pornography, the sexual exploitation of children, or the sale or purchase of children under section 2251, 2251A, 2252, or 2252A of title 18, United States Code´´.


Subsection 7. Amber Hagerman Child Protection Act of 1996[edit]
(a) SHORT TITLE—
This section may be cited as the ``Amber Hagerman Child Protection Act of 1996´´.
(b) AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR—
Section 2241(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:


``(c) WITH CHILDREN— Whoever crosses a State line with intent to engage in a sexual act with a person who has not attained the age of 12 years, or in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison, knowingly engages in a sexual act with another person who has not attained the age of 12 years, or knowingly engages in a sexual act under the circumstances described in subsections (a) and (b) with another person who has attained the age of 12 years but has not attained the age of 16 years (and is at least 4 years younger than that person), or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for any term of years or life, or both. If the defendant has previously been convicted of another Federal offense under this subsection, or of a State offense that would have been an offense under either such provision had the offense occurred in a Federal prison, unless the death penalty is imposed, the defendant shall be sentenced to life in prison.´´.


(c) SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR—
Section 2243(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``crosses a State line with intent to engage in a sexual act with a person who has not attained the age of 12 years, or´´ after ``Whoever´´.
Subsection 8. Severability[edit]
If any provision of this Act, including any provision or section of the definition of the term child pornography, an amendment made by this Act, or the application of such provision or amendment to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of this Act, including any other provision or section of the definition of the term child pornography, the amendments made by this Act, and the application of such to any other person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.

This title may be cited as the ``Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997´´.