The sixth king of Babylon and first king of the Babylonian Empire, building Babylon's control over Mesopotamia by winning a series of wars against neighboring kingdoms.
Reigned either 1792 BC to 1750 BC (middle chronology) or 1728 BC – 1686 BC (short chronology)
Hammurabi is known for the set of laws known as The Code of Hammurabi, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history. This achievement led to a reputation as a law-giver that still stands; Hammurabi is portrayed in modern times on government buildings throughout the world along with images of other famous law-givers. Although his empire controlled all of Mesopotamia by the time of his death, his successors were unable to hold on to the lands he had conquered.