Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Veni Sancte Spiritus Reple

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A prose invocation of the Holy Ghost. The Alleluia following the Epistle of Whitsunday comprises two parts: (1) a chant in the fourth tone: "Alleluia, alleluia. V. Emitte Spiritum tuum, et creabuntur; et renovabis faciem terræ" (Ps. ciii, 30, Vulgate edition, with change of "emittes" into "emitte"); (2) a chant in the second tone: "Alleluia. V. Veni sancte Spiritus, reple tuorum corda fidelium, et tui amoris in eis ignem accende . A rubric directs all to kneel when the Veni Sancte Spiritus" begins. Then follows the sequence (see VENI SANCTE SPIRITUS ET EMITTE COELITUS). An invocation much used in schools and in private devotions is constructed from the above "Alleluia by taking first the Veni...accende", then the "Emitte...terræ", and concluding with the prayer of the feast: "Deus qui corda...gaudere" (omitting the words hodierna die"). From the plainsong melody (composed in the eleventh century) of this Veni was developed the exquisite plainsong of the sequence following it.

MEARNS in. JULIAN, Dict. of Hymnol. (2nd ed., London, 1907), 1215, 631 ("Komm heiliger Geist, Herre Gott"); ESLING, tr. in Catholic Record, VII (Philadelphia), 43, 44; MARBACH, Carmina Scripturarum (Strasburg, 1907), 207-8, liturgical uses; La Tribune de Saint-Gervais (May, 1907), 115-6, analysis of plainsong; DREVES, Analecta Hymnica, X, 32 (twelfth-cent. hymn founded on prose prayer, sequence, and hymn Veni Creator). Prose trs. in: YOUNG, Roman Hymnal, I (New York, 1884); Crown of Jesus (1862); Altar Hymnal (1884), etc. Tr. of component parts in Missal for the Use of the Laity (London, 1903), 409.

H.T. HENRY