Hayne, Thomas (DNB00)

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HAYNE, THOMAS (1582–1645), schoolmaster, son of Robert Hayne of Thrussington, Leicestershire, born in 1582, matriculated from Lincoln College, Oxford, on 12 Oct. 1599. Lameness incapacitated him for recreation, and he devoted himself exclusively to study. He was admitted B.A. on 23 Jan. 1604-5, was appointed second under-master of Merchant Taylors' School, London, in the same year, became usher at Christ's Hospital in 1608, and commenced M.A. in 1612. He died on 27 July 1645, and was buried in Christ Church, London, where a monument, destroyed in the fire of London, was erected to his memory. By will dated 20 Sept. 1640 he bequeathed his books to the library at Leicester, with the exception of a few which he left to the library at Westminster. He also gave 400l. to be bestowed in buying lands or houses of the annual value of 24l. for the maintenance of a schoolmaster at Thrussington to teach ten poor children, and bequeathed 42l. yearly for the maintenance of two scholars in Lincoln College, Oxford. Several other charitable bequests are included in his will. Wood describes him as 'a noted critic, an excellent linguist, and a solid divine, beloved of learned men, and particularly respected by Selden' (Athenae Oxon. ed. Bliss, iii. 173). An unengraved portrait of him hangs in the town library at Leicester.

His works are: 1. 'Linguarum cognatio, seu de Linguis in genere et de Variorum Lingarum Harmoniii Dissertatio,' London. 1639, 8vo. Reprinted in Crenius's 'Analecta Philologico-Critico-Historica,' Amsterdam, 1699. 2. 'Grammaticae Latine Compendium,' London, 1640, 8vo. 3. 'The equal wayes of God: for rectifying the unequal wayes of man. Briefly and clearly drawn from the sacred Scriptures. . . . Second edition, revised and . . . enlarged,' London, 1640, fol. 4. 'The Life and Death of Dr. Martin Luther, presented in an English dresse, out of the learned and laborious work of Melchior Adam,' London, 1641, 4to. 5. 'Of the Article of our Creed: Christ descended to Hades, or ad Inferos' (anon.), London, 1642, 4to. 6. 'Christs Kingdome on Earth, opened according to the Scriptures. Herein is examined what Mr. Th. Brightman, Dr. J. Alstede, Mr. I. Mede, Mr. H. Archer, The Glympse of Sions Glory, and such as concurre in opinion with them, hold concerning the thousand years of the Saints Reign with Christ, and of Satans binding,' London, 1645, 4to. Hayne also published a 'General view of the Holy Scriptures; or the Times, Places, and Persons of Holy Scripture,' 2nd edit., much enlarged, London, 1640, fol. The first edition of this anonymous book was called 'Times, Places, & Persons of the holie Scriptures. Otherwise entituled, The General View of the Holy Scriptures' London, 1607, 4to.

[Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohm), 1017: Nichols's Leicestershire, iii. pt. i. p. 459; Oxford University Register (Clark), ii. pt. ii. p. 236, pt. iii. p. 252; Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Wilson's Merchant Taylors' School, li. 1182; Wood's Colleges and Halls (Gutch), p. 240; Wood's Hist. et: Antiq. Univ. Oxon. ii. 160.]

T. C.