House Res 1517

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H.R. 1517  (2008) 
by United States House of Representatives
This is a text version of US House of Representatives bill 1517 from Sept 28, 2008. PDF

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[DISCUSSION DRAFT]

110TH CONGRESS
2D SESSION H. R. 1517

To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure
certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability
to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and
protecting taxpayers, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Ml. llllll introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
Committee on llllllllllllll

A BILL

To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure
certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing
stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial
system and protecting taxpayers, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) SHORT TITLE. -- This Act may be cited as the

‘‘Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008’’.

[page 2]

(b) TABLE OF 1 CONTENTS. -- The table of contents for
this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
TITLE I -- TROUBLED ASSETS RELIEF PROGRAM
Sec. 101. Purchases of troubled assets.
Sec. 102. Insurance of troubled assets.
Sec. 103. Considerations.
Sec. 104. Financial Stability Oversight Board.
Sec. 105. Reports.
Sec. 106. Rights; management; sale of troubled assets; revenues and sale proceeds.
Sec. 107. Contracting procedures.
Sec. 108. Conflicts of interest.
Sec. 109. Foreclosure mitigation efforts.
Sec. 110. Assistance to homeowners.
Sec. 111. Executive compensation and corporate governance.
Sec. 112. Coordination with foreign authorities and central banks.
Sec. 113. Minimization of long-term costs and maximization of benefits for taxpayers.
Sec. 114. Market transparency.
Sec. 115. Graduated authorization to purchase.
Sec. 116. Oversight and audits.
Sec. 117. Study and report on margin authority.
Sec. 118. Funding.
Sec. 119. Judicial review and related matters.
Sec. 120. Termination of authority.
Sec. 121. Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
Sec. 122. Increase in statutory limit on the public debt.
Sec. 123. Credit reform.
Sec. 124. HOPE for Homeowners amendments.
Sec. 125. Congressional Oversight Panel.
Sec. 126. FDIC authority.
Sec. 127. Cooperation with the FBI.
Sec. 128. Acceleration of effective date.
Sec. 129. Disclosures on exercise of loan authority.
Sec. 130. Technical corrections.
Sec. 131. Exchange Stabilization Fund reimbursement.
Sec. 132. Authority to suspend mark-to-market accounting.
Sec. 133. Study on mark-to-market accounting.
Sec. 134. Recoupment.
Sec. 135. Preservation of authority.
TITLE II -- BUDGET-RELATED PROVISIONS
Sec. 201. Information for congressional support agencies.
Sec. 202. Reports by the Office of Management and Budget and the Congressional
Budget Office.
Sec. 203. Analysis in President’s Budget.
Sec. 204. Emergency treatment.

[page 3]

TITLE III -- TAX PROVISIONS
Sec. 301. Gain or loss from sale or exchange of certain preferred stock.
Sec. 302. Special rules for tax treatment of executive compensation of employers
participating in the troubled assets relief program.
Sec. 303. Extension of exclusion of income from discharge of qualified principal
residence indebtedness.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

The purposes of this Act are --

(1) to immediately provide authority and facilities that the Secretary
of the Treasury can use to restore liquidity and stability to the
financial system of the United States; and

(2) to ensure that such authority and such facilities are used in a
manner that --

(A) protects home values, college funds, retirement accounts, and life savings;

(B) preserves homeownership and promotes jobs and economic growth;

(C) maximizes overall returns to the taxpayers of the United States; and

(D) provides public accountability for the exercise of such authority.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this Act, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS. -- The term
‘‘appropriate committees of Congress’’ means --

[page 4]

(A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the
Committee on Finance, the Committee on the Budget, and the Committee
on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(B) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and
Means, the Committee on the Budget, and the Committee on
Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(2) BOARD. -- The term ‘‘Board’’ means the Board of
Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

(3) CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT AGENCIES. -- The term ‘‘congressional
support agencies’’ means the Congressional Budget Office and the
Joint Committee on Taxation.

(4) CORPORATION. -- The term ‘‘Corporation’’ means the
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(5) FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. -- The term ‘‘financial
institution’’ means any institution, including, but not limited
to, any bank, savings association, credit union, security broker or
dealer, or insurance company, established and regulated under the laws
of the United States or any State, territory, or possession of the
United States, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American

[page 5]

Samoa, or the United States Virgin Islands, and having significant
operations in the United States, but excluding any central bank of, or
institution owned by, a foreign government.

(6) FUND. -- The term ‘‘Fund’’ means the Troubled Assets
Insurance Financing Fund established under section 102.

(7) SECRETARY. -- The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the
Secretary of the Treasury.

(8) TARP. -- The term ‘‘TARP’’ means the troubled asset
relief program established under section 101.

(9) TROUBLED ASSETS. -- The term ‘‘troubled assets’’ means
--

(A) residential or commercial mortgages and any securities,
obligations, or other instruments that are based on or related to such
mortgages, that in each case was originated or issued on or before
March 14, 2008, the purchase of which the Secretary determines
promotes financial market stability; and

(B) any other financial instrument that the Secretary, after
consultation with the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System, determines the purchase of which

[page 6]

is necessary to promote financial market stability, but only upon
transmittal of such determination, in writing, to the appropriate
committees of Congress.

TITLE I -- TROUBLED ASSETS RELIEF PROGRAM

SEC. 101. PURCHASES OF TROUBLED ASSETS.

(a) OFFICES; AUTHORITY. --

(1) AUTHORITY. -- The Secretary is authorized to establish a troubled
asset relief program (or ‘‘TARP’’) to purchase, and to
make and fund commitments to purchase, troubled assets from any
financial institution, on such terms and conditions as are determined
by the Secretary, and in accordance with this Act and the policies and
procedures developed and published by the Secretary.

(2) COMMENCEMENT OF PROGRAM. -- Establishment of the policies and
procedures and other similar administrative requirements imposed on
the Secretary by this Act are not intended to delay the commencement
of the TARP.

(3) ESTABLISHMENT OF TREASURY OFFICE. --

(A) IN GENERAL. -- The Secretary shall implement any program under
paragraph (1)

[page 7]

through an Office of Financial Stability, established for such purpose
within the Office of Domestic Finance of the Department of the
Treasury, which office shall be headed by an Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, except that an interim Assistant Secretary may
serve pending confirmation by the Senate.

(B) CLERICAL AMENDMENTS. --

(i) TITLE 5. -- Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is
amended in the item relating to Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury,
by striking ‘‘(9)’’ and inserting ‘‘(10)’’.

(ii) TITLE 31. -- Section 301(e) of title 31, United States Code, is
amended by striking ‘‘9’’ and inserting
‘‘10’’.

(b) CONSULTATION. -- In exercising the authority under this section,
the Secretary shall consult with the Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System, the Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, the
Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, and the Secretary of
Housing and Urban Development.

(c) NECESSARY ACTIONS. -- The Secretary is authorized to take such
actions as the Secretary deems necessary

[page 8]

to carry out the authorities in this Act, including, without
limitation, the following:

(1) The Secretary shall have direct hiring authority with respect to
the appointment of employees to administer this Act.

(2) Entering into contracts, including contracts for services
authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code.

(3) Designating financial institutions as financial agents of the
Federal Government, and such institutions shall perform all such
reasonable duties related to this Act as financial agents of the
Federal Government as may be required.

(4) In order to provide the Secretary with the flexibility to manage
troubled assets in a manner designed to minimize cost to the
taxpayers, establishing vehicles that are authorized, subject to
supervision by the Secretary, to purchase, hold, and sell troubled
assets and issue obligations.

(5) Issuing such regulations and other guidance as may be necessary or
appropriate to define terms or carry out the authorities or purposes
of this Act.

(d) PROGRAM GUIDELINES. -- Before the earlier of the end of the
2-business-day period beginning on the date of the first purchase of
troubled assets pursuant to the

[page 9]

authority under this section or the end of the 45-day period beginning
on the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish
program guidelines, including the following:

(1) Mechanisms for purchasing troubled assets.

(2) Methods for pricing and valuing troubled
assets.

(3) Procedures for selecting asset managers.

(4) Criteria for identifying troubled assets for
purchase.

(e) PREVENTING UNJUST ENRICHMENT. -- In making purchases under the
authority of this Act, the Secretary shall take such steps as may be
necessary to prevent unjust enrichment of financial institutions
participating in a program established under this section, including
by preventing the sale of a troubled asset to the Secretary at a
higher price than what the seller paid to purchase the asset. This
subsection does not apply to troubled assets acquired in a merger or
acquisition, or a purchase of assets from a financial institution in
conservatorship or receivership, or that has initiated bankruptcy
proceedings under title 11, United States Code.

SEC. 102. INSURANCE OF TROUBLED ASSETS.

(a) AUTHORITY. --

[page 10]

(1) IN GENERAL. -- If the Secretary establishes the program authorized
under section 101, then the Secretary shall establish a program to
guarantee troubled assets originated or issued prior to March 14,
2008, including such mortgage-backed securities.

(2) GUARANTEES. -- In establishing any program under this subsection,
the Secretary may develop guarantees of troubled assets and the
associated premiums for such guarantees. Such guarantees and premiums
may be determined by category or class of the troubled assets to be
guaranteed.

(3) EXTENT OF GUARANTEE. -- Upon request of a financial institution,
the Secretary may guarantee the timely payment of principal of, and
interest on, troubled assets in amounts not to exceed 100 percent of
such payments. Such guarantee may be on such terms and conditions as
are determined by the Secretary, provided that such terms and
conditions are consistent with the purposes of this Act.

(b) REPORTS. -- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of
this Act, the Secretary shall report to the appropriate committees of
Congress on the program established under subsection (a).

(c) PREMIUMS. --

[page 11]

(1) IN GENERAL. -- The Secretary shall collect premiums from any
financial institution participating in the program established under
subsection

(a). Such premiums shall be in an amount that the Secretary determines
necessary to meet the purposes of this Act and to provide sufficient
reserves pursuant to paragraph (3).

(2) AUTHORITY TO BASE PREMIUMS ON PRODUCT RISK. -- In establishing any
premium under paragraph (1), the Secretary may provide for variations
in such rates according to the credit risk associated with the
particular troubled asset that is being guaranteed. The Secretary
shall publish the methodology for setting the premium for a class of
troubled assets together with an explanation of the appropriateness of
the class of assets for participation in the program established under
this section. The methodology shall ensure that the premium is
consistent with paragraph (3).

(3) MINIMUM LEVEL. -- The premiums referred to in paragraph (1) shall
be set by the Secretary at a level necessary to create reserves
sufficient to meet anticipated claims, based on an actuarial analysis,
and to ensure that taxpayers are fully protected.

[page 12]

(4) ADJUSTMENT TO PURCHASE AUTHORITY. -- The purchase authority limit
in section 115 shall be reduced by an amount equal to the difference
between the total of the outstanding guaranteed obligations and the
balance in the Troubled Assets Insurance Fund.

(d) TROUBLED ASSETS INSURANCE FINANCING FUND. --

(1) DEPOSITS. -- The Secretary shall deposit fees collected under this
section into the Fund established under paragraph (2).

(2) ESTABLISHMENT. -- There is established a Troubled Assets Insurance
Financing Fund that shall consist of the amounts collected pursuant to
paragraph (1), and any balance in such fund shall be invested by the
Secretary in United States Treasury securities, or kept in cash on
hand or on deposit, as necessary.

(3) PAYMENTS FROM FUND. -- The Secretary shall make payments from
amounts deposited in the Fund to fulfill obligations of the guarantees
provided to financial institutions under subsection (a).

SEC. 103. CONSIDERATIONS.

In exercising the authorities granted in this Act, the Secretary shall
take into consideration --

[page 13]

(1) protecting the interests of taxpayers by maximizing overall
returns and minimizing the impact on the national debt;

(2) providing stability and preventing disruption to financial markets
in order to limit the impact on the economy and protect American jobs,
savings, and retirement security;

(3) the need to help families keep their homes and to stabilize
communities;

(4) in determining whether to engage in a direct purchase from an
individual financial institution, the long-term viability of the
financial institution in determining whether the purchase represents
the most efficient use of funds under this Act;

(5) ensuring that all financial institutions are eligible to
participate in the program, without discrimination based on size,
geography, form of organization, or the size, type, and number of
assets eligible for purchase under this Act;

(6) providing financial assistance to financial institutions,
including those serving low- and moderate-income populations and other
underserved communities, and that have assets less than
$1,000,000,000, that were well or adequately capitalized as of June
30, 2008, and that as a result

[page 14]

of the devaluation of the preferred government-sponsored enterprises
stock will drop one or more capital levels, in a manner sufficient to
restore the financial institutions to at least an adequately
capitalized level;

(7) the need to ensure stability for United States public
instrumentalities, such as counties and cities, that may have suffered
significant increased costs or losses in the current market turmoil;

(8) protecting the retirement security of Americans by purchasing
troubled assets held by or on behalf of an eligible retirement plan
described in clause

(iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 402(c)(8)(B) of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986, except that such authority shall not extend to
any compensation arrangements subject to section 409A of such Code;
and

(9) the utility of purchasing other real estate owned and instruments
backed by mortgages on multifamily properties.

SEC. 104. FINANCIAL STABILITY OVERSIGHT BOARD.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT. -- There is established the Financial Stability
Oversight Board, which shall be responsible for --

[page 15]

(1) reviewing the exercise of authority under a program developed in
accordance with this Act, including --

(A) policies implemented by the Secretary and the Office of Financial
Stability created under sections 101 and 102, including the
appointment of financial agents, the designation of asset classes to
be purchased, and plans for the structure of vehicles used to purchase
troubled assets; and

(B) the effect of such actions in assisting American families in
preserving home ownership, stabilizing financial markets, and
protecting taxpayers;

(2) making recommendations, as appropriate, to the Secretary regarding
use of the authority under this Act; and

(3) reporting any suspected fraud, misrepresentation, or malfeasance
to the Special Inspector General for the Troubled Assets Relief
Program or the Attorney General of the United States, consistent with
section 535(b) of title 28, United States Code.

(b) MEMBERSHIP. -- The Financial Stability Oversight Board shall be
comprised of --

[page 16]

(1) the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve
System;

(2) the Secretary;

(3) the Director of the Federal Home Finance Agency;

(4) the Chairman of the Securities Exchange Commission; and

(5) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(c) CHAIRPERSON. -- The chairperson of the Financial Stability
Oversight Board shall be elected by the members of the Board from
among the members other than the Secretary.

(d) MEETINGS. -- The Financial Stability Oversight Board shall meet 2
weeks after the first exercise of the purchase authority of the
Secretary under this Act, and monthly thereafter.

(e) ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES. -- In addition to the responsibilities
described in subsection (a), the Financial Stability Oversight Board
shall have the authority to ensure that the policies implemented by
the Secretary are --

(1) in accordance with the purposes of this Act;

(2) in the economic interests of the United States; and

[page 17]

(3) consistent with protecting taxpayers, in accordance with section 112(a).

(f) CREDIT REVIEW COMMITTEE. -- The Financial Stability Oversight
Board may appoint a credit review committee for the purpose of
evaluating the exercise of the purchase authority provided under this
Act and the assets acquired through the exercise of such authority, as
the Financial Stability Oversight Board determines appropriate.

(g) REPORTS. -- The Financial Stability Oversight Board shall report
to the appropriate committees of Congress and the Congressional
Oversight Panel established under section 125, semiannually, on the
matters described under subsection (a)(1).

(h) TERMINATION. -- The Financial Stability Oversight Board, and the
authority of the Oversight Board under this section, shall terminate
on the expiration of the 15-day period beginning upon the later of --

(1) the date that the last troubled asset acquired by the Secretary
under section 101 has been sold or transferred out of the ownership or
control of the Federal Government; or

(2) the date of expiration of the last insurance contract issued under
section 102.

[page 18]

SEC. 105. REPORTS.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Before the expiration of the 60- day period
beginning on the date of the first exercise of the authority granted
in section 101(a), or of the first exercise of the authority granted
in section 102, whichever occurs first, and every 30-day period
thereafter, the Secretary shall report to the appropriate committees
of Congress, with respect to each such period --

(1) an overview of actions taken by the Secretary, including the
considerations required by section 103 and the efforts under section
109;

(2) the actual obligation and expenditure of the funds provided for
administrative expenses by section 118 during such period and the
expected expenditure of such funds in the subsequent period; and

(3) a detailed financial statement with respect to the exercise of
authority under this Act, including --

(A) all agreements made or renewed;

(B) all insurance contracts entered into pursuant to section 102;

(C) all transactions occurring during such period, including the types
of parties involved;

(D) the nature of the assets purchased;

(E) all projected costs and liabilities;

[page 19]

(F) operating expenses, including compensation for financial agents;

(G) the valuation or pricing method used for each transaction; and

(H) a description of the vehicles established to exercise such authority.

(b) TRANCHE REPORTS TO CONGRESS. --

(1) REPORTS. -- The Secretary shall provide to the appropriate
committees of Congress, at the times specified in paragraph (2), a
written report, including --

(A) a description of all of the transactions made during the reporting
period;

(B) a description of the pricing mechanism for the transactions;

(C) a justification of the price paid for and other financial terms
associated with the transactions;

(D) a description of the impact of the exercise of such authority on
the financial system, supported, to the extent possible, by specific
data;

(E) a description of challenges that remain in the financial system,
including any benchmarks yet to be achieved; and

[page 20]

(F) an estimate of additional actions under the authority provided
under this Act that may be necessary to address such challenges.

(2) TIMING. -- The report required by this subsection shall be
submitted not later than 7 days after the date on which commitments to
purchase troubled assets under the authorities provided in this Act
first reach an aggregate of $50,000,000,000 and not later than 7 days
after each $50,000,000,000 interval of such commitments is reached
thereafter.

(c) REGULATORY MODERNIZATION REPORT. -- The Secretary shall review the
current state of the financial markets and the regulatory system and
submit a written report to the appropriate committees of Congress not
later than April 30, 2009, analyzing the current state of the
regulatory system and its effectiveness at overseeing the participants
in the financial markets, including the overthe-counter swaps market
and government-sponsored enterprises, and providing recommendations
for improvement, including --

(1) recommendations regarding --

(A) whether any participants in the financial markets that are
currently outside the regulatory system should become subject to the
regulatory system; and

[page 21]

(B) enhancement of the clearing and settlement of over-the-counter swaps; and

(2) the rationale underlying such recommendations.

(d) SHARING OF INFORMATION. -- Any report required under this section
shall also be submitted to the Congressional Oversight Panel
established under section 125.

(e) SUNSET. -- The reporting requirements under this section shall
terminate on the later of --

(1) the date that the last troubled asset acquired by the Secretary
under section 101 has been sold or transferred out of the ownership or
control of the Federal Government; or

(2) the date of expiration of the last insurance contract issued under
section 102.

SEC. 106. RIGHTS; MANAGEMENT; SALE OF TROUBLED ASSETS; REVENUES AND
SALE PROCEEDS.

(a) EXERCISE OF RIGHTS. -- The Secretary may, at any time, exercise
any rights received in connection with troubled assets purchased under
this Act.

(b) MANAGEMENT OF TROUBLED ASSETS. -- The Secretary shall have
authority to manage troubled assets purchased under this Act,
including revenues and portfolio risks therefrom.

[page 22]

(c) SALE OF TROUBLED ASSETS. -- The Secretary may, at any time, upon
terms and conditions and at a price determined by the Secretary, sell,
or enter into securities loans, repurchase transactions, or other
financial transactions in regard to, any troubled asset purchased
under this Act.

(d) TRANSFER TO TREASURY. -- Revenues of, and proceeds from the sale
of troubled assets purchased under this Act, or from the sale,
exercise, or surrender of warrants or senior debt instruments acquired
under section 113 shall be paid into the general fund of the Treasury
for reduction of the public debt.

(e) APPLICATION OF SUNSET TO TROUBLED ASSETS. -- The authority of the
Secretary to hold any troubled asset purchased under this Act before
the termination date in section 120, or to purchase or fund the
purchase of a troubled asset under a commitment entered into before
the termination date in section 120, is not subject to the provisions
of section 120.

SEC. 107. CONTRACTING PROCEDURES.

(a) STREAMLINED PROCESS. -- For purposes of this Act, the Secretary
may waive specific provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation
upon a determination that urgent and compelling circumstances make
compliance with such provisions contrary to the public interest. Any

[page 23]

such determination, and the justification for such determination,
shall be submitted to the Committees on Oversight and Government
Reform and Financial Services of the House of Representatives and the
Committees on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and Banking,
Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate within 7 days.

(b) ADDITIONAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS. -- In any solicitation or
contract where the Secretary has, pursuant to subsection (a), waived
any provision of the Federal Acquisition Regulation pertaining to
minority contracting, the Secretary shall develop and implement
standards and procedures to ensure, to the maximum extent practicable,
the inclusion and utilization of minorities (as such term is defined
in section 1204(c) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and
Enforcement Act of 1989 (12 U.S.C. 1811 note)) and women, and minority
and women-owned businesses (as such terms are defined in section
21A(r)(4) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1441a(r)(4)),
in that solicitation or contract, including contracts to asset
managers, servicers, property managers, and other service providers or
expert consultants.

(c) ELIGIBILITY OF FDIC. -- Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b),
the Corporation --

[page 24]

(1) shall be eligible for, and shall be considered in, the selection
of asset managers for residential mortgage loans and residential
mortgage-backed securities; and

(2) shall be reimbursed by the Secretary for any services provided.

SEC. 108. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.

(a) STANDARDS REQUIRED. -- The Secretary shall issue regulations or
guidelines necessary to address and manage or to prohibit conflicts of
interest that may arise in connection with the administration and
execution of the authorities provided under this Act, including --

(1) conflicts arising in the selection or hiring of contractors or
advisors, including asset managers;

(2) the purchase of troubled assets;

(3) the management of the troubled assets held;

(4) post-employment restrictions on employees;
and

(5) any other potential conflict of interest, as the Secretary deems
necessary or appropriate in the public interest.

(b) TIMING. -- Regulations or guidelines required by this section
shall be issued as soon as practicable after the date of enactment of
this Act.

[page 25]

SEC. 109. FORECLOSURE MITIGATION EFFORTS.

(a) RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LOAN SERVICING STANDARDS. -- To the extent
that the Secretary acquires mortgages, mortgage backed securities, and
other assets secured by residential real estate, including multifamily
housing, the Secretary shall implement a plan that seeks to maximize
assistance for homeowners and use the authority of the Secretary to
encourage the servicers of the underlying mortgages, considering net
present value to the taxpayer, to take advantage of the HOPE for
Homeowners Program under section 257 of the National Housing Act or
other available programs to minimize foreclosures. In addition, the
Secretary may use loan guarantees and credit enhancements to
facilitate loan modifications to prevent avoidable foreclosures.

(b) COORDINATION. -- The Secretary shall coordinate with the
Corporation, the Board (with respect to any mortgage or
mortgage-backed securities or pool of securities held, owned, or
controlled by or on behalf of a Federal reserve bank, as provided in
section 110(a)(1)(C)), the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and other Federal
Government entities that hold troubled assets to attempt to identify
opportunities for the acquisition of classes of troubled assets that
will improve the ability of the Secretary to improve the loan
modification and restructuring process and,

[page 26]

where permissible, to permit bona fide tenants who are current on
their rent to remain in their homes under the terms of the lease. In
the case of a mortgage on a residential rental property, the plan
required under this section shall include protecting Federal, State,
and local rental subsidies and protections, and ensuring any
modification takes into account the need for operating funds to
maintain decent and safe conditions at the property.

(c) CONSENT TO REASONABLE LOAN MODIFICATION REQUESTS. -- Upon any
request arising under existing investment contracts, the Secretary
shall consent, where appropriate, and considering net present value to
the taxpayer, to reasonable requests for loss mitigation measures,
including term extensions, rate reductions, principal write downs,
increases in the proportion of loans within a trust or other structure
allowed to be modified, or removal of other limitation on
modifications.

SEC. 110. ASSISTANCE TO HOMEOWNERS.

(a) DEFINITIONS. -- As used in this section --

(1) the term ‘‘Federal property manager’’ means --

(A) the Federal Housing Finance Agency, in its capacity as conservator
of the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan
Mortgage Corporation;

[page 27]

(B) the Corporation, with respect to residential mortgage loans and
mortgage-backed securities held by any bridge depository institution
pursuant to section 11(n) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; and

(C) the Board, with respect to any mortgage or mortgage-backed
securities or pool of securities held, owned, or controlled by or on
behalf of a Federal reserve bank, other than mortgages or securities
held, owned, or controlled in connection with open market operations
under section 14 of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 353), or as
collateral for an advance or discount that is not in default;

(2) the term ‘‘consumer’’ has the same meaning as in
section 103 of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1602);

(3) the term ‘‘insured depository institution’’ has the
same meaning as in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12
U.S.C. 1813); and

(4) the term ‘‘servicer’’ has the same meaning as in
section 6(i)(2) of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974
(12 U.S.C. 2605(i)(2)).

(b) HOMEOWNER ASSISTANCE BY AGENCIES. --

[page 28]

(1) IN GENERAL. -- To the extent that the Federal property manager
holds, owns, or controls mortgages, mortgage backed securities, and
other assets secured by residential real estate, including multifamily
housing, the Federal property manager shall implement a plan that
seeks to maximize assistance for homeowners and use its authority to
encourage the servicers of the underlying mortgages, and considering
net present value to the taxpayer, to take advantage of the HOPE for
Homeowners Program under section 257 of the National Housing Act or
other available programs to minimize foreclosures.

(2) MODIFICATIONS. -- In the case of a residential mortgage loan,
modifications made under paragraph (1) may include --

(A) reduction in interest rates;

(B) reduction of loan principal; and

(C) other similar modifications.

(3) TENANT PROTECTIONS. -- In the case of mortgages on residential
rental properties, modifications made under paragraph (1) shall ensure
--

(A) the continuation of any existing Federal, State, and local rental
subsidies and protections; and

[page 29]

(B) that modifications take into account the need for operating funds
to maintain decent and safe conditions at the property.

(4) TIMING. -- Each Federal property manager shall develop and begin
implementation of the plan required by this subsection not later than
60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

(5) REPORTS TO CONGRESS. -- Each Federal property manager shall, 60
days after the date of enactment of this Act and every 30 days
thereafter, report to Congress specific information on the number and
types of loan modifications made and the number of actual foreclosures
occurring during the reporting period in accordance with this section.

(6) CONSULTATION. -- In developing the plan required by this
subsection, the Federal property managers shall consult with one
another and, to the extent possible, utilize consistent approaches to
implement the requirements of this subsection.

(c) ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO SERVICERS. -- In any case in which a
Federal property manager is not the owner of a residential mortgage
loan, but holds an interest in obligations or pools of obligations
secured by residential mortgage loans, the Federal property manager
shall --

[page 30]

(1) encourage implementation by the loan servicers of loan
modifications developed under subsection (b); and

(2) assist in facilitating any such modifications, to the extent
possible.

(d) LIMITATION. -- The requirements of this section shall not
supersede any other duty or requirement imposed on the Federal
property managers under otherwise applicable law.

SEC. 111. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.

(a) APPLICABILITY. -- Any financial institution that sells troubled
assets to the Secretary under this Act shall be subject to the
executive compensation requirements of subsections (b) and (c) and the
provisions under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as provided under
the amendment by section 302, as applicable.

(b) DIRECT PURCHASES. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- Where the Secretary determines that the purposes of
this Act are best met through direct purchases of troubled assets from
an individual financial institution where no bidding process or market
prices are available, and the Secretary receives a meaningful equity
or debt position

[page 25]

in the financial institution as a result of the transaction, the
Secretary shall require that the financial institution meet
appropriate standards for executive compensation and corporate
governance. The standards required under this subsection shall be
effective for the duration of the period that the Secretary holds an
equity or debt position in the financial institution.

(2) CRITERIA. -- The standards required under this subsection shall
include --

(A) limits on compensation that exclude incentives for executive
officers of a financial institution to take unnecessary and excessive
risks that threaten the value of the financial institution during the
period that the Secretary holds an equity or debt position in the
financial institution;

(B) a provision for the recovery by the financial institution of any
bonus or incentive compensation paid to a senior executive officer
based on statements of earnings, gains, or other criteria that are
later proven to be materially inaccurate; and

(C) a prohibition on the financial institution making any golden
parachute payment to its senior executive officer during the period

[page 32]

that the Secretary holds an equity or debt position in the financial
institution.

(3) DEFINITION. -- For purposes of this section, the term
‘‘senior executive officer’’ means an individual who is
one of the top 5 executives of a public company, whose compensated is
required to be disclosed pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of
1934, and any regulations issued thereunder, and non-public company
counterparts.

(c) AUCTION PURCHASES. -- Where the Secretary determines that the
purposes of this Act are best met through auction purchases of
troubled assets, and only where such purchases per financial
institution, in the aggregate exceed $300,000,000 (including direct
purchases), the Secretary shall prohibit, for such financial
institution, any new employment contract with a senior executive
officer that provides a golden parachute in the event of an
involuntary termination, bankruptcy filing, insolvency, or
receivership. The Secretary shall issue guidance to carry out this
paragraph not later than 2 months after the date of enactment of this
Act, and such guidance shall be effective upon issuance.

(d) SUNSET. -- The provisions of subsection (c) shall apply only to
arrangements entered into during the period

[page 33]

during which the authorities under section 101(a) are in effect, as
determined under section 120.

SEC. 112. COORDINATION WITH FOREIGN AUTHORITIES
AND CENTRAL BANKS.

The Secretary shall coordinate, as appropriate, with foreign financial
authorities and central banks to work toward the establishment of
similar programs by such authorities and central banks. To the extent
that such foreign financial authorities or banks hold troubled assets
as a result of extending financing to financial institutions that have
failed or defaulted on such financing, such troubled assets qualify
for purchase under section 101.

SEC. 113. MINIMIZATION OF LONG-TERM COSTS AND MAXIMIZATION OF BENEFITS
FOR TAXPAYERS.

(a) LONG-TERM COSTS AND BENEFITS. --

(1) MINIMIZING NEGATIVE IMPACT. -- The Secretary shall use the
authority under this Act in a manner that will minimize any potential
long-term negative impact on the taxpayer, taking into account the
direct outlays, potential long-term returns on assets purchased, and
the overall economic benefits of the program, including economic
benefits due to improvements in economic activity and the availability
of credit, the impact on the savings and pensions of

[page 34]

individuals, and reductions in losses to the Federal Government.

(2) AUTHORITY. -- In carrying out paragraph

(1), the Secretary shall --

(A) hold the assets to maturity or for resale for and until such time
as the Secretary determines that the market is optimal for selling
such assets, in order to maximize the value for taxpayers; and

(B) sell such assets at a price that the Secretary determines, based
on available financial analysis, will maximize return on investment
for the Federal Government.

(3) PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION. -- The Secretary shall encourage the
private sector to participate in purchases of troubled assets, and to
invest in financial institutions, consistent with the provisions of
this section.

(b) USE OF MARKET MECHANISMS. -- In making purchases under this Act,
the Secretary shall --

(1) make such purchases at the lowest price that the Secretary
determines to be consistent with the purposes of this Act; and

(2) maximize the efficiency of the use of taxpayer resources by using
market mechanisms,

[page 35]

including auctions or reverse auctions, where appropriate.

(c) DIRECT PURCHASES. -- If the Secretary determines that use of a
market mechanism under subsection

(b) is not feasible or appropriate, and the purposes of the Act are
best met through direct purchases from an individual financial
institution, the Secretary shall pursue additional measures to ensure
that prices paid for assets are reasonable and reflect the underlying
value of the asset.

(d) CONDITIONS ON PURCHASE AUTHORITY FOR WARRANTS AND DEBT
INSTRUMENTS. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- The Secretary may not purchase, or make any
commitment to purchase, any troubled asset under the authority of this
Act, unless the Secretary receives from the financial institution from
which such assets are to be purchased --

(A) in the case of a financial institution that is registered (or
approved for registration) and traded on a national securities
exchange or a national securities association registered pursuant to
section 15A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78o-3),
a warrant giving the right to the Secretary to receive nonvoting
common stock or preferred stock in such

[page 36]

financial institution, as the Secretary determines appropriate; or

(B) in the case of any financial institution other than one described
in subparagraph (A), a senior debt instrument from such financial
institution, as described in paragraph (2)(C).

(2) TERMS AND CONDITIONS. -- The terms and conditions of any warrant
or senior debt instrument required under paragraph (1) shall meet the
following requirements:

(A) PURPOSES. -- Such terms and conditions shall, at a minimum, be designed --

(i) to provide for reasonable participation by the Secretary, for the
benefit of taxpayers, in equity appreciation in the case of a warrant,
or a reasonable interest rate premium, in the case of a debt
instrument; and

(ii) to provide additional protection for the taxpayer against losses
from sale of assets by the Secretary under this Act and the
administrative expenses of the TARP.

(B) AUTHORITY TO SELL, EXERCISE, OR SURRENDER. -- The Secretary may

[page 37]

sell, exercise, or surrender a warrant or any senior debt instrument
received under this subsection, based on the conditions established
under subparagraph (A).

(C) CONVERSION. -- The warrant shall provide that if, after the
warrant is received by the Secretary under this subsection, the
financial institution that issued the warrant is no longer listed or
traded on a national securities exchange or securities association, as
described in paragraph (1)(A), such warrants shall convert to senior
debt, in an amount determined by the Secretary.

(D) PROTECTIONS. -- Any warrant representing securities to be received
by the Secretary under this subsection shall contain antidilution
provisions of the type employed in capital market transactions, as
determined by the Secretary. Such provisions shall protect the value
of the securities from market transactions such as stock splits, stock
distributions, dividends, and other distributions, mergers, and other
forms of reorganization or recapitalization.

(E) EXERCISE PRICE. -- The exercise price for any warrant issued
pursuant to this subsection shall be set by the Secretary, in the
interest of the taxpayers.

[page 38]

(F) SUFFICIENCY. -- The financial institution shall guarantee to the
Secretary that it has authorized shares of nonvoting stock available
to fulfill its obligations under this subsection. Should the
financial institution not have sufficient authorized shares, including
preferred shares that may carry dividend rights equal to a multiple
number of common shares, the Secretary may, to the extent necessary,
accept a senior debt note in an amount, and on such terms, as will
compensate the Secretary equivalently, in the event that a sufficient
shareholder vote to authorize the necessary additional shares cannot
be obtained.

(3) EXCEPTIONS. --

(A) DE MINIMIS. -- The Secretary shall establish de minimis exceptions
to the requirements of this subsection, based on the size of the
cumulative transactions of troubled assets purchased from any one
financial institution for the duration of the program, at not more
than $100,000,000.

[page 39]

(B) OTHER EXCEPTIONS. -- The Secretary shall establish an exception to
the requirements of this subsection and appropriate alternative
requirements for any participating financial institution that is
legally prohibited from issuing securities and debt instruments, so as
not to allow circumvention of the requirements of this section.

SEC. 114. MARKET TRANSPARENCY.

(a) PRICING. -- To facilitate market transparency, the Secretary shall
make available to the public, in electronic form, a description,
amounts, and pricing of assets acquired under this Act, within 2
business days of purchase, trade, or other disposition.

(b) DISCLOSURE. -- For each type of financial institutions that sells
troubled assets to the Secretary under this Act, the Secretary shall
determine whether the public disclosure required for such financial
institutions with respect to off-balance sheet transactions,
derivatives instruments, contingent liabilities, and similar sources
of potential exposure is adequate to provide to the public sufficient
information as to the true financial position of the institutions. If
such disclosure is not adequate for that purpose, the Secretary shall
make recommendations for additional disclosure requirements to the
relevant regulators.

[page 40]

SEC. 115. GRADUATED AUTHORIZATION TO PURCHASE.

(a) AUTHORITY. -- The authority of the Secretary to purchase troubled
assets under this Act shall be limited as follows:

(1) Effective upon the date of enactment of this Act, such authority
shall be limited to $250,000,000,000 outstanding at any one time.

(2) If at any time, the President submits to the Congress a written
certification that the Secretary needs to exercise the authority under
this paragraph, effective upon such submission, such authority shall
be limited to $350,000,000,000 outstanding at any one time.

(3) If, at any time after the certification in paragraph (2) has been
made, the President transmits to the Congress a written report
detailing the plan of the Secretary to exercise the authority under
this paragraph, unless there is enacted, within 15 calendar days of
such transmission, a joint resolution described in subsection (c),
effective upon the expiration of such 15-day period, such authority
shall be limited to $700,000,000,000 outstanding at any one time.

(b) AGGREGATION OF PURCHASE PRICES. -- The amount of troubled assets
purchased by the Secretary outstanding at any one time shall be
determined for purposes

[page 41]

of the dollar amount limitations under subsection (a) by
aggregating the purchase prices of all troubled assets held.

(c) JOINT RESOLUTION OF DISAPPROVAL. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- Notwithstanding any other provision of this
section, the Secretary may not exercise any authority to make
purchases under this Act with regard to any amount in excess of
$350,000,000,000 previously obligated, as described in this section
if, within 15 calendar days after the date on which Congress receives
a report of the plan of the Secretary described in subsection (a)(3),
there is enacted into law a joint resolution disapproving the plan of
the Secretary with respect to such additional amount.

(2) CONTENTS OF JOINT RESOLUTION. -- For the purpose of this section,
the term ‘‘joint resolution’’ means only a joint
resolution --

(A) that is introduced not later than 3 calendar days after the date
on which the report of the plan of the Secretary referred to in
subsection (a)(3) is received by Congress;

(B) which does not have a preamble;

(C) the title of which is as follows: ‘‘Joint resolution
relating to the disapproval of

[page 42]

obligations under the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008’’; and

(D) the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows:
‘‘That Congress disapproves the obligation of any amount
exceeding the amounts obligated as described in paragraphs (1) and (2)
of section 114(a) of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of
2008.’’.

(d) FAST TRACK CONSIDERATION IN HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
--

(1) RECONVENING. -- Upon receipt of a report under subsection (a)(3),
the Speaker, if the House would otherwise be adjourned, shall notify
the Members of the House that, pursuant to this section, the House
shall convene not later than the second calendar day after receipt of
such report;

(2) REPORTING AND DISCHARGE. -- Any committee of the House of
Representatives to which a joint resolution is referred shall report
it to the House not later than 5 calendar days after the date of
receipt of the report described in subsection

(a)(3). If a committee fails to report the joint resolution within
that period, the committee shall be discharged from further
consideration of the joint

[page 43]

resolution and the joint resolution shall be referred to the
appropriate calendar.

(3) PROCEEDING TO CONSIDERATION. -- After each committee authorized to
consider a joint resolution reports it to the House or has been
discharged from its consideration, it shall be in order, not later
than the sixth day after Congress receives the report described in
subsection (a)(3), to move to proceed to consider the joint resolution
in the House.

All points of order against the motion are waived. Such a motion shall
not be in order after the House has disposed of a motion to proceed on
the joint resolution. The previous question shall be considered as
ordered on the motion to its adoption without intervening motion. The
motion shall not be debatable. A motion to reconsider the vote by
which the motion is disposed of shall not be in order.

(4) CONSIDERATION. -- The joint resolution shall be considered as
read. All points of order against the joint resolution and against its
consideration are waived. The previous question shall be considered as
ordered on the joint resolution to its passage without intervening
motion except two hours of debate equally divided and controlled by
the proponent and an opponent. A motion to reconsider the

[page 44]

vote on passage of the joint resolution shall not be in order.

(e) FAST TRACK CONSIDERATION IN SENATE. --

(1) RECONVENING. -- Upon receipt of a report under subsection (a)(3),
if the Senate has adjourned or recessed for more than 2 days, the
majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the minority
leader of the Senate, shall notify the Members of the Senate that,
pursuant to this section, the Senate shall convene not later than the
second calendar day after receipt of such message.

(2) PLACEMENT ON CALENDAR. -- Upon introduction in the Senate, the
joint resolution shall be placed immediately on the calendar.

(3) FLOOR CONSIDERATION. --

(A) IN GENERAL. -- Notwithstanding Rule XXII of the Standing Rules of
the Senate, it is in order at any time during the period beginning on
the 4th day after the date on which Congress receives a report of the
plan of the Secretary described in subsection (a)(3) and ending on the
6th day after the date on which Congress receives a report of the plan
of the Secretary described in subsection (a)(3) (even though a
previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed to)

[page 45]

to move to proceed to the consideration of the joint resolution, and
all points of order against the joint resolution (and against
consideration of the joint resolution) are waived.

The motion to proceed is not debatable. The motion is not subject to a
motion to postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the
motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in order. If a motion
to proceed to the consideration of the resolution is agreed to, the
joint resolution shall remain the unfinished business until disposed
of.

(B) DEBATE. -- Debate on the joint resolution, and on all debatable
motions and appeals in connection therewith, shall be limited to not
more than 10 hours, which shall be divided equally between the
majority and minority leaders or their designees. A motion further to
limit debate is in order and not debatable. An amendment to, or a
motion to postpone, or a motion to proceed to the consideration of
other business, or a motion to recommit the joint resolution is not in
order.

(C) VOTE ON PASSAGE. -- The vote on passage shall occur immediately

[page 46]

following the conclusion of the debate on a joint resolution, and a
single quorum call at the conclusion of the debate if requested in
accordance with the rules of the Senate.

(D) RULINGS OF THE CHAIR ON PROCEDURE. -- Appeals from the decisions
of the Chair relating to the application of the rules of the Senate,
as the case may be, to the procedure relating to a joint resolution
shall be decided without debate.

(f) RULES RELATING TO SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. --

(1) COORDINATION WITH ACTION BY OTHER HOUSE. -- If, before the passage
by one House of a joint resolution of that House, that House receives
from the other House a joint resolution, then the following procedures
shall apply:

(A) The joint resolution of the other House shall not be referred to a
committee.

(B) With respect to a joint resolution of the House receiving the
resolution --

(i) the procedure in that House shall be the same as if no joint
resolution had been received from the other House; but

[page 47]

(ii) the vote on passage shall be on the joint resolution of the other
House.

(2) TREATMENT OF JOINT RESOLUTION OF OTHER HOUSE. -- If one House
fails to introduce or consider a joint resolution under this section,
the joint resolution of the other House shall be entitled to expedited
floor procedures under this section.

(3) TREATMENT OF COMPANION MEASURES. -- If, following passage of the
joint resolution in the Senate, the Senate then receives the companion
measure from the House of Representatives, the companion measure shall
not be debatable.

(4) CONSIDERATION AFTER PASSAGE. --

(A) IN GENERAL. -- If Congress passes a joint resolution, the period
beginning on the date the President is presented with the joint
resolution and ending on the date the President takes action with
respect to the joint resolution shall be disregarded in computing the
15-calendar day period described in subsection (a)(3).

(B) VETOES. -- If the President vetoes the joint resolution --

(i) the period beginning on the date the President vetoes the joint
resolution and ending on the date the Congress

[page 48]

receives the veto message with respect to the joint resolution shall
be disregarded in computing the 15-calendar day period described in
subsection (a)(3), and

(ii) debate on a veto message in the Senate under this section shall
be 1 hour equally divided between the majority and minority leaders or
their designees.

(5) RULES OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND SENATE. -- This subsection
and subsections (c), (d), and (e) are enacted by Congress --

(A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate and House of
Representatives, respectively, and as such it is deemed a part of the
rules of each House, respectively, but applicable only with respect to
the procedure to be followed in that House in the case of a joint
resolution, and it supersedes other rules only to the extent that it
is inconsistent with such rules; and

(B) with full recognition of the constitutional right of either House
to change the rules (so far as relating to the procedure of that
House) at any time, in the same manner, and

[page 49]

to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that House.

SEC. 116. OVERSIGHT AND AUDITS.

(a) COMPTROLLER GENERAL OVERSIGHT. --

(1) SCOPE OF OVERSIGHT. -- The Comptroller General of the United
States shall, upon establishment of the troubled assets relief program
under this Act (in this section referred to as the ‘‘TARP’’),
commence ongoing oversight of the activities and performance of the
TARP and of any agents and representatives of the TARP (as related to
the agent or representative’s activities on behalf of or under the
authority of the TARP), including vehicles established by the
Secretary under this Act. The subjects of such oversight shall include
the following:

(A) The performance of the TARP in meeting the purposes of this Act,
particularly those involving --

(i) foreclosure mitigation;

(ii) cost reduction;

(iii) whether it has provided stability or prevented disruption to the
financial markets or the banking system; and

(iv) whether it has protected taxpayers.

[page 50]

(B) The financial condition and internal controls of the TARP, its
representatives and agents.

(C) Characteristics of transactions and commitments entered into,
including transaction type, frequency, size, prices paid, and all
other relevant terms and conditions, and the timing, duration and
terms of any future commitments to purchase assets.

(D) Characteristics and disposition of acquired assets, including
type, acquisition price, current market value, sale prices and terms,
and use of proceeds from sales.

(E) Efficiency of the operations of the TARP in the use of
appropriated funds.

(F) Compliance with all applicable laws and regulations by the TARP,
its agents and representatives.

(G) The efforts of the TARP to prevent, identify, and minimize
conflicts of interest involving any agent or representative performing
activities on behalf of or under the authority of the TARP.

(H) The efficacy of contracting procedures pursuant to section 107(b),
including, as applicable,

[page 51]

the efforts of the TARP in evaluating proposals for inclusion and
contracting to the maximum extent possible of minorities
(as such term is defined in 1204(c) of the Financial Institutions
Reform, Recovery, and Enhancement Act of 1989 (12 U.S.C. 1811 note),
women, and minority- and women-owned businesses, including
ascertaining and reporting the total amount of fees paid and other
value delivered by the TARP to all of its agents and representatives,
and such amounts paid or delivered to such firms that are minority-
and women-owned businesses (as such terms are defined in section 21A
of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1441a)).

(2) CONDUCT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OVERSIGHT. --

(A) GAO PRESENCE. -- The Secretary shall provide the Comptroller
General with appropriate space and facilities in the Department of the
Treasury as necessary to facilitate oversight of the TARP until the
termination date established in section 120.

(B) ACCESS TO RECORDS. -- To the extent otherwise consistent with law,

[page 52]

the Comptroller General shall have access, upon request, to any
information, data, schedules, books, accounts, financial records,
reports, files, electronic communications, or other papers, things, or
property belonging to or in use by the TARP, or any vehicles
established by the Secretary under this Act, and to the officers,
directors, employees, independent public accountants, financial
advisors, and other agents and representatives of the TARP (as related
to the agent or representative’s activities on behalf of or under
the authority of the TARP) or any such vehicle at such reasonable time
as the Comptroller General may request. The Comptroller General shall
be afforded full facilities for verifying transactions with the
balances or securities held by depositaries, fiscal agents, and
custodians. The Comptroller General may make and retain copies of
such books, accounts, and other records as the Comptroller General
deems appropriate.

(C) REIMBURSEMENT OF COSTS. -- The Treasury shall reimburse the
Government Accountability Office for the full cost of any such
oversight activities as billed therefor by the

[page 53]

Comptroller General of the United States. Such reimbursements shall be
credited to the appropriation account ‘‘Salaries and Expenses,
Government Accountability Office’’ current when the payment is
received and remain available until expended.

(3) REPORTING. -- The Comptroller General shall submit reports of
findings under this section, regularly and no less frequently than
once every 60 days, to the appropriate committees of Congress, and the
Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief Program
established under this Act on the activities and performance of the
TARP. The Comptroller may also submit special reports under this
subsection as warranted by the findings of its oversight activities.

(b) COMPTROLLER GENERAL AUDITS. --

(1) ANNUAL AUDIT. -- The TARP shall annually prepare and issue to the
appropriate committees of Congress and the public audited financial
statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting
principles, and the Comptroller General shall annually audit such
statements in accordance with generally accepted auditing
standards. The Treasury shall reimburse the Government

[page 54]

Accountability Office for the full cost of any such audit as billed
therefor by the Comptroller General. Such reimbursements shall be
credited to the appropriation account ‘‘Salaries and Expenses,
Government Accountability Office’’ current when the payment is
received and remain available until expended. The financial statements
prepared under this paragraph shall be on the fiscal year basis
prescribed under section 1102 of title 31, United States Code.

(2) AUTHORITY. -- The Comptroller General may audit the programs,
activities, receipts, expenditures, and financial transactions of the
TARP and any agents and representatives of the TARP (as related to the
agent or representative’s activities on behalf of or under the
authority of the TARP), including vehicles established by the
Secretary under this Act.

(3) CORRECTIVE RESPONSES TO AUDIT PROBLEMS. -- The TARP shall --

(A) take action to address deficiencies identified by the Comptroller
General or other auditor engaged by the TARP; or

(B) certify to appropriate committees of Congress that no action is
necessary or appropriate.

[page 55]

(c) INTERNAL CONTROL. --

(1) ESTABLISHMENT. -- The TARP shall establish and maintain an
effective system of internal control, consistent with the standards
prescribed under section 3512(c) of title 31, United States Code, that
provides reasonable assurance of --

(A) the effectiveness and efficiency of operations, including the use
of the resources of the TARP;

(B) the reliability of financial reporting, including financial
statements and other reports for internal and external use; and

(C) compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

(2) REPORTING. -- In conjunction with each annual financial statement
issued under this section, the TARP shall --

(A) state the responsibility of management for establishing and
maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting; and

(B) state its assessment, as of the end of the most recent year
covered by such financial statement of the TARP, of the effectiveness
of the internal control over financial reporting.

[page 56]

(d) SHARING OF INFORMATION. -- Any report or audit required under this
section shall also be submitted to the Congressional Oversight Panel
established under section 125.

(e) TERMINATION. -- Any oversight, reporting, or audit requirement
under this section shall terminate on the later of --

(1) the date that the last troubled asset acquired by the Secretary
under section 101 has been sold or transferred out of the ownership or
control of the Federal Government; or

(2) the date of expiration of the last insurance contract issued under
section 102.

SEC. 117. STUDY AND REPORT ON MARGIN AUTHORITY.

(a) STUDY. -- The Comptroller General shall undertake a study to
determine the extent to which leverage and sudden deleveraging of
financial institutions was a factor behind the current financial
crisis.

(b) CONTENT. -- The study required by this section shall include --

(1) an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of the Board, the
Securities and Exchange Commission, the Secretary, and other Federal
banking agencies with respect to monitoring leverage and acting to
curtail excessive leveraging;

[page 57]

(2) an analysis of the authority of the Board to regulate leverage,
including by setting margin requirements, and what process the Board
used to decide whether or not to use its authority;

(3) an analysis of any usage of the margin authority by the Board; and

(4) recommendations for the Board and appropriate committees of
Congress with respect to the existing authority of the Board.

(c) REPORT. -- Not later than June 1, 2009, the Comptroller General
shall complete and submit a report on the study required by this
section to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the
Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of
Representatives.

(d) SHARING OF INFORMATION. -- Any reports required under this section
shall also be submitted to the Congressional Oversight Panel
established under section 125.

SEC. 118. FUNDING.

For the purpose of the authorities granted in this Act, and for the
costs of administering those authorities, the Secretary may use the
proceeds of the sale of any securities issued under chapter 31 of
title 31, United States Code, and the purposes for which securities
may be issued

[page 58]

under chapter 31 of title 31, United States Code, are extended to
include actions authorized by this Act, including the payment of
administrative expenses. Any funds expended or obligated by the
Secretary for actions authorized by this Act, including the payment of
administrative expenses, shall be deemed appropriated at the time of
such expenditure or obligation.

SEC. 119. JUDICIAL REVIEW AND RELATED MATTERS.

(a) JUDICIAL REVIEW. --

(1) STANDARD. -- Actions by the Secretary pursuant to the authority of
this Act shall be subject to chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code,
including that such final actions shall be held unlawful and set aside
if found to be arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or not
in accordance with law.

(2) LIMITATIONS ON EQUITABLE RELIEF. --

(A) INJUNCTION. -- No injunction or other form of equitable relief
shall be issued against the Secretary for actions pursuant to section
101, 102, 106, and 109, other than to remedy a violation of the
Constitution.

(B) TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER. -- Any request for a temporary
restraining order against the Secretary for actions pursuant to this
Act shall be considered and granted or

[page 59]

denied by the court within 3 days of the date of the request.

(C) PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION. -- Any request for a preliminary
injunction against the Secretary for actions pursuant to this Act
shall be considered and granted or denied by the court on an expedited
basis consistent with the provisions of rule 65(b)(3) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure, or any successor thereto.

(D) PERMANENT INJUNCTION. -- Any request for a permanent injunction
against the Secretary for actions pursuant to this Act shall be
considered and granted or denied by the court on an expedited
basis. Whenever possible, the court shall consolidate trial on the
merits with any hearing on a request for a preliminary injunction,
consistent with the provisions of rule 65(a)(2) of the Federal Rules
of Civil Procedure, or any successor thereto.

(3) LIMITATION ON ACTIONS BY PARTICIPATING COMPANIES. -- No action or
claims may be brought against the Secretary by any person that divests
its assets with respect to its participation in a program under this
Act, except as provided in paragraph (1),

[page 60]

other than as expressly provided in a written contract with the Secretary.

(4) STAYS. -- Any injunction or other form of equitable relief issued
against the Secretary for actions pursuant to section 101, 102, 106,
and 109, shall be automatically stayed. The stay shall be lifted
unless the Secretary seeks a stay from a higher court within 3
calendar days after the date on which the relief is issued.

(b) RELATED MATTERS. --

(1) TREATMENT OF HOMEOWNERS’ RIGHTS. -- The terms of any
residential mortgage loan that is part of any purchase by the
Secretary under this Act shall remain subject to all claims and
defenses that would otherwise apply, notwithstanding the exercise of
authority by the Secretary under this Act.

(2) SAVINGS CLAUSE. -- Any exercise of the authority of the Secretary
pursuant to this Act shall not impair the claims or defenses that
would otherwise apply with respect to persons other than the
Secretary. Except as established in any contract, a servicer of pooled
residential mortgages owes any duty to determine whether the net
present value of the payments on the loan, as modified, is likely to
be greater than the anticipated net recovery that

[page 61]

would result from foreclosure to all investors and holders of
beneficial interests in such investment, but not to any individual or
groups of investors or beneficial interest holders, and shall be
deemed to act in the best interests of all such investors or holders
of beneficial interests if the servicer agrees to or implements a
modification or workout plan when the servicer takes reasonable loss
mitigation actions, including partial payments.

SEC. 120. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.

(a) TERMINATION. -- The authorities provided under sections 101(a) and
102 shall terminate on December 31, 2009.

(b) EXTENSION UPON CERTIFICATION. -- The Secretary, upon submission of
a written certification to Congress, may extend the authority provided
under this Act to expire not later than 2 years from the date of
enactment of this Act. Such certification shall include a
justification of why the extension is necessary to assist American
families and stabilize financial markets, as well as the expected cost
to the taxpayers for such an extension.

[page 62]

SEC. 121. SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR THE TROUBLED ASSET RELIEF PROGRAM.

(a) OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL. -- There is hereby established the
Office of the Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief
Program.

(b) APPOINTMENT OF INSPECTOR GENERAL; REMOVAL. --

(1) The head of the Office of the Special Inspector General for the
Troubled Asset Relief Program is the Special Inspector General for the
Troubled Asset Relief Program (in this section referred to as the
‘‘Special Inspector General’’), who shall be appointed by
the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(2) The appointment of the Special Inspector General shall be made on
the basis of integrity and demonstrated ability in accounting,
auditing, financial analysis, law, management analysis, public
administration, or investigations.

(3) The nomination of an individual as Special Inspector General shall
be made as soon as practicable after the establishment of any program
under sections 101 and 102.

(4) The Special Inspector General shall be removable from office in
accordance with the provisions of section 3(b) of the Inspector
General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).

(5) For purposes of section 7324 of title 5, United States Code, the
Special Inspector General shall not be

[page 63]

considered an employee who determines policies to be pursued by the
United States in the nationwide administration of Federal law.

(6) The annual rate of basic pay of the Special Inspector General
shall be the annual rate of basic pay provided for positions at level
IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United
States Code.

(c) DUTIES. --

(1) It shall be the duty of the Special Inspector General to conduct,
supervise, and coordinate audits and investigations of the purchase,
management, and sale of assets by the Secretary of the Treasury under
any program established by the Secretary under section 101, and the
management by the Secretary of any program established under section
102, including by collecting and summarizing the following
information:

(A) A description of the categories of troubled assets purchased or
otherwise procured by the Secretary.

(B) A listing of the troubled assets purchased in each such category
described under subparagraph (A).

(C) An explanation of the reasons the Secretary deemed it necessary to
purchase each such troubled asset.

[page 64]

(D) A listing of each financial institution that such troubled assets
were purchased from.

(E) A listing of and detailed biographical information on each person
or entity hired to manage such troubled assets.

(F) A current estimate of the total amount of troubled assets
purchased pursuant to any program established under section 101, the
amount of troubled assets on the books of the Treasury, the amount of
troubled assets sold, and the profit and loss incurred on each sale or
disposition of each such troubled asset.

(G) A listing of the insurance contracts issued under section 102.

(2) The Special Inspector General shall establish, maintain, and
oversee such systems, procedures, and controls as the Special
Inspector General considers appropriate to discharge the duty under
paragraph (1).

(3) In addition to the duties specified in paragraphs (1) and (2), the
Inspector General shall also have the duties and responsibilities of
inspectors general under the Inspector General Act of 1978.

(d) POWERS AND AUTHORITIES. --

(1) In carrying out the duties specified in subsection (c), the

[page 65]

Special Inspector General shall have the authorities provided in
section 6 of the Inspector General Act of 1978.

(2) The Special Inspector General shall carry out the duties specified
in subsection (c)(1) in accordance with section 4(b)(1) of the
Inspector General Act of 1978.

(e) PERSONNEL, FACILITIES, AND OTHER RESOURCES --

(1) The Special Inspector General may select, appoint, and employ such
officers and employees as may be necessary for carrying out the duties
of the Special Inspector General, subject to the provisions of title
5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive
service, and the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of
chapter 53 of such title, relating to classification and General
Schedule pay rates.

(2) The Special Inspector General may obtain services as authorized by
section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, at daily rates not to
exceed the equivalent rate prescribed for grade GS–15 of the
General Schedule by section 5332 of such title.

(3) The Special Inspector General may enter into contracts and other
arrangements for audits, studies, analyses, and other services with
public agencies and with private persons, and make such payments as
may be necessary to carry out the duties of the Inspector General.

[page 66]

(4)(A) Upon request of the Special Inspector General for information
or assistance from any department, agency, or other entity of the
Federal Government, the head of such entity shall, insofar as is
practicable and not in contravention of any existing law, furnish such
information or assistance to the Special Inspector General, or an
authorized designee.

(B) Whenever information or assistance requested by the Special
Inspector General is, in the judgment of the Special Inspector
General, unreasonably refused or not provided, the Special Inspector
General shall report the circumstances to the appropriate committees
of Congress without delay.

(f) REPORTS. --

(1) Not later than 60 days after the confirmation of
the Special Inspector General, and every calendar quarter thereafter,
the Special Inspector General shall submit to the appropriate
committees of Congress a report summarizing the activities of the
Special Inspector General during the 120-day period ending on the date
of such report. Each report shall include, for the period covered by
such report, a detailed statement of all purchases, obligations,
expenditures, and revenues associated with any program established by
the Secretary of the Treasury under sections 101 and 102, as well as
the information collected under subsection (c)(1).

[page 67]

(2) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the
public disclosure of information that is --

(A) specifically prohibited from disclosure by any other provision of
law;

(B) specifically required by Executive order to be protected from
disclosure in the interest of national defense or national security or
in the conduct of foreign affairs; or

(C) a part of an ongoing criminal investigation.

(3) Any reports required under this section shall also be submitted to
the Congressional Oversight Panel established under section 125.

(g) FUNDING. -- (1) Of the amounts made available to the Secretary of
the Treasury under section 118, $50,000,000 shall be available to the
Special Inspector General to carry out this section.

(2) The amount available under paragraph (1) shall remain available
until expended.

(h) TERMINATION. -- The Office of the Special Inspector General shall
terminate on the later of --

(1) the date that the last troubled asset acquired by the Secretary
under section 101 has been sold or transferred out of the ownership or
control of the Federal Government; or

[page 68]

(2) the date of expiration of the last insurance contract issued under
section 102.

SEC. 122. INCREASE IN STATUTORY LIMIT ON THE PUBLIC DEBT.

Subsection (b) of section 3101 of title 31, United States Code, is
amended by striking out the dollar limitation contained in such
subsection and inserting

‘‘$11,315,000,000,000’’.

SEC. 123. CREDIT REFORM.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Subject to subsection (b), the costs of purchases
of troubled assets made under section 101(a) and guarantees of
troubled assets under section 102, and any cash flows associated with
the activities authorized in section 102 and subsections (a), (b), and
(c) of section 106 shall be determined as provided under the Federal
Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 et. seq.), as applicable.

(b) COSTS. -- For the purposes of section 502(5) of the Federal Credit
Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a(5)) --

(1) the cost of troubled assets and guarantees of troubled assets
shall be calculated by adjusting the discount rate in section
502(5)(E) (2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(E)) for market risks; and

[page 69]

(2) the cost of a modification of a troubled asset or guarantee of a
troubled asset shall be the difference between the current estimate
consistent with paragraph (1) under the terms of the troubled asset or
guarantee of the troubled asset and the current estimate consistent
with paragraph (1) under the terms of the troubled asset or guarantee
of the troubled asset, as modified.

SEC. 124. HOPE FOR HOMEOWNERS AMENDMENTS.

Section 257 of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715z-23) is
amended --

(1) in subsection (e) --

(A) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting before ‘‘a ratio’’
the following: ‘‘, or thereafter is likely to have, due to the
terms of the mortgage being reset,’’;

(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting before the period at the end
‘‘(or such higher percentage as the Board determines, in the
discretion of the Board)’’;

(C) in paragraph (4)(A) --

(i) in the first sentence, by inserting after ‘‘insured
loan’’ the following: ‘‘and any payments made under this
paragraph,’’; and

[page 70]

(ii) by adding at the end the following: ‘‘Such actions may
include making payments, which shall be accepted as payment in full of
all indebtedness under the eligible mortgage, to any holder of an
existing subordinate mortgage, in lieu of any future appreciation
payments authorized under subparagraph (B).’’; and

(2) in subsection (w), by inserting after ‘‘administrative
costs’’ the following: ‘‘and payments pursuant to
subsection (e)(4)(A)’’.

SEC. 125. CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT PANEL.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT. -- There is hereby established the Congressional
Oversight Panel (hereafter in this section referred to as the
‘‘Oversight Panel’’) as an establishment in the
legislative branch.

(b) DUTIES. -- The Oversight Panel shall review the current state of
the financial markets and the regulatory system and submit the
following reports to Congress:

(1) REGULAR REPORTS. --

(A) IN GENERAL. -- Regular reports of the Oversight Panel shall
include the following:

(i) The use by the Secretary of authority under this Act, including with

[page 71]

respect to the use of contracting authority and administration of the
program.

(ii) The impact of purchases made under the Act on the financial
markets and financial institutions.

(iii) The extent to which the information made available on transactions under
the program has contributed to market
transparency.

(iv) The effectiveness of foreclosure mitigation efforts, and the
effectiveness of the program from the standpoint of minimizing
long-term costs to the taxpayers and maximizing the benefits for
taxpayers.

(B) TIMING. -- The reports required under this paragraph shall be
submitted not later than 30 days after the first exercise by the
Secretary of the authority under section 101(a) or 102, and every 30
days thereafter.

(2) SPECIAL REPORT ON REGULATORY REFORM. -- The Oversight Panel shall
submit a special report on regulatory reform not later than January
20, 2009, analyzing the current state of the regulatory system and its
effectiveness at overseeing the participants in the financial system
and protecting

[page 72]

consumers, and providing recommendations for improvement, including
recommendations regarding whether any participants in the financial
markets that are currently outside the regulatory system should become
subject to the regulatory system, the rationale underlying such
recommendation, and whether there are any gaps in existing consumer
protections.

(c) MEMBERSHIP. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- The Oversight Panel shall consist of 5 members, as
follows:

(A) 1 member appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

(B) 1 member appointed by the minority leader of the House of
Representatives.

(C) 1 member appointed by the majority leader of the Senate.

(D) 1 member appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.

(E) 1 member appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives
and the majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the
minority leader of the Senate and the minority leader of the House of
Representatives.

[page 73]

(2) PAY. -- Each member of the Oversight Panel shall each be paid at a
rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay for
level I of the Executive Schedule for each day (including travel time)
during which such member is engaged in the actual performance of
duties vested in the Commission.

(3) PROHIBITION OF COMPENSATION OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES. -- Members of
the Oversight Panel who are full-time officers or employees of the
United States or Members of Congress may not receive additional pay,
allowances, or benefits by reason of their service on the Oversight
Panel.

(4) TRAVEL EXPENSES. -- Each member shall receive travel expenses,
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with
applicable provisions under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5,
United States Code.

(5) QUORUM. -- Four members of the Oversight Panel shall constitute a
quorum but a lesser number may hold hearings.

(6) VACANCIES. -- A vacancy on the Oversight Panel shall be filled in
the manner in which the original appointment was made.

[page 74]

(7) MEETINGS. -- The Oversight Panel shall meet at the call of the
Chairperson or a majority of its members.

(d) STAFF. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- The Oversight Panel may appoint and fix the pay of
any personnel as the Commission considers appropriate.

(2) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS. -- The Oversight Panel may procure
temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5,
United States Code.

(3) STAFF OF AGENCIES. -- Upon request of the Oversight Panel, the
head of any Federal department or agency may detail, on a reimbursable
basis, any of the personnel of that department or agency to the
Oversight Panel to assist it in carrying out its duties under this
Act.

(e) POWERS. --

(1) HEARINGS AND SESSIONS. -- The Oversight Panel may, for the purpose
of carrying out this section, hold hearings, sit and act at times and
places, take testimony, and receive evidence as the Panel considers
appropriate and may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses
appearing before it.

[page 75]

(2) POWERS OF MEMBERS AND AGENTS. -- Any member or agent of the
Oversight Panel may, if authorized by the Oversight Panel, take any
action which the Oversight Panel is authorized to take by this
section.

(3) OBTAINING OFFICIAL DATA. -- The Oversight Panel may secure
directly from any department or agency of the United States
information necessary to enable it to carry out this section. Upon
request of the Chairperson of the Oversight Panel, the head of that
department or agency shall furnish that information to the Oversight
Panel.

(4) REPORTS . -- The Oversight Panel shall receive and consider all
reports required to be submitted to the Oversight Panel under this
Act.

(f) TERMINATION. -- The Oversight Panel shall terminate 6 months after
the termination date specified in section 120.

(g) FUNDING FOR EXPENSES. --

(1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. -- There is authorized to be
appropriated to the Oversight Panel such sums as may be necessary for
any fiscal year, half of which shall be derived from the applicable
account of the House of Representatives,

[page 76]

and half of which shall be derived from the contingent fund of the Senate.

(2) REIMBURSEMENT OF AMOUNTS. -- An amount equal to the expenses of
the Oversight Panel shall be promptly transferred by the Secretary,
from time to time upon the presentment of a statement of such expenses
by the Chairperson of the Oversight Panel, from funds made available
to the Secretary under this Act to the applicable fund of the House of
Representatives and the contingent fund of the Senate, as appropriate,
as reimbursement for amounts expended from such account and fund under
paragraph (1).

SEC. 126. FDIC AUTHORITY.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Section 18(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act
(12 U.S.C. 1828(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new
paragraph:

‘‘(4) FALSE ADVERTISING, MISUSE OF FDIC NAMES, AND
MISREPRESENTATION TO INDICATE INSURED STATUS. --

‘‘(A) PROHIBITION ON FALSE ADVERTISING AND MISUSE OF FDIC
NAMES. -- No person may represent or imply that any deposit liability,
obligation, certificate, or share is insured or guaranteed by the
Corporation, if such

[page 77]

deposit liability, obligation, certificate, or share is not insured or
guaranteed by the Corporation --

‘‘(i) by using the terms ‘Federal Deposit’, ‘Federal
Deposit Insurance’, ‘Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’,
any combination of such terms, or the abbreviation ‘FDIC’ as
part of the business name or firm name of any person, including any
corporation, partnership, business trust, association, or other
business entity; or

‘‘(ii) by using such terms or any other terms, sign, or symbol
as part of an advertisement, solicitation, or other document.

‘‘(B) PROHIBITION ON MISREPRESENTATIONS OF INSURED STATUS. -- No
person may knowingly misrepresent --

‘‘(i) that any deposit liability, obligation, certificate, or
share is insured, under this Act, if such deposit liability,
obligation, certificate, or share is not so insured; or

‘‘(ii) the extent to which or the manner in which any deposit
liability, obligation,

[page 78]

certificate, or share is insured under this Act, if such deposit
liability, obligation, certificate, or share is not so insured, to the
extent or in the manner represented.

‘‘(C) AUTHORITY OF THE APPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING AGENCY. --
The appropriate Federal banking agency shall have enforcement
authority in the case of a violation of this paragraph by any person
for which the agency is the appropriate Federal banking agency, or any
institution-affiliated party thereof.

‘‘(D) CORPORATION AUTHORITY IF THE APPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING
AGENCY FAILS TO FOLLOW RECOMMENDATION. --

‘‘(i) RECOMMENDATION. -- The Corporation may recommend in
writing to the appropriate Federal banking agency that the agency take
any enforcement action authorized under section 8 for purposes of
enforcement of this paragraph with respect to any person for which the
agency is the appropriate Federal banking agency or any
institution-affiliated party thereof.

‘‘(ii) AGENCY RESPONSE. -- If the appropriate Federal banking
agency does not,

[page 79]

within 30 days of the date of receipt of a recommendation under clause
(i), take the enforcement action with respect to this paragraph
recommended by the Corporation or provide a plan acceptable to the
Corporation for responding to the situation presented, the Corporation
may take the recommended enforcement action against such person or
institution-affiliated party.

‘‘(E) ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY. -- In addition to its authority
under subparagraphs (C) and (D), for purposes of this paragraph, the
Corporation shall have, in the same manner and to the same extent as
with respect to a State nonmember insured bank --

‘‘(i) jurisdiction over --

‘‘(I) any person other than a person for which another agency is
the appropriate Federal banking agency or any institution-affiliated
party thereof; and

‘‘(II) any person that aids or abets a violation of this
paragraph by a person described in subclause (I); and

[page 80]

‘‘(ii) for purposes of enforcing the requirements of this
paragraph, the authority of the Corporation under --

‘‘(I) section 10(c) to conduct investigations; and

‘‘(II) subsections (b), (c), (d) and (i) of section 8 to conduct
enforcement actions.

‘‘(F) OTHER ACTIONS PRESERVED. -- No provision of this paragraph
shall be construed as barring any action otherwise available, under
the laws of the United States or any State, to any Federal or State
agency or individual.’’.

(b) ENFORCEMENT ORDERS. -- Section 8(c) of the Federal Deposit
Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(c)) is amended by adding at the end the
following new paragraph:

‘‘(4) FALSE ADVERTISING OR MISUSE OF NAMES TO INDICATE INSURED
STATUS. --

‘‘(A) TEMPORARY ORDER. --

‘‘(i) IN GENERAL. -- If a notice of charges served under
subsection (b)(1) specifies on the basis of particular facts that any
person engaged or is engaging in conduct described in section
18(a)(4), the

[page 81]

Corporation or other appropriate Federal banking agency may issue a
temporary order requiring --

‘‘(I) the immediate cessation of any activity or practice
described, which gave rise to the notice of charges; and

‘‘(II) affirmative action to prevent any further, or to remedy
any existing, violation.

‘‘(ii) EFFECT OF ORDER. -- Any temporary order issued under this
subparagraph shall take effect upon service.

‘‘(B) EFFECTIVE PERIOD OF TEMPORARY ORDER. -- A temporary order
issued under subparagraph (A) shall remain effective and enforceable,
pending the completion of an administrative proceeding pursuant to
subsection

(b)(1) in connection with the notice of charges --

‘‘(i) until such time as the Corporation or other appropriate
Federal banking agency dismisses the charges specified in such notice;
or

[page 82]

‘‘(ii) if a cease-and-desist order is issued against such
person, until the effective date of such order.

‘‘(C) CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES. -- Any violation of section
18(a)(4) shall be subject to civil money penalties, as set forth in
subsection

(i), except that for any person other than an insured depository
institution or an institution-affiliated party that is found to have
violated this paragraph, the Corporation or other appropriate Federal
banking agency shall not be required to demonstrate any loss to an
insured depository institution.’’.

(c) UNENFORCEABILITY OF CERTAIN AGREEMENTS. -- Section 13(c) of the
Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1823(c)) is amended by adding
at the end the following new paragraph:

‘‘(11) UNENFORCEABILITY OF CERTAIN AGREEMENTS. -- No provision
contained in any existing or future standstill, confidentiality, or
other agreement that, directly or indirectly --

‘‘(A) affects, restricts, or limits the ability of any person to
offer to acquire or acquire,

‘‘(B) prohibits any person from offering to acquire or
acquiring, or

[page 83]

‘‘(C) prohibits any person from using any previously disclosed
information in connection with any such offer to acquire or
acquisition of, all or part of any insured depository institution,
including any liabilities, assets, or interest therein, in connection
with any transaction in which the Corporation exercises its authority
under section 11 or 13, shall be enforceable against or impose any
liability on such person, as such enforcement or liability shall be
contrary to public policy.’’.

(d) TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS. -- Section 18 of the Federal
Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1828) is amended --

(1) in subsection (a)(3) --

(A) by striking ‘‘this subsection’’ the first
place that term appears and inserting ‘‘paragraph (1)’’; and

(B) by striking ‘‘this subsection’’ the second place that
term appears and inserting ‘‘paragraph (2)’’; and

(2) in the heading for subsection (a), by striking ‘‘INSURANCE
LOGO. -- ’’ and inserting ‘‘REPRESENTATIONS OF DEPOSIT
INSURANCE. -- ’’.

[page 84]

SEC. 127. COOPERATION WITH THE FBI.

Any Federal financial regulatory agency shall cooperate with the
Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement agencies
investigating fraud, misrepresentation, and malfeasance with respect
to development, advertising, and sale of financial products.

SEC. 128. ACCELERATION OF EFFECTIVE DATE.

Section 203 of the Financial Services Regulatory Relief Act of 2006
(12 U.S.C. 461 note) is amended by striking ‘‘October 1,
2011’’ and inserting ‘‘October 1, 2008’’.

SEC. 129. DISCLOSURES ON EXERCISE OF LOAN AUTHORITY.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Not later than 7 days after the date on which the
Board exercises its authority under the third paragraph of section 13
of the Federal Reserve Act

(12 U.S.C. 343; relating to discounts for individuals, partnerships,
and corporations) the Board shall provide to the Committee on Banking,
Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on
Financial Services of the House of Representatives a report which
includes --

(1) the justification for exercising the authority; and

(2) the specific terms of the actions of the Board, including the size
and duration of the lending, available information concerning the
value of any collateral held with respect to such a loan, the

[page 85]

recipient of warrants or any other potential equity in exchange for
the loan, and any expected cost to the taxpayers for such exercise.

(b) PERIODIC UPDATES. -- The Board shall provide updates to the
Committees specified in subsection (a) not less frequently than once
every 60 days while the subject loan is outstanding, including --

(1) the status of the loan;

(2) the value of the collateral held by the Federal reserve bank which
initiated the loan; and

(3) the projected cost to the taxpayers of the loan.

(c) CONFIDENTIALITY. -- The information submitted to the Congress
under this section may be kept confidential, upon the written request
of the Chairman of the Board, in which case it shall made available
only to the Chairpersons and Ranking Members of the Committees
described in subsection (a).

(d) APPLICABILITY. -- The provisions of this section shall be in force
for all uses of the authority provided under section 13 of the Federal
Reserve Act occurring during the period beginning on March 1, 2008 and
ending on the after the date of enactment of this Act, and reports
described in subsection (a) shall be required beginning not

[page 86]

later than 30 days after that date of enactment, with respect to any
such exercise of authority.

(e) SHARING OF INFORMATION. -- Any reports required under this section
shall also be submitted to the Congressional Oversight Panel
established under section 125.

SEC. 130. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Section 128(b)(2) of the Truth in Lending Act (15
U.S.C. 1638(b)(2)), as amended by section 2502 of the Mortgage
Disclosure Improvement Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-289), is amended --

(1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘In the case’’ and
inserting ‘‘Except as provided in subparagraph (G), in the
case’’; and

(2) by amending subparagraph (G) to read as follows:

‘‘(G)(i) In the case of an extension of credit relating to a
plan described in section 101(53D) of title 11, United States Code --

‘‘(I) the requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (E) shall
not apply; and

‘‘(II) a good faith estimate of the disclosures required under
subsection (a) shall be made in accordance with regulations of

[page 87]

the Board under section 121(c) before such credit is extended, or
shall be delivered or placed in the mail not later than 3 business
days after the date on which the creditor receives the written
application of the consumer for such credit, whichever is earlier.

‘‘(ii) If a disclosure statement furnished within 3 business
days of the written application (as provided under clause (i)(II))
contains an annual percentage rate which is subsequently rendered
inaccurate, within the meaning of section 107(c), the creditor shall
furnish another disclosure statement at the time of settlement or
consummation of the transaction.’’.

(b) EFFECTIVE DATE. -- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall
take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 2502 of
the Mortgage Disclosure Improvement Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-289).

SEC. 131. EXCHANGE STABILIZATION FUND REIMBURSEMENT.

(a) REIMBURSEMENT. -- The Secretary shall reimburse the Exchange
Stabilization Fund established under section 5302 of title 31, United
States Code, for any funds used for the temporary guaranty program for
the United

[page 88]

States money market mutual fund industry, from funds under this Act.

(b) LIMITS ON USE OF EXCHANGE STABILIZATION FUND. -- The Secretary is
prohibited from using the Exchange Stabilization Fund for the
establishment of any future guaranty programs for the United States
money market mutual fund industry.

SEC. 132. AUTHORITY TO SUSPEND MARK-TO-MARKET ACCOUNTING.

(a) AUTHORITY. -- The Securities and Exchange Commission shall have
the authority under the securities laws (as such term is defined in
section 3(a)(47) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15
U.S.C. 78c(a)(47)) to suspend, by rule, regulation, or order, the
application of Statement Number 157 of the Financial Accounting
Standards Board for any issuer (as such term is defined in section
3(a)(8) of such Act) or with respect to any class or category of
transaction if the Commission determines that is necessary or
appropriate in the public interest and is consistent with the
protection of investors.

(b) SAVINGS PROVISION. -- Nothing in subsection (a) shall be construed
to restrict or limit any authority of the Securities and Exchange
Commission under securities laws as in effect on the date of enactment
of this Act.

[page 89]

SEC. 133. STUDY ON MARK-TO-MARKET ACCOUNTING.

(a) STUDY. -- The Securities and Exchange Commission, in consultation
with the Board and the Secretary, shall conduct a study on
mark-to-market accounting standards as provided in Statement Number
157 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board, as such standards are
applicable to financial institutions, including depository
institutions. Such a study shall consider at a minimum --

(1) the effects of such accounting standards on a financial
institution’s balance sheet;

(2) the impacts of such accounting on bank failures in 2008;

(3) the impact of such standards on the quality of financial
information available to investors;

(4) the process used by the Financial Accounting Standards Board in
developing accounting standards;

(5) the advisability and feasibility of modifications to such standards; and

(6) alternative accounting standards to those provided in such
Statement Number 157.

(b) REPORT. -- The Securities and Exchange Commission shall submit to
Congress a report of such study before the end of the 90-day period
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act containing the
findings and

[page 90]

determinations of the Commission, including such administrative and
legislative recommendations as the Commission determines appropriate.

SEC. 134. RECOUPMENT.

Upon the expiration of the 5-year period beginning upon the date of
the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Management
and Budget, in consultation with the Director of the Congressional
Budget Office, shall submit a report to the Congress on the net amount
within the Troubled Asset Relief Program under this Act. In any case
where there is a shortfall, the President shall submit a legislative
proposal that recoups from the financial industry an amount equal to
the shortfall in order to ensure that the Troubled Asset Relief
Program does not add to the deficit or national debt.

SEC. 135. PRESERVATION OF AUTHORITY.

With the exception of section 131, nothing in this Act may be
construed to limit the authority of the Secretary or the Board under
any other provision of law.

TITLE II -- BUDGET-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. INFORMATION FOR CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT AGENCIES.

Upon request, and to the extent otherwise consistent with law, all
information used by the Secretary in connection

[page 91]

with activities authorized under this Act (including the records to
which the Comptroller General is entitled under this Act) shall be
made available to congressional support agencies (in accordance with
their obligations to support the Congress as set out in their
authorizing statutes) for the purposes of assisting the committees of
Congress with conducting oversight, monitoring, and analysis of the
activities authorized under this Act.

SEC. 202. REPORTS BY THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET AND THE
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE.

(a) REPORTS BY THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET. -- Within 60 days
of the first exercise of the authority granted in section 101(a), but
in no case later than December 31, 2008, and semiannually thereafter,
the Office of Management and Budget shall report to the President and
the Congress --

(1) the estimate, notwithstanding section 502(5)(F) of the Federal
Credit Reform Act of 1990

(2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(F)), as of the first business day that is at least
30 days prior to the issuance of the report, of the cost of the
troubled assets, and guarantees of the troubled assets, determined in
accordance with section 123;

[page 92]


(2) the information used to derive the estimate, including assets
purchased or guaranteed, prices paid, revenues received, the impact on
the deficit and debt, and a description of any outstanding commitments
to purchase troubled assets; and

(3) a detailed analysis of how the estimate has changed from the
previous report. Beginning with the second report under subsection
(a), the Office of Management and Budget shall explain the differences
between the Congressional Budget Office estimates delivered in
accordance with subsection (b) and prior Office of Management and
Budget estimates.

(b) REPORTS BY THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE. -- Within 45 days of
receipt by the Congress of each report from the Office of Management
and Budget under subsection (a), the Congressional Budget Office shall
report to the Congress the Congressional Budget Office’s assessment
of the report submitted by the Office of Management and Budget,
including --

(1) the cost of the troubled assets and guarantees of the troubled assets,

(2) the information and valuation methods used to calculate such cost,
and

(3) the impact on the deficit and the debt.

[page 93]


(c) FINANCIAL EXPERTISE. -- In carrying out the duties in this
subsection or performing analyses of activities under this Act, the
Director of the Congressional Budget Office may employ personnel and
procure the services of experts and consultants.

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. -- There are authorized to be
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to produce reports required
by this section.

SEC. 203. ANALYSIS IN PRESIDENT’S BUDGET.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

‘‘(35) as supplementary materials, a separate analysis of the
budgetary effects for all prior fiscal years, the current fiscal year,
the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted, and ensuing fiscal
years of the actions the Secretary of the Treasury has taken or plans
to take using any authority provided in the Emergency Economic
Stabilization Act of 2008, including --

‘‘(A) an estimate of the current value of all assets purchased,
sold, and guaranteed under the authority provided in the Emergency
Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 using methodology required by the
Federal Credit Reform

[page 94]

Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 et seq.) and section 123 of the Emergency
Economic Stabilization Act of 2008;

‘‘(B) an estimate of the deficit, the debt held by the public,
and the gross Federal debt using methodology required by the Federal
Credit Reform Act of 1990 and section 123 of the Emergency Economic
Stabilization Act of 2008;

‘‘(C) an estimate of the current value of all assets purchased,
sold, and guaranteed under the authority provided in the Emergency
Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 calculated on a cash basis;

‘‘(D) a revised estimate of the deficit, the debt held by the
public, and the gross Federal debt, substituting the cash-based
estimates in subparagraph (C) for the estimates calculated under
subparagraph (A) pursuant to the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 and
section 123 of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008; and

‘‘(E) the portion of the deficit which can be attributed to any
action taken by the Secretary using authority provided by the

[page 95]

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and the extent to which
the change in the deficit since the most recent estimate is due to a
reestimate using the methodology required by the Federal Credit Reform
Act of 1990 and section 123 of the Emergency Economic Stabilization
Act of 2008.’’

(b) CONSULTATION. -- In implementing this section, the Director of
Office of Management and Budget shall consult periodically, but at
least annually, with the Committee on the Budget of the House of
Representatives, the Committee on the Budget of the Senate, and the
Director of the Congressional Budget Office.

(c) EFFECTIVE DATE. -- This section and the amendment made by this
section shall apply beginning with respect to the fiscal year 2010
budget submission of the President.

SEC. 204. EMERGENCY TREATMENT.

All provisions of this Act are designated as an emergency requirement
and necessary to meet emergency needs pursuant to section 204(a) of
S. Con. Res 21 (110th Congress), the concurrent resolution on the
budget for fiscal year 2008 and rescissions of any amounts provided in
this Act shall not be counted for purposes of budget enforcement.

[page 96]

TITLE III -- TAX PROVISIONS

SEC. 301. GAIN OR LOSS FROM SALE OR EXCHANGE OF CERTAIN PREFERRED
STOCK.

(a) IN GENERAL. -- For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,
gain or loss from the sale or exchange of any applicable preferred
stock by any applicable financial institution shall be treated as
ordinary income or loss.

(b) APPLICABLE PREFERRED STOCK. -- For purposes of this section, the
term ‘‘applicable preferred stock’’ means any stock --

(1) which is preferred stock in --

(A) the Federal National Mortgage Association, established pursuant to
the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act (12 U.S.C. 1716
et seq.), or

(B) the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, established pursuant
to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act (12 U.S.C. 1451 et
seq.), and

(2) which --

(A) was held by the applicable financial institution on September 6, 2008, or

(B) was sold or exchanged by the applicable financial institution on
or after January 1, 2008, and before September 7, 2008.

[page 97]

(c) APPLICABLE FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. -- For purposes of this section:

(1) IN GENERAL. -- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the term
‘‘applicable financial institution’’ means --

(A) a financial institution referred to in section 582(c)(2) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or

(B) a depository institution holding company (as defined in section
3(w)(1) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(w)(1))).

(2) SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN SALES. -- In the case of --

(A) a sale or exchange described in subsection (b)(2)(B), an entity
shall be treated as an applicable financial institution only if it was
an entity described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) at the
time of the sale or exchange, and

(B) a sale or exchange after September 6, 2008, of preferred stock
described in subsection

(b)(2)(A), an entity shall be treated as an applicable financial
institution only if it was an entity described in subparagraph (A) or
(B) of

[page 98]

paragraph (1) at all times during the period beginning on September 6,
2008, and ending on the date of the sale or exchange of the preferred
stock.

(d) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN PROPERTY NOT HELD ON SEPTEMBER 6,
2008. -- The Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary’s delegate
may extend the application of this section to all or a portion of the
gain or loss from a sale or exchange in any case where --

(1) an applicable financial institution sells or exchanges applicable
preferred stock after September 6, 2008, which the applicable
financial institution did not hold on such date, but the basis of
which in the hands of the applicable financial institution at the time
of the sale or exchange is the same as the basis in the hands of the
person which held such stock on such date, or

(2) the applicable financial institution is a partner in a partnership
which --

(A) held such stock on September 6, 2008, and later sold or exchanged
such stock, or

(B) sold or exchanged such stock during the period described in
subsection (b)(2)(B).

(e) REGULATORY AUTHORITY. -- The Secretary of the Treasury or the
Secretary’s delegate may prescribe such

[page 99]

guidance, rules, or regulations as are necessary to carry out the
purposes of this section.

(f) EFFECTIVE DATE. -- This section shall apply to sales or exchanges
occurring after December 31, 2007, in taxable years ending after such
date.

SEC. 302. SPECIAL RULES FOR TAX TREATMENT OF EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION OF
EMPLOYERS PARTICIPATING IN THE TROUBLED ASSETS RELIEF PROGRAM.

(a) DENIAL OF DEDUCTION. -- Subsection (m) of section 162 of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the
following new paragraph:

‘‘(5) SPECIAL RULE FOR APPLICATION TO EMPLOYERS PARTICIPATING IN
THE TROUBLED ASSETS RELIEF PROGRAM. --

‘‘(A) IN GENERAL. -- In the case of an applicable employer, no
deduction shall be allowed under this chapter --

‘‘(i) in the case of executive remuneration for any applicable
taxable year which is attributable to services performed by a covered
executive during such applicable taxable year, to the extent that the
amount of such remuneration exceeds $500,000, or

[page 100]

‘‘(ii) in the case of deferred deduction executive remuneration
for any taxable year for services performed during any applicable
taxable year by a covered executive, to the extent that the amount of
such remuneration exceeds $500,000 reduced (but not below zero) by the
sum of --

‘‘(I) the executive remuneration for such applicable taxable
year, plus

‘‘(II) the portion of the deferred deduction executive
remuneration for such services which was taken into account under this
clause in a preceding taxable year.

‘‘(B) APPLICABLE EMPLOYER. -- For purposes of this paragraph --

‘‘(i) IN GENERAL. -- Except as provided in clause (ii), the term
‘applicable employer’ means any employer from whom 1 or more
troubled assets are acquired under a program established by the
Secretary under section 101(a) of the Emergency Economic Stabilization
Act of 2008 if the aggregate amount of the assets so

[page 101]

acquired for all taxable years exceeds $300,000,000.

‘‘(ii) DISREGARD OF CERTAIN ASSETS SOLD THROUGH DIRECT
PURCHASE. --

If the only sales of troubled assets by an employer under the program
described in clause (i) are through 1 or more direct purchases (within
the meaning of section 113(c) of the Emergency Economic Stabilization
Act of 2008), such assets shall not be taken into account under clause
(i) in determining whether the employer is an applicable employer for
purposes of this paragraph.

‘‘(iii) AGGREGATION RULES. -- Two or more persons who are
treated as a single employer under subsection (b) or (c) of section
414 shall be treated as a single employer, except that in applying
section 1563(a) for purposes of either such subsection, paragraphs (2)
and (3) thereof shall be disregarded.

‘‘(C) APPLICABLE TAXABLE YEAR. -- For purposes of this
paragraph, the term ‘applicable

[page 102]

taxable year’ means, with respect to any employer --

‘‘(i) the first taxable year of the employer --

‘‘(I) which includes any portion of the period during which the
authorities under section 101(a) of the Emergency Economic
Stabilization Act of 2008 are in effect (determined under section 120
thereof), and

‘‘(II) in which the aggregate amount of troubled assets acquired
from the employer during the taxable year pursuant to such authorities

(other than assets to which subparagraph (B)(ii) applies), when added
to the aggregate amount so acquired for all preceding taxable years,
exceeds $300,000,000, and

‘‘(ii) any subsequent taxable year which includes any portion of
such period.

‘‘(D) COVERED EXECUTIVE. -- For purposes of this paragraph --

[page 103]

‘‘(i) IN GENERAL. -- The term ‘covered executive’ means,
with respect to any applicable taxable year, any employee --

‘‘(I) who, at any time during the portion of the taxable year
during which the authorities under section 101(a) of the Emergency
Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 are in effect

(determined under section 120 thereof), is the chief executive officer of the
applicable employer or the chief financial officer of the applicable employer,
or an individual acting in either such
capacity, or

‘‘(II) who is described in clause (ii).

‘‘(ii) HIGHEST COMPENSATED EMPLOYEES. -- An employee is
described in this clause if the employee is 1 of the 3 highest
compensated officers of the applicable employer for the taxable year
(other than an individual described in clause

(i)(I)), determined --

‘‘(I) on the basis of the shareholder disclosure rules for compensation

[page 104]

under the Securities Exchange
Act of 1934 (without regard to whether those rules apply to the employer),
and

‘‘(II) by only taking into account
employees employed during the portion of the taxable year described in
clause (i)(I).

‘‘(iii) EMPLOYEE REMAINS COVERED EXECUTIVE. -- If an employee is
a covered executive with respect to an applicable employer for any
applicable taxable year, such employee shall be treated as a covered
executive with respect to such employer for all subsequent applicable
taxable years and for all subsequent taxable years in which deferred
deduction executive remuneration with respect to services performed in
all such applicable taxable years would (but for this paragraph) be
deductible.

‘‘(E) EXECUTIVE REMUNERATION. -- For purposes of this paragraph,
the term ‘executive remuneration’ means the applicable employee
remuneration of the covered executive, as determined under paragraph
(4) without regard to

[page 105]

subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) thereof. Such term shall not include
any deferred deduction executive remuneration with respect to services
performed in a prior applicable taxable year.

‘‘(F) DEFERRED DEDUCTION EXECUTIVE REMUNERATION. -- For purposes
of this paragraph, the term ‘deferred deduction executive
remuneration’ means remuneration which would be executive
remuneration for services performed in an applicable taxable year but
for the fact that the deduction under this chapter (determined without
regard to this paragraph) for such remuneration is allowable in a
subsequent taxable year.

‘‘(G) COORDINATION. -- Rules similar to the rules of
subparagraphs (F) and (G) of paragraph (4) shall apply for purposes of
this paragraph.

‘‘(H) REGULATORY AUTHORITY. -- The Secretary may prescribe such
guidance, rules, or regulations as are necessary to carry out the
purposes of this paragraph and the Emergency Economic Stabilization
Act of 2008, including the extent to which this paragraph applies in

[page 106]

the case of any acquisition, merger, or reorganization of an applicable employer.’’.

(b) GOLDEN PARACHUTE RULE. -- Section 280G of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986 is amended --

(1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f), and

(2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:

‘‘(e) SPECIAL RULE FOR APPLICATION TO EMPLOYERS PARTICIPATING IN
THE TROUBLED ASSETS RELIEF PROGRAM. --

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL. -- In the case of the severance from
employment of a covered executive of an applicable employer during the
period during which the authorities under section 101(a) of the
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 are in effect (determined
under section 120 of such Act), this section shall be applied to
payments to such executive with the following modifications:

‘‘(A) Any reference to a disqualified individual (other than in
subsection (c)) shall be treated as a reference to a covered executive.

‘‘(B) Any reference to a change described in subsection
(b)(2)(A)(i) shall be treated as a reference to an applicable
severance from

[page 107]

employment of a covered executive, and any reference to a payment
contingent on such a change shall be treated as a reference to any
payment made during an applicable taxable year of the employer on
account of such applicable severance from employment.

‘‘(C) Any reference to a corporation shall be treated as a
reference to an applicable employer.

‘‘(D) The provisions of subsections

(b)(2)(C), (b)(4), (b)(5), and (d)(5) shall not
apply.

‘‘(2) DEFINITIONS AND SPECIAL RULES. -- For purposes of this
subsection:

‘‘(A) DEFINITIONS. -- Any term used in this subsection which is
also used in section 162(m)(5) shall have the meaning given such term
by such section.

‘‘(B) APPLICABLE SEVERANCE FROM EMPLOYMENT. -- The term
‘applicable severance from employment’ means any severance from
employment of a covered executive --

‘‘(i) by reason of an involuntary termination of the executive
by the employer, or

[page 108]

‘‘(ii) in connection with any bankruptcy, liquidation, or
receivership of the employer.

‘‘(C) COORDINATION AND OTHER RULES. --

‘‘(i) IN GENERAL. -- If a payment which is treated as a
parachute payment by reason of this subsection is also a parachute
payment determined without regard to this subsection, this subsection
shall not apply to such payment.

‘‘(ii) REGULATORY AUTHORITY. -- The Secretary may prescribe such
guidance, rules, or regulations as are necessary --

‘‘(I) to carry out the purposes of this subsection and the
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, including the extent to
which this subsection applies in the case of any acquisition, merger,
or reorganization of an applicable employer,

‘‘(II) to apply this section and section 4999 in cases where one
or more payments with respect to any individual are treated as
parachute

[page 109]

payments by reason of this subsection, and other payments with respect to
such individual are treated as parachute payments under this section
without regard to this subsection, and

‘‘(III) to prevent the avoidance of the application of this
section through the mischaracterization of a severance from employment
as other than an applicable severance from employment.’’.

(c) EFFECTIVE DATES. --

(1) IN GENERAL. -- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to
taxable years ending on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2) GOLDEN PARACHUTE RULE. -- The amendments made by subsection (b)
shall apply to payments with respect to severances occurring during
the period during which the authorities under section 101(a) of this
Act are in effect (determined under section 120 of this Act).

[page 110]

SEC. 303. EXTENSION OF EXCLUSION OF INCOME FROM
DISCHARGE OF QUALIFIED PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE INDEBTEDNESS.

(a) EXTENSION. -- Subparagraph (E) of section 108(a)(1) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking ‘‘January
1, 2010’’ and inserting ‘‘January 1, 2013’’.

(b) EFFECTIVE DATE. -- The amendment made by this subsection shall
apply to discharges of indebtedness occurring on or after January 1,
2010.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).